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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Alexander, John

Alexander, John (21 Oct 1923)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
242 words

...the three most celebrated Normas of the time, Sutherland , Caballé and Sills ; he recorded the opera, and Gioachino Rossini's Semiramide (singing Idreno) with Sutherland. In May 1973 he sang the title role in the American première of the original French version of Don Carlos , staged by the Boston Opera. Alexander's value to leading American opera companies rested partly with his remarkable versatility and reliability in an enormous repertory, spanning bel canto at one extreme and such Germanic roles as Bacchus and Walther von Stolzing at the...

Bessmertnova, Natalia

Bessmertnova, Natalia (19 July 1941)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
666 words

.... She was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1976 . She was awarded the Anna Pavlova Prize in Paris in 1970 , the State Prize of the USSR in 1978 for the role of Valentina in The Angara , and the Lenin Prize in 1986 . Atlas, Helen V. Natalia Bessmertnova . Brooklyn, 1975. Avaliani, Noi , and Leonid Zhdanov , comps. Bolshoi's Young Dancers . Translated by Natalie Ward . Moscow, 1975. Daniels, Don . Girl Hunt: World Trade and the Ballerina . Ballet Review 21 (Summer 1993): 13–20. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present ....

Lloyd, Maude

Lloyd, Maude (16 August 1908)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
464 words

...de la Danse, the ballerina from Milan, in Gala Performance ( 1938 ). In late 1939 , after Tudor's departure, she and Peggy van Praagh took over the direction of the company, for which Andrée Howard choreographed La Fête Étrange ( 1940 ), with Lloyd as the Young Châtelaine, her last created role. She stopped dancing in 1941 , but from 1951 on she collaborated with her husband, Nigel Gosling, writing, under the nom de plume of Alexander Bland , many important dance books until Gosling's death in 1982 . Bland, Alexander . Observer of the Dance,...

Blair, David

Blair, David (27 July 1932)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...of the Norwegian National Ballet. Blair was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1964 . Bland, Alexander . The Royal Ballet: The First Fifty Years . London, 1981. Crisp, Clement , ed. Ballerina: Portraits and Impressions of Nadia Nerina . London, 1975. Terry, Walter . Great Male Dancers of the Ballet . Garden City, N.Y., 1978. Woodcock, Sarah C. The Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet . London, 1991. Barbara...

Timofeyeva, Nina

Timofeyeva, Nina (11 June 1935)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
357 words

...among them Fedra and the Twilight Nights ( 1971 ), after Dostoyevsky, Raymonda ( 1974 ), and The Three Cards ( 1983 ), after Aleksandr Pushkin 's Queen of Spades . Timofeyeva was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1969 and was chosen a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1980 she graduated from the Choreography Department of the Lunacharsky Theater Technicum in Moscow, where she studied under Rostislav Zakharov . She retired in 1988 but has frequently returned to the Bolshoi as a coach. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past...

Études

Études   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
383 words

...Alexandre Kalioujny . The original version ( 1948 ) of Études was clearly modeled on a classical ballet class and owed several motifs to Bournonville: a “mirror” adagio recalled his La Ventana , the exercises in elevation his typical male solos, and the opening children's exercises his Konservatoriet . These were not, however, Lander's initial inspiration. In the 1940s Lander experimented with nonnarrative symphonic ballet without great success. Riisager, bemused by a student rendering of Czerny piano études, approached Lander with the idea of creating a...

Reinhold, Henry Theodore

Reinhold, Henry Theodore (14 May 1751)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
375 words

..., Judas Maccabaeus , Joshua , Alexander Balus , Susanna , Solomon and Theodora . He was one of the ‘good Set of Singers’ Handel wrote of having for Belshazzar , and the composer entrusted him with substantial roles and a wide range of characterizations. The compass of most of his oratorio parts is from G to e’ . Reinhold died between the two Foundling Hospital performances of Messiah in 1751 , and Drury Lane put on a benefit for his ‘Wife and four small Children in great Distress’. On his death the General Advertiser described him as ‘not...

