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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Neoliberalism and Its Critics

Neoliberalism and Its Critics   Reference library

Patrick Bond

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
8,067 words

...More. The Guardian , 17 November. Group of 20 (2008) Concluding Statement. Washington, 15 November. At uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE4A82BU20081109 Group of 20 (2009) Global Plan for Recovery and Reform. London, 2 April. At news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7979606.stm Harvey, D. (2009) The G20, the Financial Crisis and Neoliberalism, Interview on Democracy Now!, New York, 3 April. At www.democracynow.org/2009/4/2/marxist_geographer_david_harvey_on_the Hutton, W. (2009) It’s Easy to Sneer, but this G20 Summit will Make a Difference. The Observer ,...

International Organization and Environmental Governance

International Organization and Environmental Governance   Reference library

Joshua William Busby

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
17,083 words

..., accessed August 20, 2009. Grist.org . At www.grist.org/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Mongabay.com . At www.mongabay.com/ , accessed August 20, 2009. New Scientist. At www.newscientist.com/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Real Climate.org . At www.realclimate.org/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Science. At www.sciencemag.org/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Scientific American. At www.scientificamerican.com/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Switchboard, NRDC blog. At http:/switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Third World Network...

The Political Economy of Intellectual Property

The Political Economy of Intellectual Property   Reference library

Debora Halbert and Ashley Lukens

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,158 words

...(MPAA) (2011). Content Protection . At www.mpaa.org/contentprotection , accessed May 20, 2011. Netanel, N. (2008) Copyright's Paradox . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Office of the United States Trade Representative (n.d.) Intellectual Property . At: http://www.ustr.gov/trade-topics/intellectual-property , accessed May 20, 2011. Open Society Institute (OSI) (2002). Budapest Open Access Initiative . At www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml , accessed May 20, 2011. Ostergard, R. , and NetLibrary, Inc . 2003. The Development Dilemma: The Political...

Women and Academic Organizations in International Studies

Women and Academic Organizations in International Studies   Reference library

Karen Erickson and Elisabeth Prügl

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,661 words

...Arguably, the association saw a cultural change in the 1990s. Indeed, since 1990 , the ISA membership has elected four female presidents (in addition to Helga Haftendorn, there were Susan Strange , Margaret Hermann , and J. Ann Tickner ), accounting for 20 percent of all presidents in the 20-year period from 1990 to 2009 . This is still lower than female membership in the association which, according to Sarkees, was 31 percent in 2003 (cited in Henehan and Sarkees 2006 :13). It is striking that two of the recent female presidents were European...

The Interaction of Theory and Data

The Interaction of Theory and Data   Reference library

James D. Morrow

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
5,746 words

...Press. Reed, W. 2003. Information, Power, and War. American Political Science Review (97) (4), 633–41. Sarkees, M.R. n.d. The COW Typology of War: Defining and Categorizing Wars (Version 4 of the Data) . At www.correlatesofwar.org/COW2%20Data/WarData_NEW/COW%20Website%20-%20Typology%20of%20war.pdf , accessed September 2011. Sarkees, M.R. and Wayman, F. 2010. Resort to War: 1816–2007 . Washington, DC: CQ Press. Schultz, K.A. 2001. Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy . New York: Cambridge University Press. Signorino, C.S. 1999. Strategic...

Incorporating Women into International Studies: Working Their Way In

Incorporating Women into International Studies: Working Their Way In   Reference library

Meredith Reid Sarkees and Marijke Breuning

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,308 words

.... accessed July 20, 2009. A nonprofit organization dedicated to research on women’s leadership. Some of the unpublished studies on the status of women are available. ISA Committee on the Status of Women. At www.isanet.org/committees/2007/03/committee-on-th.html , accessed July 20, 2009. Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations ( SHAFR ). At www.shafr.org , accessed July 20, 2009. Provides blogs and information about current foreign relations. US Department of Education. At http:/nces.ed.gov , accessed July 20, 2009. Provides...

Land Reform and Landless Movements

Land Reform and Landless Movements   Reference library

Wendy W. Wolford and Timothy Gorman

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,208 words

..., accessed Sept. 20, 2010 . Journal of Peasant Studies , at www.tandf.co.uk/journals/jps , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 and Journal of Agrarian Change , at www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1471-0358&site=1 , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 . The top two academic journals in which informed, critical articles about land reform regularly appear. Land Research Action Network, at www.landaction.org/spip/?lang=en , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 , and the Transnational Institute, at www.tni.org/work-area/agrarian-justice , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 , are scholarly and...

