You are looking at 1-20 of 113 entries  for:

  • modern history (1700 to 1945) x
clear all

View:

Overview

A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

Hooper, John

Hooper, John (1555)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
362 words

...authorities condemned Hooper as a heretic. The account of his burning at the stake in February 1555 is one of the more memorable martyrologies in John Foxe's Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days ( The Book of Martyrs; 1563 ). That account and the radical reforms that Hooper advocated by personal example and through his writings all contributed to his reputation as a hero of the English Puritan movement. Primary Sources Hooper, John . Early Writings . Edited by Samuel Carr . Parker Society, vol. 20. Reprint, New York, 1968. ——. Later...

Mitmánek, Václav

Mitmánek, Václav (c.1510–c.1553)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
465 words

...especially pp. 197–206. Krofta, Kamil . “ Václav Mitmánek a Bratří” (Václav Mitmánek and the Czech Brethren) . Časopis Musea Království českého 91 (1917), 2–20, 143–156. A slightly one-sided apology of Mitmánek's relation to the Bohemian Brethren, minimizing the ideological differences between both parties. Krofta, Kamil , ed. Doktor Václav Mitmánek panu tatíkovi milému (Letters Written by Václav Mitmánek to His Father). Prague, 1931. Edition of Mitmánek's private correspondence from 1533–1553, with a synthetic biographical outline. Jaroslav...

Querini, Vincenzo

Querini, Vincenzo (1479–1514)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
376 words

...Minnich, Nelson , and Elisabeth G. Gleason . Vocational Choices: An Unknown Letter of Pietro Querini to Gasparo Contarini and Niccolo Tiepolo, April, 1512 . Catholic Historical Review 75 (1989), 1–20. Useful bibliography. Elisabeth G....

Ickelshamer, Valentin

Ickelshamer, Valentin (1500?–1547)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
451 words

...and of the Schmalkald War. Nothing further is known about him. He died sometime in Augsburg during the second half of 1547 . Looß, Sigrid . Der Rothenburger Schulmeister Valentin Ickelshamer: Position und Leistung . Zeitschrift für bayrische Kirchengeschichte 60 (1991) 1–20. Provides a critical summary of the research to date and new sources on Ickelshamer's biography and works. Verzeichnis der im deutschen Sprachbereich erschienenen Drucke des XVI. Fahrhunderts . Stuttgart, 1983–. See vol. 9, nos. 24–35. Sigrid, Looß Translated from German by Wolfgang...

Herbertszoon, Hermannus

Herbertszoon, Hermannus (1540–1607)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
470 words

...what Dordrecht had made of it. With Caspar Coolhaes , Cornelis Wiggerts, and others, Herbertszoon was one of the exemplars of a former latitudinarianism to which these historians pointed. Berg, A. J. van den . Herman Herberts (ca. 1540–1607) in conflict met de gereformeerde kerk. In Kerkhistorische opstellen aangeboden aan prof. dr. J. van den Berg , edited by C. Augustijn , P. N. Holtrop , and G. H. M. Posthumus Meyjes , pp. 20–29. Kampen, 1987. Overview of Herbertszoon's life and his relevance to the history of Dutch Calvinism; includes references to...

Polanco, Juan Alonso De

Polanco, Juan Alonso De (1517?–1576)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
398 words

... Chronicon (Madrid, 1894–1898 ), a six-volume account of Jesuit activities, 1537–1556 . His Methodus ad eos adiuvandos qui moriuntur (Rome, 1575 ) enjoyed several editions. Polanco was the logical choice as the fourth Jesuit general in 1573 , but his alleged Jewish ancestry and Gregory XIII 's desire that the new general not be another Spaniard probably worked against him; the electors chose a Belgian, Everard Mercurian . Dowling, Richard H. Juan de Polanco, S.J., 1517–1576 . Woodstock Letters 69 (1940), 1–20. Brief biography. Englander, Clara ....

