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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

20th Century-Fox

20th Century-Fox   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
356 words

...th Century-Fox . The film studio was formed in 1935 with a merger between the established Fox Film Corporation, going back to the nickelodeon days and incorporated in 1915 , and the newly formed Twentieth Century, a production company founded in 1933 by Darryl F. Zanuck and Joseph M. Schenck . Even before the merger, Shirley Temple rose as the predominant star at Fox and continued to remain box office gold for the rest of the decade. Other musical stars that shone at 20th Century-Fox were Alice Faye , Sonja Henie , Don Ameche , Betty Grable , and...

Ballet of the 20th Century

Ballet of the 20th Century   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
285 words

...Ballet of the 20th Century ( Ballet du XX e Siècle ) The Brussels-based company formed in 1960 with Maurice Béjart as director. Attached to the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie, its repertoire was a showcase for Béjart 's own work, whose spectacular production values and highly coloured emotional content earned the company a high international profile through more than twenty years of touring. Productions included Sacre du printemps (mus. Stravinsky , 1959 , which Béjart choreographed for Ballet-Théâtre de Paris, the ensemble which eventually became...

Mayo, [Archibald L.] Archie

Mayo, [Archibald L.] Archie (1891–1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
98 words

...[Archibald L.] Archie ( 1891–1968 ). Film director . A busy director at Warner Brothers and 20th Century-Fox , he helmed every kind of movie, including eight musicals. Mayo was born in New York City and was on the stage briefly before working as an extra in 1916 . Soon he was directing comedy shorts and by 1926 was helming features as diverse as The Sap ( 1929 ) and The Petrified Forest ( 1936 ). Mayo's musicals include My Man ( 1928 ), Is Everybody Happy? ( 1929 ), Go Into Your Dance ( 1935 ), The Great American Broadcast ( 1941 ), ...

Cummings, Irving

Cummings, Irving (1888–1959)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
136 words

...Irving ( 1888–1959 ). Film director and performer . The former silent screen actor directed over seventy features, including fifteen musicals mostly at 20th Century-Fox with the studio's biggest stars, from Shirley Temple to Betty Grable . Cummings was born in New York City and acted in Lillian Russell 's company before entering films in 1909 , quickly becoming a leading man in dozens of silents. By 1922 he was directing features and over the next two decades helmed all kinds of movies, although he is most remembered for his Fox musicals....

Lanfield, Sidney

Lanfield, Sidney (1898–1972)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
138 words

...director . During his two decades in Hollywood, he helmed many comedies, melodramas, and musicals. Lanfield was born in Chicago and worked as a jazz musician and in vaudeville before entering the movie business as a writer in 1926 . Four years later he was directing for 20th Century-Fox and was known for his light touch, as seen in the musicals Moulin Rouge ( 1934 ), King of Burlesque ( 1935 ), Sing, Baby, Sing ( 1936 ), Wake Up and Live ( 1937 ), Second Fiddle ( 1939 ), and Swanee ( 1939 ). After directing You'll Never Get Rich (...

Marshall, George

Marshall, George (1891–1975)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
170 words

...including twenty-two musicals. Marshall was born in Chicago, was educated at military school, and worked is various jobs before entering the movies as an extra. After acting and writing chores he started directing westerns for Universal. He served in World War I and then went to 20th Century-Fox where he directed both shorts and features and eventually developed a talent for light comedies and musicals, working with the screen's greatest comics from W. C. Fields to Bob Hope to Jerry Lewis . Marshall's musicals include She Learned About Sailors ( 1934...

Zanuck, Darryl F[rancis]

Zanuck, Darryl F[rancis] (1902–1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
316 words

...Life of the Party ( 1930 ), 42 nd Street ( 1933 ), Gold Diggers of 1933 , Footlight Parade ( 1933 ), and Broadway Through a Keyhole ( 1933 ), often contributing to the scripts as well. He left Warners in 1933 and helped form 20th Century Pictures, which merged with Fox with himself as studio head. Zanuck's musicals at 20th Century -Fox include Folies Bergere de Paris ( 1935 ), Metropolitan ( 1935 ), Thanks a Million ( 1935 ), King of Burlesque ( 1936 ), Captain January ( 1936 ), Sing, Baby, Sing ( 1936 ), Pigskin Parade ( 1936 ), On the...

Anastasia

Anastasia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
311 words

...(Fox 1997 ). An attempt by 20th Century-Fox to create a classy animated musical with the quality (and hopefully the box office popularity) of the Disney products of the 1990s, this period piece with an unlikely subject matter was quite accomplished in many ways. It was hoped that the screenplay by Susan Gauthier , Bruce Graham , Bob Tzudiker , and Noni White would make audiences forget the film drama Anastasia ( 1956 ) and accept their story of the teenage Anya (voice of Meg Ryan , singing by Liz Callaway ) who cannot remember her past but...

Tin Pan Alley

Tin Pan Alley   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
202 words

...Esther Ralston , and others, were in fine form as they delivered such favorites as “The Sheik of Araby,” “K-K-K-Katy,” “Honeysuckle Rose,” and “Moonlight Bay.” Walter Lang directed and Seymour Felix choreographed the Kenneth Macgowan production. It wasn't much of a story but 20th Century-Fox retold it again in the musical I'll Get By ( 1950...

Weekend in Havana

Weekend in Havana   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
216 words

...in Havana (Fox 1941 ). This Alice Faye and Carmen Miranda vehicle may be hard to distinguish from the other 20th Century Fox south-of-the-border musicals featuring the two stars but that doesn't make it any less enjoyable. In Karl Tunberg and Darrel Ware's script, Faye is Nan Spencer, a Macy's Department store salesgirl, who takes a cruise to Cuba but threatens to sue the steamship company when her ship runs aground. Executive Jay Williams ( John Payne ) takes Nan on an all-expenses-paid trip to Havana to get her to sign a release form but...

