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A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

TASCHEREAU, Elzéar-Alexandre

TASCHEREAU, Elzéar-Alexandre (1820–1898)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Works “ Histoire du séminaire des missions étrangères de Québec, ” Le Canada français (Québec) second series 20 (1932–33): 628–34. Further Reading Canad Encyc , Dict Canad Bio Auclair, Elie-J. “Cardinal Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau (1820–1898),” in Figures canadiennes, Première série (Montréal, 1933), 22–30. Gosselin, David . “ Le Cardinal Taschereau (1820–1898) ,” La Semaine religieuse de Québec 10 (1897–98): 531–6. John R....

FITCH, Ebenezer

FITCH, Ebenezer (1756–1833)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...in a discourse, addressed to the candidates for the baccalaureate, in Williams College (Pittsfield, Mass., 1799). A Sermon delivered before the Missionary Society of Berkshire and Columbia at their annual meeting in Hudson, N.Y., September 20, 1814 (Stockbridge, Mass., 1814). Other Relevant Works Fitch’s papers are at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts . The Art of Writing reduced to a plain and easy system, on a plan entirely new (Worcester, Mass., 1809). Further Reading Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio Durfee, Charles . A Sketch...

BLACKWELL, Antoinette Louisa Brown

BLACKWELL, Antoinette Louisa Brown (1825–1921)   Reference library

Cicily Corbett

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Louisa Brown was born on 20 May 1825 in Henrietta, New York. In 1856 she married Samuel Blackwell , who backed Antoinette wholeheartedly, helping to raise their children so that she could work part-time and write. She died on 5 November 1921 in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Exposed by her family to the Protestant revivals of the age and religiously precocious, she was made a member of her Congregational church at age nine. She graduated from Oberlin College’s non-degree-granting Ladies Department in 1847 . She then enrolled as a “resident graduate” in the...

MOORE, Zephaniah Swift

MOORE, Zephaniah Swift (1770–1823)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Zephaniah Swift ( 1770–1823 ) Zephaniah Swift Moore was the second President of Williams College and the first President of Amherst College. He was born in Palmer, Massachusetts on 20 November 1770 . When he was eight years old, the family moved to Wilmington, Vermont. Moore was sent to Bennington for his schooling at Clio Hall, the recently-founded preparatory academy. He then attended Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, where John WHEELOCK was President and taught most of the classes. After graduating with the BA degree in 1793 , Moore began...

ESSON, Henry

ESSON, Henry (1793–1853)   Reference library

Charles A. Hobbs and John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Gabriel Street Church, on Tuesday, the 20 th of July, 1844 (Montréal, 1844). Statement Relative to the Educational System of Knox College, Toronto; with Suggestions for its Extension and Improvement (Toronto, 1848). A Plain and Popular Exposition of the Principles of Voluntaryism (Toronto, 1849). Other Relevant Works Strictures on the Present Method of Teaching the English Language and suggestions for its Improvement (Toronto, 1852). Further Reading Dict Canad Bio Fraser, Brian J. Church, College, and Clergy: A History of Theological Education at Knox...

TEN BROOK, Andrew

TEN BROOK, Andrew (1814–1899)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

... Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections and Researches , vol. 26 (Lansing, Mich., 1896), 241–55. “ Religion and the State, ” The Watchman (Boston) 85.20 (14 May 1903): 12. Other Relevant Works Ten Brook’s papers are at the University of Michigan . Trans. History of the Thirty Years’ War , 2 vols., by Antonin Gindely (New York, 1883–84). Further Reading Barnard, F. A. American Biographical History of Eminent and Self-made Men, Michigan Volume (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1878), 72–3. Farrand, Elizabeth M. History of the University of...

