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Overview

Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The states of Australia have their colloquial names, not always complimentary: New South Wales: Ma State Northern Territory: Top End, White Elephant Queensland: Banana State South Australia: Wheat State Victoria: Cabbage Patch Western Australia: Westralia, Groperland Among the cities, Perth is called the Swan City, Adelaide, the City of Churches, and Melbourne, City of the Cabbage Garden. Australia Day 26 January, commemorating the first landing at Sydney Cove in 1788 . The Monday following has been a national holiday since the establishment of the...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Australia Day a national public holiday in Australia, commemorating the founding on 26 January 1788 of the colony of New South Wales. See also Advance Australia...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
47 words

... [16th] Since the days of the ancient Greeks, travellers speculated on the existence of an ‘unknown southern land’, or in Latin terra australis incognita , from australis ‘of the south’. At first the continent was known as New Holland, and was not officially named Australia until 1824...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
127 words

... • myalgia , nostalgia • sporangia • florilegia , quadriplegia • Phrygia • Thuringia • loggia • Borgia • apologia , eulogia • Perugia • Czechoslovakia , Slovakia • Saskia • clarkia , souvlakia • rudbeckia • fakir , Wallachia • Ischia • Antalya , espalier, pallia, rallier • shilly-shallyer • Somalia • hotelier , Montpellier, sommelier, St Helier • Australia , azalea, bacchanalia, Castalia, dahlia, echolalia, genitalia, inter alia, Lupercalia, Mahalia, marginalia, paraphernalia, regalia, Saturnalia, Thalia, Westphalia • Amelia ,...

Australia, the

Australia, the   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
105 words

..., the The Hotel Australia, built in 1891, demolished in 1971, long regarded as the leading Sydney hotel 1900 Henry Lawson ‘Mr Smellingscheck’ Prose i 234: We had a well-to-do whisky together, and he talked of things in the abstract. He seemed just as if he’d met me in the Australia. 1968 Stuart Gore Holy Smoke 47: ‘Here they are still standin’ up … as cool as if they all had a foot on the brass rail in the Australia.’ 1981 Maxwell Grant Inherit the Sun 360: He hoped Sir James hadn’t found anywhere more satisfactory. ‘Not unless you’re rebuilding...

Australia for the Australians

Australia for the Australians   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
407 words

...Stephens ‘Australia for the Australians’ Bulletin 25 Jan. Red Page [article questioning the influences of the British in Australia: ‘Let young Australia come to the front with the motto of Australia for the Australians. This question of independent national development overshadows all others.’] 4 As expressing opposition to coloured immigration: the motto of the Bulletin from 21 April 1888 (following the anti-Chinese issue of 14 April) to 30 April 1908 1888 William Lane White or Yellow? in Boomerang 31 Mar. 9: ‘Australia for the Australians!’ shouted...

national game, Australia’s

national game, Australia’s   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
109 words

...game, Australia’s 1 Two-up 1930 L. W. Lower Here’s Luck 70: He had a small piece of wood in his hand, on which were balanced two pennies. The national game was in progress. 1944 Stan Arneil One Man’s War (1980) 188: ‘Two-up’, our national game is severely frowned upon in the camp and all efforts are made to suppress it. 1976 Bulletin 10 Jan. 45: There’s no greater humiliation than being a failure at the national game. 1983 Sun-Herald (Sydney) 23 Jan. 35: ‘You can’t wipe out two-up; it’s our national game.’ 2 Australian Rules Football 1889 ...

Advance Australia

Advance Australia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Australia a catchphrase used as a patriotic slogan or motto in Australia, and recorded from the mid 19th century. Advance Australia Fair is the national anthem of Australia, composed c. 1878 by P. D. McCormick ( c. 1834–1916 ), a Scot, under the pen-name ‘Amicus’. It officially replaced ‘God Save the Queen’ in 1984...

Australia for the White Man

Australia for the White Man   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
53 words

... for the White Man Motto of the Bulletin from 7 May 1908 until 30 November 1960, indicating support for the White Australia policy 1974 Desmond O’Grady Deschooling Kevin Carew 122: Australia for the white man. He should have shown the note to the dumb Chink without letting it out of his...

Men and women of Australia

Men and women of Australia   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
148 words

...and women of Australia The opening words of E. G. Whitlam’s election speech in 1972 (perhaps echoing the opening words of John Curtin’s national broadcast of 8 Dec. 1941: ‘Men and women of Australia, we are at war with Japan’) 1985 Sydney Morning Herald 22 May 1: ‘Men and women of Rotorua …’ [heading] Mr Gough Whitlam today appealed to New Zealand to stop the All Blacks tour of South Africa. 1990 Sydney Morning Herald 20 Aug. 28: ‘Men and women of Revesby’, Gough might have begun if he had been able to speak over the roar of the rapturous reception [at...

