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Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

(RE 141) son of M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and Caecilia Metella (1), hence stepson of L. Cornelius Sulla. Quaestor under Pompey c.65 bc, he intervened in Judaea and Nabataea, ...

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Current Version:
2008

... Scaurus, Marcus , first-century bce Roman aristocrat; Pompey's quaestor during the annexation of Syria and conquest of Judea, also Pompey's brother-in-law and husband of Pompey's (divorced) third wife; first Roman governor of Syria. According to Josephus ( Jewish Antiquities 14.29–33; The Jewish War 1.127–130), while Pompey was still in Armenia campaigning against Tigranes he sent Scaurus ahead to Syria. That would place Scaurus's mission no later than 66 bce , but the rest of Josephus's account seems to indicate that it is instead to be...

Shelamzion Alexandra

Shelamzion Alexandra  

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Religion
(r. 76–67 bce),Hasmonean queen, wife and successor of King Alexander Jannaeus of Judea; the only Jewish queen to hold power during the Second Temple period. Many scholars have assumed ...
Shelamzion Alexandra

Shelamzion Alexandra (76–67)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...inscriptions further supports this conjecture. The mention of Shelamzion in close proximity to Hyrcanus in the Calendrical Documents supplies the final confirmation of this thesis because it is the only ancient document mentioning the queen by her Hebrew name. [See also Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus ; Alexander Jannaeus ; Hasmoneans ; Pharisees ; and Sadducees .] Bibliography Clermont-Ganneau, Charles . Archaeological Researches in Palestine, during the Years 1873–1874 , vol. 1. London, 1989. See pages 386–392 for the earliest discussion of the queen's name,...

Rome

Rome   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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2008

...Civil war had broken out in Judea between Shelamzion Alexandra's two sons, John Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II , and each had taken advantage of the presence of the Romans in Syria to appeal for help, first from Pompey's legate, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, and then from Pompey himself. [See Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus .] The Romans did indeed intervene but in a way that neither Hyrcanus nor Aristobulus could have expected. For Pompey proceeded to conquer Jerusalem, desecrate the Temple, and impose his will upon the country. He sent Aristobulus II in...

Names and Naming

Names and Naming   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...names of several Hasmonean royalty are mentioned. King Jonathan (Yannai; Alexander Jannaeus) is mentioned in a hymn in his praise (4Q448); his wife Shelamzion (Alexandra) and his son Hyrcanus are mentioned in the fragmentary Calendrical Document C a (4Q322), and Aemilius (Marcus Aemilius Scaurus) is mentioned in Calendrical Document C d . On Masada the name of the leader of the rebels, ben Yair, may have been discovered inscribed on a potsherd (Mas437) and perhaps also the name of the high priest Hananiah (ben Nadbaios; Mas461). King Herod's name is recorded...

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