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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

Meteor, Gloster

Meteor, Gloster   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...ground-attack fighter [Mark 8]). Wingspan 37 feet 2 inches; length 44 feet 7 inches; armament 4 × 20-mm cannon, bombs 2 × 500-pound or 8 rockets; maximum speed 590 m.p.h.; range 980 miles; power 2 × Rolls Royce Derwent turbojets. The first jet aircraft to fly with the RAAF was a Meteor Mark 3 on loan from the RAF used for tropical trials in 1946–47 until it crashed at Darwin. During the Korean War, when it became necessary to replace No. 77 Squadron's Mustangs with jets, the Australian government ordered the Meteor Mark 8 because the more advanced ...

‘Q’ Class Destroyers

‘Q’ Class Destroyers   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Class Destroyers Laid down 1940–41 , launched 1941–42 ; length 359 feet; beam 36 feet; displacement 1705 tons; armament 4 × 4.7-inch guns, 1 × 2-pounder pom pom guns, 6 × 20-mm anti-aircraft guns, 4 × depth-charge throwers, 8 × 21-inch torpedo tubes; speed 34 knots. HMA Ships Quiberon and Quickmatch were lent to Australia by Britain in 1942 . They saw service in the Mediterranean, where HMAS Quiberon helped sink the Italian submarine Dessie on 28 November 1942 , and in the South Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Netherlands East Indies and Australia. Their...

Sea Venom, De Havilland

Sea Venom, De Havilland   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Venom, De Havilland (Carrier-borne 2-seat all-weather fighter). Wingspan 42 feet 10 inches; length 36 feet 7 inches; armament 4 × 20-mm cannon, 8 × 60-pound rockets; maximum speed 560 m.p.h.; range 1000 miles, power 1 × De Havilland Ghost Mark 104 turbojet. The Sea Venom was ordered from Britain in 1951 as a replacement for the Sea Fury . They were delivered to HMAS Melbourne in the United Kingdom during 1955 and arrived in Australia in May 1956 . Four Fleet Air Arm squadrons received the new aircraft, three operating from the Melbourne and one...

Pelorus Class Light Cruisers

Pelorus Class Light Cruisers   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Class Light Cruisers Laid down 1897 , launched 1898–99 ; displacement 2100–2200 tons; length 314 feet; beam 37 feet; speed 20.5 knots; armament 8 × 4-inch guns, 8 × 3-pounder guns, 3 machine guns (after 1918 Psyche 2 × 4.7-inch, 2 × 3-pounder). Psyche and Pioneer were two light cruisers built for the RN which saw service with the Australian Squadron from 1903 to 1913 . In 1913 Pioneer was transferred to the RAN, followed by Psyche in 1915 . HMAS Pioneer spent the early part of the war in Western Australian waters where she captured two...

Victoria Cross

Victoria Cross   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...4 July 1918 Beatham, Robert Private 8th Battalion 9 August 1918 Birks, Frederick 2nd Lieutenant 6th Battalion 20 September 1917 Blackburn, Arthur Lieutenant 10th Battalion 23 July 1916 Borella, Albert Lieutenant 26th Battalion 17– 18 July 1918 Brown, Walter Corporal 20th Battalion 6 July 1918 Buckley, Alexander Temp. Corporal 54th Battalion 1– 2 September 1918 Bugden, Patrick Private 31st Battalion 26– 28 September 1917 Burton, Alexander Private 7th Battalion 9 August 1915 Carroll, John Private 33rd Battalion 7– 10 June 1917 Cartwright, George Private...

Canberra (I), HMAS

Canberra (I), HMAS   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Sea as part of Rear-Admiral John Crace's Task Force 44. On 7 August 1942 Canberra , with 48 other warships including Australia and Hobart , three US aircraft carriers and a battleship, provided support as US marines landed at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. It was off Guadalcanal just before 2.00 a.m. on 9 August that a Japanese fleet of seven cruisers and a destroyer took the Allied fleet by surprise in what became known as the Battle of Savo Island. Two torpedoes and over 20 salvoes of 8-inch shell hit Canberra in quick succession, killing 84...

