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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australian Rules football

Australian Rules football  

An eighteen-a-side game played on an oval pitch of indeterminate size for the duration of four quarters of 25 minutes each. The aim is to kick the oval ball between centre posts or behind posts at ...
Kellis

Kellis   Reference library

James Keenan

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... (mod. Ismant el-Kharab, Egypt) Large village in the central part of the Dakleh Oasis in the Western Desert. It is under excavation by an Australian team as one component in the larger Dakleh Oasis Project begun in 1978 . Kellis has been the most productive Roman-period site in recent times. Remains include a temple dedicated to Tutu with wall paintings, some dating to the 1st century , and three 4th-century churches; a Christian cemetery; and numerous houses. In these have been found papyrus letters and religious texts in Greek , Coptic ...

Torone

Torone   Reference library

Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
517 words

...through relative geographical remoteness.) The usual view that Torone was chiefly colonized from Chalkis in Euboea is probably right (that is the natural meaning of ‘Chalcidic Torone’ at Thuc. 4. 110. 1), but a more mixed settlement picture is indicated by recent Greek/Australian excavations, to which, together with Thucydides (2) 's rich and detailed account at 4. 110–16, we owe most of our knowledge of Torone's topography. There was a well-fortified acropolis (partly excavated), ending in the ‘Lekythos’ (‘oil-bottle’) promontory, on which stood a...

Murray, Gilbert

Murray, Gilbert (1866–1957)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
660 words

...Gilbert ( 1866–1957 ), classical scholar and internationalist . Murray was born in Australia, the son of a landowner and politician. After his father's death, he was taken to England by his mother and educated at Merchant Taylors’ School and Oxford University. Here his outstanding skill at composition in Latin and Greek marked him out, and in 1889 , aged only twenty-four, he was elected professor of Greek at Glasgow. Forced by illness to resign in 1898 , while recuperating he worked on translations of Greek tragedy, which were published and then...

matriarchy

matriarchy   Reference library

Simon Geoffrey Pembroke

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
574 words

...constant resort to such dubious (because uncontrollable) hypothetical props as the doctrine of ‘survivals’.) These were, or should have been, definitively scotched by anthropological fieldwork at the beginning of the present century (e.g. B. Malinowski, The Family among the Australian Aborigines ( 1913 )); regrettably, the theories themselves, though not impossible to disprove, have continued to exercise such an attraction in some quarters as to guarantee them a kind of extended though strictly unhistorical half-life. Simon Geoffrey Pembroke...

matriarchy

matriarchy   Reference library

Simon Geoffrey Pembroke

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
652 words

...constant resort to such dubious (because uncontrollable) hypothetical props as the doctrine of ‘survivals’.) These were, or should have been, definitively scotched by anthropological fieldwork at the beginning of the present century (e.g. B. Malinowski , The Family among the Australian Aborigines ( 1913 ); and see anthropology and the classics ); regrettably, the theories themselves, though not impossible to disprove, have continued to exercise such an attraction in some quarters as to guarantee them a kind of extended though strictly unhistorical...

Faiyum

Faiyum   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
802 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Oriental Institute Hawara Papyri: Demotic and Greek Texts from an Egyptian Family Archive in the Fayum (Fourth to Third Century BC) (Chicago, 1997) B. Geoffroy-Schneiter : Fayum Portraits (London, 1998) C. A. Hope : Early Pottery from the Dakhleh Oasis , Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology, ix (1998), pp. 53–60 A. J. N. W. Prag : Proportion and Personality in the Fayum Portraits , British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan, iii (2002), pp....

Silius Italicus

Silius Italicus (c.26–102 ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
830 words

...from Seneca to Juvenal: A Critical Study . Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Pomeroy, A. J. “Silius Italicus as Doctus Poeta .” In The Imperial Muse: Flavian Epicist to Claudian , edited by Anthony James Boyle , pp. 119–139. Bendigo, Australia: Aureal Publications, 1990. Ripoll, François . La morale héroïque dans les épopées latines d’époque flavienne: Tradition et innovation . Louvain, Belgium, and Paris: Peeters, 1998. Santini, Carlo . Silius Italicus and His View of the Past . Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1991....

Sulla

Sulla (c.138–78bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,092 words

...over the next decade, at least in part because of internal disputes and enmities. [ See also Cinna ; Dictator ; Jugurtha ; Lucullus ; Marius ; and Rome, subentry Early Rome and the Republic .] Bibliography Badian, Ernst . Lucius Sulla: The Deadly Reformer . Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press, 1970. Keaveney, Arthur . Sulla: The Last Republican . 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2005. Lovano, Michael . The Age of Cinna: Crucible of Late Republican Rome . Stuttgart, Germany: F. Steiner, 2002. Daniel...

