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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Ecuador

Ecuador   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...The patriot Francisco de Miranda created Ecuador's flag in 1806. The armies of Simón Bolívar, who liberated much of South America, fought under this flag. At the centre is Ecuador's coat of arms, showing a condor over Mount Chimborazo, Ecuador's highest peak at 6267m (20...

Wallis and Futuna

Wallis and Futuna   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
296 words
Illustration(s):
1

...appointed members. See also Country data table http://www.wallis-et-futuna.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture of Wallis and Futuna official site https://la1ere.francetvinfo.fr/wallisfutuna/ Wallis and Futuna online news (1ére TV channel) https://www.radionz.co.nz/tags/Wallis%20And%20Futuna Radio New Zealand Wallis and Futuna online news ...

Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Islands Basic information Land area: 260 sq. km People: Mixed ancestry 40%, black 20%, white 20%, expatriates 20%. Language: English Religion: Protestant 68%, Roman Catholic 14%, other 8% Government : Overseas territory of the UK Population (2017 estimate): 62,000 Percentage urban: 100% Population estimate for 2035: 74,000 Life expectancy at birth 2014: 83.9 (F), 78.4 (M) Capital city: George Town, 31,000 Currency: Cayman Islands dollar Major exports: financial services, turtle products GDP per head, $PPP...

Grenada

Grenada   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
558 words
Illustration(s):
1

...are black, while a minority are of mixed race. The country’s fertile soil and abundant rainfall allow a tenth of the population to make a living as small farmers. Apart from growing food crops, they also specialize in nutmeg and cocoa. Agricultural exports (cocoa, and around 20 per cent of the world's nutmeg production) are the most important export goods. In 2018 significant offshore oil and gas reserves were found. The main source of foreign exchange is now tourism. There are more than 130,000 annual stopover visitors, and around 240,000 arrive on cruise...

Guinea

Guinea   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,208 words
Illustration(s):
2

...to increase food production and to diversify into cash crops such as coffee, cotton, and fruits. This has required extensive investment in infrastructure, particularly in roads. Agriculture now accounts for 20 per cent of GDP. Guinea’s fortunes, however, still depend critically on bauxite and other natural resources. Mining accounts for over 20 per cent of GDP and 90 per cent of exports. It has half of global reserves of bauxite (the raw material for aluminium)—which are to be found both in the coastal region and in Upper Guinea. The country exports both...

Monaco

Monaco   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
327 words
Illustration(s):
1

...services GDP per head, $PPP (2012): $73,200 The country Embedded in France’s Mediterranean coast, and less than two square kilometres in surface area, Monaco is the smallest country in the UN, though landfill and reclamation from the sea have increased the area by 20 per cent over the past fifty years. Monaco is highly dependent on France: and almost half its residents are French citizens attracted in part by the lack of income tax. The economy The primary industry is tourism—four-star and upwards. The casino in the Monte Carlo district is...

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
346 words
Illustration(s):
1

...meet the requirements of Australian regulations. See also Country data table http://www.norfolkisland.gov.nf/ Norfolk Island Regional Council official site http://www.norfolkonlinenews.com/residents.html Norfolk online news site https://www.radionz.co.nz/tags/Norfolk%20Island Radio New Zealand Norfolk Island online news ...

Luxembourg

Luxembourg   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
678 words
Illustration(s):
2

... 84.1 (F), 79.6 (M) Capital city: Luxembourg, 107,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: financial services, steel, chemicals, rubber products GDP per head, $PPP (2016): $105,882 Human Development Index rank: 20 out of 188 Gender Equality Index rank: 13 out of 159 Environmental Performance Indicator rank: 20 out of 180 The country The northern one-third of Luxembourg is mountainous, with dense forests. The more fertile part of the country is in the southern two-thirds—the rolling plains of the ‘Bon Pays’. Luxembourg’s people...

American Samoa

American Samoa   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
498 words
Illustration(s):
1

...American Samoa Basic information Land area: 199 sq. km People: Samoan 92%, Asian 3%, other 5% Language: Samoan, English, Tongan Religion: Protestant 80%, Roman Catholic 20% Government: Administered by the USA Population (2017 estimate): 56,000 Percentage urban: 87.2% Population estimate for 2035: 58,000 Capital city: Pago Pago, 3,700 Currency: US dollar Major exports: tinned tuna GDP per head, $PPP (2013 estimate): $13,000 The country American Samoa is a US territory in the South Pacific. It consists of...

Aruba

Aruba   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
471 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Evelyn Wever-Croes of the People’s Electoral Movement. Venezuela became increasingly concerned that its citizens were smuggling gold out of the country through Aruba, and closed all air and sea routes in January 2018 for three months. As the situation in Venezuela worsened, up to 20,000 Venezuelan migrants reached Aruba, and the responsibility for their care led to disputes between Aruba and the Netherlands. In response to perceived support of the Netherlands for the Venezuelan opposition, all air and sea routes were again closed by Venezuela in February...

