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Alexander the Great

[Na] Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of ...

Bud, Captain John

Bud, Captain John   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Branwell Brontë. Bud is a contemporary of the Duke of Wellington and an eminent Glass Town political writer. He is father of Sergeant Bud and author of (among other works) ‘The History of the Young Men’ and ‘The Life of Alexander Percy’ . Despite his unpleasant, irregular appearance, he is the friend and mentor of young Lord Charles Wellesley . He lives in Quaxmina Sq. with other aged antiquarians, including his great friend John Gifford . Bud's botanical name was a feature of the ‘Young Men's Play’ . Alexander EEW , 1....

Aornos, Mount

Aornos, Mount   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Aornos, Mount . A high mountain north of Verdopolis , this is the ‘Mt Olympus’ of the Glass Town and Angrian saga and reputed home of the god‐like Chief Genii . It features only in the early stories of the saga and is presumably part of the Jibbel Kumri . The Aornos is a huge rock near the Ganges River in India, a natural fortress with a flat summit of arable land and water. The Brontës would have read of its capture in the campaigns of Alexander the Great...

Gifford, John

Gifford, John   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Town lawyer and antiquarian and, later, chief judge in the Glass Town and Angrian saga . Gifford assists his great friend Captain John Bud in the research for ‘The History of the Young Men’. He is based on William Gifford , first editor of the Quarterly Review , famous for his conservative criticism. Like his model, John Gifford disapproves of all ‘modern’ poetical excesses including those of the Marquis of Douro (Duke of Zamorna) who therefore satirizes him in ‘The Red Cross Knight’ ( Alexander EEW , 2(1)....

Dryden, John

Dryden, John (1631–1700)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

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Current Version:
2011

...John ( 1631–1700 ) , poet, dramatist, critic, and translator of Juvenal and Virgil. Trollope included Dryden in his list of eighteen ‘giants’ of English literature, and referred to the poet as ‘certainly a great master of English’ ( Letters 2, 632). He was fond of the line ‘None but the brave deserves the fair’ from ‘ Alexander 's Feast’, 1. iv , which he used in The Duke's Children (IV) and Sir Harry Hotspur of Humblethwaite (XIX). RCT R. C....

De Lisle, Frederick

De Lisle, Frederick   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...De Lisle, Frederick (or Sir Edward ), an eminent Verdopolitan portrait painter, patronized by the Duke of Zamorna and the Earl St Clair, and later by Edward Percy , in the Glass Town and Angrian saga . Having taught Marian Hume painting, he is a beneficiary in her will. Characterized as ‘great in the beautiful’ ( Alexander EEW , 1.129–30), he appears to be modelled on Sir Joshua Reynolds ( see royal academy of arts...

Bud, Sergeant

Bud, Sergeant   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

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Current Version:
2011

...Bud, Sergeant , son of Captain Bud and a survivor of the ‘Young Men's Play’ , in the Glass Town and Angrian saga . Sergeant Bud, ‘a clever lawyer and a great liar’, is a member of the Inner Temple and of Gray's Inn, London; and also a publisher, bookseller, and scrivener to Chief Genius Talli (Charlotte Brontë). His character is likened to parchment and his writing is a ‘long dry thing’ much like Bud himself. Alexander EEW , 1....

Secret and Lily Hart, The

Secret and Lily Hart, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
309 words

...and pathetic heroine—is made to suffer at the hands of her autocratic husband and those of the terrifying former pirate Alexander Percy. Lily Hart records the courtship and clandestine marriage of John Sneaky , Duke of Fidena, and Lily Hart , a poor seamstress who helped her mother care for the wounded Fidena during the Great Rebellion of 1831 , led by Rogue (Duke of Northangerland ). The tale is an example of the working relationship between Charlotte and Branwell: she is aware of her brother's initiatives in the Glass Town political plot but pursues her...