Charles IX of Sweden

Charles IX of Sweden (1550–1611)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
409 words

...roles in the Uppsala Meeting (25 February- 20 March 1593 ), which defined the liturgical forms and confessional position of the church in Sweden; and his battles with the clergy over a variety of issues following the success of the revolution against Sigismund in 1598/99 , which left Charles first regent and subsequently king of Sweden. Although his personal religious position has been a matter of debate (Lutheran, Calvinist, scripturalist, etc.), he consistently supported the Protestant cause in Sweden. As duke of a large portion of central Sweden during the...

Dentière, Marie

Dentière, Marie (1561)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
424 words

.... The Religion of the ‘Femmelettes’. In That Gentle Strength , edited by L. Coon , K. Haldane , and E. Sommer . London, 1990, pp. 149–175. Rilliet, Albert , ed. La Guerre et deslivrance de la ville de Genesve . Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Genève, vol. 20. Geneva, 1881. Irena...

Böhme, Jakob

Böhme, Jakob (1575–1624)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
843 words

...1929. Pältz, Eberhard H. J. Böhme. In Theologische Realenzyklopädie , vol. 6, pp. 748–754. Berlin and New York, 1980. Contains a bibliography. Schulitz, John . J. Böhme und die Kabbalah . Europäische Hochschulschriften, ser. 20, vol. 370. Frankfurt a.M. and New York, 1993. Stoudt, John Joseph . Sunrise to Eternity: A Study in J. Böhme's Life and Thought . Philadelphia, 1957. Wehr, Gerhard . J. Böhme . Reinbeck, 1971. Contains a bibliography. Eberhard H....

Grumbach, Argula Von

Grumbach, Argula Von (1490)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
502 words

...in writing the dismissal and imprisonment of Ingolstadt instructor Arsacius Seehofer , who was accused of being a Lutheran. She kept her initial appeals secret, but the recipients allowed them to be published. They and her subsequent letters appeared in numerous editions in late 1523 and 1524 . Impressive are not only her courage but also her considerable knowledge of the Bible, from which she argued, though she read and wrote only German. On 20 September 1523 she addressed the theologians of the University of Ingolstadt, calling Seehofer's evangelical...

Campion, Edmund

Campion, Edmund (1540–1581)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
636 words

...and William Whitacre). Throughout Campion was given no warning, permitted only a Bible for consultation, and allowed to respond only to objections raised by his opponents. Tried on 20 November on the charge of high treason, he was found guilty and sentenced to death. He was executed at Tyburn on 1 December. In the subsequent martyrologies published by the English Catholics to justify their cause and to embarrass the Elizabethan government, Campion was consistently given a place of honor and held as an example of the type of person who professed...

Hergot, Hans

Hergot, Hans (1527)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
441 words

...by Michael Blum of Leipzig. In March 1527 two students had been arrested by the Leipzig city council for the same reason. The fugitive printer who had fled the city was to be arrested. Hergot was interrogated at the Court of Dresden and was executed as a rebel in Leipzig on 20 May 1527 , following a sentence of the Leipzig Council. “ Hans Hergot und die Flugschrift ‘Von der newen Wandlung eynes christlichen Lebens.’ Leipzig, 1977. Facsimile edition with annotations. Foreword by Max Steinmetz and appendix by Helmut Claus. Hoyer, Siegfried . Zu den...

Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot De

Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot De (1517–1586)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
390 words

...Antoine Perrenot De ( 1517–1586 ), French prelate and adviser to Philip II of Spain. Born in Besançon on 20 August 1517 , he was the son of Nicholas Perrenot de Granvelle, a leading counsellor of Emperor Charles V . Educated at Padua and Louvain, Antoine Perrenot was appointed bishop of Arras in 1538 and served the emperor and his son Philip II in various capacities until 1560 . In that year Philip made Perrenot archbishop of Mechelen, which meant that, under the king's new program of church reform, he would be primate of the Netherlands....

Sonnius, Franciscus

Sonnius, Franciscus (1506–1576)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
703 words

...Sonnius this century, it concentrates on references to him in contemporary anti-Catholic polemics and traces their authorship. Reliable, but limited by the author's inability to work with Belgian sources during World War I. Laar, L. J. A. van de . De katholieke restauratie te 's-Hertogenbosch, ca. 1525–1625 . Noordgouw 19–20 (1979–1983), 171–234. Gives narrative of episcopate in 's Hertogenbosch. Postma, F. Nieuw licht op een oude zaak: de oprichting van de nieuwe bisdommen in 1559 . Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 103 (1990), 10–27. Brilliant study of...

