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20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

haptoglobin

haptoglobin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
76 words

...DNA typing , this was one of the systems that could be typed in bloodstains using electrophoresis. There are three types of haptoglobin with 2-1 being the most common, found in approximately 40–50 per cent of the population depending on race. Type 1 is shown by about 20–30 per cent and type 2 by 20–35 per...

dermatoglyphics

dermatoglyphics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
47 words

...The scientific study of the markings and patterns on skin, such as the ridge patterns in fingerprints. The term was coined in the early 20th century and refers to a generalized study of markings on skin surfaces and is not a synonym for forensic fingerprint...

Helpern, Milton

Helpern, Milton (1902–77)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
66 words

...to hold the job of Chief Medical Examiner in the city of New York from 1954 to 1973 . He was co-author of a textbook entitled Legal Medicine and Toxicology , published in 1937 , considered to be one of the most important in the field published in the United States during the 20th...

marijuana

marijuana   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
112 words

...into rope or clothing products. The active ingredient in marijuana and its derivatives is Δ 9 −tetrahydrocannibinol, usually abbreviated simply as THC . Hashish or hash oil is the oily resin excreted by the flowering tops and has a higher concentration of THC, in the range of 10–20 per...

Marsh, James

Marsh, James (1794–1846)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
128 words

...James ( 1794–1846 ) A distinguished English chemist best known for the development of a reliable test for the presence of arsenic in tissues. The test variants were used by forensic toxicologists well into the 20th century, when methods of instrumental analysis such as atomic absorption ( AA ) eventually replaced it. Marsh was also the first to present the results of an analytical toxicology analysis in court in the year 1836 , and his test was used by M. J. B. Orfila , who is considered to be the father of modern forensic toxicology. The Marsh...

Sacco and Vanzetti case

Sacco and Vanzetti case   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
133 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Vanzetti case A landmark case involving firearms evidence. On 20 April 1920 , a robbery took place in South Braintree, Massachusetts, in the United States. The robbery was perpetrated by five men and during the course of the crime a paymaster and guard were killed. A month later, two men, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti , both Italians, were charged with the crime. A .38 pistol was recovered from Vanzetti, but it could not be conclusively tied to any of the evidence recovered. Bullets were recovered from the body (0.32 ACP calibre), and Sacco...

morphine

morphine   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
132 words
Illustration(s):
1

...A derivative of opium that constitutes anywhere from approximately 5 to 20 per cent of the extract. Morphine is also a metabolite of some of the opiate alkaloids such as heroin. The name ‘morphine’ comes from the name of the Greek god of dreams, Morpheus. Morphine was first extracted from opium in the early 1800s and by the middle of the century was widely used for its potent pain relieving ability desperately needed by the wounded in that conflict. Morphine is classified as a narcotic analgesic (pain reliever) that in large doses can cause...

Lindbergh kidnapping

Lindbergh kidnapping   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Forensic Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Science and technology, Law
Length:
328 words

...emerging forensic science procedures and capabilities. Charles A. Lindbergh became a national and international hero in 1927 after flying the Atlantic alone in the Spirit of St Louis . He later married Anne Morrow and their first child, a son named Charles Jr. , was 20 months old when he was kidnapped around 9.30 p.m. on 1 March 1932 . The child's body was later found in woods close to the home. The arrest of the primary suspect, Bruno Hauptmann did not occur until 1934 .During the time between the kidnapping and murder of the child and ...

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