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Alvin Ailey

(b Rogers, Tex., 5 Jan. 1931; d New York, 1 Dec. 1989) US dancer, choreographer, and director. He studied in Los Angeles with Horton and later with Graham, Holm, and Weidman in ...

Ailey, Alvin

Ailey, Alvin (5 Jan 1931)   Reference library

Susan Au

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
525 words

...popularity continues undiminished today. Writings with A.P. Bailey: Revelations: the Autobiography of Alvin Ailey (Secaucus, NJ, 1996) Bibliography S. Cook and J. Mazo : The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater (New York, 1978) J. Dunning : Alvin Ailey: a Life in Dance (Reading, MA, 1996) International Dictionary of Modern Dance (Detroit, 1998) International Encyclopedia of Dance (New York, 1998) T. DeFrantz : Dancing Revelations: Alvin Ailey's Embodiment of African American Culture (New York, 2004) Susan...

Jamison, Judith

Jamison, Judith (10 May 1943)   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
227 words

...joined the Alvin Ailey company, where she remained as a principal dancer until 1980 . Of her many roles, the most remarkable was Cry ( 1972 ; music by Alice Coltrane, Laura Nyro, and The Voices of East Harlem), a 15-minute solo that was Ailey's tribute to “black women everywhere, especially our mothers.” After leaving the Ailey company, Jamison starred in Donald McKayle's Sophisticated Ladies ( 1981 ) on Broadway, formed her own company, and began to choreograph. Upon Ailey's death in 1989 , she was appointed artistic director of the Alvin Ailey American...

Mumaw, Barton

Mumaw, Barton (20 Aug 1912)   Reference library

Norton Owen

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
226 words

...in Annie get your Gun , Out of this World , and My Fair Lady , working with the choreographers Helen Tamiris , Agnes de Mille , and Hanya Holm . After Shawn's death in 1972 , Mumaw devoted himself to perpetuating the Shawn legacy through staging Kinetic Molpai for the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater and teaching master classes and workshops throughout the country, including at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival. He collaborated with Jane Sherman on a critically acclaimed memoir, Barton Mumaw, Dancer: from Denishawn to Jacob's Pillow and beyond (New...

Shawn, Ted

Shawn, Ted (21 Oct 1891)   Reference library

Norton Owen

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
312 words

...countless foreign companies to American audiences, providing opportunities for young artists, and training countless students. Shawn commissioned premieres by both established and emerging talents including Agnes de Mille, Antony Tudor, Merce Cunningham, Anna Sokolow, Alvin Ailey, and Robert Joffrey. He created few works himself after 1940 , though notably commissioned a score from Darius Milhaud for his 1949 Dreams of Jacob . Shawn was honored with the Capezio Award ( 1957 ) and the Dance Magazine Award ( 1970 ) and he was knighted by the King of...

Silverman, Faye-Ellen

Silverman, Faye-Ellen (2 Oct 1947)   Reference library

Daniele Buccio

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
361 words

... vladimir Ussachevsky , composition with jack Beeson , and 20th-century techniques with Chou wen-chung . She has taught at Goucher College, the Peabody Institute of Johns Hopkins University, the Center for Graduate Studies of the Aspen Music Festival, and the school of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Center, among other institutions. Since 1991 she has been on the music history faculty of Mannes College, the New School for Music; in 2000 , she also began teaching at Eugene Lang College, the New School for Liberal Arts. She was a resident scholar at the...

Tarack, Gerald

Tarack, Gerald (27 Feb 1929)   Reference library

Sorab Modi

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
262 words

... Histoire du soldat. As a soloist he has given premières of Hall Overton's Rhythms , Ezra Laderman's Violin Concerto, and other pieces by contemporary composers. A feature of Tarack's career has been his involvement with ballet companies, as music director of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, and as adviser to Merce Cunningham's company and the Joffrey Ballet. Tarack also has been a member of several chamber groups, chief among them the Beaux Arts String Quartet. An extremely versatile performer, he has also worked extensively as a session...

Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor

Perkinson, Coleridge-Taylor (14 June 1932)   Reference library

Carman Moore and Anya Laurence

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
375 words

...the New World, of which he was co-founder ( 1965–75 ). He also appeared as guest conductor of the Dallas SO, the Bogotá PO, the Albany SO), and the North Carolina SO. Perkinson also served as music director of the American Theater Lab ( 1966–7 , with Jerome Robbins ) and the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater ( 1968 , 1978 ). His music draws on elements of Baroque counterpoint, American Romanticism, blues, spirituals, and rhythmic ingenuity. Works Ballets: Ode to Otis, 1971; Carmen (after Bizet) 1972–3; Forces of Rhythm, 1972–3; Beber, 1982; To Bird with...

