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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Richard III

Richard III   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...for the Old Vic in 1944–5 and 1948–9 , and for his film version he had John Gielgud as Clarence and Ralph Richardson as Buckingham; Margaret was omitted, but Jane Shore was introduced as a nonspeaking role. Ian Holm played Richard in Peter Hall 's Stratford-upon-Avon production, as part of The Wars of the Roses , in 1963 , etc., with Peggy Ashcroft as Margaret. In 1984 , Bill Alexander directed an intelligent production at Stratford with Antony Sher as a brilliant Richard. Despite the precedent of Ashcroft's Margaret, Bill Alexander cut...

Alexander [Quigley], Jane

Alexander [Quigley], Jane (28 Oct. 1939)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
125 words

... [Quigley], Jane (b. Boston , 28 Oct. 1939 ) Actress . Her understated performances, both on stage and in film, attracted notice in the 1970s. Her most notable early stage performance was in Howard Sackler 's Pulitzer Prize winning The Great White Hope ( 1967 ), playing the white girlfriend of a black prize-fighter, Jack Jefferson . She followed this with further critical acclaim, playing Lavinia in Mourning Becomes Electra ( 1972 ) and making appearances in First Monday in October ( 1978 ), Monday after the Miracle ( 1982 ), Shadowlands (...

Alexander, John

Alexander, John (21 Oct 1923)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
242 words

...the three most celebrated Normas of the time, Sutherland , Caballé and Sills ; he recorded the opera, and Gioachino Rossini's Semiramide (singing Idreno) with Sutherland. In May 1973 he sang the title role in the American première of the original French version of Don Carlos , staged by the Boston Opera. Alexander's value to leading American opera companies rested partly with his remarkable versatility and reliability in an enormous repertory, spanning bel canto at one extreme and such Germanic roles as Bacchus and Walther von Stolzing at the...

Bessmertnova, Natalia

Bessmertnova, Natalia (19 July 1941)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
666 words

.... She was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1976 . She was awarded the Anna Pavlova Prize in Paris in 1970 , the State Prize of the USSR in 1978 for the role of Valentina in The Angara , and the Lenin Prize in 1986 . Atlas, Helen V. Natalia Bessmertnova . Brooklyn, 1975. Avaliani, Noi , and Leonid Zhdanov , comps. Bolshoi's Young Dancers . Translated by Natalie Ward . Moscow, 1975. Daniels, Don . Girl Hunt: World Trade and the Ballerina . Ballet Review 21 (Summer 1993): 13–20. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present ....

Lloyd, Maude

Lloyd, Maude (16 August 1908)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
464 words

...de la Danse, the ballerina from Milan, in Gala Performance ( 1938 ). In late 1939 , after Tudor's departure, she and Peggy van Praagh took over the direction of the company, for which Andrée Howard choreographed La Fête Étrange ( 1940 ), with Lloyd as the Young Châtelaine, her last created role. She stopped dancing in 1941 , but from 1951 on she collaborated with her husband, Nigel Gosling, writing, under the nom de plume of Alexander Bland , many important dance books until Gosling's death in 1982 . Bland, Alexander . Observer of the Dance,...

Blair, David

Blair, David (27 July 1932)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...of the Norwegian National Ballet. Blair was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1964 . Bland, Alexander . The Royal Ballet: The First Fifty Years . London, 1981. Crisp, Clement , ed. Ballerina: Portraits and Impressions of Nadia Nerina . London, 1975. Terry, Walter . Great Male Dancers of the Ballet . Garden City, N.Y., 1978. Woodcock, Sarah C. The Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet . London, 1991. Barbara...

Laughton, Charles

Laughton, Charles (1 July 1899)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
846 words

...psychology or observation in the way a great painter or sculptor might. He creates an image (not purely visual but vocal and emotional) of a scale and an expressive intensity imbued with human feeling that gives it universal resonance. The only actor on film with whom he can be compared is Nikolai Cherkassov , Eisenstein 's Ivan the Terrible and Alexander Nevsky , but Laughton's touch is more human, which earns him supreme greatness. Simon Callow S. Callow , Charles Laughton: A Difficult Actor (1987) C. Higham , Charles Laughton (1976) E. Lanchester , ...

