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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Tuczek-Ehrenburg, Leopoldine

Tuczek-Ehrenburg, Leopoldine (11 Nov 1821)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
86 words

...Leopoldine ( Margarethe Leopoldine Tuczek-Ehrenburg ) ( b Vienna , 11 Nov 1821 ; d Baden, nr Vienna , 20 Oct 1883 ). Soprano, daughter of František Tuček. She studied singing at the Vienna Conservatory from 1828 to 1834 and joined the court opera two years later. In 1841 she moved to Berlin, where she was a leading soprano at the court opera for 20 years, earning the title of royal Kammersängerin . She created the role of Mrs Ford in Otto Nicolai's Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor (Berlin, 1849 ). Adrienne...

Nelepp, Georgy

Nelepp, Georgy (20 April 1904)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
144 words

...Georgy ( b Bobruika, Ukraine , 20 April 1904 ; d Moscow , 18 June 1957 ). Russian tenor . He studied at the Leningrad Conservatory and made his début, as Lensky, with the Kirov in 1930 , remaining with the company until 1944 . In that year he moved to the Bol'shoy, where he had his most significant success. Nelepp possessed a lyric-dramatic tenor capable of an amazing range and intensity of expression, making him an ideal exponent of such roles as Florestan, Gustavus III, Manrico, Radames, Don José, Sobinin ( A Life for the Tsar ), Dmitry ( Boris...

Lazzari, Virgilio

Lazzari, Virgilio (20 April 1887)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
171 words

...Virgilio ( b Assisi , 20 April 1887 ; d Castel Gandolfo , 4 Oct 1953 ). Italian bass , later naturalized American. He sang with the Vitale Operetta Company, 1908–11 , then studied in Rome with Cotogni . He made his operatic début at the Teatro Costanzi, Rome, in 1914 . After singing in South America, in 1917 he made his North American début at Boston. He sang with the Chicago Opera ( 1918–33 ), then made his Metropolitan début as Don Pédro ( L'Africaine ), remaining with the company until 1951 and singing 20 roles. From 1934 to 1939 he...

Aldighieri, Gottardo

Aldighieri, Gottardo (6 Jan 1824)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
100 words

...Gottardo ( b Lazise, Lake Garda , 6 Jan 1824 ; d Verona , 11 May 1906 ). Italian baritone . He studied in Verona and Milan, making his début in 1858 at Novara as Germont. For the next 20 years he sang at all the leading Italian theatres, including S Carlo, where he created Raoul in Gaetano Donizetti's posthumously performed Gabriella di Vergy ( 1869 ), and La Scala, where he sang Barnaba in the first performance of Amilcare Ponchielli's La Gioconda ( 1876 ). His other roles included Don Giovanni and William Tell . He had a powerful but...

Demmer, Joseph

Demmer, Joseph (c1768)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
100 words

...Joseph [ Friedrich Christian; Fritz ] ( b Cologne , c 1768 ; d Mannheim , 2 April 1811 ). German tenor . Demmer's principal claim to fame is that he created the role of Florestan in the first version of Fidelio at the Theater an der Wien on 20 November 1805 . Ludwig van Beethoven was apparently dissatisfied with his performance and engaged another tenor when a revised version of the opera was staged in 1806 . Demmer moved from Vienna that same year and during his final years was engaged at the Hoftheater, Mannheim. He also sang under the...

Biancolini, Marietta

Biancolini, Marietta (20 Sept 1846)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
88 words

...Marietta ( Marietta -Rodriguez ) ( b Fermo, Ascoli Piceno , 20 Sept 1846 ; d Florence , 31 May 1905 ). Italian mezzo-soprano . She made her début in 1864 as Vincenzo Bellini's Romeo at Novara, then appeared in Florence, Genoa, Naples, Lisbon, Buenos Aires and at La Scala, where she created Laura ( La Gioconda ) in 1876 and sang Fidès ( Le prophète ) in 1885 . The flexibility of her voice enabled her to sing Gioachino Rossini's coloratura mezzo-soprano and contralto roles, including Rosina, Angelina, Isabella and Arsace, with special...

Stümer, Heinrich

Stümer, Heinrich (1789)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
85 words

...Heinrich [ Carl Heinrich Stümer ] ( b Frödenwald, Prussia , 1789 ; d Berlin , 27 Sept 1856 ). German tenor . He studied in Berlin, making his debut there in 1811 as Belmonte at the Hofoper, where he was engaged for 20 years. His repertory included Florestan, Belmonte, Almaviva and Max ( Der Freischütz ), which he created at the Berlin Schauspielhaus in 1821 ; he was particularly renowned for his singing of C. W. Gluck's Pylades, Achilles, Admetus, Renaud (Armide ) and Orpheus. Friedrich Wilhelm Jähns was his pupil. Elizabeth...

Driscoll, Loren

Driscoll, Loren (14 March 1928)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
240 words

...for the American premières of Paul Hindemith's Neues vom Tage ( 1961 ) and H. W. Henze's Boulevard Solitude ( 1967 ). He sang at the New York City Opera ( 1957–9 ) and at Glyndebourne as Ferrando in 1962 before joining the Deutsche Oper, Berlin. There he remained for over 20 years, singing in the première of Roger Sessions's Montezuma ( 1964 ), creating Lord Barrat in Der junge Lord ( 1965 ) and singing Eumaeus in Il ritorno d'Ulisse ( 1968 ) and First Officer in Wilhelm Dieter Siebert's Der Untergang der Titanic ( 1979 ). At Salzbug he...

Evans, Nancy

Evans, Nancy (19 March 1915)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
254 words

...Nancy [ Nancy Crozier ] ( b Liverpool , 19 March 1915 ; d Suffolk , 20 Aug 2000 ). English mezzo-soprano . She studied in Liverpool with John Tobin , then with Maggie Teyte and Eva de Reusz . She made her début in recital in Liverpool ( 1933 ), singing for the first time in London a year later, accompanied by Gerald Moore . Her stage début was in Arthur Sullivan's The Rose of Persia ( 1938 , London); in 1939 she sang small roles at Covent Garden. During the war she sang widely for the Entertainments National Services Association. Joining...

Besanzoni, Gabriella

Besanzoni, Gabriella (20 Sept 1888)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
193 words

..., 20 Sept 1888 ; d Rome , 8 July 1962 ). Italian mezzo-soprano . She studied in Rome, making her début (as a soprano) as Adalgisa at Viterbo in 1911 . After further study she became a mezzo-soprano, singing Ulrica in Rome and appearing throughout Italy. She first sang at the Teatro Colón, Buenos Aires, in 1918 , returning there frequently; she also visited Rio de Janeiro and, in 1919 , Mexico City, where she sang Ulrica, Delilah, Nancy ( Martha ), Carmen and Amneris, all with Dnrico Caruso as principal tenor. Engaged at the Metropolitan ( 1919–20 ),...

Rössl-Majdan, Hilde

Rössl-Majdan, Hilde (21 Jan 1921)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
99 words

...Hilde ( gard Hilde Rössl-Majdan ) ( b Moosbirbaum, nr Vienna, 21 Jan 1921 ). Austrian contralto. She studied in Vienna, making her début in 1950 at the Staatsoper, where she was engaged for more than 20 years. At Salzburg she sang Dryad in Ariadne auf Naxos ( 1954 ), Lucrezia in Palestrina ( 1958 ), Annina in Der Rosenkavalier and Marcellina in Le nozze di Figaro ( 1960 ). She had a firm, rich-toned voice and sang a wide repertory that ranged from G.F. Handel and W.A. Mozart to Giuseppe Verdi , Richard Wagner and Johann Strauss ....

Sbriglia, Giovanni

Sbriglia, Giovanni (23 June 1829)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
119 words

...Giovanni ( b Naples , 23 June 1829 ; d Paris , 20 Feb 1916 ). Italian tenor . He studied in Naples and made his début in 1853 at S Carlo. After appearing in various Italian theatres he went to New York ( 1859–60 ) and sang at the Academy of Music with Adelina Patti in operas including Lucia di Lammermoor , La sonnambula and Rigoletto . In the 1860s he toured North and South America with the Teresa Parodi Opera Company. In 1875 he settled as a teacher in Paris, where his pupils included Lillian Nordica, Edouard and Jean De reszke , ...

Sharp, Frederick

Sharp, Frederick (19 Oct 1911)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
115 words

...Frederick ( Charles Frederick Sharp ) ( b Mansfield Woodhouse, Notts. , 19 Oct 1911 ; d Tadworth, Surrey , 20 April 1988 ). English baritone . He studied in London at the RCM. He made his début in 1946 as Junius in The Rape of Lucretia at Glyndebourne, where the following year he created Sid in Albert Herring for the English Opera Group. He then joined Sadler's Wells Opera, where he remained until 1960 , singing a large variety of roles that included Don Giovanni, Germont, Rigoletto, Scarpia, Paolo ( Simon Boccanegra ) and Yevgeny Onegin, his...

