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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Breviary of Jean sans Peur, Master of the

Breviary of Jean sans Peur, Master of the (fl c. 1406–20)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...One miniature in a manuscript dated 1406 (Paris, Bib. N., MS. fr. 926) and several illuminations in Books of Hours produced c . 1410–20 (Baltimore, MD, Walters A. Mus., MS. W. 219; Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., Cod. s.n. 2613; Palermo, Bib. Cent. Regione Siciliana, MS. 1.A.15) have been attributed to him. These manuscripts show his collaboration with such Parisian painters as the Boucicaut Master and the Egerton Master ( fl 1400–20) and with artists associated with north-east France, such as the Master of Walters 219, which suggests that he may have worked in...

Alexander Master

Alexander Master (1420–50)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...Master [ Master of the Alexander Romance ] ( fl c . 1420–50 ). Illuminator , active in France. He is named after the Romance of Alexander (London, BL, Royal MS 20.B.XX), which was connected by Pächt and Alexander with the miniatures in two Books of Hours of Paris Use ( c. 1420–30; Oxford, Bodleian Lib., MS. Liturg. 100; and Stonyhurst, Lancs, MS. 33). All three of these manuscripts as well as others were thought by Meiss to be the later work of the master of the Harvard hannibal . Bibliography O. Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander : Illuminated...

Amund

Amund   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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... ( fl 1494). Swedish painter . He signed the wall paintings in the nave of the church at Södra Råda, Värmland, in 1494. Wall paintings in some 20 churches in Götaland have been attributed to him on the basis of stylistic comparison with the works at Södra Råda. In 1494 Amund may have been at the end of his career; his style has many features characteristic of the first half of the 15th century, as does the iconographic content of his work, with such didactic themes as the Creed and the Seven Deadly Sins . His rather naive drawing style and robust...

Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies

Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...early modern period. The Institute’s well respected annual journal, Mediaeval Studies , has been published continuously since 1939 . The Institute’s renowned library provides access to extensive electronic resources, over 120,000 books and periodicals, 20,000 microfilms of manuscripts and printed books, and 20,000 slides of medieval art, manuscripts, and, particularly, British and Irish monastic sites. Particularly noteworthy are the library’s collection of editions of texts and catalogues of manuscripts held in libraries around the world. There is also a...

Salvini, Roberto

Salvini, Roberto (1912)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...works in this field. In La critica d’arte e la pura visibilità he minutely analysed the formalist theories of 19th- and early 20th-century writers, from Konrad Fiedler to Adrian Stokes . In his own writings he sought to make the historical and aesthetic aspects of a work of art inseparable through his attempt to define its ‘lingua figurativa’. He taught for nearly 30 years, mainly at the University of Florence, and for over 20 years he combined his teaching duties with museum administration, culminating in the directorship of the Galleria degli Uffizi,...

Samson Master

Samson Master (fl c. 1190)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...colour, 650 × 500 mm, c. ? 1190 ; both Cologne, Schnütgen-Mus.); the figures on two choir-stall ends, a Writing Angel and a Writing Devil (limestone, 750 × 155 mm and 150 × 530 mm, c. 1210–20 ; Bonn, Minster); and the fragments of an ?Angel Annunciate found in 1947 in the bombed church of St John the Baptist in Cologne (limestone, 680 × 290 mm, c. 1210–20 ; Cologne, Schnütgen-Mus.). Bibliography K. A. Wirth : ‘Beiträge zum Problem des “Samsonmeisters” ’, Z. Kstgesch. , xx (1957), pp. 25–51 Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur, 800–1400 (exh. cat.,...

Ulrich of Lilienfeld

Ulrich of Lilienfeld (1308)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...served as abbot unwillingly and resigned from the post in 1351 in order to pursue his scholarly work (see Munscheck). Ulrich died during the reign of his successor (which ended in 1358 ); he is entered in the necrology of the Augustinian Canons in St Pölten under the date of 20 April. Munscheck postulates he may have spent his final time there. In the 18th-century necrology of the Lilienfeld Abbey, Ulrich is entered on 2 December. Further suggestions regarding the identity of Ulrich are given by Mussbacher. Ulrich is best known for his work the ...