Timofeyeva, Nina

Timofeyeva, Nina (11 June 1935)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
357 words

...among them Fedra and the Twilight Nights ( 1971 ), after Dostoyevsky, Raymonda ( 1974 ), and The Three Cards ( 1983 ), after Aleksandr Pushkin 's Queen of Spades . Timofeyeva was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1969 and was chosen a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1980 she graduated from the Choreography Department of the Lunacharsky Theater Technicum in Moscow, where she studied under Rostislav Zakharov . She retired in 1988 but has frequently returned to the Bolshoi as a coach. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past...

Études

Études   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...Alexandre Kalioujny . The original version ( 1948 ) of Études was clearly modeled on a classical ballet class and owed several motifs to Bournonville: a “mirror” adagio recalled his La Ventana , the exercises in elevation his typical male solos, and the opening children's exercises his Konservatoriet . These were not, however, Lander's initial inspiration. In the 1940s Lander experimented with nonnarrative symphonic ballet without great success. Riisager, bemused by a student rendering of Czerny piano études, approached Lander with the idea of creating a...

Reinhold, Henry Theodore

Reinhold, Henry Theodore (14 May 1751)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
375 words

..., Judas Maccabaeus , Joshua , Alexander Balus , Susanna , Solomon and Theodora . He was one of the ‘good Set of Singers’ Handel wrote of having for Belshazzar , and the composer entrusted him with substantial roles and a wide range of characterizations. The compass of most of his oratorio parts is from G to e’ . Reinhold died between the two Foundling Hospital performances of Messiah in 1751 , and Drury Lane put on a benefit for his ‘Wife and four small Children in great Distress’. On his death the General Advertiser described him as ‘not...

Voigt, Deborah

Voigt, Deborah (4 Aug 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
389 words

...in Die Frau ohne Schatten (which she sang to great acclaim at the Deutsche Oper, Berlin, in 1998 and at the Vienna Staatsoper the following year) and Helen of Troy ( Die ägyptische Helena ), of which she gave a concert performance with Covent Garden in 1998 ; she has recorded both of these roles. Her Wagner roles include Elisabeth (which she first sang at San Francisco in 1994 ), Sieglinde ( 1996 , the Metropolitan), Senta ( 1996 , Vienna) and Elsa ( 1998 , the Metropolitan). She sang her first Salome at the Tanglewood Festival in 2001 . Voigt has a...

Graham, Susan

Graham, Susan (23 July 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words

...the Composer, Hector Berlioz's Beatrice, Charlotte ( Werther ) and Marguerite ( La damnation de Faust ). In 1995 she sang the title role in the première of Alexander Goehr's Arianna at Covent Garden. Other premières include John Harbison's The Great Gatsby ( 1999 , Metropolitan Opera) and Jake Heggie's Dead Man Walking ( 2000 , Chicago). In 2000 she scored a triumph in the leading role of C.W. Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride at the Salzburg Festival. In all these roles she has disclosed a firm, expressive voice, fresh in timbre, free at the...

Albani, Dame Emma

Albani, Dame Emma (1 Nov 1847)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
459 words

...Desdemona (she sang in the first Covent Garden and Metropolitan productions of Otello ). The last and greatest triumph of her career was on 26 June 1896 , as Isolde to the Tristan of Jean De Reszke and the King Mark of Edouard De Reszke . Albani was for many years a great favourite at the Handel and provincial festivals and sang in many new works, notably in those of Charles Gounod , Arthur Sullivan , Alexander Mackenzie , Frederick Cowen , Antonín Dvořák , Edward Elgar ( The Apostles ), and in 1886 in St Elizabeth on the occasion of Franz...

