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A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

xilai yi

xilai yi (J.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...Congshen ’s ( 778–897 ) answer to this question is the famous gong’an: “Cypress tree in front of the courtyard” ( tingqian boshuzi ). Some of the other answers that appear in Chan literature include “sitting for a long time is a bother” ( Biyan lu , case no. 17), “there is no meaning in Bodhidharma’s coming from the west” ( Biyan lu , case no. 20), and “Zang’s head is white, Hai’s head is black” ( Biyan lu , case no....

Yungang

Yungang (J.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...into eastern, western, and central zones. Most of the best-preserved grottoes are found in the western zone, although Grotto No. 1 in the eastern section still contains numerous sculptures in relief. Grotto No. 5, located inside the entrance to the site, contains a giant buddha statue. Grottoes 16–20 are especially renowned for their five colossal buddha images. The iconographical features of the sculptures preserved at the Yungang caves are similar to those found in the contemporaneous cave complex at Dunhuang ; unlike Dunhuang, however, the Yungang caves...

Zhujing yao ji

Zhujing yao ji (J.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...( zhai ), (9) breaking fast, (10) wealth, (11) poverty, (12) leading others, (13) repaying debt to others, (14) releasing living beings, (15) the flourishing of merit, (16) choosing friends, (17) staying alert, (18) six classifications of beings ( gati ), (19) cause of karman, (20) desire and defilements, (21) four types of birth, (22) retributions, (23) ten evils, (24) deception, (25) laziness, (26) wine and meat, (27) divination, (28) hell, (29) mortuary customs, and (30) miscellaneous...

Kazi Dawa Samdup

Kazi Dawa Samdup (1868–1922)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...pursue the religious life but, as the eldest son in his family, was unable to do so. He was a disciple of a Bhutanese lama, one Guru Norbu, who was affiliated with the ’Brug pa bka’ brgyud sect. Kazi Dawa Samdup served as a translator for such figures as Alexandra David-Néel , Charles Bell, and John Woodroffe (Arthur Avalon) and also was a member of the political staff of the thirteenth Dalai Lama during his sojourn in Sikkim and India. In 1919 , he published a 20,000-word English–Tibetan dictionary. Also in 1919 , he was serving as the English teacher...

Mahāyānasūtrālaṃkāra

Mahāyānasūtrālaṃkāra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...( saṃgrahavastu ), through which bodhisattvas attract and retain disciples; (17) the worship of the Buddha; (18) the constituents of enlightenment ( bodhipākṣikadharma ); (19) the qualities of the bodhisattva; and (20–21) the consummation of the bodhisattva path and the attainment of buddhahood. There is a commentary ( bhāṣya ) by Vasubandhu and a subcommentary by Sthiramati...

ponsa

ponsa (C.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

... Sinhŭngsa , (4) Wŏlch’ŏngsa , (5) Pŏpchusa , (6) Magoksa , (7) Sudŏksa , (8) Chikchisa , (9) Tonghwasa , (10) Ŭnhaesa , (11) Pulguksa , (12) Haeinsa , (13) Ssanggyesa , (14) Pŏmŏsa , (15) T’ongdosa , (16) Kounsa , (17) Kŭmsansa , (18) Paegyangsa , (19) Hwaŏmsa , [(20) Sŏnamsa (control ceded to the rival T’aego chong )], (21) Songgwangsa , (22) Taehŭngsa , (23) Kwanŭmsa , (24) Sŏnunsa , and (25) Pongsŏnsa...

mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa

mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...(16) saptotsada—the seven parts of his body are well-proportioned; (17) siṃhapūrvārdhakāya—the upper part of his body is like a lion’s; (18) citāntarāṃsa—he has broad shoulders; (19) nyagrodhaparimaṇḍala—his body and limbs are perfectly proportionate and thus shaped like a fig tree; (20) susaṃvṛttaskandha—he has full, round shoulders; (21) rasarasāgra—he has an excellent sense of taste; (22) siṃhahanu—he has a jaw like a lion’s; (23) catvāriṃśaddanta—he has forty teeth; (24) samadanta—his teeth are even; (25) aviraladanta—his teeth are evenly spaced;...

Dazhidu lun

Dazhidu lun (J.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...the roster of śāstra materials collected in the Chinese Buddhist canon ( dazangjing ; see also Koryŏ taejanggyŏng ); this placement is made because it is a principal commentary to the prajñāpāramitā sūtras that open the sūtra section of the canon. Between 1944 and 1980 , the Belgian scholar Étienne Lamotte published an annotated French translation of the entire first section and chapter 20 of the second section as Le Traité de la Grande Vertu de Sagesse , in five...

viṃśatiprabhedasaṃgha

viṃśatiprabhedasaṃgha (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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...( śraddhādhimukta ) 16. One who attains through seeing ( dṛṣṭiprāpta ) 17. One who is liberated dependent upon particular occasions ( samayavimukta ). 18. One who is liberated regardless of occasion ( asamayavimukta ) 19. One who is liberated through wisdom ( prajñāvimukta ) 20. One who is liberated through both ways ( ubhayatobhāgavimukta ) Of these twenty, the first three are subdivisions of the first fruit, the next two of the second fruit, the sixth to twelfth of the third fruit, and the last two subdivisions of the fourth fruit of the arhat . The...

skandhaka

skandhaka (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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...the saṃgha. (18) ācāravastu: this section deals with conduct, especially in interactions with others, including laity, visiting monks, and forest-dwelling monks. (19) kṣudrakavastu: this section deals with miscellaneous minor rules. (20) bhikṣuṇīvastu: this section deals with the rules specific to nuns. The skandhaka begins with a biography of the Buddha that includes his genealogy, his birth, and his life up to the conversion of Śāriputra and Mahāmaudgalyāyana . It concludes with the story of the Buddha’s death and goes on to describe the first Buddhist...

Taishō shinshū daizōkyō

Taishō shinshū daizōkyō   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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...16. Treatises (vol. 32, nos. 1628–1692), e.g., Sūtrasamuccaya (no. 1635) Śikṣāsamuccaya (no. 1636) Dasheng qixin lun (nos. 1667–1668) 17. Chinese sūtra commentaries (vols. 33–39) 18. Chinese vinaya commentaries (vol. 40) 19. Chinese śāstra commentaries (vols. 40–44) 20. Chinese sectarian writings (vols. 44–48), e.g., Huayan school (vol. 45, nos. 1866–1890) Tiantai school (vol. 46, nos. 1911–1950) Pure Land school (vol. 47, nos. 1957–1984) Chan school (vols. 47–48, nos. 1985–2025) 21. Histories (vols. 49–52, nos. 2026–2120), e.g., Fozu...

pratyaya

pratyaya (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...consciousness (viññāṇa), which assist one another by association through sharing a common physical base, a common object, and arising and passing away simultaneously. (20) The dissociation condition (vippayuttapaccaya) refers to phenomena that assist other phenomena by virtue of not having the same physical base and objects. (21 and 24) The presence condition (atthipaccaya) and the nondisappearance condition (avigatapaccaya) refer to any phenomenon that through its presence is a condition for other phenomena. (22 and 23) The absence condition (natthipaccaya)...

Mūlamadhyamakakārikā

Mūlamadhyamakakārikā (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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2017

...agent, (9) prior existence, (10) fire and fuel, (11) the past and future limits of saṃsāra , (12) suffering, (13) the conditioned ( saṃskāra ), (14) contact (saṃsarga), (15) intrinsic nature ( svabhāva ), (16) bondage and liberation, (17) action and effect, (18) self, (19) time, (20) assemblage (sāmagrī), (21) arising and dissolving, (22) the tathāgata , (23) error, (24) the four noble truths , (25) nirvāṇa , (26), the twelve links of dependent origination ( pratītyasamutpāda ), and (27) views. The tone of the work is set in its famous homage to the Buddha,...

dazangjing

dazangjing (J.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Current Version:
2017

...16. Treatises (vol. 32, nos. 1628–1692), e.g., Sūtrasamuccaya (no. 1635) Śikṣāsamuccaya (no. 1636) Dasheng qixin lun (nos. 1667–1668) 17. Chinese sūtra commentaries (vols. 33–39) 18. Chinese vinaya commentaries (vols. 40) 19. Chinese śāstra commentaries (vols. 40–44) 20. Chinese sectarian writings (vols. 44–48), e.g., Huayan school (vol. 45, nos. 1866–1890) Tiantai school (vol. 46, nos. 1911–1950) Pure Land school (vol. 47, nos. 1957–1984) Chan school (vols. 47–48, nos. 1985–2025) 21. Histories (vols. 49–52, nos. 2026–2120), e.g., Fozu...

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