You are looking at 1-9 of 9 entries  for:

  • Environment x
clear all

View:

Overview

20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

post-traumatic stress disorder

post-traumatic stress disorder   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
172 words

...does not recede over time. People diagnosed with PTSD usually experience emotional numbness, sleep disturbances, anxiety, intense guilt, depression, irritability, or outbursts of anger. Studies indicate prevalence rates of up to around 30–40 per cent among disaster survivors and 10–20 per cent among rescue workers. A study found that PTSD prevalence rates in Nicaragua were twice as high in areas affected by the 1998 Hurricane Mitch compared to non-affected areas. Factors such as death in the immediate family, destruction of houses, being female, and having a...

Emergency Events Database

Emergency Events Database   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
141 words

...Emergency Events Database ( EM-DAT ) A global database on natural and technological disasters that contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of more than 20,000 disasters that have happened in the world since 1900 . EM-DAT was created with the initial support of the WHO and the Belgian government and is managed and updated by the non-profit institution, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, in Belgium. The international disaster database includes geographical, temporal, human, and economic information on disasters at...

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
195 words

...preparedness and response ; (iii) facilitate durable and sustainable recovery that goes hand in hand with development. IFRC has set up a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to ensure that immediate financial support is available to respond to disasters. In 2014 around $20 million were allocated to operations primarily in Africa that responded to epidemics , floods , and conflict. IFRC annually publishes a World Disasters Report about disasters and disaster prevention, preparedness, and relief. The reports are available here: ...

risk

risk   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
240 words

...resonating well with the broad interpretation of ‘risky business’ as an activity you venture into knowing that there is a likelihood of loss involved, but also a chance of winning in the form of profit, security, comfort, etc. Risk thinking came to dominate the Western world in the 20th century with advanced methodologies for risk assessment being developed by the petrochemical and nuclear power industries as a consequence of the need for risk management and risk communication in industrialized societies. In the 1980s and 1990s sociologists Anthony Giddens...

shelter

shelter   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
200 words

...or heat. Shelters can help disaster victims maintain their livelihoods in the recovery phase. Rapid shelter solutions include tents, materials to build or repair homes, or temporary accommodation in public buildings. During the 2005 Hurricane Katrina, for example, more than 20,000 people took refuge in the Louisiana Superdome. Shelter assistance involves more than the mere physical rebuilding of houses. Ideally, shelter assistance needs to take into account the livelihoods and legal status of its users, ensure their privacy and dignity, as well as...

uncertainty

uncertainty   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
176 words

...to the concept of risk and forms a core part of the ISO 31000 standard for risk management which states that risk is the ‘effect of uncertainty on objects’. However, following from economist Frank Knight’s 1921 definition of risk as quantifiable and uncertainty as not, the 20th century saw a practical separation of the two concepts with a major focus on quantitative risk assessments , etc. Uncertainty can be divided into objective and subjective uncertainty: the first deals with aleatory uncertainty (caused by randomness), epistemological ...

famine

famine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
193 words

...mortality rates should exceed 2/10,000/day; (ii) a global acute malnutrition rate (wasting) for more than 30 per cent of the population; (iii) there needs to be a gap between the level of food consumption required to meet nutrition need and actual food consumption for more than 20 per cent of the...

avalanche

avalanche   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
268 words

...affect critical infrastructure (roads, electric grids, buildings, and telecommunication networks). The most severe avalanche in modern times was the 1970 Peruvian earthquake-induced rock and snow avalanche on Mount Huascaran that buried many small towns, killing an estimated 20,000 people. Disaster management measures include: (i) setting up agencies for identification and monitoring of avalanche-prone mountain slopes; (ii) drawing on lessons learned from national and local records of past avalanches in the area; (iii) surveying and mapping likely avalanche...

volcanic eruptions

volcanic eruptions   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Disaster Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Environment, Sociology
Length:
293 words

...volcanic hazards create fewer disasters and deaths compared with earthquakes and hurricanes . The impacts are usually confined to those living close to the volcano. However, volcanic eruptions have been known to cause high fatalities, most recently in 1985 , when more than 20,000 Colombians died in a volcanic eruption. Most fatalities associated with contemporary volcanic disasters are caused by secondary impacts such as crop damage and polluted water. The massive population movements (fleeing the lava flows and ash clouds) could also lead to a collapse...

View: