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After Haggerty

A: David Mercer Pf: 1970, London Pb: 1970 G: Pol. com. in 2 ...

Prevention

Prevention   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Social Welfare and Social Services
Length:
5,661 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the environment itself. Moreover, the public health model encourages interdisciplinary cooperation because epidemic-sized problems or potentials know no professional boundaries. Another general perspective might be termed the intervention target model (Gordon, 1983 ; Mrazek & Haggerty, 1994 ), which distinguishes three categories of intervention from a medical model perspective: 1. A universal preventive intervention targets the general public or a whole population that has not been identified as having individual risks, so that the intervention benefits...

Child Welfare

Child Welfare   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...to prevent child maltreatment). Support services that are available to anyone qualify as a “universal” prevention program, whereas family support services aimed at families considered challenged or at risk, such as poor families, qualify as “selected” prevention (Mrazek & Haggerty, 1994 ). “Family preservation” as a distinct child welfare intervention targets families who are at relatively high risk of removal of the child or children (or families who need support for reunification with a child removed already). Child maltreatment has been identified in...

Social Work Education

Social Work Education   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...school in applied philanthropy” (cited in Haggerty, 1931 , p. 40). Within 10 years of Richmond's speech four schools of social work were organized including the New York School of Philanthropy, the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, the St. Louis School of Social Economy, and the School of Social Workers of Boston (Haggerty, pp 42–44). While accreditation and other forms of curriculum regulation were non-existent, all programs did include the study of welfare history and policy matters (Haggerty, p. 45). The need to study welfare policy was...

Alcohol and Drug Problems

Alcohol and Drug Problems   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...risks ( Marsiglia , Nieri , & Stiffman , 2006 ). Risk factors on the other hand are individual or environmental vulnerabilities associated with a higher likelihood that a negative outcome will occur ( Arthur , Hawkins , Pollard , Catalano, & Baglioni , 2002 ; Mrazek & Haggerty , 1994 ). Prevention programs work to strengthen protective factors and weaken or eliminate risk factors (Hawkins, Catalano, & Arthur, 2002 ). Although there is an ongoing debate about what constitutes a protective or a risk factor, some commonly identified protective factors...

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