Voigt, Deborah

Voigt, Deborah (4 Aug 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
389 words

...in Die Frau ohne Schatten (which she sang to great acclaim at the Deutsche Oper, Berlin, in 1998 and at the Vienna Staatsoper the following year) and Helen of Troy ( Die ägyptische Helena ), of which she gave a concert performance with Covent Garden in 1998 ; she has recorded both of these roles. Her Wagner roles include Elisabeth (which she first sang at San Francisco in 1994 ), Sieglinde ( 1996 , the Metropolitan), Senta ( 1996 , Vienna) and Elsa ( 1998 , the Metropolitan). She sang her first Salome at the Tanglewood Festival in 2001 . Voigt has a...

Graham, Susan

Graham, Susan (23 July 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words

...the Composer, Hector Berlioz's Beatrice, Charlotte ( Werther ) and Marguerite ( La damnation de Faust ). In 1995 she sang the title role in the première of Alexander Goehr's Arianna at Covent Garden. Other premières include John Harbison's The Great Gatsby ( 1999 , Metropolitan Opera) and Jake Heggie's Dead Man Walking ( 2000 , Chicago). In 2000 she scored a triumph in the leading role of C.W. Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride at the Salzburg Festival. In all these roles she has disclosed a firm, expressive voice, fresh in timbre, free at the...

Albani, Dame Emma

Albani, Dame Emma (1 Nov 1847)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
459 words

...Desdemona (she sang in the first Covent Garden and Metropolitan productions of Otello ). The last and greatest triumph of her career was on 26 June 1896 , as Isolde to the Tristan of Jean De Reszke and the King Mark of Edouard De Reszke . Albani was for many years a great favourite at the Handel and provincial festivals and sang in many new works, notably in those of Charles Gounod , Arthur Sullivan , Alexander Mackenzie , Frederick Cowen , Antonín Dvořák , Edward Elgar ( The Apostles ), and in 1886 in St Elizabeth on the occasion of Franz...

Nevada, Emma

Nevada, Emma (7 Feb 1859)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to great acclaim in Italy and Paris, where her roles included Lucia and Mignon. Returning to the USA she appeared at the New York Academy of Music in 1884 , alternating with Patti the following year. She made several further tours of the USA and Europe, but sang at Covent Garden only in 1887 , as Amina and Charles Gounod's Mireille, her intonation and flexibility being admired but not her free treatment of Gounod's score. In England she frequently sang in oratorio, including the first performance of Alexander Mackenzie's Rose of Sharon ( 1884 ), the...

Body Therapies

Body Therapies   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,114 words

...of the back and freeing of the legs in the hip joints. Inhibition was the word Alexander used to describe the process by which one decides not to perform habitual movement patterns. To Alexander, the key to continual improved usage—and to learning—was the human capacity to respond in new ways, and the technique involves awareness of habitual movement patterns as well as learning to choose new responses. The educator John Dewey and the writer Aldous Huxley were among the students and admirers of Alexander. Body Therapies and Learning The methods of...

Nevada [née Wixom], Emma

Nevada [née Wixom], Emma (7 Feb 1859)   Reference library

J.B. Steane and Katie Buehner

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
276 words

...to great acclaim in Italy and Paris, where her roles included Lucia and Mignon. Returning to the United States in 1884 she appeared at the New York Academy of Music, and, the following year, on alternate nights with Adelina Patti. She made several further tours of the United States and Europe, but sang at Covent Garden only in 1887 as Amina and Charles Gounod's Mireille, her intonation and flexibility being admired but not her free treatment of Gounod's score. In England she frequently sang in oratorio, including the first performance of Alexander...

Liepa, Maris

Liepa, Maris (17 July 1936)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
481 words

...with the great choreographers of our time. From 1963 to 1980 Liepa taught at the Moscow ballet school. In 1983 he became choreographer at the Sofia Opera House in Bulgaria. He was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1966 and received the Lenin Prize in 1970 , the Vaslav Nijinsky Prize in 1971 , and the Marius Petipa Prize in 1977 . Barnes, Patricia . Maris Liepa . Brooklyn, 1975. Demidov, Alexander P. The Russian Ballet: Past and Present . Translated by Guy Daniels . Garden City, N.Y., 1977. Kokich, Kim Alexandra . A Conversation with the...

