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Alvin Ailey

(b Rogers, Tex., 5 Jan. 1931; d New York, 1 Dec. 1989) US dancer, choreographer, and director. He studied in Los Angeles with Horton and later with Graham, Holm, and Weidman in ...

Ailey, Alvin

Ailey, Alvin (b. 5 January 1931)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
559 words

...principal dancer Judith Jamison , in the twenty-first century the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater continues to devote itself to both the performance of modern dance classics and the encouragement of young artists. [ See also Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater ; Choreographers ; Dance ; and Jamison, Judith .] Bibliography Ailey, Alvin , and A. Peter Bailey . Revelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey . Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1995. Dunning, Jennifer . Alvin Ailey: A Life in Dance . Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1996. — Candace...

Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater

Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
611 words
Illustration(s):
1

...performed in forty-eight states, seventy-one countries, and six continents for an estimated 21 million people. [ See also Ailey, Alvin ; Choreographers ; Dance ; and Jamison, Judith .] Bibliography Ailey, Alvin , and A. Peter Bailey . Revelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey . Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing, 1995. DeFrantz, Thomas . Dancing Revelations: Alvin Ailey's Embodiment of African American Culture . New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Jamison, Judith , and Howard Kaplan . Dancing Spirit: An Autobiography . New York: Doubleday,...

Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater

Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater  

The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, founded in 1958 by Alvin Ailey, is an internationally renowned modern dance company emphasizing Western and Afrocentric concert dance. Ailey was born in Rogers ...
choreographer

choreographer  

One who makes dances. The person responsible for creating and arranging the steps and patterns of a dance work.
dance

dance  

Dance attendance on do one's utmost to please someone by attending to all their requests.dance of death a medieval allegorical representation in which a personified Death leads people to the grave, ...
Jamison, Judith

Jamison, Judith (b. 10 May 1943)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
606 words

...that she would step down as artistic director but would remain involved in the company as artistic director emerita. [ See also Ailey, Alvin ; Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater ; Choreographers ; Dance ; and Primus, Pearl .] Bibliography Ailey, Alvin , and A. Peter Bailey . Revelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey . Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1995. DeFrantz, Thomas . Dancing Revelations: Alvin Ailey's Embodiment of African American Culture . New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Jamison, Judith , and Howard Kaplan . Dancing...

DeLavallade, Carmen

DeLavallade, Carmen (6 March 1931)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
838 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the Complexions dance company and as part of the trio Paradigm, with Dudley Williams and Gus Solomons Jr. , into the twenty-first century. Bibliography Ailey, Alvin , with A. Peter Bailey . Revelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey . Secaucus, NJ: Carol, 1995. Cohen, Selma Jeanne , ed. International Encyclopedia of Dance . New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Dunning, Jennifer . Alvin Ailey: A Life in Dance . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1996. Moritz, Charles , ed. Current Biography Yearbook 1967 . New York: H. W. Wilson, 1967. Robert W....

Jamison, Judith

Jamison, Judith (10 May 1943)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
867 words
Illustration(s):
1

...’s The Four Marys . One year later, Jamison accepted an offer to join the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater. She served as principle dancer for the company for fifteen years, during which time she earned a reputation for her passionate and emotionally charged performances. Although Jamison earned high praise for many of her performances, the fifteen-minute solo “Cry” stands as her most famous piece. Still performed today, “Cry” was originally choreographed for Jamison by Ailey himself as a tribute to African American women. Although Jamison has always...

Choreographers

Choreographers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,084 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Alvin Ailey ( 1931–1989 ) experienced more than most the racial and social battles for artistic opportunity and expression. Under Ailey's direction, modern dance became a popular art form, and theater seats were filled with racially and economically mixed audiences. In the late 1950s Ailey founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Company, known for its physical daring and for the choreographer's humanistic visions; the company toured internationally and always met with great enthusiasm. In the troupe's signature celebrated pieces Ailey drew from...

Dancers and Choreographers, Modern

Dancers and Choreographers, Modern   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,963 words
Illustration(s):
5

...her death in 1989 , she taught at the Alvin Ailey American Dance Center and at New York University. Carmen DeLavallade was an exponent of the west coast modern dance pioneer, Lester Horton , whose Los Angeles school nurtured other African American dancers such as Alvin Ailey and James Truitte . After moving to New York together, she and Ailey performed in the groundbreaking, all-black musical House of Flowers in 1954 . Her distinguished career included performing in the companies of John Butler , Alvin Ailey, Donald McKayle , and also in works by...

Dance.

Dance.   Reference library

Joan Cass

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
843 words

...in the 1940s. Dunham's technique blended head and neck movements from the Pacific Islands, torso and arm movements from Africa and the West Indies, and toe and foot movements from Haiti. During the 1960s and 1970s, Alvin Ailey popularized jazz dance with an electrifying repertory. After his death in 1989 , Judith Jamison continued Ailey's American Dance Theater. Postmodern choreographers, beginning in the 1950s, turned against the modernists' emphasis on content to concentrate on art materials. Merce Cunningham explored motion in time and space. ...

