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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Alan Brissenden

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...We Play It: Australia Plays Shakespeare (2011) Gaby, Rosemary , Open-Air Shakespeare: Under Australian Skies (2014) Gay, Penny , ‘Australian Newspaper Reviewers of Shakespeare: Writing with the Head or with the Heart?’, Cahiers Elisabéthains , Special 40th Anniversary Issue (2012) Golder, John , and Madelaine, Richard (eds.), O Brave New World: Two Centuries of Shakespeare on the Australian Stage (2000) Rickard, John , ‘Shakespeare’, in Philip Parsons (ed.), Companion to Theatre in Australia (1995) ‘Shakespeare in Australia’, in William...

Australia

Australia  

Although Shakespeare was inevitably part of the cultural baggage brought to Australia by its British colonizers in 1788, the first evidence of performance is a playbill dated 8 April 1800 ...
Anderson, Dame Judith

Anderson, Dame Judith (1898–1992)   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Dame Judith ( 1898–1992 ) American actor born in Australia who achieved fame principally in tragic roles including Lady Macbeth, Gertrude, and Hamlet, which she played at the age of...

vagrancy

vagrancy  

The common law state of affairs offence of having no permanent address, employment, or obvious means of support. Enacted in Vagrancy Acts and the vagrancy provisions of police offence or ...
Challis Shakespeare

Challis Shakespeare  

This paperback edition of individual plays began to appear in 1980 as the first designed specifically for the ‘student or non-specialist reader in Australia’. It offers a modernized text with ...
Charles Kean

Charles Kean  

(1811–68)Son of Edmund, educated at Eton; married Ellen Tree. In 1850 he began to manage the Princess's Theatre, where for nine years he presented and acted in spectacular productions of ...
Helpmann, Sir Robert

Helpmann, Sir Robert (1909–96)   Reference library

Michael Jamieson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...was frustrated in his desire to add the shrew Katherine. During Benthall’s long, successful directorship of the Old Vic he both appeared in and directed plays by Shakespeare and also played Shylock, Petruchio, and Angelo in an Australian tour with Katharine Hepburn as co-star. After Benthall’s death in 1974 he ran the Australian National Ballet. A cruelly accurate mimic, he seems to have been more feared than loved by his fellows. Michael...

Challis Shakespeare

Challis Shakespeare   Reference library

R. A. Foakes

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Shakespeare . This paperback edition of individual plays began to appear in 1980 as the first designed specifically for the ‘student or non-specialist reader in Australia’. It offers a modernized text with brief notes and introductions. It was named after John Henry Challis , who died in 1880 , and whose bequest made possible the foundation of a number of professorships at Sydney University. R. A....

Bell Shakespeare

Bell Shakespeare   Reference library

Erin Sullivan

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Shakespeare , Australia ’s foremost theatre company for Shakespearian performance. Founded in 1990 by the actor and director John Bell, the company stages two to three modern-dress Shakespearian productions a year. Known for its populism, Bell Shakespeare regularly tours to theatres across the country (especially in the southern states), and places particular emphasis on accessibility in its production styles and performance aesthetics. Erin...

Sullivan, Barry

Sullivan, Barry (1821–91)   Reference library

Richard Foulkes

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

.... He made his London debut as Hamlet in 1852 , when he was commended for his slender figure, graceful attitudes, and absence of claptrap. Amongst the Shakespearian roles which Sullivan subsequently added to his repertoire, in a career which took him to America, Canada, and Australia, were Jaques, Faulconbridge, Macbeth, Benedick, and Richard III. By 1879 when he played Hamlet and Benedick at the opening of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon, his girth and acting style had broadened to excess, but admirers such as Shaw preferred to...

Hunt, Hugh

Hunt, Hugh (1911–93)   Reference library

Michael Jamieson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...after the departure of Laurence Olivier and Ralph Richardson. Under his regime the Vic moved from the West End to its restored theatre in Lambeth. Hunt ’s book Old Vic Prefaces ( 1954 ) outlined his own directorial approach. He later ran the Elizabethan Theatre Trust in Australia and in 1961 became the first professor of drama at Manchester University. Michael...

Anderson, Dame Judith

Anderson, Dame Judith (1898–1992)   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Dame Judith ( 1898–1992 ), American actress , who arrived in the USA from Australia in 1918 . Throughout her career she specialized in operatic, grande dame roles, and came to be regarded as the last of the grand-style tragedy queens. Her Shakespearian roles included Gertrude (in John Gielgud ’s Hamlet in New York, 1936 ), Hamlet (in which she toured, remarkably, at the age of 71), and—famously and self-definingly—Lady Macbeth, first opposite Olivier in London in 1937 , and later opposite Maurice Evans in New York ( 1941 , and again on...

