You are looking at 1-20 of 47 entries  for:

  • All: Australia x
  • Geographical reference x
clear all

Did you mean Australian Australian

View:

Overview

Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Australia Physical map Political map Melbourne Sydney Central Sydney Central Sydney...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... The national flag was adopted in 1901. It includes the British Union Flag, reflecting Australia's historic links with Britain. In 1995, the Australian government gave legal recognition to the Native Australian flag and the Torres Strait Islander...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,365 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and overseas students who had completed their studies. Australia has an increasingly diverse population, but its most distinctive ethnic group are the original inhabitants—the Aborigines. In 2014 it was estimated that there were over 713,000 Aborigines, making up 3 per cent of the population. The Aborigine population is growing at twice the rate of the rest of the Australian population and is also significantly younger. They are the most marginalized part of Australian society: most live in desperate poverty, either in reserves in the outback or in...

Australia

Australia: c. 50 million years ago - 2007  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Commonwealth of Australia Australia (New Holland, Terra Australis) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 Victorian era 1900s 20th century Politics British empire Australia and Oceania Empires 1901 1901 Australia passes an Immigration Restriction Act to underpin the White Australia policy White Australia policy A Dictionary of World History 2 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Politics Migration War Australia and Oceania Society 1904 1904 John Christian Watson becomes Australia's first Labor prime minister, leading a minority government that...

Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania: c. 50 million years ago - 2007  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...in English Fiction Australia 1923 1923 Vegemite is launched in Melbourne as Australia's answer to Marmite Vegemite The Oxford Companion to Australian History 1 rev 1920s 20th century Social and domestic Society Australia 1927 1927 The Australian parliament moves from Melbourne to a temporary Parliament House in the new federal capital at Canberra Canberra (Australian Capital Territory/Australia) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 1920s 20th century Politics Australia 1928 1928 In only his third Test match, 20-year-old Australian cricketer Donald...

Christmas Island

Christmas Island   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
379 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Island now has an Australian administrator and a shire council that is an electoral district within Western Australia. As the phosphate mine required investment to stop it becoming exhausted in the late 1980s, the Australian government transferred ownership to a private operator. The mine continues to work, and in 2013 its lease was extended to 2034 . It currently employs around 150 people plans proposed in 2016 to extend its area of operation, and hence its life, have been vigorously opposed by environmentalists; the Australian government is yet to...

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
346 words
Illustration(s):
1

...are citizens of Australia; most of the rest are citizens of New Zealand. Over two-fifths of the population were born in Australia and a fifth in New Zealand. There is some agriculture and the island is self-sufficient in beef, poultry, and eggs, but the main source of income nowadays is tourism from Australia and New Zealand, though with around 26,000 visitors in 2014–15 , income was significantly down compared with a peak of around 40,000 visitors at the start of the century. Contemporary politics In 2015 , the Federal Australian parliament voted to...

Cocos Islands

Cocos Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
359 words
Illustration(s):
1

...coconut plantations. Those on West Island are largely Australian government employees and their families. Though there is some fishing and horticulture, their main source of income is still coconuts. Most of their work is organized by the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society. The making of copra (dried coconut meat), the economic foundation of the islands, ceased in 1980 , and high unemployment has been a problem ever since. The islands came under Australian control in 1955 . In 1978 , the Australian government purchased most of the land owned by the...

Nauru

Nauru   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
520 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from the mines, often around Australian $80 million a year. At its peak the fund was worth Australian $1 billion. However, poor investments and excessive overspending by the government destroyed the fund. With phosphate deposits virtually exhausted and the mined land unusable, Nauru has found itself in desperate straits. By 2002 the country was declared virtually bankrupt, all the fund’s assets had to be sold to pay creditors, it and was having to be propped up by Australian aid, partly in exchange for which Australia was allowed to establish a...

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,374 words
Illustration(s):
2

...head a multiparty coalition. Australia provided help for the police force and the administration, but this was rescinded in 2005 , when the constitutional court declared this unconstitutional. This did little to establish law and order in the towns and rural regions of the country. The coalition was successful again in 2007 with Somare still in charge. Following the 2012 election, the parliament elected as prime minister Peter O'Neill of the People’s National Congress. In 2013 Papua New Guinea agreed to process Australian asylum seekers on the island...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,270 words
Illustration(s):
2

...workers and investors, and, in recent years, to international students, especially from Asia. Equally there has been a smaller outflow of New Zealanders travelling to Europe or, more commonly, Australia. The economic downturn in Australia has changed that, however, and 2015 was the first year since 1991 that more New Zealanders migrants came from Australia than went to it. The earlier arrivals came around the 14th century. These are the Maori who are now a minority, almost all of whom live on North Island. ‘Maori’ is Maori for ‘normal people’, to distinguish...

Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
995 words
Illustration(s):
2

...revenue from this source is declining faster than expenditure. The exploration of additional reserves was tangled up in boundary disputes with Australia that was finally resolved in 2018, which gave an immediate boost to the development of a major new field. The Timor-Leste government bought a share in the Sunrise field in the expectation that its LNG liquefaction plant in built on Timor-Leste and not in Australia. Construction may start in 2021 . There is a major drive to diversify the economy. At present much of the non-oil private sector is only...

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
806 words
Illustration(s):
2

...by the People’s Alliance Party led by Sir Alan Kemakeza . He was unable to restore peace, so that the islands slipped back into anarchy. In 2003 , Kemakeza asked for international aid, which was forthcoming with a UN peacekeeping force made up mainly of New Zealand and Australian troops ( the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands , RAMSI ). This force restored order, but the situation remained fragile: the appointment in 2006 of Snyder Rini , an associate of Kemakeza , as prime minister caused widespread rioting. Rini resigned after...

Samoa

Samoa   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
692 words
Illustration(s):
2

...for an important part of export earnings. Manufacturing primarily involves agricultural processing and garments. The Japanese company Yazaki used to employ 1,000 people making electrical car parts for export to Australia, which once accounted for over a third of Samoa’s exports. However, with all car manufacturing ceasing in Australia by 2017 , the company closed in 2017, causing significant disruption to the economy. Samoa has been strengthening its links with neighbouring American Samoa—though the country’s change of name to Samoa caused some friction...

Cook Islands

Cook Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
422 words
Illustration(s):
1

...discovered by Captain Cook in 1773 . Most Cook Islanders are of mixed Polynesian descent and speak Cook Islands Maori as well as English. More than half are on the island of Rarotonga. Many have also emigrated: there are 60,000 Cook Islanders in New Zealand and 20,000 in Australia. In 2014 half its population was rated as obese according to the World Health Organization, amongst the highest figures in the world. The economy Around one-fifth of the islanders depend on agriculture. There is also some industry, including the manufacture of clothing and...

Tuvalu

Tuvalu   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
407 words
Illustration(s):
1

...is the British monarch, who is represented by a local governor-general. There are no political parties in Tuvalu and leadership has changed often within the fifteen-member parliament. Tuvalu was admitted to the UN in 2000 . In 2002 , it filed a lawsuit against the USA and Australia for their failure to sign the Kyoto Protocol. The islands, which are at no point more than four metres above sea-level, are particularly vulnerable to climate change, and its leaders have been very active in campaigning for immediate action against global warming. The population...

New Caledonia

New Caledonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
638 words
Illustration(s):
2

...rejected independence. Under the terms of the Nouméa Accords, a further vote can take place in 2020 . See also Country data table https://gouv.nc/ Government of New Caledonia official portal (in French) https://dfat.gov.au/geo/new-caledonia/pages/new-caledonia.aspx Australian Government information on New Caledonia https://www.radionz.co.nz/tags/New%20Caledonia Radio New Zealand New Caledonia online news...

Fiji

Fiji   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
863 words
Illustration(s):
2

...prices in 2017 will challenge this sector. Sugar processing also used to dominate industrial production, but manufacturing industry is now more diverse. Fish processing has been a growing sector but the garment industry has suffered from a loss of preferential access to Australia and the USA. Earnings from the Vatukoula gold mine are also important. In addition, Fiji depends heavily on tourism, which has grown as greater political stability has returned to the islands. In 2014 there were nearly 700,000 visitors, and the industry provided over 41,000...

Malta

Malta   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
741 words
Illustration(s):
2

...half of water comes from desalination plants. The people Malta is a bridge between Europe and North Africa, and its language has both Latin and Arabic components. In the past, young Maltese often chose to emigrate, creating a Maltese diaspora around the world, notably in Australia. Nowadays people tend to stay, and the population continues to grow, if only slowly. The Maltese enjoy an extensive welfare state with free education and health care. As part of the EU, its proximity to Africa transformed it into a frontline state in the EU’s efforts to deal with...

Vanuatu

Vanuatu   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
886 words
Illustration(s):
2

...that should have opened in 2004 but was mothballed because of the lack of a suitable wharf. More loans from China should see it finally open in 2019, with hopes that the Vanuatu economy receives more than just registration fees from its fishing fleet. Tourism, mostly from Australia and New Zealand, is an important source of income. In recent years there have been around 100,000 visitors staying and around 250,000 cruise ship passengers, but the trade was badly hit by Cyclone Pam in 2015 . By 2017, it had recovered to these levels, and tourism’s total...

View: