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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Buscot Park

Buscot Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
269 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with box hedges. On the far bank of the lake a classical temple aligned with the water garden draws the eye. The woodland to the south is crossed by 20th-century rides and avenues. The 18th-century walled kitchen garden was turned to ornamental purposes in the late 20th century with walks of pleached hop hornbeam ( Ostrya carpinifolia ) and Judas trees ( Cercis siliquastrum ) designed by Tim Rees ( fl. late 20th century). In the former melon ground Peter Coats ( 1910–90 ) designed double mixed borders of a yellow and blue colour scheme. The estate was...

Witley Court

Witley Court   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...it his ‘monster work’) in the 1850s. Two great fountain pools survive, a pair of mysteriously orientalist pavilions, and the vague outlines of the great garden—poignant and full of atmosphere. Woodland, with some good flowering shrubs, has been used to display a collection of late 20th-century sculpture—the Jerwood Sculpture Park. Since 1972 the estate has belonged to English Heritage and it is well cared for. Patrick...

Middachten

Middachten   Reference library

Jan Woudstra

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...were dedicated to the cultivation of fruit trees, and two large mazes flanked a central parterre. This arrangement was not altered substantially until the early 19th century when winding walks and shrubberies changed the character of the garden. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries there were a number of changes. Eduard Petzold produced a partly executed plan in 1878 , whereas Hugo Poortman redesigned and altered the area of the formal gardens, creating in 1901 a modern but asymmetrical formal garden with croquet lawn, bowling green,...

Danubian Gardens

Danubian Gardens   Reference library

Assen Gasharov

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Gardens Bulgaria, is the generic name for several riverside public parks in cities along the river Danube, most of which were laid out at the beginning of the 20th century. The river forms the country's northern border, and the first of three notable examples from west to east are the Danubian Gardens of Vidin. Established in 1902 on 10 hectares/25 acres, the park displays a neo-baroque character with a linear composition and skilfully designed vistas to the river. Their unique character stems from the adjacent medieval fortress of Baba Vida, rich...

Gibberd Garden

Gibberd Garden   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
242 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of a Corinthian colonnade loom in a clearing in woodland, a thoroughly 18th-century evocation of the charms of the classical past. Many pieces of 20th-century sculpture decorate a pool and terrace close to the house and vistas lead outwards to enclosures where more sculptures are seen. A concrete mirador rises above hedges, a walk of pollarded hazels is underplanted with shimmering silver dead nettle ( Lamium ), a 20th-century version of a mount is crowned with a castle of wood and concrete. This is a garden of compartments but it manages to be unlike any...

Pingquan Villa

Pingquan Villa   Reference library

Chen Cong-Zhou and Maggie Keswick

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...China, was the country retreat of a celebrated Tang-dynasty Prime Minister, Li Deyu ( 787–850 ). The Plain Spring Villa was situated near the Huang He (Yellow river), somewhere south of the present city of Luoyang. A large estate (it was said to have been surrounded by a wall 20 km/12 miles long), its bamboo groves and streams were embellished with ‘more than a hundred’ halls and terraces, and pavilions of several storeys. Li's particular passion, however, was collecting both rare plants, brought back from various political postings, and unusual rocks: the...

Roche-Courbon, Château de la

Roche-Courbon, Château de la   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Château de la Saint-Porchaire, Charente-Maritime, France. The chateau dates from the 15th century with 17th-century additions. A new garden was made in the 17th century but the estate became derelict after a bankruptcy sale in 1817 . In the 20th century a new owner restored the chateau and commissioned the garden designer Ferdinand Duprat to reinstate a garden of 17th-century character which was laid out between 1925 and 1935 . South of the chateau are rectilinear parterres planted with bedding schemes and decorated with topiary of box and...

Hall Barn

Hall Barn   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...17th-century house built for the poet and statesman Edmund Waller . The garden is chiefly the work of his grandson Edmund Waller III, in the 1720s and 1730s. Edmund Waller III was much influenced by his stepfather John Aislabie of Studley Royal who lived at Hall Barn 1711–20 . Much of the garden survives with a canal, buildings by Colen Campbell , a grove with serpentine walks, a grotto, avenues, and a park. With an area of 200 hectares/494 acres this is one of the most complete layouts of its period. Patrick...

Blomfield, Sir Reginald

Blomfield, Sir Reginald   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Robinsonian natural gardening ( see Robinson, William ). Gardens, or parts of gardens, designed by him survive at: Brocklesby Park (Lincolnshire), Caythorpe Court (Lincolnshire), Chequers (Buckinghamshire), Godinton House (Kent—his finest garden, very well restored in the late 20th century), Heathfield Park (East Sussex), Moundsmere Manor (Hampshire), Sulgrave Manor (Northamptonshire), and Waldershare Park (Kent). Patrick...

chadar

chadar   Reference library

Susan Jellicoe

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...what the position of the sun. The stone has a raised pattern of shells or fish scales which increases the sparkle and sound of the water. Chadars (the word means a shawl or sheet) are usually between 60 cm/24 in and 90 cm/36 in. wide and vary in length from 60 cm/24 in. to 6 m/20 ft; the longest is at Chasma Shahi on Lake Dal in Kashmir. Dr Susan...

manor gardens

manor gardens   Reference library

Mladen Obad Šcitaroci and Bojana Bojanic Obad Šcitaroci

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...and Veliki Bukovec in Croatian Zagorje). Romantic, picturesque gardens date from the second half of the 19th century (for example, Trakošćan ( 1861 ) and Opeka Arboretum ). At the beginning of the 20th century historicizing gardens were made, among them Donji Miholjac and Oroslavje. During the 20th century much of the contents of the gardens was lost—sculptures, orangeries, pavilions, fences, and bridges were destroyed or stolen. Many trees are found in these gardens, both native and exotic. Typical native trees are yew ( Taxus baccata ), lime ( Tilia...