Nevada, Emma

Nevada, Emma (7 Feb 1859)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to great acclaim in Italy and Paris, where her roles included Lucia and Mignon. Returning to the USA she appeared at the New York Academy of Music in 1884 , alternating with Patti the following year. She made several further tours of the USA and Europe, but sang at Covent Garden only in 1887 , as Amina and Charles Gounod's Mireille, her intonation and flexibility being admired but not her free treatment of Gounod's score. In England she frequently sang in oratorio, including the first performance of Alexander Mackenzie's Rose of Sharon ( 1884 ), the...

Body Therapies

Body Therapies   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,114 words

...of the back and freeing of the legs in the hip joints. Inhibition was the word Alexander used to describe the process by which one decides not to perform habitual movement patterns. To Alexander, the key to continual improved usage—and to learning—was the human capacity to respond in new ways, and the technique involves awareness of habitual movement patterns as well as learning to choose new responses. The educator John Dewey and the writer Aldous Huxley were among the students and admirers of Alexander. Body Therapies and Learning The methods of...

Bergman, Ingmar

Bergman, Ingmar (14 July 1918)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
315 words

... and playwright . A man of great energy, honesty, perception and charisma, he created conditions of creative trust in which artists and actors such as Bibi Andersson , Liv Ullman , Ingrid Thulin , Harriet Andersson , Max von Sydow , Gunnar Bjornstrand and Erland Josefson produced brilliant film and stage work. Famous films such as Summer with Monica ( 1952 ), Persona ( 1966 ), Cries and Whispers ( 1973 ) and his last, Fanny and Alexander ( 1982 ), focus on human behaviour under extreme pressure: the threat of death, pressure of sexual...

Rattigan, Terence

Rattigan, Terence (9 June 1911)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
483 words

...play with Playbill , comprising the theatrical farce Harlequinade and The Browning Version , depicting the retirement of a schoolmaster and his momentary redemption through a schoolboy's gift. Neither Adventure Story ( 1949 ), about Alexander the Great, nor Who is Sylvia? ( 1950 ), a lightweight bachelor farce, was a hit, and Rattigan's attacks on the ‘play of ideas’ lost him favour with critics. But he recovered to write perhaps his best play, The Deep Blue Sea ( 1952 ). With bleak optimism, revealing an affinity with late Ibsen , it tells of a...

Liepa, Maris

Liepa, Maris (17 July 1936)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
481 words

...with the great choreographers of our time. From 1963 to 1980 Liepa taught at the Moscow ballet school. In 1983 he became choreographer at the Sofia Opera House in Bulgaria. He was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1966 and received the Lenin Prize in 1970 , the Vaslav Nijinsky Prize in 1971 , and the Marius Petipa Prize in 1977 . Barnes, Patricia . Maris Liepa . Brooklyn, 1975. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present . Translated by Guy Daniels . Garden City, N.Y., 1977. Kokich, Kim Alexandra . A Conversation with the...

Petrov, Osip

Petrov, Osip (3/15 Nov 1806)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
500 words

...At the première of A Life for the Tsar ( 1836 ) he set a tradition for the interpretation of Ivan Susanin with a performance of overwhelming dramatic power: Glinka himself recounted how the chorus of Poles set upon Petrov so violently that he had genuinely to defend himself. Other roles written for Petrov and created by him include M. I. Glinka's Ruslan ( 1842 ), the Miller in Alexander Dargomïzhsky's Rusalka ( 1856 ), Oziya in A. N. Serov's Judith ( 1863 ), Vladimir in Serov's Rogneda ( 1865 ), Leporello in Dargomïzhsky's The Stone...

Ferri, Olga

Ferri, Olga (20 September 1928)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
440 words

...Gsovsky and Nicholas Zvereff , and in the United States with Héctor Zaraspe and Alexander Minz . In 1959 she was a guest artist with Les Ballets de l'étoile, Paris, of Milorad Miskovitch , and in the same year she also danced with the Berlin Opera Ballet and the Munich State Opera Ballet. She danced on occasion with London's Festival Ballet ( 1960–1963 , 1966 ). Her repertory included Giselle, Swan Lake, The Snow Maiden , and other classics. In 1962 she starred in The Life of Fanny Elssler , produced for the Belgian Television Network by Jack...

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