Historiography, Latin

Historiography, Latin   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,504 words

.... Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1979. Woodman, Anthony J. “ Questions of Date, Genre, and Style in Velleius: Some Literary Answers. ” Classical Quarterly 25 (1975): 272–306. Woodman, Anthony J. Rhetoric in Classical Historiography: Four Studies . London and Sydney, Australia: Croom Helm; Portland, Ore.: Areopagitica Press, 1988. Christina S....

Family and Kinship, Roman

Family and Kinship, Roman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,965 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Rawson, Beryl , ed. The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives . London: Croom Helm, 1986. Rawson, Beryl , ed. Marriage, Divorce, and Children in Ancient Rome . Canberra, Australia: Humanities Research Centre; Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Rawson, Beryl , and Paul R. C. Weaver , eds. The Roman Family: Status, Sentiment, Space . Canberra, Australia: Humanities Research Centre; Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Saller, Richard P. Patriarchy, Property, and Death in the Roman Family ....

Tacitus

Tacitus (c.56–c.20)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,205 words

...Texts in New Translations, edited by D. A. Russell and M. Winterbottom , pp. 432–459. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972. The Histories . Translated by Kenneth Wellesley . Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin, 1972. The “Histories,” Book III . Edited by Kenneth Wellesley . Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press, 1972. The “Annals” of Tacitus . 2 vols. Edited by F. R. D. Goodyear . Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1972–1981. Includes a commentary in English. Annals XV . Edited by N. P. Miller . London: Macmillan Education, 1973. Includes a...

Education

Education   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,026 words
Illustration(s):
1

...also Books ; Children and Childhood ; Declamation ; Gymnasium ; Hypatia ; Literacy, Greek ; Literacy, Roman ; Oratory ; Rhetoric ; Toys and Games ; and Women .] Bibliography Beck, Frederick A. G. Album of Greek Education: The Greeks at School and at Play . Sydney, Australia: Cheiron, 1975. Bonner, Stanley F. Education in Ancient Rome: From the Elder Cato to the Younger Pliny . London: Methuen, 1977. Collart, Paul , ed. Les papyrus bouriant . Paris: Librairie Ancienne Honoré Champion, 1926. Cribiore, Raffaella . Gymnastics of the Mind: Greek...

Classical Scholarship

Classical Scholarship   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
18,162 words

...au Xe siècle . Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1971. Also available in English: Byzantine Humanism, the First Phase: Notes and Remarks on Education and Culture in Byzantium from Its Origins to the 10th Century, translated by Helen Lindsay and Ann Moffatt (Canberra: Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, 1986). Wilson, Nigel G. Scholars of Byzantium . London: Duckworth, 1983. Anthony Kaldellis Western Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance Classical Latin literature continued to be copied and widely read during the late-antique...

Cyprus

Cyprus   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
27,628 words
Illustration(s):
8

...Cyprus Expedition (Stockholm, 1934–), pp. 205–394 P. Åström : The Middle Cypriote Bronze Age (1972), iv/1b of The Swedish Cyprus Expedition (Stockholm, 1934–) J. B. Hennessy : Cypriot Artists of the Early and Middle Bronze Age, The Cypriot Bronze Age: Some Recent Australian Contributions to the Prehistory of Cyprus , ed. J. Birmingham (Sydney, 1973), pp. 10–22 D. Frankel : Middle Cypriot White Painted Pottery: An Analytical Study of the Decoration (Göteborg, 1974) J. des Gagniers and V. Karageorghis : Vases et figurines de l’âge du bronze...

Pottery

Pottery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
83,455 words
Illustration(s):
27

...Vasen (Würzburg, 1985) Napoli antica (exh. cat., ed. G. Macchiaroli; Naples, Mus. Archeol. N., 1985) A. D. Trendall : On the Divergence of South Italian from Attic Red-figured Vase-painting , Greek Colonists and Native Populations. Proceedings of the First Australian Congress on Classical Archaeology: Sydney, 1985 , pp. 217–30 Le Peintre de Darius et son milieu (exh. cat. by A. Cambitoglou, C. Aellen and J. Chamay, Geneva, Mus. A. & Hist., 1986) I. McPhee and A. D. Trendall : Greek Red-figured Fish-plates, Ant. Kst , suppl. 14 (Basle...

Stolen Generations

Stolen Generations  

The Indigenous children forcibly removed from their families, primarily during the period of ‘protection’ legislation (c. 1890–1970). The National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres ...
royal commissions

royal commissions  

[Or]Royal Commissions on ancient and historical monuments were established in the early years of the 20th century for England (Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England), Wales (Royal ...
heritage

heritage  

1 Anything that is inherited from an ancestor.2 The overall natural and cultural inheritance of a country, including important natural or archaeological sites, historic buildings, customs, and ...
Nellie Stewart

Nellie Stewart  

(1858–1931)Australian actor and singer, daughter of actors Richard Stewart and Theodosia Yates Stirling. She made her debut aged 5 with Charles Kean in The Stranger in Melbourne in 1864 ...

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