Seringapatan

Seringapatan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
116 words

...veteran in the Islanders' Play, named after Seringapatam [ sic ], the district in India where the Duke of Wellington first gained military success. Formerly under Wellington's military command, he lives in one of the soldiers’ cottages in the great park of Strathfield-say . He is characterized as a ‘bookish neighbour’, with a nose like an eagle's beak, an eye ‘of true Milesian origin’, an enormous mouth stretching from ear to ear, grizzled grey hairs plaited into a long queue, muscles like those of Hercules, and the bones of a mammoth. The description of...

Naughty, Richard

Naughty, Richard ((Young Man Naughty))   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
119 words

...Town villain and bodysnatcher, ‘champion of the poachers’ and associate of Sergeant Edward Laury in his ‘Rare Lad’ days. He is huge, cruel, and ruthless, delighting in torture and assassination ( Alexander EEW , 1. 129). He is shot by the Marquis of Douro (Duke of Zamorna ) but ‘made alive’ again by Dr Hume Badey . As Richard Naughten (or Mange) he rouses the lower classes in support of the Duke of Northangerland in the Great Rebellion, and again during the Angrian wars against Zamorna, as leader of the People's Party. He is appointed commander of...

Foundling. A Tale of Our Own Times, The

Foundling. A Tale of Our Own Times, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
288 words

...A Tale of Our Own Times, The , ‘By Captain Tree’ ( 31 May–27 June 1833 ), a booklet of eighteen pages with an elaborately decorated title-page (illustrated in Alexander EEW , 2(1). 42; MS in BL Ashley); once attributed to Branwell , the novelette is definitely the work of Charlotte , narrated by her character Tree (Alexander EW , pp. 95–6) in the Glass Town and Angrian saga . The story traces the fortunes of Edward Sydney from his foundling status in England to his patronage by the Marquis of Douro (Duke of Zamorna ) in the ‘Utopian Colony’ in...

‘History of the Year, The’

‘History of the Year, The’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
186 words

... ‘the most able periodical there is’; and then to a catalogue of the Brontë children's ‘plays’: Young Men's Play , Our Fellows' Play , Islanders' Play (‘our three great plays’) and the secret bed plays about which nothing is known except that they are ‘very nice’. The passage relating to the Young Men's Play is much quoted: it describes the children's dramatic response to the arrival of a box of toy soldiers and the naming of favourites, soon to be the heroes of their play. Alexander EEW , 1. 4–6. Alexander EW , pp....

Genii, Chief

Genii, Chief ((Little King and Queens))   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
608 words

...Ashantee that assists the Twelves . These are the legendary genii, who dwell in the Jibbel Kumri or Mountains of the Moon (like the Greek gods on Mount Olympus, an idea reflecting Branwell's current lessons in the Classics). Some genii, like Danhasch , are evil; and Branii himself has to be restrained from unjust acts against the Young Men, who eventually rebel against the tyranny he initiates ( Alexander EEW , 1. 39). Initially inspired by the Brontës' reading of the Arabian Nights and James Ridley 's Tales of the Genii , the Glass Town genii also...

Green Dwarf. A Tale of the Perfect Tense, The

Green Dwarf. A Tale of the Perfect Tense, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
389 words

...recalling the early Glass Town scene and the first African Olympic Games (celebrated in Branwell's ‘Ode on the Celebration of the Great African Games’; Neufeldt BBP , pp. 79–83), which under Charlotte's pen became a medieval tournament. The ‘rewarder of victors’, Lady Emily Charlesworth is engaged to Alexander Percy but secretly loves Earl St Clair with whom she plans to elope. The lovers are outwitted by the crafty Percy, who abducts Lady Emily and imprisons her in a ruined tower in a dark forest. Meanwhile St Clair and Percy join the Duke of...

