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Overview

Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The states of Australia have their colloquial names, not always complimentary: New South Wales: Ma State Northern Territory: Top End, White Elephant Queensland: Banana State South Australia: Wheat State Victoria: Cabbage Patch Western Australia: Westralia, Groperland Among the cities, Perth is called the Swan City, Adelaide, the City of Churches, and Melbourne, City of the Cabbage Garden. Australia Day 26 January, commemorating the first landing at Sydney Cove in 1788 . The Monday following has been a national holiday since the establishment of the...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Australia Day a national public holiday in Australia, commemorating the founding on 26 January 1788 of the colony of New South Wales. See also Advance Australia...

Advance Australia

Advance Australia   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Australia a catchphrase used as a patriotic slogan or motto in Australia, and recorded from the mid 19th century. Advance Australia Fair is the national anthem of Australia, composed c. 1878 by P. D. McCormick ( c. 1834–1916 ), a Scot, under the pen-name ‘Amicus’. It officially replaced ‘God Save the Queen’ in 1984...

White Australia policy

White Australia policy   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Australia policy . A policy that had its roots in the 19th-century Australian gold rushes, which attracted numerous Chinese workers. The presence of these immigrants led to resentment among white Australians, who feared competition and a lowering in their standard of living. Other resented immigrants included Japanese, Pacific islanders and East Indians. The desire for uniform immigration laws to exclude Asian immigrants was one of the factors that brought the colonies together into the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 . Federal laws soon followed to...

Australian Rules

Australian Rules   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Irish Phrase & Fable

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... Rules . A style of football played in Australia, and the closest form of football to Gaelic Football : in both games the ball can be caught and carried as well as kicked. An international series between Australia and an Irish national football team, using what are called Compromise Rules , was held for the first time in 1984 , the Irish team captained by Jack O'Shea ( see Jacko ). Such Compromise (or International) Rules games are the only occasion on which Gaelic footballers can be capped for their...

As Australian as a meat pie

As Australian as a meat pie   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Australian as a meat pie . Quintessentially Australian. Meat pies were long regarded as archetypal Australian fare, until the country discovered the joys of Pacific Rim cuisine towards the end of the 20th century. See also Pie-eater...

Limey

Limey   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Current Version:
2013

...In US and (originally) Australian slang a British sailor or ship, or just a Briton. The nickname derives from the practice of issuing lime juice to a ship’s crew to combat...

Luck

Luck   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...allusion is to the game of snooker, in which each player’s turn is called a break, because it breaks the game up into stages. Lucky country A nickname for Australia, originating in the title of Donald Horne ’s The Lucky Country ( 1964 ), a critique of contemporary Australian society and a considered definition of the ‘Australian dream’. The name was originally intended ironically, and Horne saw Australia as ‘a lucky country run mainly by second-rate people who share its luck’. Lucky dip A tub or other container in which are placed various articles covered...

Art

Art   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...on the seashore, such as shells, are ready examples of the raw material of art trouvé . Art Union Originally, in Europe and Britain, an association formed to promote art by purchasing paintings and other works of art and dispersing them among the membership by lottery. In Australia and New Zealand, after a while, all kinds of prizes were offered and consequently the name came to be applied to a lottery with money prizes. Black art, The See under black . Britart See under brit . Byzantine art See under byzantine . Degrees in Arts See under degree ....

Never

Never   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Conservative prime minister ( 1957–63 ), included the words in a speech at Bedford ( 20 July 1957 ). Referring to the overall prosperity and general improvement of living standards, he said: ‘most of our people have never had it so good’. Never-Never, The The deep interior of Australia, far from European-based settlements. The term is first recorded in the 1830s. Since the publication of We of the Never-Never ( 1908 ) by Jeannie Gunn it has commonly been restricted in application to the Northern Territory. Its origins are unclear: it may be an alteration...

Nickname

Nickname   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...dust, corn flakes, goon, hog, loopy dust, rocket fuel National nicknames Among the best known, although some are dated and others are now derogatory, are: American: brother jonathan , yank or Yankee; for the USA personified: uncle sam ; in Australian rhyming slang, septic tank Argentinian: Argie Australian: aussie , digger , ocker , Ozzie Briton: Brit Canadian: canuck Chinese: Chink, Pong Costa Rican: Tico Dutchman: Dutchy, Mynheer Englishman: john bull , limey , pommy or Pommie French Canadian: Jean-Baptiste, Joe, Pea-souper Frenchman:...

London

London   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...city and the incident is mentioned in Shakespeare’s Henry VI, Pt II (IV, vii ( 1590 )). The stone was placed against the wall of St swithin ’s Church in 1798 as a safeguard against its destruction, but in 1960 it was moved to its present position. London to a brick An Australian expression denoting the longest possible odds, a dead cert. It dates from the 1960s. Great Fire of London, The See under great . Nine Worthies of London, The See under nine . Swinging London See under swing . Tower of London, The See under tower...

aboriginality

aboriginality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Australian anthropologist and activist Marcia Langton to conceptualize the disparity between representations of Indigenous Australians in film and media and their actual life circumstances. Aboriginality, like Edward Said 's term Orientalism , on which it is modelled, seeks to expose the underlying assumptions and prejudices guiding the depictions of Indigenous Australians made by white Australians. Moreover it is concerned to show the ‘real world’ effects these depictions have in shaping policy and hence the daily lives of Indigenous Australians....

Aboriginality

Aboriginality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...conceptualize the disparity between representations of Indigenous Australians in film and media and their actual life circumstances. Aboriginality, like Edward Said ’s term Orientalism , on which she models it, seeks to expose the underlying assumptions and prejudices guiding the depictions of Indigenous Australians made by white Australians. Moreover, it is concerned to show the ‘real-world’ effects these depictions have in shaping policy and hence the daily lives of Indigenous Australians. Further Reading: B. Carlson The Politics of Identity: Who Counts...

symptomatic reading

symptomatic reading   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...it tries to determine what a particular text is unable to say or represses because of its ideological conviction. For example, one might compare the frontier literature of Australia and America, both of which countries are the product of colonial conquest, and inquire why their respective literary traditions are so different: America produced the western, whereas Australia created stories of lost children and isolated...

symptomatic reading

symptomatic reading   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...it tries to determine what a particular text is unable to say or represses because of its ideological conviction. For example, one might compare the frontier literature of Australia and America, both of which countries are the product of colonial conquest, and inquire why their respective literary traditions are so different: America produced the western, whereas Australia created stories of lost children and isolated...

historiography

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A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...The study of the writing of history, the way style, narrative, metaphors, and so on affect how the historical record is received and understood. It can also refer to debates within a particular field of academic history (e.g. the history of Australia). The key point is that it does not refer to actual events, or history as such, it only refers to the interpretation and articulation of those events. It thus asks what counts as history and more particularly which methods reliably produce history. Key figures in this field include: Michel de Certeau...

historiography

historiography   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... The study of the writing of history, the way style, narrative, metaphors, and so on affect how the historical record is received and understood. It can also refer to debates within a particular field of academic history (e.g. the history of Australia). The key point is that it does not refer to actual events, or history as such, it only refers to the interpretation and articulation of those events. It thus asks what counts as history and more particularly which methods reliably produce history. Key figures in this field include: Michel de...

Taussig, Michael

Taussig, Michael (1940)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Michael ( 1940 –) Marxist cultural anthropologist . Born in Papua New Guinea and educated in Australia and the UK, Taussig studied medicine at undergraduate level but did not pursue a career as a general practitioner. Instead he completed a PhD in medical anthropology. He is best known, however, for his accounts of magical beliefs in South America, particularly his seminal work The Devil and Commodity Fetishism in South America ( 1980 ). Based on extensive fieldwork amongst tin-miners in Columbia, Taussig showed the way pagan beliefs adapt to...

ecological imperialism

ecological imperialism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...that devastated the local populations (of both people and plants and animals) as well as invasive pests and weeds that encroached on the existing flora and fauna, and eventually starved them out of existence. European-style agricultural practice utilized in dry regions like Australia and South Africa has had a catastrophic environmental impact. Crosby's work has sparked an enhanced interest in the role and significance of the environment in understanding colonial history in Postcolonial Studies...

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