Quayle, Sir Antony

Quayle, Sir Antony (1913–89)   Reference library

Michael Jamieson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...of Peggy Ashcroft and John Gielgud . His major achievement was the 1951 cycle of history plays; he co-directed and played Falstaff. His other comic parts included Bottom and Pandarus. He was impressive as Coriolanus and as Aaron in Titus Andronicus . Playing Othello on an Australian tour he was outshone by Leo McKern as Iago (who was soon replaced). He later acted Marlowe ’s Tamburlaine the Great in North America, toured Britain as King Lear for the Prospect Theatre Company ( 1978 ), and in 1981 set up his own, unsubsidized touring company, Orbit,...

Leigh, Vivien

Leigh, Vivien (1913–67)   Reference library

Michael Jamieson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
195 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Brook ’s Titus Andronicus . Some critics, notably Kenneth Tynan , would never grant that she was a stage player of the first rank. After a much publicized divorce, though often in poor physical and mental health, she acted on stage and screen and she played Viola during an Australian tour. Vivien Leigh as Lavinia in Peter Brook’s production of Titus Andronicus , Stratford, 1955. The red streamers trailing from her bandaged wrists provided an abstract representation of her mutilation. Angus McBean © Royal Shakespeare Company Michael...

ballet

ballet   Reference library

Alan Brissenden

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
948 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(Leningrad, 1984 ). Vladimir Bourmeister ’s full-length Merry Wives of Windsor (Moscow, 1942 ) followed its source closely. The Taming of the Shrew has been choreographed by Maurice Béjart (Paris, 1954 ), Kai Tai Chan (Sydney, 1986 ), who set the story in China and Australia, and pre-eminently by John Cranko , whose 1969 version for the Stuttgart Ballet quickly entered the international repertoire. John Neumeier turned, unusually, to As You Like It for his Mozart und Theme aus ‘Wie es euch gefällt’ (Salzburg, 1988 ), but The Tempest ...

pronunciation

pronunciation   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...to use different variants interchangeably according to the demands of rhyme or scansion rather than as markers of class or region. ‘Toil’, for example, might sound either as in present-day standard English or like a rhyme for ‘pile’ (as in 19th-century Cockney, and hence modern Australian). Shakespeare and his contemporaries were at their freest when stressing polysyllables: long words recently coined from Latin could be made to fit the stress-patterns of verse pretty much as the occasion required. This sometimes leaves modern actors—when faced with a line which...

Kean, Charles

Kean, Charles (1811–68)   Reference library

Richard Foulkes

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...notably his sympathetic Richard II. To their intense disappointment the Keans’ unstinting efforts on behalf of their monarch and national dramatist did not result in the hoped-for knighthood, and the couple set off on an exhausting (though remunerative) tour of America and Australia. Thus it was that the Shakespeare tercentenary found the Keans in Melbourne, where they performed four acts, each from a different play: ‘so there’s a hard night’s work’, as Mrs Kean observed. Richard Foulkes Schoch, Richard , Shakespeare’s Victorian Stage: Performing History in...

Terry, Dame Ellen

Terry, Dame Ellen (1847–1928)   Reference library

Richard Foulkes

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
596 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in 1903 she gave a reprise as Beatrice in her son Edward Gordon Craig ’s production of Much Ado at the Imperial theatre. Increasingly subject to poor sight and failing memory, Ellen Terry devoted herself to her Shakespeare lectures, which she gave in Britain, America, and Australia 1910–21 . These form the basis of her Four Lectures on Shakespeare , published posthumously in 1932 . Ellen Terry died at her home in Smallhythe (Kent), which is now the property of the National Trust and houses the extensive archive which is an indispensable resource for...

Latin America (Spanish-speaking)

Latin America (Spanish-speaking)   Reference library

Alfredo Michel Modenessi

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...in several countries—e.g. A Midsummer Night’s Dream in Brazil—while Mexican director Martín Acosta, a decade after doing Hamlet with a local text, cast, and approach, staged it anew in festivals in Bogotá and Guanajuato (Mexico), with a translation made in Colombia by Australian immigrant Joe Broderick. Attention to the region’s engagement with Shakespeare has grown after the Mexican National Theatre and the Argentine company ‘Elkafka’ respectively played the two parts of Henry IV at the Globe to Globe Festival of 2012 . Adaptations have been...

nineteenth-century Shakespearian production

nineteenth-century Shakespearian production   Reference library

Richard Foulkes

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...and sets—in which the ‘join’ between the two and three dimensional was scarcely perceptible—succeeded in attracting a new educated audience to his theatre. When the Shakespeare tercentenary of 1864 was celebrated Phelps had left Sadler’s Wells and Charles Kean was in Australia , whither English actors, for whom America had long been a visiting or permanent destination, were venturing primarily in search of personal fortune, but in so doing laying the foundations for a substantially British—Shakespearian—repertoire in these new English-speaking lands....

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