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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

‘Australia’

‘Australia’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
49 words

...Australia’ 4, a sonnet by Bernard O'Dowd , is the introductory poem to the volume Dawnward? ( 1903 ). With its well-known opening line, ‘Last seathing dredged by sailor Time from Space’ and its questioning of the destiny of Australia, the sonnet is one of the best-known and most-anthologised of O'Dowd's...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
762 words

...New Holland. In James Wilson 's A Missionary Voyage ( 1799 ) the names ‘Greater Australia’ and ‘Lesser Australia’ were used; and Matthew Flinders (often erroneously considered to be the first to use ‘Australia’) spoke in his A Voyage to Terra Australis ( 1814 ) of his wish to have called the book Voyage to Australia , a wish that was thwarted by the influence of Sir Joseph Banks . The charts published in connection with Flinders's voyages used the name ‘Australia’; when those charts reached the Colony in 1817 the governor, Lachlan Macquarie ,...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
105 words

... 3, a seminal history by Sir Keith Hancock , was first published in 1930 . The history, which moves from the efforts of Australia's White settlers to conquer the land to the development of sectional conflict and the growth of democracy and nationalism, prefigures a number of themes taken up by subsequent historians and cultural studies; particularly influential have been Hancock's analyses of the national character and the role of rural values and egalitarianism in Australian society. Writers who have subsequently developed similar themes include ...

‘Australia’

‘Australia’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
102 words

...Australia’ 5, a poem written by A. D. Hope in 1939 , was first published in 1943 and has frequently been anthologised. In a mood of cool appraisal, the poet dwells on the country's isolation, philistinism and cultural deprivation In the last two stanzas, however, he accepts this ‘Australian desert of human mind’ as home in the hope that ‘Such savage and scarlet as no green hills dare/ Springs in that waste’, and that ‘still from the deserts the prophets come’. The last quotation provided Geoffrey Serle with the title of his historical study of Australian...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
63 words

... 2, an eight-volume descriptive work published 1874–76 , was the nineteenth-century equivalent of the modern coffee-table book. Its text was written by E. Carton Booth and it was illustrated by leading contemporary artists, e.g. J. Skinner Prout and Nicholas Chevalier . Booth also wrote Another England: Life, Living, Homes and Homemakers in Victoria ( 1869 ), a work describing Victorian society in the post-gold...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,140 words

... . During his sea years, Conrad undertook five voyages to Australia and spent about seventeen months ashore there, a longer period than in the Far East which provided him with so much source material. His working life as a mariner in Australia kept him mainly in Sydney, Adelaide, Melbourne, and ports in South Australia. Whether he made any excursions into the interior remains unknown. Conrad’s later affectionate memories of the country seem to have rested upon his liking for the ‘youthfulness’ of the colonies (in contrast perhaps to the tortured...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,579 words
Illustration(s):
2

... . Australian children's literature has existed in some form for about a century and a half, although books that express a distinctively Australian subjectivity did not emerge until the 1890s. During this relatively short history, it has both been shaped by the culture within which it has been produced and has striven to construct directions for that culture as it continues to unfold and change. Australia . Front cover illustration by Norman Lindsay for The Magic Pudding (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1918). Reproduced courtesy of the Cotsen Children's...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Michael Hollington

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
558 words

... . Dickens was such a restless man that he often considered the ‘convict run’—during the personal crisis of 1857–8 , for instance, when, Forster tells us, he returned to ‘his own old notion of having some slight idea of going to settle in Australia’. In a letter of 3 July 1840 he had communicated to Lord Normanby a desire to write ‘a vivid description of … Norfolk Island and such-like places’; on 14 April 1847 he told T. J. Serle , ‘if you should have any commands for Australia after Dombey is finished, I think of making a little excursion...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The states of Australia have their colloquial names, not always complimentary: New South Wales: Ma State Northern Territory: Top End, White Elephant Queensland: Banana State South Australia: Wheat State Victoria: Cabbage Patch Western Australia: Westralia, Groperland Among the cities, Perth is called the Swan City, Adelaide, the City of Churches, and Melbourne, City of the Cabbage Garden. Australia Day 26 January, commemorating the first landing at Sydney Cove in 1788 . The Monday following has been a national holiday since the establishment of the...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,848 words

...driven out of Australia by the hard times there’. ‘His Country After All’ dates from this period as well. Again Australia suffers initially in a comparison, for New Zealand farming land ‘would make an Australian cockatoo's mouth water’. The smell of eucalyptus is, however, sufficient to direct the disgruntled Australian homeward. Lawson was to try New Zealand a second time, as a schoolteacher at Mangamaumu in 1897–98 , before returning to Sydney. The Otago goldfields were the nurturing ground for some writers who later wrote more of Australia than of New...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Alan Brissenden

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...We Play It: Australia Plays Shakespeare (2011) Gaby, Rosemary , Open-Air Shakespeare: Under Australian Skies (2014) Gay, Penny , ‘Australian Newspaper Reviewers of Shakespeare: Writing with the Head or with the Heart?’, Cahiers Elisabéthains , Special 40th Anniversary Issue (2012) Golder, John , and Madelaine, Richard (eds.), O Brave New World: Two Centuries of Shakespeare on the Australian Stage (2000) Rickard, John , ‘Shakespeare’, in Philip Parsons (ed.), Companion to Theatre in Australia (1995) ‘Shakespeare in Australia’, in William...

