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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
2,768 words

...Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission, 1996. Tacey, David . Re-enchantment: The New Australian Spirituality . Sydney: HarperCollins, 2000. Tacey, David . Edge of the Sacred: Transformation in Australia . North Blackburn: HarperCollins, 1995. See also: Aboriginal Art ; Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia) ; Aboriginal Spirituality and the New Age in Australia ; Arrernte Increase Ceremonies (Central Australia) ; Australian Poetry ; Ferality ; Jung, Carl Gustav ; Indigenous Religions and Cultural Borrowing ; Keepers of Lake Eyre (South Australia) ; New...

Australia, Sikhs in

Australia, Sikhs in   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sikh Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Religion
Length:
113 words

...Australia, Sikhs in The first Sikhs to reach central Australia in 1860 came directly from India as camel drivers. Others came indirectly from Malaya. The regular phase, commencing in the 1880s, provided work as hawkers and sugar-cane cutters. The colonial government of Australia soon became alarmed at Asian immigration, blocking it through legislation in 1901. A small Sikh community survived and became concentrated in the east-coast banana-growing town of Woolgoolga, where there are two gurdwārās . In the 1990s, the number of Sikhs grew considerably,...

Australia, Christianity in

Australia, Christianity in   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,347 words

...The Religious Aspect of Life in Eastern Australia, 1835–1850 (Carlton, Victoria, and London, 1966); H. R. Jackson , Churches and People in Australia and New Zealand, 1860–1930 (Sydney, 1987); M. C. Hogan , The Sectarian Strand: Religion in Australian History (Ringwood, Victoria, 1987); T. W. Swain and D. B. Rose , (eds.), Aboriginal Australians and Christian Missions: Ethnographic and Historical Studies (Bedford Park, SA, 1988); H. Mol , The Faith of Australians (Studies in Society, 25; Sydney and London, 1985); I. Gillman (ed.), Many Faiths...

Australia, Christianity in

Australia, Christianity in   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
307 words

...early 20th cent. most denominations had a majority of Australian-born clergy, for whom they established theological colleges. After 1918 there was a change of emphasis from denominational issues to wider social concerns. Councils of Churches were established in various states; they pursued matters of public morality and social need, but seldom theological questions. After 1945 denominational traditions became more consciously Australian, and in 1981 the C of E became the Anglican Church in Australia. In 1977 the Methodist Church, most...

Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania   Reference library

Shakira Hussein

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,564 words

...Australia.” Women's Studies International Forum 30, no. 4 (2007): 290–298. Kolig, Erich , and Nahid Kabir . “Not Friend, Not Foe: The Rocky Road of Enfranchisement of Muslims into Multicultural Nationhood in Australia and New Zealand.” Immigrants and Minorities 26, no. 3 (2008): 266–300. Mattar, Delia , trans. “What Sheik Hilali Said.” Australian , 22 October 2006. Pennell, Richard , Pam Pryde , and Emmett Stinson . Banning Islamic Books in Australia . Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2011. Saeed, Abdullah . Islam in Australia ....

Paganism in Australia

Paganism in Australia   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,187 words

...287–98. Hume, Lynne . Witchcraft and Paganism in Australia . Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Press, 1997. St. John, Graham . “ ‘Heal thy Self – thy Planet’: ConFest, Eco-Spirituality and the Self/Earth Nexus. ” Australian Religion Studies Review 14:1 (2001), 97–112. Tramacchi, Des . “ Field Tripping: Psychedelic Communitas and Ritual in the Australian Bush. ” Journal of Contemporary Religion 15:2 (2000), 201–13. See also: Aboriginal Spirituality and the New Age in Australia ; Australia ; Paganism (various) ; Wicca...

Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia)

Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
3,169 words

...Power and Knowledge . New York: Routledge, 1996, 69–86. Strehlow, T. G. H. “Geography and the Totemic Landscape in Central Australia: A Functional Study.” In R. Berndt , ed. Australian Aboriginal Anthropology . Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press, 1970. See also: Aboriginal Art ; Aboriginal Spirituality and the New Age in Australia ; Australia ; Indigenous Religions and Cultural Borrowing ; Rock Art – Australian Aboriginal...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,134 words

... and New Zealand . Although there have been Muslims in Australia and New Zealand for more than a century, the present active communities have developed since 1950 . The first notable group of Muslims in Australia were Afghan camel drivers who helped open up the interior of the country between 1860 and 1910 but who did not establish a continuing community. The “White Australia Policy” from 1901 excluded most Muslims although some were admitted. In the 1950s Turkish-Cypriots began to arrive, and an agreement with Turkey in 1968 led to considerable...

Torres Strait Islanders (Australia)

Torres Strait Islanders (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,191 words

...originate in the Strait, over 80 percent of people who identify as Islanders in Australia (around 29,000), are resident on the Australian mainland where they cherish their island of origin, family history, totemic, wind and star affiliations. The enduring attachment of Islanders to their land was made evident in the historical Murray Island Land Case of 1992 , the most significant legal acknowledgement of indigenous rights and interests in Australia. The High Court of Australia recognized the Meriam peoples ownership, occupation and possession of their Mer...

Yolngu Ceremonial Architecture (Australia)

Yolngu Ceremonial Architecture (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,195 words

...Ceremonial Architecture (Australia) The religious beliefs and practices of the Yolngu people of northeast Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia are manifest in, and expressed through, their ceremonial or religious architecture. As for other Aboriginal Australians, the world of the Yolngu was created by the travels of their ancient Ancestors imbuing sacred powers within the landscapes, flora, fauna, and people that they created. Through their activities the Ancestors marked the landscape: with their digging sticks they created waterholes and...

