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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Crick, Bernard

Crick, Bernard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...influential works include In Defence of Politics ( 1962 ); Political Theory and Practice ( 1969 ); Crime, Rape, and Gin ( 1974 ), a study of contemporary attitudes to violence, pornography, and addiction; the essays of Political Thoughts and Polemics ( 1990 ); and 20/20 Visions: The Future of Christianity in Britain ( 1992 ). He remains best known for George Orwell: A Life ( 1980 ), the first authoritative biographical treatment of its subject, which was widely acclaimed for its sustained levelness of tone and unusually thorough...

Yoke, The

Yoke, The (1907)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...The , ‘Hubert Wales ’, 1907 , John Long. Angelica Jenour, still a virgin at 40, realizes that her 20-year-old ward, Maurice, is awakening sexually. She fears that he will resort to prostitutes. A friend of his contracts venereal disease and commits suicide; she decides she will save Maurice from a similar fate, and herself from the ‘yoke’ of repression, by becoming his lover. After educating him in love, and in ‘racial health’, she passes him on to his future wife. The Yoke was suppressed after a vigorous campaign by the National Vigilance Association,...

Hosken, Heath

Hosken, Heath (1875–1934)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...Heath [ Ernest Charles Heath Hosken ] ( 1875–1934 ) married ( 1901 ) ‘Coralie Stanton ’. Born in Norwich, Hosken became a journalist on the staff of the Daily Mail and Associated Newspapers ( 1905–20 ). He published A Sinner in Israel ( 1910 ) and Tainted Lives ( 1912 ) as ‘Pierre Costello’. The former begins as a serious study of orthodox Judaism in the modern world, but takes a Ruritanian turn when the hero is discovered to be the son, not of the Jewish millionaire-philanthropist Lord Solvano, but of the King of Istria. The latter is a...

Strain, E. H.

Strain, E. H. (d. 1934)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...writes a play and Hugh manages a theatre, it all turns out for the best. A Prophet's Reward ( 1908 ) is a densely idiomatic historical romance about eighteenth-century Scottish politics. Elmslie's Drag Net ( 1900 ) is a collection of short stories. An obituary in the Times ( 20 Mar. 1934 ) describes her as ‘deeply religious, and with a Spartan sense of...

Faulding, Gertrude Minnie

Faulding, Gertrude Minnie (1875–1961)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

... Lucy Dale , who later published history books. The first of these, Time's Wallet ( 1913 ), although not original in form or style, is of interest in that the characters are young, intellectual, progressive Liberal women. It is a correspondence between two women in their late 20s who have been at Somerville together (like the authors) and undertaken social work in Stepney. They discuss politics, women's lives, Bergson, and love affairs; and finally Nell (who writes children's books) makes Nan admit she is in love with the doctor who has gone to South...

Bain, Francis William

Bain, Francis William (1863–1940)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...to be ‘translated from the original manuscript’, of which In the Great God's Hair ( 1904 ), A Heifer of the Dawn ( 1904 ), A Draught of the Blue ( 1905 ), and A Syrup of the Bees ( 1914 ) are characteristic. His Indian Stories were collected in thirteen volumes ( 1913–20 ). He also published on economics and...

Conroy, Frank

Conroy, Frank   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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Current Version:
2005

...Conroy takes on a variety of jobs. Then, after his parents fall apart, he runs away to begin a new set of adventures. With a mixture of humour and irony, the book is a reflection on history and national geography. He has more recently edited The Iowa Award: The Best Stories from 20 Years ( 1992 ) and published the novel Body and Soul ( 1993...

Stuart, Esmé

Stuart, Esmé (1851–1934)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Esmé , pseud. : Amélie Claire LeRoy ( 1851–1934 ). Born in Paris, she was brought up in England from the age of 5 or 6. She moved to Winchester in her 20s, and became, like C. R. Coleridge , a member of the circle of the Anglo-Catholic novelist and children's writer Charlotte M. Yonge ( 1823–1901 ) who lived nearby. With Yonge and others she collaborated on Astray ( 1886 ) (though Coleridge states that the main author was LeRoy's lifelong friend Mary Bramston , 1841–1912 ). Like Yonge and Coleridge she was a keen supporter of the Girls' Friendly...

Falkner, J. Meade

Falkner, J. Meade (1858–1932)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...tutor to the sons of Sir Andrew Noble ( 1831–1915 ), one of the owners of Armstrongs, the armament manufacturers. Noble subsequently made Falkner his private secretary; he then became an employee of the company, and rose eventually to be chairman of its board of directors ( 1915–20 ). Falkner was an enthusiastic antiquarian and local historian, writing guidebooks to Oxfordshire and Berkshire. He was an expert on the medieval history of Durham (where he lived), honorary librarian to the Dean and Chapter of Durham, and honorary reader in palaeography at Durham...

Ayres, Ruby M.

Ayres, Ruby M. (1883–1955)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... ( 1880–1948 ). The daughter of an architect, she married an insurance broker. Her first book, Castles in Spain ( 1912 ), is one of the large class of romances narrated by a disillusioned middle-aged bachelor. Her many later works—she is said to have been able to write 15,000 to 20,000 words a day—include Richard Chatterton, V. C. ( 1915 ), Paper Roses ( 1916 ), For Love ( 1918 ), The One who Forgot ( 1919 ), The Woman Hater ( 1920 ), and The Love of Robert Dennison ( 1920 ). An obituary in the Times ( 15 Nov. 1955 ) attributes to her the...

