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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Havana Convention 1928

Havana Convention 1928   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
36 words

...Convention 1928 Otherwise the Pan-American Convention on Air Navigation of 20 February 1928 ( 129 L.N.T.S. 223 ), superseded by the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation, signed at Chicago on 7 December 1944 : 15 U.N.T.S. 295...

Flag, U.N.

Flag, U.N.   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
46 words

...U.N. The U.N. Flag was authorized by General Assembly Res. 167(II) of 20 October 1947 , which empowered the Secretary-General to draw up regulations for ‘the regulated use of the flag and the protection of its dignity’. See The United Nations Flag Code and Regulations ( 1967...

ONUSAL

ONUSAL   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
54 words

...An acronym for the U.N. Observer Mission in El Salvador. ONUSAL was established by Security Council Res. 693 ( 1991 ) of 20 May 1991 . ONUSAL was authorized to ensure implementation of the agreement between the El Salvadorean government and Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional and operated between July 1991 and April 1995...

Suarez, Francisco

Suarez, Francisco (1548–1617)   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
56 words

...law theories. Principal works: De legibus ( 1612 ); De bello et de Indis ( 1613 ); De legibus ac Deo legislatore ( 1621 ); texts of selections of his works and translations published as Selections from Three Works of Francisco Suarez in Classics of International Law , No. 20 ( 1944...

IFOR

IFOR   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
118 words

...establish a durable cessation of hostilities and lasting security and arms control; and it was authorized ‘to take such actions as required, including the use of necessary force, to ensure compliance with this Annex, and to ensure its own protection.’ It operated from 20 December 1995 until 20 December 1996 , when it was succeeded by the Stabilisation Force ( SFOR...

reservations

reservations   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
476 words

...by the other contracting States unless the treaty so provides (art. 20(1)). But where the application of the treaty in its entirety between all the parties is an essential condition of the consent of each one to be bound, a reservation requires acceptance by all the parties (art. 20(2)). Normally, apart from reservations expressly provided for, a reservation to the constituent instrument of an international organization requires the acceptance of the competent organ of that organization (art. 20(3)). Acceptance by another contracting State of a reservation...

general participation clause

general participation clause   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
143 words

...participation clause This phrase is used to describe the stipulation in some of the Hague Conventions of 18 October 1907 (e.g. Conventions IV, art. 2; V, art. 20; VI, art. 6; and VII, art. 7 ( 205 C.T.S. 277 , 299 , 305 , and 319 ) that their provisions are applicable only to the contracting parties and only in conflicts in which all the belligerents are such parties. Though strictly the effect of this was to deprive the Conventions of application in both World Wars ( see The Möwe [1915] P. 1 ; The Blonde [1922] 1 A.C. 313 ), their substance was...

girl child

girl child   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
131 words

... (see arts. 23 and 24) and the Conference's Platform of Action, which devoted an entire section (Strategic Objectives L1–L9) to the girl child ( U.N. Doc A/CONF.177/20/Rev.1 ). The upper age to qualify as a girl child for human rights purposes depends on the instrument under consideration, but the standard upper limit of childhood is, under art. 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1989 ( 1573 U.N.T.S. 3 ), 18...

CSW

CSW   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
71 words

...1989/45), advises ECOSOC on all issues concerning women's rights. Its mandate was extended by General Assembly Res. 50/203 of 23 February 1996 to include monitoring the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995 : U.N. Doc. A/CONF.177/20 , Annex II. See < www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw...

ESCAP

ESCAP   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
65 words

...constitutes the principal centre for economic and social development within the U.N. system among its 53 members in the Asia–Pacific region (including four non-regional members, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States). See General Assembly 32/197 of 20 December 1977 . See also < www.unescap.org...

UNITAF

UNITAF   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
76 words

...A multilateral task force in Somalia, led by the United States and comprising troops from over 20 States, was authorized by the Security Council in Res. 794 ( 1992 ) of 3 December 1992 to use ‘all necessary means’ to restore, as soon as possible, a suitable setting for humanitarian relief operations in Somalia. The Task Force was expanded and given an enlarged mandate under Chap. VII of the U.N. Charter, becoming UNOSOM II in March 1993...