Church Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan

Church Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan   Reference library

John Thew

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan The Church Missionary Society (CMS), Australia has made significant contributions in Pakistan, especially in the areas of education and healthcare. The Church Missionary Society Australia first sent Rev. and Mrs Stevenson to Peshawar in 1914 into what would become the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. They stayed there for ten years, with Mr Stevenson becoming Principal of Edward's College, Peshawar. The Church Missionary Society Australia has worked closely with its parent body, CMS UK and with such close...

Yolngu Waters of Being (Australia)

Yolngu Waters of Being (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
863 words

...Marine Tenure in Australia . Sydney: University of Sydney, 1998. Gurruwiwi, Djalu . “The Gälpu Story.” In W. Caruana and N. Lendon , eds. The Painters of the Wawilak Sisters Story 1937–1997 . Canberra: National Gallery of Australia, 1997. Keen, Ian . Contemporary Significance of Coastal Waters in the Spiritual and Economic Life of the Aborigines . Submission to the Australian Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Land Rights in the Northern Territory. Official Hansard Report, 1977. See also: Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia) ; Australia ; Mammy Water ;...

Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific

Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,804 words

..., New Zealand, and the Pacific The Christian art and architecture of Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific covers three broad phases of development over a period of some 200 years. The colonial period saw the implantation of mainly British cultural models to express the Christian faith in Australia and New Zealand. In the Pacific there is more diversity, with French interests in New Caledonia and French Polynesia, the best known being Tahiti. German interests in the Pacific, including New Guinea and Samoa, came to an end with the First World War. The...

Rainbow Serpent (North Wellesley Islands, Australia)

Rainbow Serpent (North Wellesley Islands, Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,056 words

...Serpent (North Wellesley Islands, Australia) The Lardil and Yangkaal people are coastal hunter-fisher-gatherers who occupy the North Wellesley Islands of the southern Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia. Their cosmological and cosmogonic belief system has developed and evolved from their dependence upon the sea for their survival. They employ the classical elements of Australian Aboriginal religions combined in a culturally distinctive system of knowledge with a strong marine environmental basis. A body of Lardil and Yangkaal sacred knowledge deals...

Quaker Writers in Tasmania (Australia)

Quaker Writers in Tasmania (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,706 words

...colonies increased after the 1832 visit of missionaries under concernment, James Backhouse ( 1794–1869 ) and George Washington Walker ( 1800–1859 ). It was while “standing in the nursery ground at Norwich” that Backhouse experienced his calling to Australia. In A Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies ( 1843 ), an important botanical work, Backhouse describes contacting the government, advocating the return of Aboriginal hunting grounds. After visiting Port Arthur penal settlement Backhouse urged the government to grant garden plots to...

Sisters of Charity of Australia

Sisters of Charity of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion
Length:
70 words

...of Charity of Australia A congregation of Religious Sisters in the Catholic Church who have served the people of Australia since 1838 . The Sisters take four vows—poverty, chastity, obedience, and service to the poor. Their ministries have varied from assisting in hospitals to ministering in prisons and conserving the environment. One of their most prominent ministries has been based at St Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney, since 1857 . Kenneth...

Australia and New Zealand, Islam in

Australia and New Zealand, Islam in   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
136 words

...Australia and New Zealand, Islam in The first Muslims came in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries on camel drives. Today more than 80 percent are of Turkish or Lebanese origin, although South Asians and Indians from Fiji are also represented. Muslims account for 1–2 percent of the total population. The majority live in urban centers and belong to the working class. Local Islamic associations were first organized in the mid-1950s along ethnic lines. The Australian Federation of Islamic Councils and the Federation of Islamic Associations of New...

Genealogy and Spiritualities of Place (Australia)

Genealogy and Spiritualities of Place (Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
903 words

...Gwen . Selected Poems . Sydney, Australia: Angus & Robertson, 1990. Rose, Deborah Bird . Dingo Makes Us Human: Life and Land in an Australian Aboriginal Culture . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Scott, Kim . Benang: From the Heart . Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 1999. Wright, Judith . Collected Poems . Manchester, UK: Carcanet Press, 1994. Wright, Judith . The Cry for the Dead . Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1981. See also: Aboriginal Spirituality and the New Age in Australia ; Australia ; Sacred Space/Place ; Wright,...

Arrernte Increase Ceremonies (Central Australia)

Arrernte Increase Ceremonies (Central Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,193 words

...Australia . Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 1994. Moyle, Richard . Alyawarra Music, Songs and Society in a Central Australian Community . Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1986. Spencer, Baldwin and Frank J. Gillen . The Arunta: A Study of a Stone Age People , 2 vols. London: Macmillan, 1927. Strehlow, Theodore G. H. Songs of Central Australia . Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1971. See also: Aboriginal Art ; Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia) ; Australia ; Rock Art – Australian...

Keepers of Lake Eyre (South Australia)

Keepers of Lake Eyre (South Australia)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
960 words

...of Lake Eyre (South Australia) The Keepers of Lake Eyre ( KOLE ) are an intercultural collective maintaining an anti-uranium protest enclave at Lake Eyre in the South Australian desert. Part of a re-enchantment-seeking radical ecology movement, KOLE members are generally young eco-pilgrims committed to the rights of Aboriginal peoples and the natural environment. Acting under the authority of inspirational Arabunna elder “Uncle” Kevin Buzzacott , their enclave (otherwise known as the Arabunna Coming Home Camp) is situated 180 kilometers north of Roxby...

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