Christmas Island

Christmas Island   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
405 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Christmas Island Basic information Land area: 135 sq. km People: Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10% Language: English Religion: Buddhist, Christian, Muslim, other Government: Territory of Australia Population (2015 estimate): 1,530 Capital city: The Settlement Currency: Australian dollar Major exports: phosphates Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean, 350 km (200 miles) south of Java, was left largely uninhabited until the discovery of phosphates at the end of the nineteenth century. Most subsequent mining work was done...

Cook Islands

Cook Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
419 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Pacific Ocean, discovered by Captain Cook in 1773 . Most Cook Islanders are of mixed Polynesian descent and speak Cook Islands Maori as well as English. More than half are on the island of Rarotonga. Many have also emigrated: there are 60,000 Cook Islanders in New Zealand and 20,000 in Australia. In 2016 over half its population was rated as obese according to the World Health Organization, amongst the highest figures in the world. The economy Around one-fifth of the islanders depend on agriculture. There is also some industry, including the manufacture...

British Indian Ocean Territory

British Indian Ocean Territory   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
469 words
Illustration(s):
1

...tracking station. The airstrip can handle the largest military aircraft and the satellite tracking equipment includes one of the four tracking stations for the Global Positioning System. The initial lease agreement expired at the end of 2016 , but was then renewed for a further 20 years. Part of the arrangement involved the forcible removal all the residents of the Chagos archipelago, and by 1973 around 2,000 residents had been resettled in Mauritius, the Seychelles, and the UK. There are continuing legal disputes between the Chagossians (now numbering around...

Latvia

Latvia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,173 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Latvia Basic information Land area: 65,000 sq. km People: Latvian 61%, Russian 26%, Belarusian 4%, Ukrainian 2%, Polish 2%, other 5% Language: Latvian, Russian Religion: Lutheran 20%, Orthodox 15%, other Christian 1%, other 64% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 1.95 million Percentage urban: 67.4% Population estimate for 2035: 1.68 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 79.0 (F), 69.3 (M) Capital city: Riga, 621,000 Currency: Euro Major exports: timber, wood products, machinery, metals, foodstuffs...

Pakistan

Pakistan   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,001 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Pakistan Basic information Land area: 796,000 sq. km People: Punjabi 45%, Pathan 15%, Sindhi 14%, Sariaki 9%, Muhagirs 8%, Baluch 4%, other 5% Language: Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu, Urdu, Baluchi, other 14% Religion: Sunni Muslim 77%, Shia Muslim 20%, other 3% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 197.02 million Percentage urban: 38.8% Population estimate for 2035: 261.09 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 67.4 (F), 65.4 (M) Capital city: Islamabad, 1.4 million Currency: Pakistani rupee Major...

New Caledonia

New Caledonia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
638 words
Illustration(s):
2

...take place in 2020 . See also Country data table https://gouv.nc/ Government of New Caledonia official portal (in French) https://dfat.gov.au/geo/new-caledonia/pages/new-caledonia.aspx Australian Government information on New Caledonia https://www.radionz.co.nz/tags/New%20Caledonia Radio New Zealand New Caledonia online...

Russia

Russia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,234 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Russia Basic information Land area: 17,098,000 sq. km People: Russian 78%, Tartar 4%, Ukrainian 2%, other 16% Language: Russian Religion: Russian Orthodox 15–20%, Muslim 10–15%, other Christian 2%, none up to 73% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 143.99 million Percentage urban: 74% Population estimate for 2035: 138.08 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 75.9 (F), 64.6 (M) Capital city: Moscow, 12.2 million Currency: Russian ruble Major exports: oil, refined petroleum, gas, coal, metals, machinery...

St Vincent & the Grenadines

St Vincent & the Grenadines   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
689 words
Illustration(s):
2

...celebrities, but the islands also attract around 70,000 other tourists each year, as well as 130,000 visitors from cruise liners and yachts, but, unlike other Caribbean destinations, numbers have been falling in recent years. The overall contribution of tourism to the GDP is around 20 per cent. A small offshore financial sector provides another source of income. Many thousands of companies are registered here, supported by international banks and investment companies. This used to be sustained by strict legislation to preserve secrecy, though this has had to be...

Turks and Caicos

Turks and Caicos   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
519 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Caicos islands are two groups of about forty islands south of the Bahamas. Flat and sandy, the islands are surrounded by coral reefs. Only eight are inhabited. Most of the residents are black, the ‘belongers’. The rest are expatriates or unauthorized Haitian immigrants. Around 20 per cent work in agriculture, growing vegetables and citrus fruits. Others fish for lobster and other seafood that are the main source of export earnings. Tourism is also an important source of income, mostly on the island of Providenciales which has a number of holiday resorts. In...

Macau

Macau   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
557 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Contemporary politics Following agreement about the return of Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1984 , Macau’s return to Chinese administration under similar conditions became inevitable. In 1987 , the Chinese and Portuguese governments agreed that Macau would return to China on 20 December 1999 as a Special Administrative Region, in which capitalism would be maintained. Transition to Chinese rule was never as problematic as for neighbouring Hong Kong; Macau’s territory was much smaller (less than one-tenth in size) and much poorer (less than half the per...

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