Horton, Lester

Horton, Lester (23 Jan 1906)   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
288 words

...these years, giving sound training to hundreds of students. His importance lies not so much in his choreography as in his eclecticism, his musicianship, and his teaching methods. Major figures to emerge from his school and his company include Bella Lewitzky, Merce Cunningham, Alvin Ailey, Carmen de Lavallade, Joyce Trisler, Janet Collins, James Mitchell, and James Truitte. Bibliography L. Warren : Lester Horton: Modern Dance Pioneer (New York, 1977) N. Prevots : Dancing in the Sun: Hollywood Choreographers, 1915–1937 (Ann Arbor, 1987) M.F. Perces and...

Kaiser, Michael

Kaiser, Michael (27 Oct 1953)   Reference library

Michael Mauskapf

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
295 words

...and in management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After starting his own consulting firm in 1981 , Kaiser transitioned into arts management, first working as general manager of the Kansas City Ballet ( 1985–90 ) and then as executive director of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater ( 1991–5 ). In 1995 he moved to the American Ballet Theatre, where his unexpected success led to his nickname “the turnaround king,” a title coined by the Chicago Tribune and later solidified by the Guardian and the New York Times . In 1998 he...

Hassell, Jon

Hassell, Jon (22 March 1937)   Reference library

Paul Attinello

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
485 words

...complex repetitive rhythms, and sophisticated heterophony of Hassell's output after 1977 have been influential to musicians working in genres that cross between popular and art styles. His compositions include dance scores for Merce Cunningham, MOMIX, Dai Rakuda Kan, and Alvin Ailey, and collaborations with Brian Eno, Peter Gabriel, Talking Heads, David Sylvian, and the West African ensemble Farafina; his stage works often involve generously political attitudes. The Jon Hassell Concert Group has performed at major venues and festivals internationally; he...

Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival

Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival   Reference library

Norton Owen

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
408 words

...The international focus has continued into the 21st century, with companies from around the world making their US debuts at the Pillow or presenting US premieres each season. Among the choreographers who have premiered works at the festival are Merce Cunningham, Paul Taylor, Alvin Ailey, Mark Morris, Twyla Tharp, and Meredith Monk. Live music has often been featured, with prominent artists including Yo-Yo Ma, Dave Douglas, Fred Hersch, and Cecil Taylor, among others. The Pillow has operated a summer school since 1934 , training generations of dancers in...

New Dance Group

New Dance Group   Reference library

Victoria Phillips Geduld

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
451 words

...Destiné. Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, Alex North, and Earl Robinson composed music for NDG choreographers. A myriad of dancers passed through the NDG studios for rehearsals, as teachers, or for meetings, including Anna Sokolow, Doris Humphrey, Charles Weidman, José Limón, Alvin Ailey, and Jerome Robbins. Styles taught at the school from the 1940s included Afro-Caribbean, modern, Middle Eastern, folk dance, and ballet. In 1953 NDG produced its first Broadway season, and in 1955 the corporation purchased a building in Manhattan's theater district for...

Cunningham, Arthur

Cunningham, Arthur (11 Nov 1928)   Reference library

Josephine Wright

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
400 words

...incidental music. Cunningham's eclectic style combines traditional and contemporary 20th-century compositional techniques with jazz, rock, and gospel. His best known works are Lullabye for a Jazz Baby , from his Harlem Suite , choreographed in an orchestral version by the Alvin Ailey Dance Company in 1983 , and Concentrics ( 1968 ), performed in a revised version by Zubin Mehta and the New York Philharmonic in 1989 . Works (selective list) Stage: Violette (op), 1963; Patsy Patch and Susan's Dream (rock musical for children, Cunningham), 1963; The Beauty...

Dance

Dance   Reference library

Charmaine Patricia Warren

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Ailey, Alvin , with A. Peter Bailey . Revelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey . Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1995. Cass, Joan . Dancing through History . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1993. Cooper-Albright, Ann , and Ann Dils , eds. Moving History/Dancing Cultures: A Dance History Reader . Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 2001. Dixon-Gottschild, Brenda . Digging the Africanist Presence in American Performance: Dance and Other Contexts . Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1966. Dunning, Jennifer . Alvin Ailey: A...

Ballet

Ballet   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,865 words
Illustration(s):
1

...thus emphasizing its original stated aim. It continued to expand its repertory of masterworks by Balanchine , Fokine , Antony Tudor , Birgit Cullberg , Robbins , and de Mille by adding works by younger choreographers, including the Americans alvin Ailey , twyla Tharp , and mark Morris . Ailey's The River ( 1970 ; music by Duke Ellington ), Tharp's Push Comes to Shove ( 1976 ), and Morris's Drink to Me Only with Thine Eyes ( 1988 ; music by Thompson) were significant additions. Under the direction of Kevin McKenzie since 1992 , the...

Williams, Mary Lou

Williams, Mary Lou (10 May 1910)   Reference library

Tammy L. Kernodle

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,547 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mass ( 1966 ), Mass for Lenten Season ( 1968 ), and Mass for Peace and Justice ( 1969 ), her magnum opus commissioned by the Vatican. In 1970 she re-scored this last work, adding new movements and renaming the work Mary Lou's Mass . That same year the choreographer Alvin Ailey created a series of dances to selected movements of the mass and toured the work as Mary Lou's Mass . This composition became central to Williams's public music making throughout the remainder of her life and it became associated with a larger movement within the Catholic...

Modern dance

Modern dance   Reference library

Claude Conyers

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,322 words

...Her School of Dance and Theater, established in New York City in 1945 , trained hundreds of dancers in various modern styles of dance. In her wake came other African American choreographers who developed distinctive styles of modern dance. Among the most successful were Alvin Ailey , Talley Beatty , Donald McKayle , and Jawole Willa Jo Zollar . 4. Postmodern dance. A highly intellectual attempt to isolate and abstract the minimalist essence of dance characterizes the postmodern period of the 1950s and 1960s. Of particular importance to postmodern...

Afro-Atlantic Culture: On the Live Dialogue Between Africa and the Americas

Afro-Atlantic Culture: On the Live Dialogue Between Africa and the Americas   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...In the 1960s and 1970s Alvin Ailey and Judith Jamison also traveled extensively in Africa (under U.S. government sponsorship), collaborated with African artists, and integrated urban African dances they saw into their choreography. In particular, Ailey collaborated with South African jazz trumpeter Hugh Masekela , himself a frequent sojourner in the United States, in a work that was ostensibly about South African apartheid but, according to one of Ailey's dancers, was intended to evoke the U.S. South as well. “Cry,” one of Ailey's most highly praised...

Madonna

Madonna (16 Aug 1958)   Reference library

Susan McClary and Ross J. Fenimore

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,144 words

..., 16 Aug 1958 ). Popular performer , songwriter , producer , and actress . The daughter of an automotive engineer at Chrysler, she studied dance in high school and during a brief stay at the University of Michigan. In 1978 she moved to New York, where she worked with Alvin Ailey 's dance troupe, studied modern dance under Martha Graham 's protégé Pearl Lang , played drums in a band (the Breakfast Club), and sang backup vocals for disco recordings with Patrick Hernandez . She collaborated in 1981 with Stephen Bray to write songs that came to the...

New York

New York   Reference library

Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Shepard, Sara Velez, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Shepard, Sara Velez, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Shepard, Sara Velez, Joseph Horowitz, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Rockwell, Zdravko Blažeković, Edward A. Berlin, J. Bradford Robinson, John Rockwell, Zdravko Blažeković, Will Fulton, Evan Rapport, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Shepard, Nina Davis-Millis, Jonas Westover, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, John Rockwell, Paul Griffiths, Jonas Westover, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, Zdravko Blažeković, Jonas Westover, Irving Kolodin, Francis D. Perkins, Susan Thiemann Sommer, and Zdravko Blažeković

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
22,304 words
Illustration(s):
2

...attractions. Dance also plays a vital part in New York's musical-theatrical life. Among the most prominent of the almost 100 dance companies in the city are the New York City Ballet (founded 1948 ), the Ballet Theatre ( 1939 ; renamed the American Ballet Theatre, 1956 ), the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater ( 1958 ), the Martha Graham Dance Company ( 1926 ), and the Paul Taylor Dance Company ( 1961 ). 5. Orchestras and bands. Amateur instrumental ensembles can be documented in New York at least as early as the 1770s. The St. Cecilia and Harmonical Societies...

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