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Arthur Adamov

(1908–1970) Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd. Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
185 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ) French playwright , born in Russia of an Armenian family who settled in Paris in 1924 . Adamov was befriended by *Artaud and Roger *Blin and joined their *surrealist circle as a poet. Nearly twenty years of depression, drifting, and prison term followed. In 1946 , influenced by Strindberg , Freud , and *expressionism , Adamov wrote his first play, The Parody , staged in 1952 by Blin. Other plays that also combine dream structure with socio-political critique include Le Professeur Taranne ( 1953 ) and Le Ping-pong ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur   Reference library

Sarah Bryant-Bertail

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
289 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ) French playwright, born in Russia of an Armenian family who fled to Switzerland and Germany to escape ethnic violence, and finally settled in Paris in 1924 . Adamov was befriended by Artaud and Roger Blin and joined their surrealist circle as a poet. Nearly twenty years of depression, drifting, and a prison term followed, Adamov publishing nothing until L'Aveu ( The Confession , 1946 ), an account of his ordeal containing a manifesto of what would become the theatre of the absurd . Also in 1946 , influenced by ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–70)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
146 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ), Russian-born French dramatist. His first play, La Parodie , was not produced until 1952 , though written in 1947 . Two later plays, La Grande et la petite manœuvre and L'Invasion , had been performed in 1950 . His early work, including Le Professeur Taranne and Tous contre tous (both 1953 ), had much in common with the Theatre of the Absurd , as had Ping-Pong ( 1955 ), a satire on the world of commerce and politics. With Paolo Paoli , an exposure of the corruptions of the French social scene which was first produced by...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–1970)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
306 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–1970 ) Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd. Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved with his family to Germany. Having completed his education in Paris, he settled there in 1924 and became involved with surrealist groups, editing their journal Discontinuité and writing poetry. In 1938 he had a nervous breakdown; the neuroses that had plagued him since childhood and that were to form the bizarre inspiration for many of his...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (23 Aug. 1908)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
419 words

..., Arthur (b. Kislovodsk, Caucasus , 23 Aug. 1908 ; d. Paris , 15 March 1970 ) French playwright of Russian origin, son of a family which owned oil wells, appropriated by the state after 1917 . Having been sent to Switzerland in 1914 , Adamov moved with his family to Germany in 1922 and then to France in 1924 ; here, with his knowledge of Russian and German, he obtained commissions to translate many classics. He also developed a small reputation as a surrealist poet and met Artaud and others which began his interest in the theatre. In three...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–70)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
407 words

...he had few successes in the theatre, Adamov was highly regarded by leading directors such as Vilar , who admired the austerity of his early plays, and Planchon, to whom the Brechtian tendencies of his later plays appealed. He was the first French playwright to share Planchon's conviction of the political importance of mise en scène . The best production of his works was probably Planchon's posthumous tribute to him, A. A. Théâtres d'Adamov , performed at the TNP in 1975 . [ David Whitton ] See R. Gaudy , Arthur Adamov ...

Absurdism

Absurdism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...decades after World War II which seem to dramatize Albert Camus ' philosophical position in Le Mythe de Sisyphe ( 1942 ), translated as The Myth of Sisyphus ( 2005 ), that life is inherently absurd. Esslin identified Samuel Beckett , Eugene Ionesco , Jean Genet , and Arthur Adamov , later adding Harold Pinter to the list, as authors whose work typifies what he means by absurd. Although the work of these authors varies quite widely, it shares in common the creation of impossible situations, wordplay, a pervasive but indefinable sense of menace coupled...

Absurdism

Absurdism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...decades after World War II which seem to dramatize Albert Camus ’ philosophical position in Le Mythe de Sisyphe ( 1942 ), translated as The Myth of Sisyphus ( 2005 ), that life is inherently absurd. Esslin identified Samuel Beckett , Eugene Ionesco , Jean Genet , and Arthur Adamov , later adding Harold Pinter to the list, as authors whose work typifies what he means by absurd. Although the work of these authors varies quite widely, it shares in common the creation of impossible situations, wordplay, and a pervasive but indefinable sense of menace...

theatre of the absurd

theatre of the absurd   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
206 words

...seeking meaning in a universe that does not provide it. Esslin applied this term, somewhat misleadingly, to the new, primarily French experimental theatre of the 1950s – especially the works of Eugène Ionesco , Samuel Beckett , Jean Genet , Fernando Arrabal and Arthur Adamov . Ionesco suggested the term ‘theatre of the unexpected’ for his work, and Rosette Lamont proposed ‘metaphysical farce’, but the existentialist term ‘absurd’ has remained the most popular, though none of these writers was in fact an existentialist. Although the ‘absurdists’...

Blin, Roger

Blin, Roger   Reference library

Sarah Bryant-Bertail

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
250 words

...Roger ( 1907–84 ) French director, actor, and designer who played a crucial role in discovering the works of the absurdist playwrights. A friend of Artaud and member of the Paris surrealist group in the 1920s, Blin welcomed the brilliant, troubled Arthur Adamov and produced his first play, La Parodie ( The Parody , 1952 ). Blin had begun directing in 1949 with Strindberg 's The Ghost Sonata . He believed that ‘one must always adapt the writing of the text … to the manner in which the author breathes his text’, and never overwhelm it...

Absurd, Theatre of the

Absurd, Theatre of the   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
281 words

...of the Absurd drew on popular traditions of entertainment, on mime, acrobatics, and circus clowning, and, by seeking to redefine the legitimate concerns of ‘serious’ theatre, extended the range of post‐war drama. Dramatists associated with the Theatre of the Absurd include Arthur Adamov ( 1908–70 ), Edward Albee , Beckett , Camus , Jean Genet, Ionesco ( 1912–94 ), Alfred Jarry ( 1873–1907 ), Harold Pinter , and Boris Vian ( 1920–59 ). See also Cruelty, Theatre of...

Absurd, Theatre of the

Absurd, Theatre of the   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
300 words

...of entertainment, on mime, acrobatics, and circus clowning, and, by seeking to redefine the legitimate concerns of ‘serious’ theatre, played an important role in extending the range of post‐war drama. Amongst the dramatists associated with the Theatre of the Absurd are Arthur Adamov ( 1908–70 ), Edward Albee , Beckett , Camus , Jean Genet , Ionesco ( 1912–94 ), Alfred Jarry ( 1873–1907 ), Harold Pinter , and Boris Vian ( 1920–59 ). See M. Esslin , The Theatre of the Absurd (1962). See also Cruelty, Theatre of...

Planchon, Roger

Planchon, Roger   Reference library

David G. Muller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
627 words

..., 1950 ; Edward II , 1954 ), Brecht ( The Good Person of Setzuan , 1954 , Fear and Misery in the Third Reich , 1956 ), and Ionesco ( The Lesson , 1956 ). He also began long-standing collaborations with playwrights Michel Vinaver ( The Koreans , 1956 ) and Arthur Adamov ( Paolo-Paoli , 1957 ), as well as with scenographer René Allio whose work was crucial in defining the Planchon aesthetic: a spectacular, often cinematic, Brechtian style that attempted to reach a wide popular audience . In 1957 Planchon became director of the Théâtre...

absurd, theatre of the

absurd, theatre of the   Reference library

Brian Singleton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
862 words

...work of a number of (chiefly) European playwrights writing in the 1950s and early 1960s. Authors notably connected to the theatre of the absurd include a group of exiles in Paris , among them Samuel Beckett from Ireland, Eugène Ionesco from Romania, the Russian-Armenian Arthur Adamov , as well as a self-exile, Jean Genet , who, though French, had spent most of his early life as an itinerant criminal. The first three were not writing in their native languages and brought to the fore an outsider's view of language as constructed and arbitrary, and thus...

France

France   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,129 words

...words fail to convey, later awoke interest, as evidenced by the National Theatre 's revival in London of Martine in 1985 . Many – Jules Romains , Marcel Achard , André Obey , Georges Neveux , Armand Salacrou , Marcel Aymé , Félicien Marceau , René de Obaldia , Arthur Adamov , François Billetdoux , Marguerite Duras , Boris Vian , Nathalie Sarraute – have had their work presented abroad. Others, such as Jacques Audiberti , Georges Schéhadé , Jean Tardieu and Armand Gatti , are less well known outside France. Yet these, like most of the...

Europe, Crime and Mystery Writing In Continental

Europe, Crime and Mystery Writing In Continental  

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Literature

...eye , the majority of these works are more akin to police procedurals , dealing as they do with criminal investigations conducted by officers of the national militia, the Ministry of the Interior, or the Office of the Public Prosecutor. Two competent professionals are Arkadii Adamov and Mikhail Chenyonok , who are capable of constructing intricate and suspenseful works; more remarkable, however, are the novels of Eremei Parnov which contain elements of both the historical novel and science fiction ; and, particularly, those of the brothers Arkadii and...

Theatre of the Absurd

Theatre of the Absurd   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...for Godot ( 1955 ) typifies the genre and introduced the term to the public at large. It was seized on by journalists, who unfortunately confused it with the everyday sense of the word as applied to something outrageously comic. Other leading French absurdist dramatists are Arthur Adamov ( 1908–70 ), Eugène Ionesco ( 1912–94 ) and Jean Genet ( 1910–86 ), while the US theatre has Edward Albee ( b.1928 ) and the British stage Harold Pinter ( b.1930 ). A key study of the subject was Martin Esslin 's Theatre of the Absurd ( 1961 ). See also The ...

Professor Taranne

Professor Taranne (1953)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Plays (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Taranne ( Le Professeur Taranne ) Author: Arthur Adamov Date/place of 1st performance: 1953 , Lyons Date of 1st publication: 1953 Date of 1st translation to English: 1962 Genre: Drama in 2 scenes Setting/time of action: Police station and hotel, France, 1950s Cast: 9m, 5f A middle-aged man has been arrested by the police for indecent exposure. He protests his innocence, insisting that he is the famous Professor Taranne who has recently been lecturing in Belgium. However, he is unable to prove his identity, and the one woman who...

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