White Australia policy

White Australia policy   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Australia policy . A policy that had its roots in the 19th-century Australian gold rushes, which attracted numerous Chinese workers. The presence of these immigrants led to resentment among white Australians, who feared competition and a lowering in their standard of living. Other resented immigrants included Japanese, Pacific islanders and East Indians. The desire for uniform immigration laws to exclude Asian immigrants was one of the factors that brought the colonies together into the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 . Federal laws soon followed to...

Australianism

Australianism   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australianism . A word, phrase, pronunciation, idiom, or other usage peculiar to, or particularly common in, Australia. Australianisms include loans from Aboriginal languages, such as kangaroo, wombat names of kinds of marsupial, and ‘national treasures’ such as cobber a companion, friend, ocker a rough and uncultivated Australian male. See australian english . ...

recession, This is a ~ that Australia had to have

recession, This is a ~ that Australia had to have   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
86 words

...This is a ~ that Australia had to have Statement by Paul Keating at a news conference on 29 Nov. 1990 1991 Sydney Morning Herald 6 Apr. 72: Parramatta supporters should look at it this way: it’s the recession they had to have. 1992 Australian 7 Apr. 1: The Prime Minister was there [at the Collingwood centenary ball] to pay homage to the football team he had to have. 2000 Sydney Morning Herald 10 Mar. 1: Keating speaks The Asia we have to have...

General Australian

General Australian   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...General Australian . A term, especially in linguistics , for the pronunciation used by most Australians. See australian english . ...

Australian Languages

Australian Languages   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australian Languages . A term to refer to the collection of original (indigenous) languages from Australia: Today, Australian languages are dwindling rapidly, and many are projected to be extinct by the next generation. Losing these languages means a loss of diverse cultural and historical knowledge that has been accumulated over the past 80,000 years. Approximately 250 indigenous languages were spoken in Australia when British settlers arrived in the later 18c. Of the 150 languages used daily, approximately 13 are highly endangered. There are now only...

Australian English

Australian English   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
2,454 words

...Australian , and Cultivated Australian . Of these, Cultivated Australian most closely approaches British RP and Broad Australian most vigorously exhibits distinctive regional features. It is generally assumed that the Australian accent derives from the mixing of British and Irish accents in the early years of settlement. However, although most convicts and other settlers came from London, the Midlands, and Ireland, the influence of the original accents cannot be conclusively quantified. The present spectrum was probably established by the early 19c. The major...

Australian Pidgin

Australian Pidgin   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australian Pidgin . A general name for contact varieties of English, used especially between the aboriginal peoples and European settlers from the late 18c, which spread from Sydney to other settlements. One of the most important, pidgin English in Queensland (also known as Queensland Canefields English and Queensland Kanaka English ) was used on the sugar plantations c. 1860–1910 . It appears to be descended from New South Wales pidgin , an early contact language taken north by explorers, convicts, and settlers, and spoken mainly by Melanesian indentured...

Australian Language, The

Australian Language, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australian Language, The . The title of a book on Australian English by Sidney James Baker (1912–76), a New-Zealand-born journalist working in Sydney (1945, Angus & Robertson; 1966, revised, Currawong). Baker attempted to do what H. L. Mencken had done for AmE: establish the independence of the variety and find in it the fullness of an Australian cultural identity. Always tendentious, often idiosyncratic, frequently exasperating because assertive and undocumented, the work has none the less been popular and influential. Baker was interested primarily in...

Australian salute

Australian salute   Reference library

A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
60 words

... salute The movement of the hand in brushing away flies 1972 Ian Moffitt The U-Jack Society 65: I flopped a hand at the flies (the Australian salute). 1976 Australian 9 Mar. 3: A sexually-mutated blowfly developed by CSIRO scientists in Canberra could lead to the demise of the great Australian salute. see also aussie salute , barcoo salute , queensland...

Australian

Australian adj.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
459 words

... adj. ▪ In compounds ▪ Based on Australian n. Australian active/passive ( n. ) ( US gay ) one who licks or is licked by a sexual partner. 1989–2003 R.O. Scott Gay Sl. Dict. [Internet] Australian active : likes to be the partner who licks in Australian sex. Australian passive : likes to be the partner who is licked in Australian sex. Australian flag ( n. ) a shirt tail, protruding between the trousers and waistcoat. 1898 E.E. Morris Austral Eng . 11/2: Australian flag , n. Hot climate and country work have brought in a fashion...

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