CHASE, Philander

CHASE, Philander (1775–1852)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

...He was elected as the first bishop of Illinois in 1835 , and he moved to a farm near Peoria. There he founded a seminary, Jubilee College, a few miles northwest of Peoria. Chase was a strong conservative force in the Episcopal church. He resisted any trends leaning towards traditions resembling the Catholic church on the one hand, and any novel practices arising from revivalist evangelism on the other. Chase died on 20 September 1852 in Jubilee, Illinois. Bibliography A Plea for the West: An appeal on behalf of Religion and Learning (Philadelphia,...

MILLEDOLER, Philip

MILLEDOLER, Philip (1775–1852)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

...in the Reformed Dutch Church, New Brunswick, N.J., July 20, 1831 (New York, 1831). Dissertation on Incestuous Marriage (New York, 1843). Other Relevant Works Milledoler’s papers are in the New York Historical Society in New York City . Further Reading Amer Nat Bio, Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV Demarest, David D. “Philip Milledoler, D.D.,” in Centennial of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in America (New York, 1885), 438–41. Demarest, W. H. S. A History of Rutgers College, 1766–1924 (New Brunswick,...

CARY, Mary Ann Shadd

CARY, Mary Ann Shadd (1823–1893)   Reference library

Shamina Sneed

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...the United States in 1860 and eventually settled in Washington, D.C. There she enrolled in Howard Law School. By then a widow, in 1869 , she and Lemma Barkaloo were the first women to enroll in law school, with Mary Ann being the first black woman to do so. This was Howard’s first class of students and also included Mary Ann ’s brother, Abraham , who was 20 years her junior. It took her fourteen years to complete her studies. Although it is unclear if she actually practiced as an attorney, Mary Ann used her legal education and orchestrated the ...

WHEDON, Daniel Denison

WHEDON, Daniel Denison (1808–1885)   Reference library

Charles Yrigoyen

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Daniel Denison ( 1808–1885 ) Daniel Denison Whedon was born on 20 March 1808 in Onondaga, New York, the son of Daniel Whedon and Clarissa Root . As a young boy, Whedon attended a Presbyterian Sunday school and was much influenced by Caleb Alexander , a clergyman and one of the founders of Hamilton College in upstate New York, although Whedon ’s mother and eldest brother were active Methodists. Deciding that his son should be a lawyer, Whedon ’s father placed him under the tutelage of Oliver C. Grosvenor in Rome, New York. At eighteen he was...

BATES, Joshua

BATES, Joshua (1776–1854)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Joshua ( 1776–1854 ) Joshua Bates was born on 20 March 1776 in Cohasset, Massachusetts. He went to Harvard College in 1797 , where Joseph WILLARD was President, entering with the sophomore class and graduating with the BA degree in 1800 as the class valedictorian. He taught at Phillips Academy in Andover during 1800–01 and he also studied theology with Reverend Jonathan French , the minister of South Church in Andover. Bates was ordained in 1803 and became the minister of the First Congregational Church in Dedham, Massachusetts. During this...

DAWSON, William

DAWSON, William (1704–1752)   Reference library

Karen D. Hoffman

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...on Several Occasions … by a Gentleman of Virginia , published in Williamsburg in 1736 , has been attributed to him. Dawson added the duties of President of the college after Blair’s death in 1743 . As the Professor of Moral Philosophy, he taught rhetoric, logic, intellectual philosophy, ethics, natural and civil law, and politics. Dawson was awarded a Doctor of Divinity degree from Oxford in absentia in 1747 after Governor Gooch campaigned for him to receive that honor. Dawson died on 20 July 1752 in Williamsburg due to a violent fever. Dawson’s...

BEASLEY, Frederick

BEASLEY, Frederick (1777–1845)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...and eternal being must be an omniscient mind. After receiving Beasley’s tract, U.S. President James MADISON wrote to Beasley on 20 November 1825 with his own view that reasoning from the evidences of natural world to its divine cause is more satisfactory to the limited human mind than purely abstract reasoning. Beasley responded to William Ellery CHANNING ’s Unitarianism with a defense of Trinitarianism in 1830 . This defense admits that comprehending the Trinity of three divine persons in one God is beyond any human understanding. However, the...

