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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australian Literary Studies

Australian Literary Studies   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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... Literary Studies , a biennial journal originally conceived in 1963 by James McAuley (then Reader in Poetry at the University of Tasmania) as a forum for specifically scholarly writing on Australian literature. The founding editor was L. T. Hergenhan with whom ALS moved from the University of Tasmania to the University of Queensland in 1975 . Widely acknowledged work on the history of Australian literature has been accompanied by careful attention to current writing with essays on living authors in each issue. ‘Notes and Documents’, recording...

Australian Literary Studies

Australian Literary Studies  

A biennial journal originally conceived in 1963 by James McAuley (then Reader in Poetry at the University of Tasmania) as a forum for specifically scholarly writing on Australian literature. The ...
Vision

Vision   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Australian journal ( 1923–4 ), but of major importance in Australian letters. It was a challenge to Bulletin , which had dominated the Australian literary scene in its promotion of the nationalist strain of Australian writing. It was not the ‘Vision’ school's intention, however, to create an outpost in Australia for European modernism. Printing mainly the work of such poets as Kenneth Slessor , Jack Lindsay , R. D. Fitzgerald , and Hugh McRae , with illustrations by Norman Lindsay , their intention was to create a renaissance in Australia by...

Buckley, Vincent

Buckley, Vincent (1925–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Poems ( 1981 ). As a critic Buckley was instrumental in broadening the canon to include less ‘traditional’ Australian concerns: important collections are Essays in Poetry: Mainly Australian ( 1957 ), Poetry and Morality ( 1959 ), and Poetry and the Sacred ( 1968 ). The autobiography Cutting Green Hay: Friendships, Movements and Cultural Conflicts in Australia's Great Decades ( 1983 ) traced cultural post-war movements in Australia and Buckley's friendship with writers such as A. C. Hope and James McAuley . Memory Ireland: Insights into the...

Eldershaw, M. Barnard

Eldershaw, M. Barnard (1897–1987)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...) and Flora Eldershaw ( 1897–1956 ), two Australian writers who worked in collaboration. Of their five novels the most successful was A House Is Built ( 1929 ), which traces the fortunes of a nineteenth-century Sydney family; the most ambitious was Tomorrow and Tomorrow ( 1947 ; unexpurgated version 1983 ), a satirical fantasy, set in Australia 400 years into the future. Other collaborations include Phillip of Australia ( 1938 ), The Life and Times of Captain John Piper ( 1939 ), and My Australia ( 1939 ), all historical works; But Not for...

Upfield, Arthur W.

Upfield, Arthur W. (1888–1964)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Arthur W. ( Arthur William Upfield ) ( 1888–1964 ), Australian crime writer , born in Gosport; he emigrated to Australia in 1911 , where he was a cook, boundary rider, itinerant worker, and miner, before publishing The Barakee Mystery ( 1929 ; US title The Lure of the Bush ), the first of twenty-nine novels in which the detective is Inspector Napoleon Bonaparte , a part-Aboriginal Australian. Though the writing is stiff, the setting of the novels (the Australian outback) is impressive: among the best are The Bone Is Pointed ( 1938 ), The New...

Westerly

Westerly   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...an Australian literary journal, which began in 1956 showing an early preference for prose. Beginning as a student magazine at the University of Western Australia, it won Commonwealth funding in 1963 . Peter Cowan and John Barnes became involved towards the end of the 1960s, and the early ‘open’ forum began to take on a regional stance. In later years art and poetry, as well as historical, political, and social issues, have been encompassed. Special issues have been devoted to the 1930s and to ‘Regionalism in Contemporary Australia’. Western Australian...

Walker, William S.

Walker, William S. (1846–1926)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...William S. [ William Sylvester Walker ] ( 1846–1926 ) married, first,—and, secondly,—. Born in Australia, son of the founder of the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron, he was educated at Sydney Grammar School and Worcester College, Oxford. He subsequently farmed in Australia and New Zealand and mined diamonds in South Africa. Later he lived in Argyllshire. He published ten volumes of fiction, mostly Australian, between 1898 and 1915 . The Silver Queen: A Tale of the Northern Territory ( 1908 ) is...

Hasluck, Nicholas

Hasluck, Nicholas (1942– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...( 1942–  ), Australian poet and novelist , born in Canberra, educated at the University of Western Australia. His first novel, Quarantine ( 1978 ), was followed by The Blue Guitar ( 1980 ), which deals with moral confusion in the world of commerce. The Hand that Feeds You ( 1982 ) is a political satire about a future corrupt republican Australia to which an innocent expatriate writer returns and gets elected to Parliament. The Bellarmine Jug ( 1984 ), perhaps his best novel, concerns the 1629 mutiny and massacre perpetrated in Australia by a party...

Hall, Rodney

Hall, Rodney (1935– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Rodney ( 1935–  ), Australian novelist and poet , born in England; he went to Australia after the Second World War and was educated at the University of Queensland. He was poetry editor of The Australian ( 1967–78 ), and has travelled widely in Europe, Asia, and the USA. His numerous volumes of poetry include Penniless till Doomsday ( 1962 ), Forty Beads on a Hangman's Rope ( 1963 ), Eyewitness ( 1967 ), The Law of Karma ( 1968 ), Romulus and Remus ( 1971 ), A Soapbox Omnibus ( 1973 ), Black Bagatelles ( 1978 ), and The Most Beautiful...