Gordon, Dexter

Gordon, Dexter (b. 27 February 1923)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
614 words
Illustration(s):
1

...had played alto in the Les Hite Orchestra—a popular West Coast band in the 1930s—and also taught Charles Mingus Jr. , Eric Dolphy , and Buddy Collette . While a senior at Jefferson High School, known for its band director, Sam Browne , and its graduates Chico Hamilton , Alvin Ailey , and Dorothy Dandridge , Gordon joined the Lionel Hampton Orchestra, touring the United States with fellow band members Illinois Jacquet , Joe Newman , and Marshall Royal . During his six-month residency at the Grand Terrace in Chicago in 1941 , radio broadcasts became...

Dance

Dance   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,454 words
Illustration(s):
2

...1946. AP Images Alvin Ailey Continuing the drive for social justice through the use of dance, the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, founded in 1958 in the harsh anticommunist atmosphere of waning McCarthyism, further opened the door for blacks, particularly in the modern dance theater. Early in modern dance, and prior to the establishment of the Ailey company, some white companies—such as those of Martha Graham and Lester Horton , in which Ailey studied and performed—enlisted an occasional “Negro” dancer of outstanding quality. Ailey's company was...

Bearden, Romare

Bearden, Romare (b. 2 September 1911)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,582 words
Illustration(s):
1

...including William Henry Johnson , Joseph Delaney , and Eldzier Cortor . Bearden remained friends with an elite group of artists and literati, including Langston Hughes , James Baldwin , Stuart Davis , Duke Ellington , Ralph Ellison , Joan Miró , George Grosz , Alvin Ailey , and Jacob Lawrence . After experimenting with abstraction, Bearden became best known for his collages, which he developed in his apartment in New York by cutting up old magazines. These collages were some of the most poignant studies of African American identity and...

Dunham, Katherine

Dunham, Katherine (b. 22 June 1909)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,035 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of literature, philosophy, languages, aesthetics, drama, and speech. She influenced future generations of dancers though her own students, including Syvilla Fort , Talley Beatty , Lavinia Williams , Walter Nicks , Hope Clark , Vanoye Aikens , and Carmencita Romero . Alvin Ailey and his successors have also continued her tradition, teaching the Dunham technique. Dunham was always a strong civil rights activist, filing lawsuits against segregation and refusing to replace her darker dancers, thereby losing a Hollywood contract. She forced the president...

Roach, Max

Roach, Max (b. 10 January 1924)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,162 words

..., the trumpeter Cecil Bridgewater , and the bassist Calvin Hill; a collaborative performance with the rapper Fab Five Freddy , two disc jockeys, and the New York Break Dancers; a multimedia collaboration in 1985 with the video artist Kit Fitzgerald ; performances with Alvin Ailey and other dance troupes; and, perhaps most notably, the Max Roach Double Quartet, which combined his new quartet with the Uptown String Quartet, creating a context for string improvisation unlike any that had come before. Roach continued to tour with his quartet as late as ...

Joyner, Florence Griffith

Joyner, Florence Griffith (21 December 1959)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
956 words
Illustration(s):
1

...parts of California there are Florence Griffith Joyner parks, statues, and other memorials. At the Winter Games in Salt Lake in 2002 , she was fittingly memorialized in a tribute to selfless athleticism and female heroism in a one-act jazz suite by Judith Jamison of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, performed to the musical score of Wynton Marsalis , at the opening arts component of the Games. It was a fitting tribute to one who dared to be the best. See also Olympic Games and Amateur Sports, Participation in ; Sports ; and Track and Field ....

Primus, Pearl

Primus, Pearl (b. 29 November 1919)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
755 words

...2002. A significant collection of essays on African American dance history and dancers, meaningfully negotiating the impact of race, gender, history, and politics on African American dance. Foulkes, Julia L. Modern Bodies: Dance and American Modernism from Martha Graham to Alvin Ailey . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. An interesting and provocative account of the political ideas informing the vision of African American dancers and choreographers from 1930 onward. Perpener, John O., III . African-American Concert Dance: The Harlem...

Ducados, Henda

Ducados, Henda (1964)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
853 words

...Personal Interview). In 1998 she donated her father’s archives to the Mario Soares Foundation in Portugal (see http://www.fmsoares.pt ). In 2009 , digital copies of the archives were offered to the MPLA in commemoration of its fiftieth anniversary. After having seen the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre perform in Paris, Ducados had dreams of becoming a dancer, a career choice that led her to Chicago in the 1980s, where she took intensive dance classes for two years. But when she failed to secure employment with a dance company, she enrolled at Loyola...

Dunham, Katherine

Dunham, Katherine (22 June 1909)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,407 words
Illustration(s):
1

...favored ensemble over solo dancing, Katherine Dunham was an extremely popular and critically acclaimed performer. In Europe hat styles and spring fashion collections were named the Dunham line and Caribbean Rhapsody ; the Chiroteque Française made a bronze cast of her feet. Alvin Ailey commented that the interior meaning of his work Masekela Language is that all of the women represent Katherine Dunham in some aspect of her performance. She has received numerous awards and honors for her work in dance, theater, and community service. Dunham’s social...

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