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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Alexander, John

Alexander, John (21 Oct 1923)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
242 words

...the three most celebrated Normas of the time, Sutherland , Caballé and Sills ; he recorded the opera, and Gioachino Rossini's Semiramide (singing Idreno) with Sutherland. In May 1973 he sang the title role in the American première of the original French version of Don Carlos , staged by the Boston Opera. Alexander's value to leading American opera companies rested partly with his remarkable versatility and reliability in an enormous repertory, spanning bel canto at one extreme and such Germanic roles as Bacchus and Walther von Stolzing at the...

Reinhold, Henry Theodore

Reinhold, Henry Theodore (14 May 1751)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
375 words

..., Judas Maccabaeus , Joshua , Alexander Balus , Susanna , Solomon and Theodora . He was one of the ‘good Set of Singers’ Handel wrote of having for Belshazzar , and the composer entrusted him with substantial roles and a wide range of characterizations. The compass of most of his oratorio parts is from G to e’ . Reinhold died between the two Foundling Hospital performances of Messiah in 1751 , and Drury Lane put on a benefit for his ‘Wife and four small Children in great Distress’. On his death the General Advertiser described him as ‘not...

Voigt, Deborah

Voigt, Deborah (4 Aug 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
389 words

...in Die Frau ohne Schatten (which she sang to great acclaim at the Deutsche Oper, Berlin, in 1998 and at the Vienna Staatsoper the following year) and Helen of Troy ( Die ägyptische Helena ), of which she gave a concert performance with Covent Garden in 1998 ; she has recorded both of these roles. Her Wagner roles include Elisabeth (which she first sang at San Francisco in 1994 ), Sieglinde ( 1996 , the Metropolitan), Senta ( 1996 , Vienna) and Elsa ( 1998 , the Metropolitan). She sang her first Salome at the Tanglewood Festival in 2001 . Voigt has a...

Graham, Susan

Graham, Susan (23 July 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words

...the Composer, Hector Berlioz's Beatrice, Charlotte ( Werther ) and Marguerite ( La damnation de Faust ). In 1995 she sang the title role in the première of Alexander Goehr's Arianna at Covent Garden. Other premières include John Harbison's The Great Gatsby ( 1999 , Metropolitan Opera) and Jake Heggie's Dead Man Walking ( 2000 , Chicago). In 2000 she scored a triumph in the leading role of C.W. Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride at the Salzburg Festival. In all these roles she has disclosed a firm, expressive voice, fresh in timbre, free at the...

Albani, Dame Emma

Albani, Dame Emma (1 Nov 1847)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
459 words

...Desdemona (she sang in the first Covent Garden and Metropolitan productions of Otello ). The last and greatest triumph of her career was on 26 June 1896 , as Isolde to the Tristan of Jean De Reszke and the King Mark of Edouard De Reszke . Albani was for many years a great favourite at the Handel and provincial festivals and sang in many new works, notably in those of Charles Gounod , Arthur Sullivan , Alexander Mackenzie , Frederick Cowen , Antonín Dvořák , Edward Elgar ( The Apostles ), and in 1886 in St Elizabeth on the occasion of Franz...

Nevada, Emma

Nevada, Emma (7 Feb 1859)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to great acclaim in Italy and Paris, where her roles included Lucia and Mignon. Returning to the USA she appeared at the New York Academy of Music in 1884 , alternating with Patti the following year. She made several further tours of the USA and Europe, but sang at Covent Garden only in 1887 , as Amina and Charles Gounod's Mireille, her intonation and flexibility being admired but not her free treatment of Gounod's score. In England she frequently sang in oratorio, including the first performance of Alexander Mackenzie's Rose of Sharon ( 1884 ), the...

Petrov, Osip

Petrov, Osip (3/15 Nov 1806)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
500 words

...At the première of A Life for the Tsar ( 1836 ) he set a tradition for the interpretation of Ivan Susanin with a performance of overwhelming dramatic power: Glinka himself recounted how the chorus of Poles set upon Petrov so violently that he had genuinely to defend himself. Other roles written for Petrov and created by him include M. I. Glinka's Ruslan ( 1842 ), the Miller in Alexander Dargomïzhsky's Rusalka ( 1856 ), Oziya in A. N. Serov's Judith ( 1863 ), Vladimir in Serov's Rogneda ( 1865 ), Leporello in Dargomïzhsky's The Stone...

Mel’nikov, Ivan Aleksandrovich

Mel’nikov, Ivan Aleksandrovich (21 Feb)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
453 words
Illustration(s):
1

... described him as the greatest of the Ruslans), the Miller in Dargomïzhsky's Rusalka , the title role in Modest Musorgsky's Boris Godunov (which he created in 1874 ), Amonasro in Aida , Wolfram in Tannhäuser , and the title role in Alexander Borodin's Prince Igor (which he created in the year of his retirement). He also created Don Carlos in The Stone Guest ( 1872 ), Tokmakov in The Maid of Pskov ( 1873 ), the title role in Anton Rubinstein's The Demon ( 1875 ) and the Charcoal Burner in May Night ( 1880 ). With the exception of Iolanta ,...

Duparc, Elisabeth

Duparc, Elisabeth (1773)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
431 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(including the first performances of Handel's Saul (Michal) and Israel in Egypt ), probably in Giove in Argo ( 1739 ), in the Ode for St Cecilia's Day and L'Allegro ( 1739–40 ), Imeneo (Rosmene) and Deidamia (title role) in 1740–41 , Semele (title role) and Joseph and his Brethren (Asenath) in 1744 , Hercules (Iole) and Belshazzar (Nitocris) in 1745 and the Occasional Oratorio in 1746 . She also sang in both the English and bilingual versions of Acis and Galatea , the title roles in Esther and Deborah and in Alexander's Feast ...

Robinson, Anastasia

Robinson, Anastasia (c1692)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
949 words

...him a pension of £500 from the Duchess of Marlborough; Bononcini dedicated his Farnace to Peterborough. On 11 January 1723 she took part with Jane Barbier, the opera orchestra and the Chapel Royal choir in a private performance at Buckingham House of Bononcini's choruses to the late Duke of Buckingham's play Julius Caesar , conducted by the composer. She was buried in Bath Abbey. Robinson enjoyed great personal and artistic popularity. As a singer she was remarkable for charm and expressiveness rather than virtuosity; the care with which Handel...

Waltz, Gustavus

Waltz, Gustavus (1732–59)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
762 words
Illustration(s):
1

...pieces of the lighter type, chiefly by Lampe and Arne , though he sang occasionally at concerts and in December 1739 in a composite Henry Purcell masque at Covent Garden. He was employed at that theatre in 1739–42 and again in 1749–51 , at Drury Lane and the Little Theatre in the Haymarket in 1743–5 , and in May and June 1744 at Ruckholt House, Essex, where he sang in William Boyce's Solomon and Handel's Alexander's Feast . He had a benefit at the Little Theatre in the Haymarket on 19 December 1748 . Handel cast him as Charon in the...

War and Peace

War and Peace   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
5,104 words

...of the first version, a choral Epigraph was added, taking off from the famous opening sentence of III/3/2 (‘The forces of a dozen European nations burst into Russia’), but continuing in a vein of bombast reminiscent of the jingoistic conclusion of Alexander Nevsky (and no wonder: Sergey Eisenstein, the director of Nevsky , with whom Prokofiev was then collaborating on Ivan the Terrible , was on hand in Alma‐Ata and actively discussing the War and Peace revisions with the composer; he was also scheduled to direct the première at the Moscow Bol'shoy...

Nightingale, The

Nightingale, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,266 words

...A ct 2 The throne room in the Emperor's porcelain palace The act opens with a great scurry and bustle (played in silhouette) as the palace is made ready for the Emperor's appearance at a fête. The scrim is lifted on the interior of the porcelain palace, illuminated by countless lanterns and torches. The Emperor is carried in to the strains of the Chinese March. The Nightingale performs its coloratura song, and receives its reward of tears. Three Japanese Envoys present the Emperor with a mechanical nightingale, which is wound up and entrances the court with...

