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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Bessmertnova, Natalia

Bessmertnova, Natalia (19 July 1941)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
666 words

.... She was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1976 . She was awarded the Anna Pavlova Prize in Paris in 1970 , the State Prize of the USSR in 1978 for the role of Valentina in The Angara , and the Lenin Prize in 1986 . Atlas, Helen V. Natalia Bessmertnova . Brooklyn, 1975. Avaliani, Noi , and Leonid Zhdanov , comps. Bolshoi's Young Dancers . Translated by Natalie Ward . Moscow, 1975. Daniels, Don . Girl Hunt: World Trade and the Ballerina . Ballet Review 21 (Summer 1993): 13–20. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present ....

Lloyd, Maude

Lloyd, Maude (16 August 1908)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
464 words

...de la Danse, the ballerina from Milan, in Gala Performance ( 1938 ). In late 1939 , after Tudor's departure, she and Peggy van Praagh took over the direction of the company, for which Andrée Howard choreographed La Fête Étrange ( 1940 ), with Lloyd as the Young Châtelaine, her last created role. She stopped dancing in 1941 , but from 1951 on she collaborated with her husband, Nigel Gosling, writing, under the nom de plume of Alexander Bland , many important dance books until Gosling's death in 1982 . Bland, Alexander . Observer of the Dance,...

Blair, David

Blair, David (27 July 1932)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...of the Norwegian National Ballet. Blair was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1964 . Bland, Alexander . The Royal Ballet: The First Fifty Years . London, 1981. Crisp, Clement , ed. Ballerina: Portraits and Impressions of Nadia Nerina . London, 1975. Terry, Walter . Great Male Dancers of the Ballet . Garden City, N.Y., 1978. Woodcock, Sarah C. The Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet . London, 1991. Barbara...

Timofeyeva, Nina

Timofeyeva, Nina (11 June 1935)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
357 words

...among them Fedra and the Twilight Nights ( 1971 ), after Dostoyevsky, Raymonda ( 1974 ), and The Three Cards ( 1983 ), after Aleksandr Pushkin 's Queen of Spades . Timofeyeva was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1969 and was chosen a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1980 she graduated from the Choreography Department of the Lunacharsky Theater Technicum in Moscow, where she studied under Rostislav Zakharov . She retired in 1988 but has frequently returned to the Bolshoi as a coach. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past...

Études

Études   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...Alexandre Kalioujny . The original version ( 1948 ) of Études was clearly modeled on a classical ballet class and owed several motifs to Bournonville: a “mirror” adagio recalled his La Ventana , the exercises in elevation his typical male solos, and the opening children's exercises his Konservatoriet . These were not, however, Lander's initial inspiration. In the 1940s Lander experimented with nonnarrative symphonic ballet without great success. Riisager, bemused by a student rendering of Czerny piano études, approached Lander with the idea of creating a...

Body Therapies

Body Therapies   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,114 words

...of the back and freeing of the legs in the hip joints. Inhibition was the word Alexander used to describe the process by which one decides not to perform habitual movement patterns. To Alexander, the key to continual improved usage—and to learning—was the human capacity to respond in new ways, and the technique involves awareness of habitual movement patterns as well as learning to choose new responses. The educator John Dewey and the writer Aldous Huxley were among the students and admirers of Alexander. Body Therapies and Learning The methods of...

Liepa, Maris

Liepa, Maris (17 July 1936)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
481 words

...with the great choreographers of our time. From 1963 to 1980 Liepa taught at the Moscow ballet school. In 1983 he became choreographer at the Sofia Opera House in Bulgaria. He was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1966 and received the Lenin Prize in 1970 , the Vaslav Nijinsky Prize in 1971 , and the Marius Petipa Prize in 1977 . Barnes, Patricia . Maris Liepa . Brooklyn, 1975. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present . Translated by Guy Daniels . Garden City, N.Y., 1977. Kokich, Kim Alexandra . A Conversation with the...