The Past and Future of the Scientific Study of International Processes

The Past and Future of the Scientific Study of International Processes   Reference library

Zeev Maoz

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,472 words

... (20) (3), 207–24. Cranmer, S.J. , and Desmarais, B.A. 2011. Inferential Network Analysis with Exponential Random Graph Models. Political Analysis (19) (1), 66–86. Cusack, T.R. , and Stoll, R.J. 1990. Exploring Realpolitik: Probing International Relations Theory with Computer Simulation . Boulder, CO: Lynne Riener. Dafoe, A. 2011. Statistical Critiques of the Democratic Peace: Caveat Emptor. American Journal of Political Science (55) (2), 247–62. Diehl, P.F. 1983. Arms Races and Escalation: A Closer Look. Journal of Peace Research (20)...

Indigenous Rights in International Law

Indigenous Rights in International Law   Reference library

Cher Weixia Chen

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,265 words

...of Intellectual Property Rights. Northwestern University Law Review (89), 1678–1730. International Indian Treaty Council . (2004) Assessment of the Implementation of the Programme of Activities of the International Decade . At http://www.treatycouncil.org/I...20Review%20of%20the%20Decade2.pdf . International Labor Organization . (2014a) History of ILO's Work, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples . At http://www.ilo.org/indigenous/...storyofILOswork/lang-en/index.htm , accessed November 2014. International Labor Organization . (2014b) Convention No. 107...

Russian Security and Nuclear Policies: Successor to the Superpower Arsenal?

Russian Security and Nuclear Policies: Successor to the Superpower Arsenal?   Reference library

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,024 words

...to Yeltsin . New York: St. Martin's Press. Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation [In Russian] (2010) Official Portal of the President of Russia (Feb. 5) . At http://news.kremlin.ru/ref_notes/461 , accessed May 20, 2011. Unofficial English translation at www.sras.org/military_doctrine_russian_federation_2010 , accessed May 20, 2011. Miller, S. (1995) Russia and Nuclear Weapons. In G. Quester (ed.) The Nuclear Challenge in Russia and the New States of Eurasia . Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe, pp. 89–100. Miller, S. (2004) Moscow's Military Power: Russia's...

Labor Migrations and the Global Political Economy

Labor Migrations and the Global Political Economy   Reference library

M. Scott Solomon

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,723 words

.... Oxford: Oxford University Press. McHale, J. (2005) Taxation and Skilled Indian Migration to the United States: Revisiting the Bhagwati Tax. Unpublished working paper. At web.business.queensu.ca/faculty/jmchale/research1/Taxation%20and%20Skilled%20Migration%20to%20the%20Uniited%20States%20%20Revisiting%20the%20Bhagwati%20Tax.pdf , accessed July 29, 2009. Mountford, A. (1997) Can a Brain Drain be Good for Growth in the Source Economy? Journal of Development Economics 53 (2) 287–303. Ottaviano, G. , and Peri, G. (2008) Immigration and National Wages:...

International Organizations and Economic Governance

International Organizations and Economic Governance   Reference library

Wesley W. Widmaier

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
7,849 words

...ways, marked by concerns for the influence of the Global Financial Crisis as a material and intersubjective “critical juncture,” as a more specific paradigmatic shock to policy practices, and as a source of ongoing institutional and policy reforms in settings like the Group of 20 (G20) and Financial Stability Board (FSB). First, in the post–Global Financial Crisis context, US hegemony – both in its material and social leanings – has come under increasing pressure. In a basic material sense, the Global Financial Crisis made manifest an emergent shift in the global...

What is Theory?

What is Theory?   Reference library

Patrick Thaddeus Jackson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,099 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Global Security Matrix. At www.watsoninstitute.org/globalsecuritymatrix/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Features efforts by IR theorists to identify and conceptualize security threats; draws on a diverse set of theoretical perspectives. Theory Talks. At www.theory-talks.org/ , accessed August 20, 2009. An archive of interviews and speeches by prominent IR theorists. Covers a variety of approaches. The IR Theory Website. At www.irtheory.com/ , accessed August 20, 2009. Wiki-like collection of thumbnail definitions of different IR theories. Focused mainly...