Cruciger, Caspar

Cruciger, Caspar (1504–1548)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
478 words

...Göttingen, 1983. Includes a brief look at Cruciger's Wittenberg years and literary efforts. Pressel, Theodor . Caspar Cruciger . Elberfeld, 1862. Schmidt, Oswald Gottlob . Caspar Crucigers Leben für christliche Leser insgemein: Aus Quellen erzählt . Leipzig, 1862. There being no modern biography, Pressel and Schmidt continue to serve as standard treatments of Cruciger's life and thought. Wengert, Timothy . Caspar Cruciger, 1504–1548: The Case of the Disappearing Reformer . Sixteenth Century Journal 20 (1989), 417–441. A careful rehabilitation of...

Naumburg, Declaration of

Naumburg, Declaration of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
431 words

...Declaration of . Negotiated and signed by German Lutheran princes who met at Naumburg (Thuringia) from 20 January to 8 February 1561 , the Declaration of Naumburg was a product of the theological conflicts that agitated German Lutheranism during the second half of the sixteenth century. At Naumburg the princes were attempting to build consensus in their territories through resubscription to the Augsburg Confession. The princes were concerned about the continuing disagreements over theology, as well as Roman Catholic accusations that the Lutherans had...

Riethoven, Maarten Van

Riethoven, Maarten Van (1511–1583)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
674 words

...in het bisdom Ieper, 1565–1626 . Handelingen van het Genootschap voor Geschiedenis 50 (1963), 7–67. Has much to say about the role of Riethoven in establishing the first seminary, which set a pattern for so many others in the Low Countries. Schrevel, A. de. Rythovius. In Biographie Nationale , vol. 20, cols. 725–763. Brussels, 1908–1910. A relatively lengthy, informative sketch, in French. Verhoeven, P. H. Maarten van Riethoven, eerste bisschop van Ieper: Geschiedkundige levensschets . Wetteren, Belgium, 1961. The major biography of...

Schatzgeyer, Kaspar

Schatzgeyer, Kaspar (1463–1527)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
551 words

...In 1525 Schatzgeyer was drawn into debate with Andreas Osiander over the Mass, prayers for the dead, and other Catholic rituals, as well as Osiander's personal attacks against him. That same year Schatzgeyer began to compose a larger work in Latin, Traductio Satanea , covering all disputed Catholic teachings. Only chapter 20, on predestination, remained unwritten at Schatzgeyer's death; the greater part was published in Latin and in German translation, as were most of the works. While missing their mark, in the sense that Schatzgeyer's conciliatory...

Stöckel, Leonard

Stöckel, Leonard (1510–1560)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
614 words

...Only a few of his works were published, and these were issued posthumously. Stöckel, moreover, cultivated the arts, wrote a tract on music theory, and may have been responsible for collecting the material included in the so-called Bardejov manuscript of Renaissance and early Reformation music preserved in Budapest. Stöckel died in 1560 , shortly after receiving a letter from Melanchthon, who, in the meantime, had also died. He was survived by his wife and six children. Hajduk, Andrej . Philipp Melanchthon und Leonhard Stöckel . Communio Viatorum 20 (1977),...

Heyden, Gaspar Van Der

Heyden, Gaspar Van Der (1530–1586)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
681 words

...offered the cloister at Frankenthal (south of Worms) from Elector Frederick III of the Palatinate. Together with Dathenus, Heyden became pastor in Frankenthal. In the summer of 1566 he returned to the Netherlands. From Antwerp, where an iconoclastic riot had broken out on 20 August, Heyden went to the northern Flemish towns of Axel and Hulst. There he preached from 24 to 29 August and organized further iconoclastic riots. In Antwerp again he joined those resisting the drift of the Reformed toward the Augsburg Confession. After the failure of the rebellion...

View: