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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Russia

Russia: c. 23,000 years ago - 2008  

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...the Philadelphia Orchestra Rachmaninov, Sergei (1873–1943) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Music Europe 1937 1937 At the same time as the Moscow show trials, millions are purged from the Russian Communist party nation-wide Great Purge (1936–8) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1930s 20th century Politics Communism Persecution and repression Europe 1938 1938 Russian film-maker Sergei Eisenstein directs Alexander Nevsky , with music by Prokofiev Eisenstein, Sergei Mikhailovich (1898–1948) Who's Who in the...

Iran (Persia)

Iran (Persia): c. 3800 BCE - 2005  

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...conclusive end to the long rivalry between Greece and Persia, Alexander destroys the great palace of Xerxes at Persepolis Persepolis A Dictionary of World History 2 4th century BCE War Greece 330 BCE 330 BCE Alexander adopts the ceremonial dress and court rituals of his new Persian empire Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE 330 BCE 330 BCE Alexander begins two years moving with his army through his vast new territories, establishing Greek settlements Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to...

Britain

Britain: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

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...1933 Alexander Korda directs Charles Laughton in the film The Private Life of Henry VIII Korda, Sir Alexander (1893–1956) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe 1933 1933 H.G. Wells publishes The Shape of Things to Come , a novel in which he accurately predicts a renewal of world war Wells, H. G. (1866–1946) The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 1930s 20th century Literature English literature Literature in English Fiction Great...

British Isles

British Isles: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

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...Sutherland, Graham Vivian (1903–1980) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Arts Painting British painting British art Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 Europe Britain 1933 1933 Alexander Korda directs Charles Laughton in the film The Private Life of Henry VIII Korda, Sir Alexander (1893–1956) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1930s 20th century Performing arts Film Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 Europe Britain 1933 1933 H.G. Wells publishes The Shape of Things to Come , a novel in which he...

Greece

Greece: c. 3500 BCE - 2011  

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...and Palestine, excluding the Persian fleet from their familiar harbours Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE War Lebanon and Syria 332 BCE 332 BCE Alexander the Great's army arrives in Egypt and the Persian governor of the province rapidly surrenders Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Egypt 332 BCE 332 BCE While in Egypt, Alexander founds Alexandria – the best known of the many towns he establishes to spread Greek culture Alexandria...

Assyria and Babylon

Assyria and Babylon: 2000 BCE - c. 750  

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...empire Phoenicians The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 6th century BCE The Phoenicians Lebanon and Syria 323 BCE 323 BCE Alexander the Great, still only 33, dies in Babylon following a banquet Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Politics Dynasties and royalty Mesopotamia Asia West Asia Iraq Greece 312 BCE 312 BCE Seleucia is founded as a new capital on the Tigris, eclipsing Babylon and recycling much of the older city as building material Seleucia (Iraq) The Concise Dictionary of World...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

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...to the throne, Alexander Aristotle (384–322 bc ) World Encyclopedia 1 4th century BCE Greece c. 340 BCE 340 BCE The theatre at Epidaurus is the earliest and best surviving example of a classical Greek stage and auditorium Epidaurus, Theatre of The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance 1 4th century BCE Architecture Performing arts Theatre Greece 340 BCE 340 BCE Alexander the Great, at the age of sixteen, conducts his first successful military campaign – against the Thracians Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the...

Scotland

Scotland: c. 2500 BCE - 2007  

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...Alexander Forsyth, invents the percussion cap to help in his pursuit of wildfowl percussion cap noun Oxford Dictionary of English 3 19th century Britain 1750-1900 Technology Inventions and discoveries Weapons Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe Britain 1810 1810 Walter Scott's poem Lady of the Lake brings tourists in unprecedented numbers to Scotland's Loch Katrine Lady of the Lake, The The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 19th century Britain 1750-1900 Literature English literature Poetry Great...

Alexandria

Alexandria: 332 BCE - 1957  

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...280 BCE The Alexandrian school of medicine develops an alarming form of clinical anatomy – human vivisection Herophilus The Oxford Companion to Medicine 3 3rd century BCE Science Medicine Africa North Africa Egypt c. 280 BCE 280 BCE A great lighthouse, subsequently one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is built on the island of Pharos, off Alexandria Alexandria, Egypt The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 3rd century BCE Seven Wonders of the World Architecture Africa North Africa Egypt c. 280 BCE 280 BCE The Jews of Alexandria commission the Greek...

Pacific Islands

Pacific Islands: c. 1300 BCE - 1951  

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...he has survived alone for nearly five years Selkirk, Alexander (1676–1721) The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea 2 18th century Australia and Oceania 1722 1722 Easter Island is reached by the Dutch, beginning a spate of European discovery in the islands of the Pacific Easter Island (Chile) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 18th century Exploration Dutch empire Australia and Oceania Society Empires 1768 1768 Captain James Cook sails from Plymouth, in England, heading for Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus Cook, James (1728–79) A Dictionary of...

Pakistan

Pakistan: c. 2500 BCE - 2011  

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...Asia India (the subcontinent) Society c. 1500 BCE 1500 BCE Indo-European tribes, known collectively as Aryans, enter India from the northwest Aryans The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 3100-1000 BCE Migration Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Society 327 BCE 327 BCE Alexander takes a major new step, leaving Persian territory and moving through the mountain passes into India Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Politics Conquest and colonization Asia South Asia India (the...

Canada

Canada: c. 30,000 years ago - 2006  

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...The Oxford Companion to Canadian History 1 18th century Politics North America 1791 1791 Naval officer George Vancouver sails from Britain on the voyage which will bring him to the northwest coast of America Vancouver, George (1757–98) The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea 2 18th century Britain 1750-1900 Exploration Great Britain - from 1707 British Isles British empire European empires from 1415 Europe Society Empires Britain North America 1792 1792 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific coast of Canada, becoming the first known person to cross the...

Jerusalem

Jerusalem: c. 2600 BCE - 2000  

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...Jerusalem, the Jews begin to rebuild the Temple Temple, the The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church 2 rev 6th century BCE Religion Judaism Asia West Asia Palestine and Israel 301 BCE 301 BCE Some 20 years after the death of Alexander the Great one of his generals, Ptolemy, extends his rule from Egypt to include Jerusalem Ptolemy Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World 1 4th century BCE Politics Conquest and colonization Asia West Asia Palestine and Israel 168 BCE 168 BCE Antiochus IV places a statue of Zeus above the altar of the Temple in...

Lebanon and Syria

Lebanon and Syria: c. 3000 BCE - 2011  

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...332 BCE Alexander moves south through Syria and Palestine, excluding the Persian fleet from their familiar harbours Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE War Greece c. 300 BCE 300 BCE Phoenicia is brought into the new Hellenistic empire, changing hands frequently between contending successors of Alexander Phoenicians The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 4th century BCE 3rd century BCE The Phoenicians 299 BCE 299 BCE Seleucus founds Antioch as a Greek city on the trade route between...

Egypt

Egypt: c. 4400 BCE - 2011  

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...among many other details, an account of the process of mummification Herodotus ( c. 490– c. 425 bc ) A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Religion Africa North Africa 332 BCE 332 BCE Alexander the Great's army arrives in Egypt and the Persian governor of the province rapidly surrenders Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Greece 332 BCE 332 BCE In Memphis Alexander sacrifices to Apis, a sacred bull, and is crowned pharaoh by the priests Apis The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev 4th...

Afghanistan

Afghanistan: 327 BCE - 2008  

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... BCE 327 BCE Alexander marries Roxana after subduing the territories of her father, a Bactrian chief in the modern region of Afghanistan Alexander the Great (356–323 bc ) The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 4th century BCE c. 120 120 Kanishka rules the Kushan empire of Afghanistan and northern India from his capital at Peshawar Kuṣāṇa A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 2nd century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia Central Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) 999 999 Mahmud, a Turk, builds an empire based on Ghazni (in modern Afghanistan) Ghazni...

Australia and Oceania

Australia and Oceania: c. 50 million years ago - 2007  

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...where he has survived alone for nearly five years Selkirk, Alexander (1676–1721) The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea 2 18th century Pacific Islands 1722 1722 Easter Island is reached by the Dutch, beginning a spate of European discovery in the islands of the Pacific Easter Island (Chile) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 18th century Exploration Dutch empire Pacific Islands Society Empires 1768 1768 Captain James Cook sails from Plymouth, in England, heading for Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus Cook, James (1728–79) A Dictionary of...

Central Asia

Central Asia: c. 3800 BCE - 2010  

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...the Great Cyrus The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Politics Conquest and colonization Mesopotamia Asia Iran (Persia) West Asia Iraq 530 BCE 530 BCE Cyrus the Great is buried in an austerely impressive tomb at Pasagardae, in Persia Pasargadae The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev 6th century BCE Architecture Asia Iran (Persia) 522 BCE 522 BCE Darius I wins the Persian throne and ushers in the heyday of the Achaemenid empire Darius I The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev 6th century BCE Politics Dynasties...

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia: c. 12,000 years ago - 2006  

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...brings it into the empire of Cyrus the Great Cyrus The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Politics Conquest and colonization Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) West Asia Iraq 323 BCE 323 BCE Alexander the Great, still only 33, dies in Babylon following a banquet Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia West Asia Iraq Greece 312 BCE 312 BCE Seleucia is founded as a new capital on the Tigris, eclipsing...

Iraq

Iraq: c. 12,000 years ago - 2006  

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...to the Jewish Religion 1 rev 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Religion Judaism Mesopotamia Asia West Asia 539 BCE 539 BCE A Persian army captures Babylon and brings it into the empire of Cyrus the Great Cyrus The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Politics Conquest and colonization Mesopotamia Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) West Asia 323 BCE 323 BCE Alexander the Great, still only 33, dies in Babylon following a banquet Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1...

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