Immigrant Integration, Naturalization, and Citizenship

Immigrant Integration, Naturalization, and Citizenship   Reference library

Martin A. Schain

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,132 words

...accessed Mar. 20, 2009. This site, owned by the German Federal Ministry of the Interior, is a rich source of information on the evolving policies of integration in Germany. INSEE. At www.insee.fr/en/insee-statistique-publique/default.asp , accessed Mar. 20, 2009. The official source of statistics and census information for France. It also has links to other European sources. It is a rich source of statistics and census information on immigration and integration. Migration Information Source. At www.migrationinformation.org , accessed Mar. 20, 2009. A site...

Progress in the Democratic Peace Research Agenda

Progress in the Democratic Peace Research Agenda   Reference library

Steve Chan

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,839 words

... 20 (4), 183–96. Enterline, A.J. (1998) Regime Change and Interstate Conflict, 1816–1992. Political Research Quarterly 51 (2), 385–409. Enterline, A.J. , and Greig, J.M. (2005) Beacons of Hope? The Impact of Imposed Democracy on Regional Peace, Democracy and Prosperity. Journal of Politics 67 (4), 1075–98. Eyerman, J. , and Hart, R.A., Jr . (1996) An Empirical Test of the Audience Cost Proposition. Journal of Conflict Resolution 40 (4), 597–616. Farber, H.S. , and Gowa, J. (1995) Polities and Peace. International Security 20 (2),...

Public Goods in International Politics

Public Goods in International Politics   Reference library

Brian Urlacher

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,701 words

...Public Goods. At www.sdnp.undp.org/gpgn/ , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 . A clearinghouse for information related to global public goods. The Knowledge portal contains links to academic, policy, and news articles related to public goods. The discussion forum makes it possible to subscribe to and participate in online debates related to global public goods. Global Policy Forum: Global Public Goods. At www.globalpolicy.org/social-and-economic-policy/global-public-goods-1-101.html , accessed Sept. 20, 2010 . Global Policy Forum has organized their materials...

International Relations and the Study of Global Environmental Politics: Past and Present

International Relations and the Study of Global Environmental Politics: Past and Present   Reference library

Dimitris Stevis

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
18,215 words

...20, 2009. An important Southern voice and a facilitator of global civil society networking. United Nations Environment Programme ( UNEP ). At www.unep.org/ , accessed May 20, 2009. A source of important research and initiatives. World Resources Institute (US, 1982 – ). At www.wri.org/about , accessed May 20, 2009. An important managerial think tank which has been publishing the influential World Resources Report in collaboration with UNEP, UNDP, and the World Bank. Worldwatch Institute (USA, 1974 – ). At www.worldwatch.org/ , accessed May 20,...

Political Demography

Political Demography   Reference library

Tadeusz Kugler and Jacek Kugler

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,465 words
Illustration(s):
13

...generally opposes restrictions on services already provided while demanding increased investments in their health and well-being. The total population of the country is projected to decline by nearly 20 million people over the next 40 years, creating a situation in which the most pressing domestic political question is one of civic engineering. What to do with 20 million people worth of houses, schools, businesses, and all the other infrastructure of a developed society? Life Expectancy and the Outcomes of Success The average life span of members of a society...

International Communication in Social Movements and Interest Groups

International Communication in Social Movements and Interest Groups   Reference library

Kenneth Rogerson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
6,891 words

...and disseminated quickly and then taken down just as quickly. During the 2000 US presidential election, a group of activists followed the three presidential debates around the country, mobilizing protestors through quickly created websites whose URLs were www.(the%20day%20of%20the%20debate).org . Though the protests did not result in a large number of protestors, some believe that the participation was increased because of these sites. Other techniques for mobilization have included encouraging mass emails through a website, providing contact...

Women National Leaders

Women National Leaders   Reference library

Francine D’Amico

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
7,448 words
Illustration(s):
1

...9%. The IPU data also indicate that women are 33% or more of national legislators in just 17 countries. Women are 25% or more of national legislators in 41 countries. Women comprise between 20 and 25% of national legislators in 24 additional countries, such that in a total of 65 of 192 independent countries, or just one third of UN member states, women are at least 20% of the top law makers. In the two highest-ranked countries of Rwanda and Sweden, women are nearly half of national legislators at 56.3% and 47.3%, respectively; next highest in rank order are...

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