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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Christine Reid

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...journal and annual conference inform members. Both Australia's Open Garden Scheme and the Australian Garden History Society celebrate Australian gardening achievements. Australian garden style In the early 21st century, it is fair to suggest that no one style characterises or dominates Australian gardening. Within the country's extensive boundaries, eclecticism and adaptation are the key characteristics of Australians' gardens. With seven or more wildly varying climate zones, gardeners across Australia have different priorities. In Brisbane, summer humidity...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

James Halliday and Huon Hooke

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
7,900 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Australian style, however, the owners have frequently appointed themselves as hands-on viticulturists and winemakers. Nevertheless, perhaps due to the trickle-down effect of the renowned australian wine research institute at Adelaide and the university wine schools ( see adelaide ), standards are extremely high. The Australian wine show system has also played a major role in promoting technical excellence and in shaping style. The lessons of the show ring have been reinforced by the well-known penchant Australians have for travel. Indeed, Australia...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
15,540 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The address for the Australian Society of Sex Educators, Researchers, and Therapists is: 21 Carr Street, Coogee, New South Wales 2034 Australia. The address for the Western Australian Sexology Society is: c/FPA, 70 Roe Street, Northbridge, Western Australia 6000 Australia. The Journal of Sex and Marriage and the Family , published by the Family Life Movement of Australia, recently changed its name to the Australian Journal of Marriage and Family . Four other Australian journals publish articles of interest to sexologists: Australian Forum , published...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Barbara Santich

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,139 words

...Australia experiences a typical Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and predominantly winter rainfall. Australia was physically isolated from the rest of the world for over 40 million years and has enormous biological diversity. It is rich in flora species (for example, its 25,000 plant species are more than Europe has) but relatively poor in fauna with just over 2 per cent of world’s freshwater fish species. When the first Aborigines arrived in Australia, at least 60,000 years ago, primitive humans all lived as hunter-gatherers; the beginnings of...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Bill Taylor

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,099 words

...since 1878, whereas Boag’s of Tasmania has been brewing on the same site since 1882 . Australians still have a reminder of the colonial brewing past in terms of both historic breweries still operating and the historic brand names available in the market. The craft-brewing industry in Australia is well established and growing. Most people regard the Sail and Anchor Pub Brewery to be the first successful craft brewery in Australia. It started in 1984 in Western Australia and its success inspired many others to follow. Shortly after, Matilda Bay Brewery was...

Western Australia

Western Australia   Reference library

James Halliday and Huon Hooke

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Australia , or WA . australia ’s biggest state has the country’s most isolated wine regions in its south-west corner. Nowhere have the winds of change blown harder since 1970 than in Western Australia. In that year, more than 90% of the state’s wine was made from grapes grown in the then Swan Valley (now a subregion of the Swan District in the Greater Perth Zone); by 1980 the figure was 59%; and by 2003 it was less than 11%. The other side of the coin has been the emergence of the Margaret River and Great Southern regions spanning the far south...

South Australia

South Australia   Reference library

James Halliday

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,463 words

...Australia , the wine state in australia , responsible for 45 to 50% of the annual crush . This share may have fallen from the 75% of the 1940s and 1950s, but the state still dominates the country’s wine output. Vine-growing and winemaking are major contributors to South Australia’s gross domestic production, yet they occupy only a small percentage of the state’s vast land mass. Vine-growing is concentrated in the south eastern corner, much of it within an hour’s drive of the capital Adelaide. The two outposts are the Riverland sprawling along the Murray...

Australia Day

Australia Day   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
90 words

...Australia Day An annual official birthday for Australia, held on 26 January, the day that marked the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney Harbour in 1788 , the beginning of European settlement in Australia. Celebrations of Australia Day have taken place since 1808 . The day is now an annual public holiday in all the Australian states. It includes ceremonies, community and family events, and citizenship ceremonies that welcome immigrants to Australia, but it has also been used as a day of protest by people marching for Aboriginal rights. Kenneth...

South Eastern Australia

South Eastern Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Eastern Australia , official ‘super zone’ which takes in all relevant wine regions in queensland , new south wales , victoria , and south australia , used for multi-region, inexpensive blended wines constituting a significant proportion of all wine exported from Australia...

Fair Work Australia

Fair Work Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
67 words

...Fair Work Australia The Fair Work Commission (FWC), known until 2013 as Fair Work Australia, is the Australian industrial relations tribunal created under the Fair Work Act ( 2009 ). Its functions include the setting and awarding of industrial awards, minimum wage fixation, dispute resolution, the approval of enterprise agreements, and handling claims for unfair dismissal. It is the successor body to the Australian Industrial Relations Commission. Kenneth...

Parliament of Australia

Parliament of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
63 words

...Parliament of Australia The legislative branch of the Australian government. It consists of three parts: the Queen (represented by the Governor-General of Australia), the House of Representatives, and the Senate. The lower house (House of Representatives) currently has 150 members. The upper house (the Senate) currently has seventy-six members. The Federal Parliament of Australia has been based in Canberra since 1927 . Kenneth...

South West Australia Zone

South West Australia Zone   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...West Australia Zone comprises the Blackwood Valley, Geographe, Great Southern, and Margaret River wine regions, not to be confused with the South East Australia Super...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

Sonia Cousins

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...opportunities for artisan producers to market and sell their products. Industry associations include Dairy Australia, the Dairy Industry Association of Australia (DIAA), and the Australian Specialist Cheesemakers’ Association (ASCA). Annual cheese competitions, such as the Sydney Royal, are hosted by agricultural societies in most state capital cities. New Zealand’s dairy industry began with a small herd brought to the new British colony from Australia in 1814 . The first cheesemaking factory was established in 1871 , and by the 1920s cooperative dairies...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

Toni Risson

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,037 words

...Biscuits (established in 1888 ), are traditional companions of the mid-morning “cuppa.” Sweets foods are also found among the “bush tucker” eaten for centuries by Australia’s indigenous people, including acacia gum, lerps (honeydew), and honey ants. See also children’s candy . Bibliography Clark, Pamela , ed. Australian Women’s Weekly Children’s Birthday Cake Book . Sydney: Australian Consolidated Press, 1980. James, Allison . “Confections, Concoctions and Conceptions.” In Popular Culture: Past and Present , edited by Bernard Waites , Tony Bennett...

National Trust of Australia

National Trust of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
54 words

...National Trust of Australia Officially known as the Australian Council of National Trusts (ACNT), this is the main Australian body for community-based, non-government organizations committed to conserving and promoting Australia’s indigenous, natural, and historic heritage. The National Trust owns or manages 300 heritage places, which attract over 12 million visitors per year. Kenneth...

Governor-General of Australia

Governor-General of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
68 words

...Governor-General of Australia The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative in Australia of the British and Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor-General, now always an Australian, is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the prime minister. The functions of the Governor-General include appointing ministers, judges, and ambassadors, giving royal assent to laws passed by parliament, and bestowing Australian honours. Kenneth...

Parliament of South Australia

Parliament of South Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
69 words

...Parliament of South Australia The bicameral legislature of the state of South Australia, based in Adelaide. It follows a Westminster style of parliamentary government, with an upper house (Legislative Council) and a lower house (House of Assembly). The Queen is represented in the state by the Governor of South Australia. The Parliament of South Australia began in 1857 , when the colony of South Australia was granted self-government. Kenneth...

Prime Minister of Australia

Prime Minister of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
66 words

...Prime Minister of Australia When Australia became a nation in 1901 , a Westminster system of government was followed with a bicameral legislature and a prime minister as the head of the Australian Parliament. The office is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia, and exists only through an unwritten political convention and tradition. The prime minister holds the most powerful political position in Australia. Kenneth...

University of Western Australia

University of Western Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
75 words

...University of Western Australia The University of Western Australia is a well-established university in Perth that was founded in 1911 by an act of the Western Australian Parliament. It began teaching students in 1913 . It is the oldest university in the state of Western Australia. The main campus is in Crawley, a suburb 5 km west of Perth’s CBD. The university teaches several of its programmes offshore, in Singapore, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Kenneth...

Local Government in Australia

Local Government in Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
49 words

...Local Government in Australia The lowest tier of government in Australia. It is administered under the states and territories, which are beneath the federal tier. There is only one level of local government in all states. The local governing body is usually referred to as a council. Kenneth...

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