Peris

Peris   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...: ‘Gonzalo Pérez’, Archv A. Valenc. , xxviii (1957), pp. 5–24; (1958), pp. 3–20; (1959), pp. 3–12 M. Hériard Dubreuil : Gótico internacional (Valencia, 1988), ii of Historia del arte valenciano , pp. 182–235 J. A. Morell : Analisi dels documents i obres atribuides als pintors Gonçal Peris i Gonçal Sarria (PhD diss., Valencia, U. Poly., 1993) J. A. Morell : ‘Un retaule d’estil gòtic internacional procedent de Sueca’, Archv A. Valenc. , lxxiv (1993), pp. 20–30 J. A. Morell : ‘Une pintura valenciana atribuida a Guerau Gener y Gonçal Peris en el...

Raigern, Master of

Raigern, Master of (1415–20)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...Master of ( fl c. 1415–20 ). Bohemian painter . He was one of the most influential painters in southern Bohemia during the early 15th century and is named after an altarpiece from the Benedictine monastery at Raigern (now Rajhrad). Dated before 1420 , the six surviving panels (five in Brno, Mus. City; one in Prague, N.G., Šternberk Pal.) are his only authenticated work and appear to combine scenes from the Passion with scenes from the Legend of the Holy Cross . He attained a vivid narrative realism through the accumulation of dramatically...

Cantigas de Santa María

Cantigas de Santa María   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
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496 words
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...Two of the illustrated Cantigas manuscripts are thought to have once formed a de luxe edition of the songs commissioned by Alfonso x . The two volumes are now split between Madrid (Escorial, Real Bib. Monasterio S Lorenzo, MS. T.I.1) and Florence (Bib. N. Cent., MS. B.R.20). The first volume, the Códice rico at the Escorial, has over 200 miniatures, most of them full-page and divided into six narrative panels with ornamental borders and captions, illustrating songs which begin on the facing page. The companion volume, in Florence, is unfinished and...

Carrión, de

Carrión, de   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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...de Juan de Carrión’, Archv Esp. A. , vi (1930), pp. 17–20 J. Domínguez Bordona : ‘Dos dibujos de Juan de Carrión’, Archv Esp. A. , viii (1932), p. 95 A. Saulnier : ‘Oeuvres inédites de l’enlumineur Juan de Carrión’, Rev. A. [Paris], lvii (1982), pp. 56–60 M. P. Silva Maroto : ‘La miniatura hispano-flamenca en Ávila: Datos documentales’, Miscelánea de arte (Madrid, 1982), pp. 55–8 M. Gómez-Moreno : Catálogo monumental de la provincia de Ávila (Madrid, 1983), i, pp. 119–20 L. M. F. Bosch : Manuscript Illumination in Toledo (1446–1482): The...

Český Šternberk Castle

Český Šternberk Castle   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...and its fortifications into a terrace, connected to the house by a masonry bridge in 1829 . In the first quarter of the 20th century a copy of the 13th-century portal was built into the southern cylindrical tower, with the medieval, badly reconstructed tympanum of the Virgin. The castle now houses a collection of antiquities. Bibliography D. Menclová : České hrady [Castles of Bohemia] (Prague, 1972), i, pp. 301–3; ii, pp. 315–...

Michael of Wiener Neustadt

Michael of Wiener Neustadt ( fl c. 1380–c. 1404)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

... Master Michael without a family name but refer to his origins in Wiener Neustadt. The name Chnab was that of his wife, Margret, and was passed on to their son Martin . Michael is first identified unequivocally by a shield on the tower-like Spinnerin am Kreuz ( 1382–4 ; h. 20.5 m) in Wiener Neustadt. This is an equilateral triangle in plan, and it is based ultimately on the Eleanor crosses ( 1291–4 ) in England and the montjoies ( 1271–85 ; destr.) of Louis IX in France. The construction tapers towards the top and is richly decorated with openwork...

