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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,579 words
Illustration(s):
2

... . Australian children's literature has existed in some form for about a century and a half, although books that express a distinctively Australian subjectivity did not emerge until the 1890s. During this relatively short history, it has both been shaped by the culture within which it has been produced and has striven to construct directions for that culture as it continues to unfold and change. Australia . Front cover illustration by Norman Lindsay for The Magic Pudding (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1918). Reproduced courtesy of the Cotsen Children's...

Boy’s Adventures in the Wilds of Australia, A

Boy’s Adventures in the Wilds of Australia, A (1854)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
168 words

...Boy’s Adventures in the Wilds of Australia, A ; or, Herbert’s Note-Book ( 1854 ) A travelogue for children by William Howitt , the product of his two years spent in Australia from 1852 , and one of the earliest Australian children’s books. The boy Herbert and his father, brother, cousin Harry (a ‘great chemist and natural philosopher’), and ‘Mr B, the Painter’, travel around the country on horseback with a tarpaulin-covered cart. The book is episodic, with much emphasis placed on careful and accurate observation of landscape, flora, and fauna, though...

Seven Little Australians

Seven Little Australians (1894)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
293 words

...Seven Little Australians ( 1894 ) The first and most successful of the children’s novels written and set in Australia by Ethel S. Turner . It begins with a manifesto: ‘If you imagine you are going to read of model children, with perhaps a naughtily-inclined one to point a moral, you had better lay down the book immediately…Not one of the seven is really good, for the very excellent reason that Australian children never are.’ The seven are the sons and daughters of Captain Woolcot of Sydney, a proud, irritable, and almost entirely unsympathetic character...

Australian Legendary Tales

Australian Legendary Tales (1896)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
216 words

...Australian Legendary Tales ( 1896 ) A collection of aboriginal folk tales made by Mrs Kate Langloh Parker ( 1855–1940 ). Together with her More Australian Legendary Tales ( 1898 ) it became the best known and most influential of the early collections of aboriginal stories. Mrs Parker was born at Encounter Bay in Australia, the daughter of Henry Field, a pioneer squatter. While on her first husband’s settler station, Bangate, on the Narran River in New South Wales, she learnt the language and began collecting the tales of the local aboriginal tribe, the...

Australian Aboriginal writing and illustration

Australian Aboriginal writing and illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
510 words

...Australian Aboriginal writing and illustration The first appearance in print of Aboriginal legends was when they were recorded and transcribed or retold by European Australians in the 19th cent. One of the earliest was K. Langloh Parker’s Australian Legendary Tales ( 1896 ), its first edition illustrated by the Aboriginal artist Tommy McRae. Later other non-Aboriginal authors used the legends, notably Patricia Wrightson , who based novels on mythical creatures from Aboriginal mythology. A number of picture books from Dick Roughsey , Aboriginal artist and...

MacINTYRE, Elisabeth

MacINTYRE, Elisabeth (1916–2004)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
52 words

...MacINTYRE, Elisabeth ( 1916–2004 ) Australian author - illustrator of such picture books as Katherine ( 1946 ) (US title, Susan, Who Lives in Australia ), a comic verse tale. She also wrote young adult fiction, for example It Looks Different from Here ( 1977 ), about illegitimacy and...

REES, (George) Leslie

REES, (George) Leslie (1905–2000)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
41 words

...REES, (George) Leslie ( Clarke ) ( 1905–2000 ) Australian author who wrote a ‘Digit Dick’ series about an Australian Tom Thumb , and a number of animal stories , beginning with The Story of Shy the Platypus ( 1944...

Silver Brumby, The

Silver Brumby, The (1958)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
37 words

...Silver Brumby, The ( 1958 ) The first of a series of horse stories by Australian author Elyne Mitchell ( 1913–2002 ), about Thowra, a silver ‘brumby’ (wild horse) of the Snowy Mountain region of Australia...

Saxby, Maurice

Saxby, Maurice   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
208 words

...that document the history and significance of Australian children's literature, including Give Them Wings: The Experience of Children's Literature ( 1987 ), The Proof of the Puddin': Australian Children's Literature 1970–1990 ( 1993 ), Books in the Life of the Child: Bridges to Literature and Learning ( 1997 ), Offered to Children: A History of Australian Children's Literature 1841–1941 ( 1998 ), and Images of Australia: A History of Australian Children's Literature 1941–1970 ( 2002 ). See also Australia and Critical Approaches to Children's...

Wall, Dorothy

Wall, Dorothy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
121 words

...in art at Wellington, and came to Australia in 1914 . Throughout her life she supported herself through commercial assignments such as fashion drawing and book jackets. She wrote and illustrated Blinky Bill, the Quaint Little Australian ( 1933 ), introducing a likable character in the form of a koala, still seen as a measure of certain Australian characteristics: Blinky Bill is confident, disrespectful, and always ready for a joke. With an independence flag over his shoulder he has become a symbol for the Australian republican movement. Her animals...

King, John Anthony

King, John Anthony   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
121 words

...John Anthony ( 1949 –), Australian theater designer and illustrator. King wrote and illustrated picture books about the founding and settlement of European Australia such as Farewell to Old England Forever ( 1984 ) and An Uncommonly Fine Day: January 26, 1778 ( 1987 ), in which he depicts the irony of suffering people in moments of celebration. The Australian past serves as inspiration for his illustrations to Henry Lawson 's Andy's Gone with Cattle ( 1984 ), The Teams ( 1986 ), and Mary Called Him “Mister” ( 1991 ); C. J. Dennis 's The Circus ...

Marchetta, Melina

Marchetta, Melina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
106 words

...Melina ( 1965 –), Italian Australian author. Marchetta left school at fifteen, and subsequently trained to be a secondary school teacher. She is best known for her award-winning Looking for Alibrandi ( 1992 ), which explores the life of a seventeen-year-old Italian Australian girl in her last year of high school. As in Marchetta's more recent Saving Francesca ( 2003 ), the major theme is the protagonist's search for identity within the complexities of Australian multicultural society. Alibrandi , one of Australia's best-selling novels, was reissued...

MEREDITH, Louisa Anne

MEREDITH, Louisa Anne (1812–95)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
109 words

...Anne ( 1812–95 ) Australian artist , writer , and children’s poet who was born in Birmingham, England, and settled in Tasmania. She then went on to publish works on Australian subjects; Some of My Bush Friends in Tasmania came out in 1860 and, probably a little later (and more specifically for children), there appeared Loved and Lost, The True Story of a Short Life, Told in Gossip Verse . In 1878 she brought out Grandmamma’s Verse Book for Young Australians , much of which reappeared as Waratah Rhymes for Young Australia ( 1892 ). She is...

MUIR, Marcie

MUIR, Marcie (1919–2007)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
205 words

...MUIR, Marcie ( 1919–2007 ) Australian book collector and bibliographer who was born in Perth, Western Australia. Her bookseller husband encouraged her to collect Australian children’s books. This became a lifelong pursuit, culminating in her A Bibliography of Australian Children’s Books ( 1970 ), the standard work in the field. A second volume was published in 1976 . Muir had identified over 6,000 Australian children’s books, either locally written or with Australian themes. In the 1992 revision, Australian Children’s Books: a Bibliography , a...

Eyre, Frank

Eyre, Frank   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
170 words

...manager then general manager of OUP in Australia, he was active in establishing the Australian Book Publisher's Association, of which he was president from 1961 to 1963 . Eyre continued his special interest in children's books, publishing in high-quality editions the first novels of talented Australian writers such as Nan Chauncy , Hesba Brinsmead , and Eleanor Spence . These authors represented a new wave in local writing that was to establish Australian children's books internationally. His Oxford in Australia, 1890–1978 ( 1978 ) describes the...

WALL, Dorothy

WALL, Dorothy (1894–1942)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
52 words

...WALL, Dorothy ( 1894–1942 ) Australian author - illustrator who wrote a series of stories about Blinky Bill the Koala, beginning with Blinky Bill the Quaint Little Australian ( 1933 ). Her other books include Brownie, the Story of a Naughty Little Rabbit ( 1935 ). She illustrated books by other...

PHIPSON, Joan

PHIPSON, Joan (1912–2003)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
70 words

...PHIPSON, Joan ( Margaret ) ( 1912–2003 ) Australian children’s author who began her career by writing family stories . The Family Conspiracy ( 1962 ), in which children attempt to raise money to pay for their mother’s operation, won the Australian Children’s Book of the Year Award. Phipson’s later books include Peter and Butch ( 1969 ) and Fly Into Danger ( 1977 , later retitled The Bird Smugglers...

Wild, Margaret

Wild, Margaret   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
122 words

...Margaret ( 1948 –), award-winning Australian author of more than thirty, sometimes controversial, picture books. Born in South Africa, she emigrated to Australia in 1973 . Her first book was One Shoe On ( 1985 ). Her work has been illustrated by a range of well-known Australian illustrators including Ron Brooks , who did Motor Bill and the Lovely Caroline ( 1994 ), Old Pig ( 1996 ), Rosie and the Tortoise ( 1998 ), Fox ( 2001 ), and Julie Vivas , whose work appears in The Very Best of Friends ( 1990 ), Let the Celebrations Begin! ( 1992 ),...

Hole, Quentin

Hole, Quentin   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
109 words

...Quentin ( 1923–1999 ), Australian painter, designer, and illustrator. Hole's droll, exaggerated characters emerge from a distinctively local environment. The Man from Ironbark ( 1974 ), which won the 1975 Children's Book Council of Australia (CBCA) Picture Book of the Year Award, and A Bush Christening ( 1976 ) are both based on poems by the iconic Australian bush poet AB Paterson . How to Demolish a Monster ( 1981 ) depicts static human figures against a lush tropical background. Dancing Phoebe and the Famous Mumblegum Piano ( 1987 ) has ...

Horder, Margaret

Horder, Margaret   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
122 words

...Margaret ( 1903–1978 ), Australian illustrator. Horder was born in Sydney and studied there and in London. She worked as an illustrator for Oxford University Press in the 1930s and returned to Australia in 1949 . She illustrated books by Nan Chauncy , among others, and supervised the design of Joan Phipson 's It Happened One Summer ( 1957 ), an early example of the integration of text and illustration. Horder worked closely with authors, such as Phipson and Patricia Wrightson , and her sketches catch moments of unstudied grace in the lives of the...

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