Farewell to Angria

Farewell to Angria   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
179 words

...that burning clime where we have sojourned too long—its skies flame—the glow of sunset is always upon it—the mind would cease from excitement and turn now to a cooler region’ (Alexander EW , p. 199). Following this statement, Charlotte wrote the commencements of several novels, few of which survive ( see ashworth ); not until The Professor was she satisfied with her ‘subdued’ composition. Brontë, Charlotte , Jane Eyre , ed. Richard Dunn (Norton 2nd edn.), 426; (3rd edn.), 424....

Drinkwater, John

Drinkwater, John (1882–1937)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
206 words

...best achievement as a poet: ‘they also have a great many passages of clear lyrical beauty, and they have something of the style that comes from a spiritual understanding, as apart from merely formal knowledge, of great models’. Drinkwater also owned the manuscript of Branwell's dramatic poem ‘Caractacus’ ( 26 June 1830 ; Brotherton) (see Neufeldt BBP , pp. 48–62; Alexander & Sellars, pp. 296–7). Drinkwater, J. (ed.), The Odes of Quintus Horatius Flaccus, book 1 , trans. Branwell Brontë (1923); repr. in The Miscellaneous and Unpublished Writings of...

Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of (fictional)

Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, Duke of (fictional)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
644 words

...lilies, and roses in the Sahara Desert, is the subject of duplicate manuscripts (Alexander EEW , 1. 130 and 349). Several stories illustrate his gift of prescience and possession of supernatural powers. In ‘Tales of the Islanders’ he is the chief governor of the Palace School, although he must delegate authority to his sons since he is preoccupied by political duties (the historical Wellington was prime minister of Britain at the time). In later stories Wellington adopts the role of elder statesman and benevolent but stern father to the increasingly wayward...

Brotherton, Lord

Brotherton, Lord   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
519 words

...heir, Dorothy Una Ratcliffe (later Mrs McGrigor Phillips ), and John Alexander Symington , his part‐time librarian. Symington has left an endearing glimpse of his patron, a great Yorkshire book collector and benefactor: ‘The late Lord Brotherton had a particularly charming way of asking, when books were placed before him, “And what is the excuse for this publication?” The explanation needless to say, had to be a detailed account of the author's intentions, the scope and utility of the work, together with an estimate of its worth and right to occupy an...

Bewick, Thomas

Bewick, Thomas (1753–1828)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,410 words

...Bewick's technical term ‘irides’, as in Eliza Millward 's eyes in Tenant having ‘the irids, black or very dark brown’, or Frances Henri in The Professor having ‘irids of bright hazel—irids large and full, screened with long lashes’ (ch. 18). The grim Hogarth‐like humour and small size of Bewick's vignettes would have appealed to the creators of the miniature magazines of Glass Town. Emily copied ‘The farmer's wife’ ( Alexander & Sellars , p. 371; titles from Alexander & Sellars not from Bewick's untitled sketches); Branwell copied ‘Farmyard scene...

‘Letters from an Englishman’

‘Letters from an Englishman’   Reference library

Victor Neufeldt

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
288 words

...return to Great Glass Town to witness an insurrection led by Alexander Rogue (Duke of Northangerland ), lends the government £13,000,000, for which Rogue sentences him to be executed after he captures the city, but is saved when the Twelves' forces recapture the city. Travelling again with Douro, he comes across Rogue in a remote area once more exhorting his followers to insurrection, is captured by them, witnesses the battle between the two forces and Rogue's ruthless execution of prisoners of war, the defeat of Rogue's forces by those of the Duke of...

Victoria, Queen

Victoria, Queen (1819–1901)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
488 words

...enterprise and empire, and her name is synonymous with the 19th century in style and achievement. She was the longest reigning monarch in British history. Emily Brontë appears to have been responsible for Princess Victoria 's presence in the Islanders' Play . The school rebellion in volume 2 of Charlotte's ‘Tales of the Islanders’ is based on intrigues associated with the accession of the young Princess Victoria (Alexander EEW , 1. 102). The earliest map of the Brontë children's play (see Alexander & Sellars, p. 156) indicates a province and city named...

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