Newydd, Plas

Newydd, Plas   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...West Indies, to the south of the house. In the 1930s a garden of quite different character was made to the north of the house overlooking the water. Here a pavilion overlooks enclosed terraces with skilful planting, some of it in the brilliant colours so fashionable in the late 20th century. The estate was given to the National Trust in 1976 . Patrick...

Roseto, Villa II

Roseto, Villa II   Reference library

Penelope Hobhouse

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Villa II , Florence, Tuscany, Italy. Designed by Pietro Porcinai , Italy's most important 20th-century landscape architect, in the early 1960s, the garden reflects Renaissance ideas of balance and proportion with the garden irrevocably linked to the house. Porcinai moved the main entrance to the first floor and built the garden on the roof of the garage area, the original approach to the villa becoming a setting for parties with a pavement of pebbles in a circular pattern. An iron and stone spiral staircase leads to the garden level, dominated by a motif...

Royal Victoria Park

Royal Victoria Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...public subscription and designed by the Bath city architect Edward Davis ( c .1802–1852 ), the park was opened by Princess Victoria in 1830 . It was managed by a group of Bath citizens and financed privately until it was taken over by Bath City Council in 1921 . With an area of 20 hectares/49 acres it runs on sloping ground below the magnificent Royal Crescent designed by John Wood the younger ( 1728–81 ) and built between 1767 and 1774 . Beeches, horse chestnuts, and oaks are planted in grass and a rococo 19th-century bandstand ornaments the scene. A...

Moro, Campo del

Moro, Campo del   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...reign of Philip IV and there was no garden here until 1840 when, to the west of the palace, a park was laid out and a great fountain of tritons was moved here from Aranjuez . It stands today as the chief ornament of an axial vista aligned with the palace. The whole site here is 20 hectares/49 acres which is crossed with avenues with informal plantings of groves and groups of trees some of which go back to the original plantings. Patrick...

Noguchi, Isamu

Noguchi, Isamu   Reference library

Michael Lancaster

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Isamu ( 1904–88 ), Japanese designer. He was born of Japanese and American parents in the United States but travelled to Japan at the age of 2. Subsequently he travelled widely, expressing an envy for ‘those who belong’. In Japan he went to a Jesuit school, and later, at the age of 20, went to Paris to work as a stonecutter for the sculptor Brancusi, and subsequently began to work as a sculptor. But his interests soon expanded to include design for the theatre and environmental design including memorials, bridges, play parks, and gardens, including a Japanese...

Theobalds Park

Theobalds Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... the herbalist. In the words of Roy Strong ( The Renaissance Garden in England , 1979 ) it was ‘the most influential Elizabethan garden’. It was exceptionally large for English gardens of this date, with an area of 2.8 hectares/7 acres and was composed of nine square knots, each 20 m/70 ft square, with a marble fountain in the central knot. Baron Waldstein, who saw the garden in 1600 , described a grotto made ‘of different kinds of semi-transparent stone, and roofed over with pieces of coral, crystal and all kinds of metallic ore’. The grounds are today a...

Verey, Rosemary

Verey, Rosemary   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Rosemary ( 1918–2001 ), English author and garden designer whose garden at Barnsley House became one of the most admired and influential of the late 20th century. Her knowledge of garden history, subtle understanding of plants, lively colour sense, and practical horticultural skills allowed her to devise a garden full of formal charm and brimming with fine plants. Her ornamental formal potager inspired countless imitations. Among her many books are three edited in collaboration with Alvilde Lees-Milne: The Englishwoman's Garden ( 1980 ), The...

Voisins, Château de

Voisins, Château de   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...In all this his client collaborated. De Fels gave him suggestions for the design of the parterres, in particular one which ‘resembles a huge tapis de la Savonnerie thrown on the ground of an outside salon’. Despite the inspiration of the past, Duchêne's design has a distinctly 20th-century flavour with a touch of chilly totalitarianism about it. Patrick...

Voorst, De

Voorst, De   Reference library

Jan Woudstra

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...and avenue, the arrangement of the house and gardens bearing much resemblance to that of Het Loo . This layout was first altered around 1780 , with the introduction of serpentine walks, with further features being altered to provide a less formal appearance. In the early 20th century both Leonard Springer and Hugo Poortman provided designs to enhance the informal characteristics. The house was gutted by fire in 1943 , but was restored externally between 1957 and 1960 . The area of 104 hectares/257 acres still shows late 17th-century formal...

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