UNSCOL

UNSCOL   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
67 words

...The Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon was established by the U.N. Secretary-General by his report of 20 July 2007 : U.N. Doc. S/2007/718 . The mandate of UNSCOL, to include the whole of Lebanon, is to ensure coherence and coordination in U.N. activities in Lebanon, so as to enable U.N. agencies, funds, programs, and missions to continue to operate effectively under their existing...

Verona, Congress of

Verona, Congress of   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
96 words

...Congress of This was the last of the series of four congresses based on principles enumerated in art. 6 of the Treaty of Paris of 20 November 1815 ( 65 C.T.S. 296 ), inaugurating the Concert System . The principal subject of discussion (issues relating to Turkey and Italy having already been resolved) related to intervention in Spain, to which Great Britain was firmly opposed, thus leading to the open breach of Great Britain with the principles and policy of the Grand Alliance. A declaration on the slave trade was nevertheless adopted on 28 November :...

Lucrum cessans

Lucrum cessans n. pl.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
86 words

...in all systems of civil law, damages are to compensate the whole prejudice, whose two classical components are the loss suffered ( damnum emergens ) and the expected profits which are lost ( lucrum cessans ).” Amco Asia Corp. v. Indonesia , ICSID Case No. ARB/81/1, Award of Nov. 20, 1984 , ¶ 266. Contrast with Damnum emergens...

Ne bis in idem

Ne bis in idem   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
93 words

...dictating that no person should be tried twice for the same illegal act. The principle, sometimes called the “double jeopardy rule” in common law countries, has been incorporated into international criminal law. See R ome S tatute of the I nternational C riminal C ourt art. 20. An alternative formulation is Non bis in idem . An alternative phrase is Nemo bis vexari pro (una et) eadem causa . Compare with Nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto...

Post hoc

Post hoc adj.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
98 words

...the project, and that the Respondent has only invoked the Convention as a post hoc rationalization for an act of expropriation which in fact had nothing to do with the Convention.” Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Ltd. v. Egypt , ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3, Award of May 20, 1992, ¶ 153. Compare with Ex post facto and Nunc pro tunc . Contrast with Ante factum and Ante hoc...

Verbatim

Verbatim adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
80 words

...precise words; word for word. E.g. , “In its request for provisional measures, Germany asked the Court for an Order that tracked verbatim the language of the Court’s Order of 9 April 1998 in the Breard case.” LaGrand Case (Ger. v. U.S.), 2001 I.C.J. Rep. 466, 555, ¶ 20 (Judge Buergenthal, dissenting). Compare with De verbo in verbum , In haec verba , Ipsis verbis , Ipsissima verba , and Totidem verbis...

Absente reo

Absente reo adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
62 words

...not being present at the proceeding. E.g. , “On 18 September 1992 , the District Court of Metz sentenced DZ absente reo to one year’s imprisonment for failing to return the children and issued a warrant for his arrest.” Ignaccolo-Zenide v. Romania , 31 e.h.r.r. 7, 218, ¶ 20 ( 2001...

Damnum emergens

Damnum emergens n.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
93 words

...in all systems of civil law, damages are to compensate the whole prejudice, whose two classical components are the loss suffered ( damnum emergens ) and the expected profits which are lost ( lucrum cessans ).” Amco Asia Corp. v. Indonesia , ICSID Case No. ARB/81/1, Award of Nov. 20, 1984, ¶ 266. Contrast with Lucrum cessans...

ISAF

ISAF   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
66 words

...The International Security Assistance Force was established by Security Council Res. 1386 ( 2001 ) of 20 December 2001 to work with the United Nations and the Afghan government in developing national security structures and the training of Afghan security forces in the post-Taliban era. Intended to be of short duration, ISAF's initial mission was limited to Kabul and its environs. It has a large NATO ...

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