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7-20-8

(1907), a “comedy of to‐day” by Augustin Daly. [Daly's Theatre, 49 perf.] Portrait of a Lady, picture #728 at the annual Academy exhibition, so lovingly depicts a beautiful woman ...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...troubled, scores of new prisons, hospitals, and asylums continued to be erected. For the prosperous there were also important new buildings: Nash's Royal Opera House ( 1816–18 ) and Haymarket Theatre ( 1820–1 ), William *Wilkins 's University College, London ( 1827–8 ) and National Gallery ( 1834–8 ), Sir Robert *Smirke 's *British Museum ( 1823–46 ), Decimus Burton's ( 1800–81 ) Athenaeum Club ( 1827–30 ), and Charles *Barry 's Travellers' Club ( 1830–2 ). All these were London buildings, and indeed the war's end returned the capital to national...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...armed *insurrection or even revolution. The Luddite industrial disorder of 1811–13 , the widespread distress and radical protests of 1816–20 , and the agrarian revolt, industrial protests, and political riots of 1830–1 might all have sparked off an insurrection if the ruling authorities had lost their nerve or had reacted in a different way. Revolutionary conspirators did exist and did plan violent action in 1796–8 and in 1816–17 , but at no stage were they well organized, well led, well armed, or well supported. And at no point did the government or...

Industrialization

Industrialization   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,380 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...there was a major discontinuity in the form of population increase. Taking England and Wales alone, population rose from below 6.5 million in 1751 to almost 18 million in 1851 . The trebling of Britain's population in just over a century, if we take the figure to 1861 (20.1 million), seems the most startling parallel to economic growth. However, as has long been recognized, England and Wales did not possess the only rapidly increasing populations in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Other European populations were also growing,...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by George *Cruikshank ), and a number of antiquarian works: The Apocryphal New Testament ( 1820 ), Ancient Mysteries Described ( 1823 , on the peepshows, processions, and dramas of medieval London), The Everyday Book ( 1826–7 , dedicated to * Lamb , with contributions by * Clare ), and The Table Book ( 1827–8 , a second massive compilation). Appropriately enough, it was this down-market publisher who gave the urban crowd the concept of a popular cultural history. When first-generation Romantic poets are picked off for individual study, they...

aspect ratio

aspect ratio  

Of a fin or wing, the ratio of length to width. A high-aspect-ratio fin or wing tends to be long and thin, producing a high lift- or thrust-to-drag ratio.
academies

academies  

Are societies or institutions for the cultivation and promotion of literature, the arts or science, or of some particular branch of science such as medicine, for example, the Académie de ...
abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Darwinism

Darwinism  

The theory of evolution by natural selection, often used incorrectly as a synonym for the theory of evolution itself. The term ‘neo-Darwinism’ is often used to denote the ‘new synthesis’ (i.e. ...
television

television  

1. An electronic technology enabling the encoding and decoding of ‘moving images’ and synchronized sounds, together with their unidirectional, instantaneous, long-distance transmission and reception ...
Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin  

(1809–82)British naturalist, who studied medicine in Edinburgh followed by theology at Cambridge University, intending a career in the Church. However, his interest in natural history led him to ...
suicide

suicide  

The act of intentionally ending one's own life. A suicide pact is an agreement between two (or more) people to commit suicide together. See also euthanasia.
quarto

quarto   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
273 words

...leaves (eight pages) of quarto size (being a quarter of the sheet). The size of a quarto leaf will vary according to the paper manufacturer and to trimming by the papermaker or binder, but the average size for the early modern period is approximately 7 ½–9 ½ inches (19–24 cm) in length and 6–8 inches (15.5–20.5 cm) in width. Because of the wires across the width of the papermaker's mould or tray, quarto leaves will have the chain-lines running horizontally across the page. A printed or manuscript volume made up of gatherings of such leaves (which will most...

millenarianism

millenarianism   Reference library

and

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...such as the *French Revolution , reaching a crescendo at the turn of the century. In modern discussions of this phenomenon, a distinction is often made between premillennialism and postmillennialism. The former is the belief that the 1,000-year period prophesied in Revelation 20: 1–8 will see the literal return of Christ to rule the world before it comes to an end with the Apocalypse and the Last Judgement. Such a view often went hand in hand with the expectation of sudden, violent, and apocalyptic events. Postmillennialists generally believed that the...

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