Lind, Jenny

Lind, Jenny (6 Oct 1820)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
715 words
Illustration(s):
1

...régiment ) for the first time. Lind made her Viennese début at the Theater an der Wien in April 1846 as Norma. She then toured extensively in Germany, taking part, with Felix Mendelssohn , in the Lower Rhine Festival at Aachen during May and June, when she sang in Joseph Haydn's Creation and G.F. Handel's Alexander's Feast . She also appeared at Munich, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Mannheim and Nuremberg. Returning in January 1847 to Vienna, she scored an immense success as Marie. Her triumphant London début was at Her Majesty's in May of the same year, when...

Sadko

Sadko   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,699 words
Illustration(s):
1

...classic in Russia. (The tone poem's most characteristic passages all went into the opera, the celebrated opening music with its magnificent evocation of the calmly swelling sea furnishing the introduction, acting as a leitmotif in Scene 5 and crowning the brilliant finale.) Thereupon a great many cooks got to work on the broth (Stasov furnishing the opening feast scene with its depiction of Novgorod society, as well as the tenor‐bass pair of entertainers so obviously copied from Skula and Yeroshka in Prince Igor ; and Bel'sky supplying the poignant figure of...

Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,666 words
Illustration(s):
5

...date. The title role has been a great vehicle for Russian and Russian‐style basses: Mark Reyzen sang in the première of the 1869 version, and other noted interpreters have included, besides Shalyapin, Vanni‐Marcoux , Alexander Kipnis , Nicola Rossi‐Lemeni , Boris Christoff , George London , Nicolai Ghiaurov and Martti Talvela . In recordings, some singers have taken both Boris's role and that of Pimen or Varlaam; both Reyzen and Christoff made recordings in which they sang all three. RÉSUMÉ (incorporating the events of both versions) The Tsarevich...

Queen of Spades, The

Queen of Spades, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the intermède concludes with general rejoicing, including reprises of ( c ) and ( a ). There is a brief confrontation between Hermann and his teasing friends, and an encounter with Lisa in which she tells him how to reach the Countess's bedroom on his way to hers, giving him the final proof of his main chance; then the guests burst into frenzied acclamation at the sudden appearance of the tsaritsa herself, Catherine the Great, in their midst. 2.ii The Countess's bedroom, lit by icon‐lamps Hermann has stolen into the room; his breathless monologue on the...

Prince Igor

Prince Igor   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,622 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Igor to break the bonds of chivalry for the sake of Russian ‘honour’. (In the eventual opera Ovlur's connection with Yaroslavna was severed; he appears only in Acts 2 and 3 as a turncoat‐ ex‐machina .) Thus Prince Igor made overt the pervasive subtext to 19th‐century Russian essays in orientalism: the racially justified endorsement of Russia's militaristic expansion to the east. ‘We go with trust in God for our faith, our Russia, our people’, the operatic Igor anachronistically proclaims, very much in the spirit of the reigning tsar, Alexander II. Borodin...

Life for the Tsar, A

Life for the Tsar, A   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,002 words

...with the reign of Nikolay I. Zhukovsky, not only a great poet but also an official of Nikolay's court and tutor to the tsarevich (the future Alexander II), was one of its most enthusiastic proponents, and the self‐sacrifice of the peasant Susanin in the cause of establishing the Romanov dynasty epitomized the official doctrine's ideals. Except for the epilogue, which he wrote himself (it remains a prime historical document of Nikolayan state ideology), Zhukovsky farmed out the actual task of composing the text to his court colleague Baron Rozen, the...

Snow Maiden, The

Snow Maiden, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,820 words

...their style responding to the exigencies of the action. Rimsky classified the musical materials of the opera into three grades, as it were. The first consists of complexes of leitmotifs (Rimsky listed 12) associated with the various characters; unlike Wagnerian leitmotifs, they are not woven into complex symphonic textures to any great extent (although they are very extensively developed and transformed). The second class includes complete and rounded melodies out of which the lyrical and decorative set pieces are constructed. The third comprises themes or...

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