BUCHANAN, Joseph

BUCHANAN, Joseph (1785–1829)   Reference library

Cornelis de Waal

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...I. Woodbridge . American Philosophy: The Early Schools (New York, 1907), 373–96. Sonne, N. H. Liberal Kentucky: 1780–1828 (New York, 1939). Verhave, Thom . “ Joseph Buchanan (1785–1829) and the ‘Law of Exercise’ ,” Psychological Reports 20 (1967): 127–33. Cornelis de...

REESE, Thomas

REESE, Thomas (1742–1796)   Reference library

Andrew Black

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

... (Anderson, S.C., 1913). Stokes, Durward T. “ Thomas Reese in South Carolina ,” South Carolina Historical Magazine 74 (July 1973): 151–63. Witherspoon, J. R. “ Memoirs of the Late Rev’d Thomas Reese ,” Southern Presbyterian Review 6 (1853): 116–20. Andrew...

HAMMON, Jupiter

HAMMON, Jupiter (1711)   Reference library

Maurice Hamington

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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2013

...Complete Works of Jupiter Hammon of Long Island , ed. Stanley A. Ransom (New York, 1983). Further Reading Amer Nat Bio, Cambridge Dict Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Dict Lit Bio, WWWHV Brucia, Margaret A. “ The African-American Poet, Jupiter Hammon: A Home-born Slave and his Classical Name ,” International Journal of the Classical Tradition 7 (2001): 515–22. Nydam, Arlen . “ Numerological Tradition in the Works of Jupiter Hammon ,” African American Review 40 (2006): 207–20. O’Neale, Sondra A. Jupiter Hammon and the Biblical Beginnings of African-American...

KNEELAND, Abner

KNEELAND, Abner (1774–1844)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

...made a far greater spectacle by focusing on the supposed dangers of Kneeland’s radical social and political views. After three hung juries, the State finally obtained a conviction, which was upheld by Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw in Commonwealth v Abner Kneeland, 37 Mass. (20 Pick) 206 (Sup. Ct. Mass. 1838 ). Kneeland served sixty days in jail during the summer of 1838 . The resulting outcry and protest from leading intellectuals including Ralph Waldo EMERSON , William Ellery CHANNING , and William GARRISON put Massachusetts in a shameful...

OGILVIE, James

OGILVIE, James (1775–1820)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

...on 20 September 1820 . Philosophical Essays is notable for its epistemology, theory of scientific method, and its pragmatic version of Scottish common sense realism. Although Ogilvie starts from Humean principles, enough of John Locke is added so that little skepticism results. The order of connected ideas in the mind cannot perfectly match the order of the world. However, analysis of specific problems and careful induction will gradually bring associations of ideas into close harmony with observed natural patterns, so that human knowledge can make a...

WINSLOW, Hubbard

WINSLOW, Hubbard (1799–1864)   Reference library

John J. Tilley

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Current Version:
2013

...Reading Appleton’s Cycl Amer Bio, Dict Amer Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV Andover Theological Seminary. General Catalogue of the Theological Seminary, Andover, Massachusetts, 1808–1908 (Boston, 1908), 103. Anon. “ Obituary ,” The Historical Magazine 8 (September 1864): 319–20. Gilman, Marcus D. The Bibliography of Vermont (Burlington, Vermont, 1897), 337–8. John J....

CHAMPLIN, James Tift

CHAMPLIN, James Tift (1811–1882)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...The Oration of Demosthenes on the Crown (Boston, 1843; 2nd edn 1847). Ed. Select Popular Orations of Demosthenes (Boston, 1848; 2nd edn 1855). A Concise Practical Grammar of the English Language (New York, 1850). “ Bishop Butler ,” Christian Review 19 (July 1854): 391–407. “ Hume’s Philosophy ,” Christian Review 20 (April 1855): 219–40. Ed. Bishop Butler’s Ethical Discourses, and Essay on Virtue. Arranged as a treatise on Moral Philosophy (Boston, 1859). Ed. Bishop Butler’s Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of...

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