Butler, David

Butler, David (1894–1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
182 words

...between 1929 and 1961. Butler was born in San Francisco, the son of a stage director, and was on stage at the age of three. While getting his education at Stanford University, he continued to act on stage and appeared in silent films until sound came in and he started directing for 20th Century-Fox. Butler was admired by the studios for his efficient, practical, and on-budget pictures that often did well at the box office. Among his musicals were Sunny Side Up ( 1929 ), Delicious ( 1931 ), The Littlest Rebel ( 1935 ), Captain January ( 1936 ), Pigskin...

Thanks A Million

Thanks A Million   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
222 words

...A Million (Fox 1935 ). A sharp and knowing screenplay by Nunnally Johnson helped this musical satire become a hit, the first one for the newly merged 20th Century-Fox company. Vaudevillian Eric Land ( Dick Powell ) and his fellow players are hired to entertain at a political rally for Judge Culliman (Raymond Walburn) who is running for governor. When the judge is too drunk to address the assembly, Dick does and, singing his way into the crowd's hearts, is picked up by Ned Allen ( Fred Allen ) and his political cronies as a serious candidate. ...

Centennial Summer

Centennial Summer   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
208 words

...Summer (Fox 1946 ). Without question an attempt by 20th Century-Fox to come up with their own Meet Me in St. Louis ( 1944 ), the period musical rarely measured up to the early film but it boasted Jerome Kern 's last score and the songs were as resplendent as the story and characters were mediocre. Instead of the St. Louis World's Fair of 1904 , scriptwriter Michael Kanin , adapting Albert E. Idell 's novel, set the story during the Philadelphia Exposition of 1876 . The Rogers family, parented by Dorothy Gish and Walter Brennan , is caught...

Curly Top

Curly Top   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
189 words

.... Irving Caesar and Edward Heyman contributed to the score, which also included “The Simple Things in Life,” “When I Grow Up,” and the title number in which Boles sang while Temple tap danced atop a white piano. The picture was very popular, and the story was reused by 20th Century-Fox later in the movie musical Daddy Long Legs ( 1955 ) with Leslie Caron and Fred Astaire playing the roles as older...

Doctor Dolittle

Doctor Dolittle   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
187 words

...Dolittle (APJAC/Fox 1967 ). It may have been overlong and overproduced (it just about bankrupted 20th Century-Fox) but there was a cockeyed kind of charm in the musical fantasy as it lumbered from sequence to sequence revealing new and unusual creatures and special effects along the way. The Hugh Lofting stories were adapted for the screen by Leslie Bricusse who also wrote the songs, and Rex Harrison was cast as the magical doctor who is taught hundreds of languages by his pet parrot Polynesia (voice of Ginny Tyler ). The doctor sets off with his...

Down Argentine Way

Down Argentine Way   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
231 words

...also included “Sing to Your Senorita” and some dance instrumentals. The movie, directed by Irving Cummings and choreographed by Nick Castle , was so successful that a series of Latin American musicals, often featuring Miranda, Ameche, and Grable or Faye, were launched by 20th Century-Fox...

Haver, June

Haver, June (1926–2005)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
200 words

...June [born June Stovenour ] ( 1926–2005 ). Film performer . A blonde singer–dancer whom 20th Century-Fox groomed to be another Betty Grable , she gave buoyant, spirited performances in a dozen Hollywood musicals. Haver was born in Rock Island, Illinois, and was on the stage at an early age, later singing on the radio and with different bands. After a few musical shorts, she made her feature film debut in a minor role in The Gang's All Here ( 1943 ) but soon graduated to better roles in Irish Eyes Are Smiling ( 1944 ) and Where Do We Go From...

Lang, Walter

Lang, Walter (1896–1972)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
177 words

...Broadway hits. Lang was born in Memphis, Tennessee, and worked as a fashion illustrator and as an actor on the stage before entering films in the early 1920s as a clerk at a Manhattan production company. By 1926 he was directing silents for Columbia but by the mid-1930s was at 20th Century-Fox where he stayed for thirty years. Lang was one of the first directors to effectively use the lush look of Technicolor, and his movies often have a bright, even garish look to them. Among his twenty musicals were Hooray for Love ( 1935 ), The Blue Bird ( 1940 ), ...

Mitchell, Sidney

Mitchell, Sidney (1888–1942)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
192 words

...to write a complete score or a book musical on Broadway but his songs were featured in the revues The Passing Show of 1921 ( 1920 ), The Whirl of New York ( 1921 ), and George White's Scandals ( 1923 ). Mitchell was in Hollywood when sound came in and wrote songs for three 20th Century-Fox musicals in 1929 : Fox Movietone Follies, Broadway , and The Cockeyed World . Collaborating with Con Conrad , Lew Pollock , Sam Stept , and others, he scored such screen musicals as Let's Go Places ( 1930 ), I Like It That Way ( 1934 ), Dancing Feet (...

Newman, Lionel

Newman, Lionel (1916–1989)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
177 words

...Lionel ( 1916–1989 ). Film and television musician, music director, and conductor . As the musical director at 20th Century-Fox for many years, the versatile musician and composer made his mark on the Hollywood musical. Newman was born in New Haven, Connecticut, and began his career as piano accompanist for Mae West . He started in movies in 1943 as a rehearsal pianist and eventually became a much-respected music arranger, supervising the music in 250 musicals and non-musicals. Newman's musical credits include You Were Meant for Me ( 1948 ), Give...

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