Ferri, Olga

Ferri, Olga (20 September 1928)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
440 words

...Gsovsky and Nicholas Zvereff , and in the United States with Héctor Zaraspe and Alexander Minz . In 1959 she was a guest artist with Les Ballets de l'étoile, Paris, of Milorad Miskovitch , and in the same year she also danced with the Berlin Opera Ballet and the Munich State Opera Ballet. She danced on occasion with London's Festival Ballet ( 1960–1963 , 1966 ). Her repertory included Giselle, Swan Lake, The Snow Maiden , and other classics. In 1962 she starred in The Life of Fanny Elssler , produced for the Belgian Television Network by Jack...

Dowell, Anthony

Dowell, Anthony (16 February 1943)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
619 words

...director. Dowell was one of the great premiers danseurs nobles of the twentieth century and the natural heir at the Royal Ballet to the classical tradition established by Harold Turner and Michael Somes . After training for five years with June Hampshire in London, Dowell entered the Royal Ballet School at the age of ten, joined the Covent Garden Opera Ballet in 1960 , and transferred to the Royal Ballet in 1961 . If not the first to recognize Dowell's potential, Erik Bruhn —an incomparable danseur himself—was the first to display it, by giving...

Morrice, Norman

Morrice, Norman (10 September 1931)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
609 words

...from Richard Alston . He served annually as a judge of the choreographic competition at the Royal Ballet Lower School. In 1986 Morrice relinquished his role as director to Anthony Dowell ; a year later he succeeded Leslie Edwards as director of the Royal Ballet Choreographic Group. See also Royal Ballet . Bland, Alexander . The Royal Ballet: The First Fifty Years . London, 1981. Clarke, Mary . Dancers of Mercury . London, 1962. Garske, Rolf . The Range of the Guard . Ballett International 6 (October 1983): 22–30. Morrice, Norman . Pioneering in...

Maximova, Ekaterina

Maximova, Ekaterina (1 February 1939)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
579 words

...named People's Artist of the USSR. Avaliani, Noi , and Leonid Zhdanov , comps. Bolshoi's Young Dancers . Translated by Natalie Ward . Moscow, 1975. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present . Translated by Guy Daniels . Garden City, N.Y., 1977. Konstantinova, Marina E. Ekaterina Maksimova . Moscow, 1982. Lvov-Anokhin, Boris . Mastera Bolshogo Baleta . Moscow, 1976. Maximova, Ekaterina . Dancing Is My Life . Dance and Dancers (August 1974): 630–631. Smakov, Gennady . The Great Russian Dancers . New York, 1984. Willis, Margaret E. ...

Bedells, Phyllis

Bedells, Phyllis (9 August 1893)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
548 words

... The first important British ballerina of the twentieth century, Bedells studied with Malvina Cavallazzi , Alexander Genée , Adolph Bolm , Enrico Cecchetti , and Anna Pavlova . At age thirteen she made her debut at the Prince of Wales Theatre, London, in Alice in Wonderland . She began her career at the Empire Theatre in 1907 , dancing in supporting roles, first to Adeline Genée (whom she considered her mentor), and then to Lydia Kyasht . When Kyasht's contract ended in December 1913 , Bedells became the prima ballerina at the Empire—the first...

Goncharova, Natalia

Goncharova, Natalia (4 June 1881)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
905 words

...the Paris production of Le Coq d'Or , Michel Fokine had grave misgivings about her eligibility, but he quickly changed his mind when he saw the costumes and sets: “What great work!…I was amused to recall the fears and rumors.” Goncharova continued to work for Diaghilev in the 1920s, collaborating with Benois on the designs for Aurora's Wedding ( 1922 ) and creating the experimental costumes and sets for Nijinska's Les Noces . Goncharova's designs for the 1926 revival of The Firebird have been used for many subsequent revivals, including the Royal...

Baker, Josephine

Baker, Josephine (3 June 1906)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
886 words

...Revue Nègre at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées. The subject of much attention, she posed for Paul Colin , Pablo Picasso , Fujita Tsuguharu, Kees van Dongen, Man Ray , Henri Laurens, Alexander Calder , and Domergue. Colette called her a “beautiful panther.” Her version of the Charleston charmed the art critic Pierre MacOrlan and the novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald . André Levinson wrote: Some of her poses, with her waist curved inward, her rump projecting, her arms interlaced and lifted in a semblance of a phallic symbol … evoke all the marvels of noble...

Cragun, Richard

Cragun, Richard (5 October 1944)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
827 words

...Hardy, Camille . Richard Cragun: Prince in the Straw Hat . Dance Magazine (July 1985): 40–41. Koegler, Horst . Zum Beispiel Marcia Haydée und Richard Cragun: Über Partnerschaften im Ballett. Jahrbuch Ballett 1987: 45–47. Percival, John , and Alexander Bland . Men Dancing: Performers and Performances . London, 1984. Regitz, Hartmut . Ballettmeister Richard Cragun . Stuttgarter Ballett Annual 15/16 (1993): 29–36. Taub, Eric . Richard Cragun . Ballet News (May 1982). Terry, Walter . Great Male Dancers of the Ballet . New York, 1978. Terry, Walter ,...

Paige, Brydon

Paige, Brydon (13 January 1933)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
852 words

...by Georges Savaria , and La Corriveau ( 1967 ), to music by Alexander Brott based on the popular songs of Giles Vigneault. The latter work, suggested by an incident that occurred in Saint-Valier, Quebec, in 1763 , concerned a women convicted and hanged for the murder of her husband, after which her body was suspended in a cage in a tree for forty days. The ballet was mounted on Margery Lambert , a dramatic dancer who performed it to great effect during the company's Montreal season at the Expo 67 World Festival of Entertainment. Between 1969 and ...

Genée, Adeline

Genée, Adeline (6 January 1878)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,037 words

...and teacher. The daughter of a farming family, Nina Jensen was at an early age placed in the charge of her uncle, Alexander Genée , and his wife, Antonia Zimmermann, who directed a small touring ballet company. As Adeline Genée (so called in honor of the great opera singer Adelina Patti), she made her stage debut with this company at the age of ten and was soon playing major roles. In 1896 , the company was engaged at the Berlin Opera and that same year appeared at the Munich Opera, where Adeline danced Swanilda in Coppélia for the first time. These...

Le Picq, Charles

Le Picq, Charles (1744)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
874 words

...by Emperor Alexander I in 1803 . Noverre was delighted at the recognition given to Le Picq in Saint Petersburg and considered him, along with Vestris, the model of the ideal dancer, writing: The beautiful proportions of his figure, the nobility of his face, the enchanting harmony of his movements, and the delicate polish of his execution were made all the more amazing by their apparent ease and the fact that any physical exertion was always gracefully concealed. The combination of these attributes won him success both at court and with the general...

Bodenwieser, Gertrud

Bodenwieser, Gertrud (3 February 1890)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
829 words

...with music by Lorber, was one of the first works Bodenwieser choreographed after emigrating. It was influenced by human losses and by impressions of her new homeland. Her fourth dance drama, O World , with music by Alexander Tcherepnin , was created shortly before the end of the war, in 1945 , and was centered around quotations from works by the Hindu philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti. Bodenwieser's first satirical dance drama was The Life of the Insects ( 1949 ). Her last and perhaps most important work was Errand into the Maze ( 1954 ), with music by ...

Grigorovich, Yuri

Grigorovich, Yuri (2 January 1927)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
1,601 words

... The Irkutsk Story . Produced at the Bolshoi in 1976 , it tells a story of contemporary youth, raising ethical problems related to the process of personality formation and the relations between the individual and the collective. Here, classical dance is enriched with elements of folk dance, free dance, pantomime, athletics, and work movements. The choreographic image of the great Siberian river, Angara, created by the corps de ballet, is the leitmotif of the ballet, appearing alternately as the powerful force subdued by the people and as a resonator of the...

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