Ormesby Psalter

Ormesby Psalter   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
401 words
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...is seen in the minor decoration (fols 10 r –45 v and fols 58 r –81 v ). This work should be compared with the Cambridge University Charter of 1292 (Cambridge University Archives, Luard 7*), suggesting that the book could have been started in Cambridge or Ely in the period 1310–20 . An attempt was made to finish the book for the marriage of a member of the Foliot family to a member of the Bardolf family who are shown beside the Tree of Jesse in the added initial B of a Beatus initial at he beginning of the Psalter. This artist can be linked closely with...

S Zeno Masters

S Zeno Masters (fl c. 1310–60)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...the first and second phases of 14th-century painting in Verona under the labels First and Second S Zeno Master. Cuppini later divided the First S Zeno Master’s work between three distinct hands: the Redentore Master, who painted frescoes in S Fermo Maggiore, Verona, in 1319–20 , as well as other works in S Zeno Maggiore and Santa Trinità in Verona; the Master of Corte Lepia , named after a series of frescoes in S Giuliano di Corte Lepia, Vago di Lavagno, but who also worked in S Zeno Maggiore; and the Master of the Presentation, painter of the eponymous...

Stocker, Jörg

Stocker, Jörg (1481–?1527)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...that can be connected with it on stylistic grounds include the panels of the Passion altarpiece for St Martin at Oberstadion and sections of a winged altarpiece at Schloss Gross-Allmendingen (both c. 1490 ). Later work includes two panels of an altar of St George ( c. 1515–20 ; Stuttgart, Staatsgal., on loan to Ulm, Ulm. Mus.) Jörg Stocker is a typical, if undistinguished, representative of Late Gothic painting in Ulm. He was influenced by the graphic work of Martin Schongauer ( c. 1435 / 50–91 ), whose engravings he often copied, and by his Ulm...

Crosier

Crosier   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
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...only by bishops, abbots, and abbesses. In the Roman Catholic Church crosiers remained in use until well into the 20th century, but the practice now seems to be declining. Crosiers were abolished in the Anglican Church, along with many other appurtenances of the Roman Catholic Church, by King Henry VIII ( reg 1509–47 ), and it was not until the revival of outward form stimulated by the Oxford and Liturgical movements of the 19th and 20th centuries that they again came into use. From an early period, the plain wooden crosiers of the saints were treated...

Saintes

Saintes   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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2013

...western France, south-east of La Rochelle and east of the Atlantic coast. The region has been populated since prehistory. At the time of the Roman conquest it was occupied by the Gallic tribe of the Santons. A vast Gallo-Roman city, Mediolanum Santonum, was established in 20 bc on the left bank of the Charente, at the crossing of the roads from Bordeaux to Brittany and from the Massif Central to the Atlantic. The medieval city was the seat of a bishop. Inside the ancient ramparts there survive the cathedral of St Pierre (12th–15th centuries) and the...

Aquileia

Aquileia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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... R. B. Bondinelli , i (1958), pp. 511–20 H. Kähler : Die Stiftermosaiken in der konstantinischen Südkirche von Aquileia (Cologne, 1962) G. C. Menis : I mosaici cristiani di Aquileia (Udine, 1965) W. N. Schumacher : Hirt und ‘Guter Hirt’ (Rome, Freiburg, and Vienna, 1977), pp. 217–307 N. Himmelmann : Über Hirten–Genre in der antiken Kunst (Opladen, 1982), pp. 168–72 G. C. Menis : Il complesso episcopale Teodoriano di Aquileia e il suo battistero (Udine, 1986) Aquileia e l’arco adriatico. Atti della 20. Settimana di Studi Aquileiesi . 22/8...

Limoges

Limoges   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

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Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
782 words
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...centre of enamel production. Metal divisions used in the earlier techniques were replaced by a network of drawn lines screening off areas for underpainting and subsequent application Limoges.  Reliquary casket, champlevé enamel plaques on an oak core, 226 × 242 × 105 mm, c . 1200–20 (Fort Worth, TX, Kimball Art Museum). Photo credit: Art Resource, NY of colours. Nevertheless, the tradition that classified enamellers as goldsmiths continued. The enamels of this period are based on copper plaques, which could be assembled in metal-framed sets to form...

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