Grahame, Kenneth

Grahame, Kenneth (1859–1932)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

... ( 1893 ) and The Golden Age ( 1895 ). Dream Days ( 1898 ) is a sequel to the latter with the same child characters. His marriage was not happy. Grahame's best-known work, The Wind in the Willows ( 1908 ), began as a series of letters to his only child Alastair ( 1900–20 ), who was run over by a train as an undergraduate; it may have been a suicide. Grahame and ‘Anthony Hope ’ were first...

Halcombe, Charles. J. H.

Halcombe, Charles. J. H. (b. c.1865)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...Charles. J. H. ( b. c. 1865 ) married Liang Ah Ghan . Halcombe went to Australia aged 15 and became a sailor. He claimed to have been twice shipwrecked and through a mutiny before he was 21. At 20 he became a contributor to the Globe , and went to Africa, an experience described in Travels in the Transvaal ( 1899 ). He arrived in Shanghai in 1887 and briefly joined the staff of the North China Daily News before getting a job in the Imperial Maritime Customs, in the course of which employment he lived for the next six years in various Chinese...

Jane, Fred T.

Jane, Fred T. (1870–1916)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...Fred T. [ Frederick Thomas Jane ] ( 1870–1916 ) married, first ( 1892 ) Alice Beattie and, secondly ( 1909 ), Edith Frances Muriel Carr . Born at Honiton in Devon, he attended Exeter School and at the age of 20 trained as an artist; later he went on to be a naval authority, journalist, and novelist. He was an accomplished illustrator of, for example, The World's Fighting Ships ( 1898 ), and was naval correspondent for the Engineer , the Scientific American , and the Standard . As a novelist he specialized in science fantasies reminiscent of the...

Wyndham, Francis

Wyndham, Francis   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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Current Version:
2005

...Francis ( 1924–  ), British novelist, short-story writer , and critic , born in London. He wrote his first stories between the ages of 17 and 20, before being called up and after being invalided out of the army. Not published until 1974 , as Out of the War , they recreate the conditions of aimless expectancy known to those left behind whilst a war was being waged elsewhere. Abandoning fiction, Wyndham worked as a reviewer, feature writer, and editor: a collection of his incisive and original pieces on books and performance, as well as his interviews...

‘Youth’

‘Youth’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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2005

...( 1902 ). The story was based on Conrad's 1881–2 voyage as second mate on the Palestine , and it introduced Marlow as story-teller. To the same audience as in Heart of Darkness (which Conrad began writing in December 1898 ), Marlow tells of his first voyage to the East as a 20-year-old second mate on board an old and rusty barque, the Judea , bound for Bangkok. The voyage is dogged by delays and difficulties: shifting ballast in a gale between London and Newcastle; a collision with a steamship in Newcastle harbour; further damage from gales in the...

Bullins, Ed

Bullins, Ed   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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Current Version:
2005

...Benson , who struggles to forge his own identity and liberate his energies, though threatened by the temptations of sexual and alcoholic oblivion. The Wine Time (prod. New York, 1968 , pub. 1969 ) is the first of a projected twenty-play cycle about African-Americans entitled 20th. Century Cycle . Omnibus editions of his many plays include Five Plays ( 1969 ), Four Dynamite Plays ( 1971 ), and The Theme is Blackness ( 1973 ). The latter contains the title play (prod. San Francisco, 1966 ); Dialect Determinism (prod. San Francisco, 1965 ), which...

Black, Clementina

Black, Clementina (1853–1923)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Clementina [ Clementina Maria Black ] ( 1853–1923 ). At the age of 22 she assumed responsibility for her invalid father (formerly the town clerk of Brighton) and six younger siblings, and she was in her late 20s before she could devote much time to her own interests. In the early 1880s she moved to Bloomsbury, London, to live with her sisters, one of whom, Constance ( 1861–1946 ), married the critic Edward Garnett ( 1868–1937 ) and was an important translator of Russian fiction. Black found a job at the nearby London Museum and became interested in...

Wallace, Edgar

Wallace, Edgar (1875–1932)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Boer War from 1899 to 1902 . He was a reporter on the Daily Mail from his return to England to 1907 , then worked on the Standard until 1910 . He wrote much journalism about horse-racing, and started two racing papers. Despite his vast earnings he died in debt, including £20,000 in unpaid tax. His big break was his first novel The Four Just Men ( 1906 ), probably his best book, and the launching-pad for a career as one of the bestselling writers ever. He put his hand to everything that could be loosely called adventure stories for men, whether...

Wise Virgins, The: A Story of Words, Opinions, and a Few Emotions

Wise Virgins, The: A Story of Words, Opinions, and a Few Emotions (1914)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...does not love her, he feels compelled to marry her, and breaks with Camilla, who seems to be regretting her hasty rejection of him. ‘My second novel was published simultaneously with the outbreak of war,’ Woolf recalled. ‘The war killed it dead and my total earnings from it were £20. His wife read it for the first time on 31 January 1915 . ‘My opinion is that it's a remarkable book; very bad in parts; first rate in...

Broad Highway, The: A Romance of Kent

Broad Highway, The: A Romance of Kent (1910)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction

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Current Version:
2005

...Highway, The: A Romance of Kent , Jeffery Farnol , 1910 , Sampson Low . George Vibart bequeaths £20,000 to one nephew, Sir Maurice Vibart, a celebrated Regency rake, ‘in the fervent hope that it may help him to the devil within the year’; £10 (for the purchase of a copy of Zeno or any other Stoic philosopher) to the other, Peter Vibart, the narrator; and a further £500,000 if either marries Lady Sophia Sefton within the year. In Book I, Peter sets off on a walking tour through Kent and Surrey which involves picaresque encounters with footpads,...

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