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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Christine Reid

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...journal and annual conference inform members. Both Australia's Open Garden Scheme and the Australian Garden History Society celebrate Australian gardening achievements. Australian garden style In the early 21st century, it is fair to suggest that no one style characterises or dominates Australian gardening. Within the country's extensive boundaries, eclecticism and adaptation are the key characteristics of Australians' gardens. With seven or more wildly varying climate zones, gardeners across Australia have different priorities. In Brisbane, summer humidity...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Joanna Sassoon

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,277 words

...in 2003 in Iraq. JS Joanna Sassoon See also native peoples and photography . Cato, J. , The Story of the Camera in Australia (1977). Newton, G. , Silver and Grey: Fifty Years of Australian Photography 1900–1950 (1980). Davies, A. , and Stanbury, P. , The Mechanical Eye in Australia: Photography 1841–1900 (1985). Galimany, D. (ed.), ‘ Australian Photography ’, History of Photography , 23 (1999). Ennis, H. Photography and Australia ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Lawrence Nield

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,057 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Sport is an important part of Australian nationalism and social cohesion. Oval stadia for cricket and Australian rules football (a genuinely Australian invention, the most popular sport with black and white Australians) are found all over the country. They are provided with old and new stands—timber, steel or concrete places for joining and drinking after the game. The Adelaide Oval ( 1882 ) and the Sydney Cricket Ground’s Members and Ladies Stand ( 1880 ) are fine columned verandahs organized around cricket but used for Australian football. The 1980s and ...

National Gallery of Australia

National Gallery of Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
81 words

...National Gallery of Australia Opened in Canberra in 1967 , the National Gallery of Australia is the largest art museum in the country, holding more than 166,000 works of art. The main building is constructed in the late-twentieth-century brutalist style. There are extensions to the building that include additional galleries and spaces for public functions. The gallery’s collections include indigenous Australian, American, European, Asian, and Pacific arts, crafts, and photography. The National Gallery of Australia also has a sculpture garden. Kenneth...

Design Institute of Australia

Design Institute of Australia (1983)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
228 words

...Institute of Australia ( DIA ) (established 1983 ) Formally designated as the Design Institute in 1983 this design promotional organization grew out of the Industrial Design Institute of Australia ( IDIA ) founded in 1958 by the Society of Designers for Industry ( SDI ). The latter was the first Australian professional design organization, founded a decade earlier in Melbourne in 1948 . Members of the Interior Designers Association of Australia (also established in 1948 ) also joined the IDIA, followed, in 1965 , by members of the Society...

Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific

Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,804 words

..., New Zealand, and the Pacific The Christian art and architecture of Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific covers three broad phases of development over a period of some 200 years. The colonial period saw the implantation of mainly British cultural models to express the Christian faith in Australia and New Zealand. In the Pacific there is more diversity, with French interests in New Caledonia and French Polynesia, the best known being Tahiti. German interests in the Pacific, including New Guinea and Samoa, came to an end with the First World War. The...

Industrial Design Council of Australia

Industrial Design Council of Australia (1958)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
455 words

...as Good Design for Australian Design Index—Industrial Design Council of Australia’; the opening of the first Australian Design Centre in Melbourne in 1960 in which the IDCA featured ‘Good Design’ ; and the launch in 1967 of Design Australia , the IDCA’s official journal (ceasing publication in 1975 ). Prince Philip also instituted his Prize for Australian Design in 1974 , in place for eleven years, which also had a Good Design Label, in this case a silver tag with black logo. In 1978 the IDCA instituted the Australian Design Award to replace...

Australia

Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Land and landscapesRemaking the landscape—reminders of the earthRemaking the landscape—from the millsLandscape and Australian artificeLand and landscapesRemaking the landscape—reminders of the ...
Australia

Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
That Australia is the world's driest continent has influenced the nature of its earliest photography. Its first recorded photograph was a daguerreotype of Sydney taken in 1841 by a certain ...
Australian art

Australian art   Quick reference

Ian Chilvers

Dictionary Plus Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
176 words

...to modern media, such as oil on canvas. Westernized art in Australia followed European models for about a century, but the first distinctively Australian painting emerged in the 1880s with the Heidelberg School—a group of artists, led by Tom Roberts, who worked at Heidelberg, Victoria (now a suburb of Melbourne), and introduced open-air landscape painting to the country. Subsequently, Australia has produced several painters who have enjoyed international success, often with specifically Australian subjects, including Sir William Dobell, Sir Russell Drysdale,...

Australian art

Australian art   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,114 words

...urban, whereas Australian art has been concerned mainly with the expression of either the desolation of the outback, or the ‘placelessness’ of suburban existence. Since the 1980s, however, in the installation works of artists such as Imants Tillers ( 1950–  ) and Lindy Lee ( 1954–  ), Australian art has defined itself in terms of postmodernism , many of the associated ideas of which seem peculiarly appropriate to the country's cultural and historical concerns. Oliver Parfitt Allen, C. , Art in Australia (1997). Smith, B. , Australian Painting ...

Design Institute of Australia

Design Institute of Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(DIA)(established 1983)Formally designated as the Design Institute in 1983 this design promotional organization grew out of the Industrial Design Institute of Australia (IDIA) founded in 1958 by the ...
Australian Design Award

Australian Design Award (1987)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
413 words

... 1922 ) with many offices in Australia and abroad. Relaunched yet again in 1993 under the Standards Australia Quality Assurances Services (but reverting back to Standards Australia in the following year), the Australian DesignMark Programme consisted of three tiers of award: the Australian DesignMark, the Australian Design Award itself, and the Australian Design of the Year. Like the Japanese G‐Mark competition in later years, the Australian scheme also admitted both national and imported products as a means of exposing national manufacturers and the...

Australian Design Alliance

Australian Design Alliance (2010)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
252 words

... Australian Design Alliance ( ADA ) (established 2010 ) The ADA was set up by Australia’s leading design organizations, research councils, professional bodies, and educational institutions in order to persuade the Australian federal government of the ways in which design had a strategic role to play in strengthening the nation’s economic competitiveness, sustainability, and capacity to innovate. Such strategic initiatives were set in place alongside the establishment of design councils and centres, as well as the formulation of national design policies,...

Industrial Design Council of Australia

Industrial Design Council of Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(IDCA)(established 1958)Funded by the Commonwealth government in response to pressure from a number of Australian design associations, the IDCA was established in 1958 under the directorship of Colin ...
Australian and New Zealand Art

Australian and New Zealand Art   Reference library

Roland Boer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
6,329 words

... Giles, Ernest . Australia Twice Traversed: The Romance of Exploration, Being a Narrative Compiled from the Journals of Five Exploring Expeditions into and through Central South Australia and Western Australia from 1872 to 1876 . 2 vols. London: Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1889. The entertaining and at times distressing journal of Giles’s crossing of the desert from Adelaide to the west coast. Isaacs, Jennifer . Australian Aboriginal Paintings . Sydney, Australia: New Holland, 2002a. Isaacs, Jennifer . Australia’s Living Heritage: Arts of...

Australian art

Australian art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The art of European origin in Australia can be traced back to 1788, when a British penal colony was established at Sydney Cove. The first non-Aboriginal examples of graphic art ...
Australian Design Award

Australian Design Award  

Reference type:
Overview Page
ADA(established 1987)The Design and Development Division of Standards Australia supports a range of design promotional initiatives including seminars on design and innovation, national and ...
Australian Rules football

Australian Rules football  

An eighteen-a-side game played on an oval pitch of indeterminate size for the duration of four quarters of 25 minutes each. The aim is to kick the oval ball between centre posts or behind posts at ...
Heronswood

Heronswood   Reference library

Christine Reid

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Australian gardeners, specializing in offering hard-to-find plants. The Blazeys have been instrumental in reviving interest in both cottage gardening and heirloom vegetables, reintroducing many old cultivars both to Australian home gardeners and to commercial production. While Heronswood is primarily a perennial garden with a series of garden rooms featuring cottage flowers, vegetables, and perennials for a dry climate, many areas feature annual flowers and vegetables that thrive in Australia's hot summers. Clive Blazey's publications, The Australian...

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