Lighthouse, The

Lighthouse, The   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
110 words

...The ( Maxwell Davies ). Lib. by comp.; prol. and 1 act; f.p. Edinburgh 1980 , cond. Richard Dufallo . Edinburgh and a lighthouse, early 20th cent.: Three lighthouse keepers have dis‐appeared and an Edinburgh court is hearing evidence from three officers. These three become the keepers, Arthur , Blazes , and Sandy . They have lived together for many months with tensions developing between them. They imagine ghosts from the past and each believes he is being claimed by ‘the Beast’. As the Beast approaches, its eyes are seen to be the lights of the...

De Marchi, Emilio

De Marchi, Emilio (6 Jan 1861)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
181 words

...Marchi, Emilio ( b Voghera, nr Pavia , 6 Jan 1861 ; d Milan , 20 March 1917 ). Italian tenor . His voice was discovered during military service. He made his début at the Teatro Dal Verme, Milan, in 1886 as Alfredo, and sang in leading houses throughout Italy and Spain. In 1890 he was a member of the distinguished Italian company that visited Buenos Aires, and the following year made his début at La Scala. He was Giacomo Puccini's choice for the coveted role of Cavaradossi in the première of Tosca ( 1900 , Rome), which he also sang at Covent Garden...

Dérivis, Prosper

Dérivis, Prosper (28 Oct 1808)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
158 words

...Prosper ( Nicholas Prosper Dérivis ) ( b Paris , 28 Oct 1808 ; d Paris , 11 Feb 1880 ). French bass, son of Henri-Etienne Dérivis. He studied in Paris and made his début there at the Opéra in 1831 . During the next 20 years he sang an enormous repertory, including Bertram ( Robert le diable ), William Tell , Leporello, Don Giovanni and Balthazar ( La favorite ). He sang a Herald in the first performance of La Juive ( 1835 ) and later took the part of Cardinal Brogny in that opera. He created Nevers in Les Huguenots ( 1836 ), Balducci in ...

Ericson, Barbro

Ericson, Barbro (2 April 1930)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
177 words

...Barbro ( b Halmstad , 2 April 1930 ). Swedish mezzo-soprano . She studied in Stockholm, making her début there in 1956 as Eboli with the Royal Opera, of which she was a member for over 20 years. She appeared with the Stockholm company at Covent Garden ( 1960 ) as Mary ( Der fliegende Holländer ) and at Expo Montreal ( 1967 ) as Ulrica and Baba the Turk. At Bayreuth she sang Venus and Kundry ( 1964 ). She made her début at the Metropolitan Opera in 1968 as Fricka. Her repertory included Amneris, Nicklausse, Carmen, Brangäne, Ortrud, Suzuki,...

Ferraris, Ina Maria

Ferraris, Ina Maria (6 May 1882)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
141 words

... Vittorio Vanzo in Milan, gave her first concert in London in 1906 and two years later made her operatic début at Bologna as Philine in Mignon . In 1911 , at La Scala, she sang Sophie in the first Italian production of Der Rosenkavalier . She remained at La Scala for some 20 years, singing light roles, until her retirement in 1934 , after which she taught; she was also popular in South America. In 1917 , at Monte Carlo, she created the role of Lisette in the première of La rondine . On recordings she is best known for her part in some enchanting...

Wendling, Elisabeth

Wendling, Elisabeth (20 Feb 1746)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
168 words

...Elisabeth [ Elisabeth née Sarselli ] ( Augusta Elisabeth Wendling ) ( b Mannheim , 20 Feb 1746 ; d Munich , 10 Jan 1786 ). German soprano . Her parents, the tenor Pietro Sarselli and his wife Carolina (née Valvasori), were singers at Mannheim. She accompanied Franz Wendling to Italy in 1760 and after her return to Mannheim in 1761 was appointed a court musician. She married Wendling, the violinist and brother of Johann Baptist , on 1 December 1764 . Beginning with the role of Cirene in Tommaso Traetta's Sofonisba ( 1762 ), she was...

Burzio, Eugenia

Burzio, Eugenia (20 June 1872)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
147 words

...Eugenia ( b Turin , 20 June 1872 ; d Milan , 18 May 1922 ). Italian soprano . She appeared first as a violinist, then studied singing at the Milan Conservatory, making her début in 1899 at Turin in Cavalleria rusticana . Specialising in the new verismo school, she sang throughout Italy, in South America and at St Petersburg. Among her many appearances at La Scala were admired performances in C. W. Gluck's Armide and Vincenzo Bellini's Norma . For a while she was one of the leading dramatic sopranos in Italy, but she suffered from nerves...

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