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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

James Halliday and Huon Hooke

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
7,900 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Australian style, however, the owners have frequently appointed themselves as hands-on viticulturists and winemakers. Nevertheless, perhaps due to the trickle-down effect of the renowned australian wine research institute at Adelaide and the university wine schools ( see adelaide ), standards are extremely high. The Australian wine show system has also played a major role in promoting technical excellence and in shaping style. The lessons of the show ring have been reinforced by the well-known penchant Australians have for travel. Indeed, Australia...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Barbara Santich

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,139 words

...Australia experiences a typical Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and predominantly winter rainfall. Australia was physically isolated from the rest of the world for over 40 million years and has enormous biological diversity. It is rich in flora species (for example, its 25,000 plant species are more than Europe has) but relatively poor in fauna with just over 2 per cent of world’s freshwater fish species. When the first Aborigines arrived in Australia, at least 60,000 years ago, primitive humans all lived as hunter-gatherers; the beginnings of...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Bill Taylor

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,099 words

...since 1878, whereas Boag’s of Tasmania has been brewing on the same site since 1882 . Australians still have a reminder of the colonial brewing past in terms of both historic breweries still operating and the historic brand names available in the market. The craft-brewing industry in Australia is well established and growing. Most people regard the Sail and Anchor Pub Brewery to be the first successful craft brewery in Australia. It started in 1984 in Western Australia and its success inspired many others to follow. Shortly after, Matilda Bay Brewery was...

Western Australia

Western Australia   Reference library

James Halliday and Huon Hooke

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Australia , or WA . australia ’s biggest state has the country’s most isolated wine regions in its south-west corner. Nowhere have the winds of change blown harder since 1970 than in Western Australia. In that year, more than 90% of the state’s wine was made from grapes grown in the then Swan Valley (now a subregion of the Swan District in the Greater Perth Zone); by 1980 the figure was 59%; and by 2003 it was less than 11%. The other side of the coin has been the emergence of the Margaret River and Great Southern regions spanning the far south...

South Australia

South Australia   Reference library

James Halliday

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,463 words

...Australia , the wine state in australia , responsible for 45 to 50% of the annual crush . This share may have fallen from the 75% of the 1940s and 1950s, but the state still dominates the country’s wine output. Vine-growing and winemaking are major contributors to South Australia’s gross domestic production, yet they occupy only a small percentage of the state’s vast land mass. Vine-growing is concentrated in the south eastern corner, much of it within an hour’s drive of the capital Adelaide. The two outposts are the Riverland sprawling along the Murray...

South Eastern Australia

South Eastern Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Eastern Australia , official ‘super zone’ which takes in all relevant wine regions in queensland , new south wales , victoria , and south australia , used for multi-region, inexpensive blended wines constituting a significant proportion of all wine exported from Australia...

South West Australia Zone

South West Australia Zone   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...West Australia Zone comprises the Blackwood Valley, Geographe, Great Southern, and Margaret River wine regions, not to be confused with the South East Australia Super...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

Sonia Cousins

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...opportunities for artisan producers to market and sell their products. Industry associations include Dairy Australia, the Dairy Industry Association of Australia (DIAA), and the Australian Specialist Cheesemakers’ Association (ASCA). Annual cheese competitions, such as the Sydney Royal, are hosted by agricultural societies in most state capital cities. New Zealand’s dairy industry began with a small herd brought to the new British colony from Australia in 1814 . The first cheesemaking factory was established in 1871 , and by the 1920s cooperative dairies...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

Toni Risson

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,037 words

...Biscuits (established in 1888 ), are traditional companions of the mid-morning “cuppa.” Sweets foods are also found among the “bush tucker” eaten for centuries by Australia’s indigenous people, including acacia gum, lerps (honeydew), and honey ants. See also children’s candy . Bibliography Clark, Pamela , ed. Australian Women’s Weekly Children’s Birthday Cake Book . Sydney: Australian Consolidated Press, 1980. James, Allison . “Confections, Concoctions and Conceptions.” In Popular Culture: Past and Present , edited by Bernard Waites , Tony Bennett...