Tanks, German, World War II-era

Tanks, German, World War II-era   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...The Panzerkampfwagen IA (Sd. Kfz. 101) weighed 5.3 tons and had 15 mm. of armor, a top speed of 24 MPH, a maximum range of 90 miles, two 7.92 mm machine guns, and a crew of two. The Panzer II was introduced in 1939 and some 647 were built by 1945 . The Panzerkampfwagen IIC (Sd. Kfz. 121) weighed 10 tons and had 15 mm. of armor, a top speed of 30 MPH, a maximum range of 124 miles, a 20 mm main gun and a 7.92 mm machine gun, and a crew of three. The Panzer III was introduced in September 1939 and some 5,644 were manufactured by the end of the...

Collins Class Submarines

Collins Class Submarines   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...( Collins , Farncomb , Waller , Dechaineaux , Sheean and Rankin) . Length 77.8 m; beam 7.8 m, draught 6.8 m; displacement (submerged) 3350 tonnes; displacement (surfaced) 3050 tonnes; diving depth 180+ m; propulsion one Jeumont Schneider 5.4 mW main motor, three Hedemora 18-cylinder four-stroke turbocharged diesels and three Jeumont Schneider generators; armament six forward weapon tubes for Mk 48 wire-guided torpedoes and Harpoon missiles; speed (dived) in excess of 20 knots; speed (surfaced) in excess of 10 knots; complement 45 (nine officers and 36...

Victorian Navy Ships

Victorian Navy Ships   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...speed 13 knots; armament 1867 —2 × 7-inch guns, 20 × 64-pounders, 20 × 32-pounders, 4 × 12-pounders; 1878 —2 × 7-inch guns, 20 × 64-pounders, 6 × 12-pounders; 1881 —2 × 7-inch guns, 2–4 × 64-pounders, 2 × 12.5-pounders, 2 × 10-pounders, 2 × 9-pounders, 2 × 6-pounders, 2 × 4.7-inch guns; 1887 —2 × 7-inch guns, 14 × 64-pounders. Cerberus : displacement 3340 tons; length 225 feet (overall); beam 45 feet; draught 15.5 feet; speed 9 knots (maximum), 6 knots (economical); armament 4 × 10-inch guns, 2 × 6-pounders, 8 × machine guns. Albert : displacement 370...

Khe Sanh, Siege of

Khe Sanh, Siege of (1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...seventy‐eight day siege began with an attack on an outlying position (Hill 861) on 20/ 21 January 1968 , coupled with a bombardment of the main base that destroyed much of the Marines' reserve ammunition. The force at Khe Sanh village withstood an attack the next night but was then withdrawn. There were several pitched battles for outposts but no more than probes at the combat base. These included the battles at Hill 861A ( 5 February ), Lang Vei ( 7 February ), and Hill 64 ( 8 February ). All the posts except Lang Vei were successfully defended. On 21...

Boer War, First

Boer War, First (1880–1)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...was refused they declared a republic once more on 16 December. The Orange Free State remained neutral throughout the war. Under the ‘commando’ military system the Transvaal fielded about 7,000 irregular mounted riflemen with no artillery, against about half that number of British regulars plus local volunteers. The fighting began with the wiping out of a British column on 20 December at Bronkhorstspruit, south of Pretoria, in an ambush led by Gen ‘Piet’ Joubert . Most of the 1,800 British troops in the Transvaal were scattered in small forts, all of which...

Zulu war

Zulu war (1879)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...of Ulundi on 4 July pitted Chelmsford's 5,300 troops (including 900 mounted men) against 20,000 Zulus, in a British victory climaxed by a cavalry charge. Chelmsford deliberately did not entrench or laager, determined to show that his troops could face Zulus in the open. He then withdrew from Ulundi and resigned his command on 8 July. Wolseley, frustrated at not arriving in time to command at Ulundi, saw the war to a conclusion with the pursuit and capture of Cetchewayo on 20 August. He was deposed as paramount chief and Zululand was annexed to British authority...

Amiens/Montdidier, battle of

Amiens/Montdidier, battle of (1918)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...of Germans along a 20 mile (32 km) front. The British Fourth Army, under Gen Sir Henry Rawlinson , comprising the British III Corps, the Australian Corps, and the Canadian Corps, plus XXXI Corps of the French First Army, concentrated for the attack: a total force of 18 infantry and 3 cavalry divisions, with 3,532 guns (2,070 of them British), 534 tanks—the largest number in any battle of the war—and about 1,000 aircraft of which 800 were British, from the newly formed RAF. The opposition in this area was the German Second Army with 7 weak infantry...

Australian Imperial Force

Australian Imperial Force   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...together with the 24th Brigade, which was transferred from the 8th Division and replaced by a new 27th Brigade, and the 20th Brigade, which was transferred from the 7th Division and replaced in that formation by the 18th Brigade. After the final reorganisation following the first Libyan campaign, the four divisions then overseas were organised as follows: 6th Division (16th, 17th, 19th Brigades); 7th Division (18th, 21st, 25th Brigades); 8th Division (22nd, 23rd, 27th Brigades); 9th Division (20th, 24th, 26th Brigades). As a result of the lessons of the early...

Mexican war

Mexican war (1846–8)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
764 words
Illustration(s):
1

...belt was outflanked with minimal casualties. No further organized resistance was encountered until the Americans approached Mexico City, where on 20 August Santa Anna's forces were defeated at the battles of Contreras and Churubusco, the latter featuring fanatical resistance by Irish deserters and volunteers organized in the San Patricio regiment. Last-ditch resistance was overcome at Molino del Rey on 8 September and at the fort of Chapultepec five days later, whose defenders included a group of boy military cadets, the niũos heróicos of Mexican...

hoplites

hoplites   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...into battle: corslet, greaves, and helmet; a double-grip, concave shield with bronze veneer; a wooden spear 7 to 10 feet (2.1 to 3 metres) long, and a secondary short iron sword. The helmet, breastplate, and greaves were constructed entirely of bronze, reaching a thickness of about a half-inch (1.27 cm), which provided substantial protection from the entry of most swords, missiles, and spears. The unusually large wooden shield of some 15–20 lb (6.8–9.1 kg) in weight, with a 3 foot (0.9 metre) diameter, covered half the warrior's body; its size and shape...

Logistic Support Force

Logistic Support Force   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...During the Pentropic era, 2nd Division was disbanded and rolled into Headquarters COMMZ on 1 January 1961 , centralising command of rear area CMF logistic units such as 16th and 21st Construction Regiments, 11th Port Regiment, 8th Railway Group, 11th Movement Control Group, 3rd Line of Communication Signal Regiment and 7th Supply Group, which were allocated to 1LSF for exercises and deployments. On 16 August 1965 , 2nd Division was re-raised with a HQ COMMZ and the 3rd Division included a HQ Support Group. By 1965 , 1LSF had relocated to Moore Park...

Russian Revolutions

Russian Revolutions (November 1917)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...planning; Lenin did not return to Petrograd from Finland until 29th. In Petrograd, the Bolsheviks could count on 20,000 ‘Red Guards’ ( krasnogvardeytsy )—card-carrying, armed members, up to 150,000 soldiers, and 80,000 sailors of the Baltic fleet. At 21.40 on 7 November a blank shot fired from the Baltic Fleet cruiser Aurora signalled the start of the assault on the Winter Palace, the seat of the provisional government. At 02.10 on 8 November the Bolsheviks seized control. The provisional government was arrested. The next night the gathered...

Aircraft, Royal Australian Air Force

Aircraft, Royal Australian Air Force   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...and used in Western Australia by No. 25 Squadron for anti-submarine patrols. 6 1942 Wedgetail , Boeing A30 The first RAAF Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft. 6 /08*– Transport aircraft 707, Boeing A20 Former civilian aircraft (four from Qantas) used as passenger transport and as inflight refuelling aircraft for F/A-18 Hornets. 7 1979–  737 BBJ, Boeing Variant of the Boeing 737 commercial airliner used for VIP transport. 2 2002–  BAC-111 A12 A British passenger jet used by No. 34 Squadron for VIP transport. 2 1967–90 Beaver, De Havilland...

Pearl Harbor, Attack on

Pearl Harbor, Attack on (1941)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Both considered sabotage from among the sizable Japanese population to be the main threat in Hawaii. On 7 December , Nagumo's force arrived 275 miles northwest of Oahu, and at 6:00 a.m. it launched the first attack wave, consisting of 49 bombers, 40 torpedo planes, 51 dive‐bombers, and 43 fighter aircraft ; this was followed by a second wave of 54 bombers, 78 dive‐bombers, and 36 fighters. The first wave arrived over Pearl Harbor at 7:55 a.m. (1:20 p.m. in Washington, D.C.), and the attack continued until 9:45 a.m. While Japanese fighters strafed the...

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