Theatre-Australia

Theatre-Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
43 words

...Australia , a monthly magazine edited by Bruce Knappett , Robert Page and Lucy Wagner , was published 1976–82 . It included reviews of stage productions throughout Australia, playscripts, interviews with playwrights, directors and actors, a section on film, television and radio and general theatrical...

Australia Felix

Australia Felix   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
76 words

... Felix was the name given by Major Thomas Mitchell , in Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia ( 1839 ), to the land which he discovered on his expedition in 1836 from Portland to the Murray River near Albury, i.e. much of present-day central Victoria. It was frequently used in titles of literary, historical, geographical and biographical works in the nineteenth century, e.g. Australia Felix Monthly Magazine ( 1849 ) and Richard Howitt 's Impressions of Australia Felix ( 1845...

Western Australia

Western Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
131 words

...Australia , the largest Australian State (more than 2.5 million square kilometres in area, and occupying just less than a third of the Australian continent), was possibly discovered in 1616 by Dirk Hartog . It was not part of the original claim for the eastern part of Australia made by Governor Arthur Phillip in 1788 , but in 1826 British interest began with the arrival of a small penal party from New South Wales. In 1829 a permanent settlement, the Swan River colony , was established near the present capital of Perth and the territory west of...

Poetry Australia

Poetry Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
315 words

...Australia , a quarterly poetry magazine founded, managed and edited by Grace Perry , was first published in 1964 when Perry led a movement away from the Poetry Society of Australia and its journal Poetry Magazine , later New Poetry . Both Poetry Australia and the publishing house South Head Press were the result of Perry's resolve to produce a fine poetry magazine devoid of factions, fostering Australian talent but also one which was truly international. Poetry Australia , aided by editorial advice and assistance from poets such as Bruce Beaver ...

New Australia

New Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
407 words

...New Australia gradually disintegrated, its assets being sold and divided in 1897 , but vestiges of it survive even today in the district known as Nueva Australia. Cosme prospered until 1898 but after Lane's return to live in NZ in 1899 it, too, gradually broke up and by 1909 had ceased to exist as a separate society, being absorbed into the Paraguayan community. The journals New Australia, Cosme Monthly and Cosme Evening Notes , the last two edited by Mary Gilmore , then Mary Cameron , contain much of the history of the New Australia movement,...

Australia Council

Australia Council   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
559 words

...Broadly the Council's functions are to promote excellence in the arts in Australia, to promote the appreciation, understanding and enjoyment of the arts among Australians, to foster the expression of a national Australian identity by means of the arts and to promote the knowledge and appreciation of Australian arts in the world at large. H. C. Coombs , a significant figure in the formation of arts policy in Australia in the 1950s and 1960s was the first chairperson of the Australia Council. His successors to 1994 have been Peter Karmel , Geoffrey...

Australia First

Australia First   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
257 words

...possession, sixteen people suspected of being Australia First members or sympathisers were arrested in Sydney, including Stephensen, Salier and the poet Harley Matthews . Their internment was criticised at a subsequent inquiry ( 1944–45 ) as an infringement of civil liberties; most of the internees were released in 1942 , but Stephensen remained in detention until the end of the Second World War. In Xavier Herbert 's Poor Fellow My Country (q.v., 1975 ), Australia First is critically portrayed as ‘Australia Free’; the movement is also the subject of ...

Australia Poetry series

Australia Poetry series   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
38 words

... Poetry series , begun in 1992 by Heinemann Australia with Jamie Grant as editor, published poets Alan Gould , Peter Kocan and Les Murray in 1992 . Later volumes include work by Grant, Kate Jennings , Hal Colebatch and Robert Gray...

Australia, Visited & Revisited

Australia, Visited & Revisited (1853)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
137 words

... A Voice from Australia ( 1852 ), The Gold Region of Australia ( 1852 ), Railways in Victoria ( 1857 ), Narrative of the Shipwreck of the ‘Admella’ ( 1859 ), Our Australian Colonies ( 1866 ), Heroes of Discovery ( 1868 ) and New Japan ( 1873 ); and edited General Gordon's Private Diary of His Exploits in China ( 1885...

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