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

Food Standards Australia New Zealand   Reference library

Sonia Cousins

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Food Standards Australia New Zealand ( FSANZ ) is a bi-national government agency that develops and administers the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. Enforcement and interpretation of the code is the responsibility of state and territory government agencies within Australia, and the Ministry for Primary Industries, public health units, and local governments in New Zealand. Following the creation of the National Food Authority in Australia in 1991 , a treaty between Australia and New Zealand—aiming to reduce compliance costs, harmonize food...

Australian

Australian   Reference library

Domenic Venuto

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

... Australian cuisine is similar to modern American cuisine: a mélange of global flavors that rely on simple, bright, and fresh ingredients. The growing number of Australian restaurants in New York have menus that reflect Australian’s love for meat and seafood. Instead of faithfully reproducing dishes from Down Under, they focus on creating an ambience that captures a laid-back antipodean spirit. This Australian version of hospitality was first introduced to New Yorkers in 1999 by Eight Mile Creek in Nolita. The restaurant closed, but not before it...

chestnut, Australian

chestnut, Australian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Australian Seeds of the endangered Australian tree Castanospermum australe . Poisonous when raw, but the toxins are denatured by heating. Contain castanospermine, which has antiviral activity in vitro . Also known as Moreton Bay chestnuts or black beans. A 190g serving provides 661kcal (2766kJ), 41.9g protein, 2.7g fat (of which 0.7g saturated, 0.2g mono-unsaturated, 2.13g polyunsaturated), 121g carbohydrate (4.4g sugars), 29.4g fibre, 9mg sodium, 2877mg potassium. A rich source of vitamin B 1 , folate, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese,...

Australian influence

Australian influence   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...deliberately recruited an Australian to lead its wine research department into the new millennium. Australia overtook France to be most important exporter of wine to the UK, one of the world’s most significant wine importers, at the beginning of the century, and went on to perform the same trick in the US, but Australian wine was this popular only temporarily with Americans. The spectacular success of yellow tail tarnished its image so that it came to be dismissively associated with ‘critter brands’. Such was Australia’s late-20th-century success at...

Australian hops

Australian hops   Reference library

Horst Dornbusch

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... nugget (hop) . In Australia it achieves alpha acid values of 13.5% to 15%. Finally, Australian-grown Cluster, which is an old American variety, tends to have a slightly lower alpha acid rating there than in its homeland, achieving 3.8% to 5% versus 4.5% to 5.5% in the American-grown Cluster. Bibliography Barth-Haas Group. The Barth Report . http://www.barthhaasgroup.com/images/pdfs/barthreport%2020092010_english.pdf/ (accessed January 7, 2011). Hop products Australia. Australian varieties . http://www.hops.com.au/products/australian_varieties.html/ ...

Australian Wine Research Institute

Australian Wine Research Institute   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Wine Research Institute ( AWRI ) is a wine research, development, and extension organization owned and led by the Australian wine industry. Based in Adelaide, it also has offices in Victoria, New South Wales, and Tasmania. Formed in 1955 , its governing board includes members elected by Australian winemakers and vine-growers who pay the Wine Grapes and Grape Research levy. Research is designed to increase fundamental understanding, particularly of wine’s composition, style, and sensory characteristics, but the AWRI has been famous among its peers...

pipis

pipis   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Edible mollusc , Plebidonas deltoides , widely distributed around the Australian...

plonk

plonk   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Colloquial term for cheap, indifferent wine; originated in Australia...

balmain bug

balmain bug   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...bug A variety of lobster found in Australia...

fairy floss

fairy floss   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...floss The Australian term for candyfloss ( see candy ). It is first recorded in 1945...

choko

choko   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...An alternative form of the term chocho , used in Australia and New...

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