Petrov, Osip

Petrov, Osip (3/15 Nov 1806)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
500 words

...At the première of A Life for the Tsar ( 1836 ) he set a tradition for the interpretation of Ivan Susanin with a performance of overwhelming dramatic power: Glinka himself recounted how the chorus of Poles set upon Petrov so violently that he had genuinely to defend himself. Other roles written for Petrov and created by him include M. I. Glinka's Ruslan ( 1842 ), the Miller in Alexander Dargomïzhsky's Rusalka ( 1856 ), Oziya in A. N. Serov's Judith ( 1863 ), Vladimir in Serov's Rogneda ( 1865 ), Leporello in Dargomïzhsky's The Stone...

Ferri, Olga

Ferri, Olga (20 September 1928)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
440 words

...Gsovsky and Nicholas Zvereff , and in the United States with Héctor Zaraspe and Alexander Minz . In 1959 she was a guest artist with Les Ballets de l'étoile, Paris, of Milorad Miskovitch , and in the same year she also danced with the Berlin Opera Ballet and the Munich State Opera Ballet. She danced on occasion with London's Festival Ballet ( 1960–1963 , 1966 ). Her repertory included Giselle, Swan Lake, The Snow Maiden , and other classics. In 1962 she starred in The Life of Fanny Elssler , produced for the Belgian Television Network by Jack...

Mel’nikov, Ivan Aleksandrovich

Mel’nikov, Ivan Aleksandrovich (21 Feb)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
453 words
Illustration(s):
1

... described him as the greatest of the Ruslans), the Miller in Dargomïzhsky's Rusalka , the title role in Modest Musorgsky's Boris Godunov (which he created in 1874 ), Amonasro in Aida , Wolfram in Tannhäuser , and the title role in Alexander Borodin's Prince Igor (which he created in the year of his retirement). He also created Don Carlos in The Stone Guest ( 1872 ), Tokmakov in The Maid of Pskov ( 1873 ), the title role in Anton Rubinstein's The Demon ( 1875 ) and the Charcoal Burner in May Night ( 1880 ). With the exception of Iolanta ,...

Duparc, Elisabeth

Duparc, Elisabeth (1773)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
431 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(including the first performances of Handel's Saul (Michal) and Israel in Egypt ), probably in Giove in Argo ( 1739 ), in the Ode for St Cecilia's Day and L'Allegro ( 1739–40 ), Imeneo (Rosmene) and Deidamia (title role) in 1740–41 , Semele (title role) and Joseph and his Brethren (Asenath) in 1744 , Hercules (Iole) and Belshazzar (Nitocris) in 1745 and the Occasional Oratorio in 1746 . She also sang in both the English and bilingual versions of Acis and Galatea , the title roles in Esther and Deborah and in Alexander's Feast ...

Dowell, Anthony

Dowell, Anthony (16 February 1943)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
619 words

...director. Dowell was one of the great premiers danseurs nobles of the twentieth century and the natural heir at the Royal Ballet to the classical tradition established by Harold Turner and Michael Somes . After training for five years with June Hampshire in London, Dowell entered the Royal Ballet School at the age of ten, joined the Covent Garden Opera Ballet in 1960 , and transferred to the Royal Ballet in 1961 . If not the first to recognize Dowell's potential, Erik Bruhn —an incomparable danseur himself—was the first to display it, by giving...

Morrice, Norman

Morrice, Norman (10 September 1931)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
609 words

...from Richard Alston . He served annually as a judge of the choreographic competition at the Royal Ballet Lower School. In 1986 Morrice relinquished his role as director to Anthony Dowell ; a year later he succeeded Leslie Edwards as director of the Royal Ballet Choreographic Group. See also Royal Ballet . Bland, Alexander . The Royal Ballet: The First Fifty Years . London, 1981. Clarke, Mary . Dancers of Mercury . London, 1962. Garske, Rolf . The Range of the Guard . Ballett International 6 (October 1983): 22–30. Morrice, Norman . Pioneering in...

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