Herbert, Xavier

Herbert, Xavier (1901–84)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Xavier ( 1901–84 ), Australian novelist , born in Port Hedland, Western Australia. After working in a pharmacy and studying medicine in Melbourne he led a varied existence in Australia, the Pacific, and Britain. His novel Capricornia ( 1938 ) was a vivid portrait of the Northern Territory; completed in 1932 , it was an indictment of white Australians' abuse of land and of the Aboriginal peoples from the 1880s to the 1930s, detailing in particular the difficulties experienced by half-castes. Seven Emus ( 1958 ), with its eccentric experiment in...

Foster, David

Foster, David (1944– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...David ( 1944–  ), Australian writer , born in Sydney, educated at the University of Sydney and the Australian National University. His work eschews realism for satirical allegory, parable, and comic pastiche and has attracted critical attention for its exuberant inventiveness. His first novel, The Pure Land ( 1974 ), centres on three generations of an Australian family beginning with Albert Manwaring, a photographer who leaves Australia for America in search of fulfilment; this is followed by the experiences of his daughter in England, and finally...

Mathers, Peter

Mathers, Peter (1931–2005)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Peter ( 1931–2005 ), Australian novelist , born in Fulham, London; he moved to Australia in infancy. He studied at Sydney Technical College and held various jobs until 1964 , when he left Australia to live in Britain and the United States, returning in 1968 . Trap ( 1966 ), his first novel, established him as an important voice in Australian fiction. Its part-Aborigine protagonist Jack Trap embodies an iconoclastic ambivalence to both the white and indigenous cultures of Australia and provides the focus for a narrative expansion that encompasses...

Walwicz, Ania

Walwicz, Ania (1951– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Ania ( 1951–  ), Australian poet and play-wright , born in Swidnica, Poland, she emigrated to Australia in 1963 and was educated at Melbourne's Victorian College of Arts and the University. She has been a writer-in-residence at Australian universities and is well-known for performances of her work. She is widely admired for her highly experimental poetry, which rejects the conventional structures of free-verse in favour of the prose-poem form, but creates energetic rhythms through patterns of grammatical and tonal recurrence. Walwicz's principal...

Johnson, Dorothy

Johnson, Dorothy (1948– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Dorothy ( 1948–  ), Australian novelist , born in Geelong, Victoria, educated at the University of Melbourne. She was a founding member of the Seven Writers group, which jointly wrote Canberra Tales ( 1988 ). Her works include Tunnel Vision ( 1984 ), a short novel set in a massage parlour; and Ruth ( 1986 ), a story of a middle-aged woman who leaves her husband and lives with her children at a women's refuge. Maralinga, My Love ( 1988 ) examines the British atomic tests in South Australia and their devastating effects; the novel also explores...

Southerly

Southerly   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...literature. Australian publishers Angus and Robertson , who became involved in 1944 , and its second editor, Kenneth Slessor , turned Southerly into ‘A Review of Australian Literature’. Distinguishing itself from what was seen as the ‘sociological’ or ‘semi-literary’ commentary of Meanjin , the journal required of its contributors impartial criticism of work perceived as standing in its own right, similar to the New Criticism in the USA. Southerly has excluded reviews of other arts and European literature; its commitment to Australian literature...

Clyde, Constance

Clyde, Constance (b. 1872)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...McAdam ( b. 1872 ). Born in Scotland, she was taken as a child to Otago, New Zealand, was educated at Dunedin, and became a journalist in New Zeal- and before moving to Queensland, Australia. Dorothea, the heroine of her only novel, A Pagan's Love ( 1905 ), which was published in London in T. Fisher Unwin's First Novel Library, similarly travels from New Zealand to Australia. Her experience of an unconsummated love affair with a married man is contrasted with that of Ascot Wingfield, a self-supporting woman writer who has elected to have an illegitimate...

Dennis, C. J.

Dennis, C. J. (1876–1936)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...C. J. ( Clarence Michael James Dennis ) ( 1876–1936 ), Australian journalist , born in South Australia. He became editor of the Adelaide weekly The Critic , and eventually joined the Melbourne Herald . Having had little success with Backblock Ballads and Other Verses ( 1913 ), Dennis extracted four verse narratives from the collection and republished them as Songs of a Sentimental Bloke ( 1915 ), which achieved immediate popularity. The Moods of Ginger Mick ( 1916 ) recorded the antics of Bloke's friend during the war. This, with the earlier...

Bail, Murray

Bail, Murray (1941– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...surreal and blackly comic examination of a group of Australians on a package tour to Europe. Holden's Performance ( 1987 ), again an idiosyncratic combination of slapstick and social commentary, charts the hero's rise in Australian society, through a mixture of luck and bizarre coincidence, to the eminent position of bodyguard to the Prime Minister. He has published a writer's notebook, Longhand ( 1989 ), and edited The Faber Book of Contemporary Australian Short Stories ( 1988...

Esson, Louis

Esson, Louis (1879–1943)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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...Louis ( 1879–1943 ), Australian playwright , born in Scotland and taken to Australia as a child. He worked as a journalist for the Bulletin , the Socialist , and other journals, and also published several volumes of verse, including Bells and Bees ( 1910 ) and Red Gums ( 1912 ). Following the performance of The Woman Tamer (perf. 1910 ; pub. 1976 ), a drama with a Melbourne setting, and the publication of two collections of plays, Three Short Plays ( 1911 ) and The Time Is Not Yet Ripe ( 1912 ), he went abroad for several years; on visiting...

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