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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

‘20th century belongs to Canada’

‘20th century belongs to Canada’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
131 words

...20th century belongs to Canada’ . ‘I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the 20th century’, boasted Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier in an 18 January 1904 address before the Ottawa Canadian Club. Laurier's optimism was not unfounded: immigrants were peopling the Prairies, industries were running full steam ahead, and the government had committed itself to supporting the construction of not one but two more transcontinental railways. Of course, the 20th century did not belong to Canada; it belonged to the United States. Nonetheless, the...

Photography and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico

Photography and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico   Reference library

John Mraz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,313 words

...and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico The Porfiriato, 1876–1910 Mexican photojournalism began in 1900 and became an important tool of Porfirio Díaz’s dictatorship. Thanks to the subsidies he received from the Díaz regime, editor Rafael Reyes Espíndola imported the best European high-volume rotogravure presses and Linotype machines, which made it possible to publish photographs in Mexican periodicals and to sell them at markedly lower prices than the competition. Reyes Espíndola founded the newspaper El Imparcial , and magazines such as El Mundo...

Indigenous Mobilizations and the Mexican Government during the 20th Century

Indigenous Mobilizations and the Mexican Government during the 20th Century   Reference library

María L. O. Muñoz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,380 words

...Flowers to Ash , traces the challenges of the Náyari in the Sierra Nayar over the course of the 20th century. According to Coyle, the presence of INI in the region only deepened the conflicts, as the INI representative, an unnamed cultural promoter in Santa Teresa, intervened in local matters, like calling for an investigation into seventeen unresolved murders that many locals preferred be left alone, among other actions that challenged local power brokers. 20 Eventually, Santa Teresa officials managed to have the cultural promoter removed from his post. In...

The Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century

The Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century   Reference library

Vanessa Freije

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,786 words

...Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century The public sphere broadly references the spaces for debate, including the press, political parties, and civic organizations, that mediate between the state and society. Jürgen Habermas introduced this concept to signify an independent sphere where individuals could discuss issues, forge public opinion, and hold their government accountable. 1 While Habermas envisioned the public sphere to be democratic and horizontal, scholars have since acknowledged that it can perpetuate gender, race, and class exclusions....

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century   Reference library

Sahar Bazzaz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
7,518 words

...in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century Literary Forms and Historical Consciousness in the Maghrib Before European Ascendance in the Maghrib. Historical literary production in the Maghrib extends back to the 12th century ce ( 7th century ah ) and comprises a rich corpus including dynastic chronicles ( tarikh ), biographies ( tarajim ), and hagiographies ( manaqib / rijjal ). Before the rise of a positivist historical tradition in the 20th century , Maghribi historiography was modeled upon a narrative form associated with the...

Dumnocoveros

Dumnocoveros   Quick reference

The Kings and Queens of Britain (2 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
27 words

...is only recorded in coins of the Coritani, whose territory comprised modern Lincolnshire and Leicestershire, in association with Volisius. They have been dated c . ad 20–45...

window tax

window tax   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
88 words

...tax William III 's window tax ( 1696 ) was imposed on every dwelling except cottages. The rates were 2 shillings for houses with less than 10 windows, 6 shillings for 10–20 windows, and 10 shillings for more than 20 windows. It led to the stopping up of windows, often temporarily until the assessment had passed. During the Napoleonic wars the tax was increased on several occasions and by 1815 the yield was a substantial £2 million. In 1823 the tax was halved and in 1851 ...

Anne of Green Gables

Anne of Green Gables (1908)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
165 words

...radio dramas, musicals, and television miniseries. Each year 300,000 visitors tour the Parks Canada Green Gables house in Cavendish. Anne is an icon of Canada, and in a survey by the Dominion Institute and Council for Canadian Unity Montgomery was voted one of the top 20 Canadian heroes of the 20th century. Elizabeth Rollins...

bó‐aire

bó‐aire   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

...months, as well as providing a spell of manual labour at sowing‐time and harvest. A bó‐aire is permitted to receive fiefs from three lords at the same time. The Críth Gablach provides an idealized account of the possessions of a prosperous bó‐aire . These include 20 cows, 20 pigs, 20 sheep, and 2 bulls. He also has 6 oxen and full ploughing equipment. At public assemblies he is entitled to be accompanied by two retainers. Fergus...

Jocelyn, Percy

Jocelyn, Percy (1764–1843)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
57 words

...Percy ( 1764–1843 ), third son of the earl of Roden , Church of Ireland bishop of Leighlin and Ferns 1809–20 and Clogher 1820–2 . In 1822 Jocelyn was the subject of an ecclesiastical scandal when he was discovered in compromising circumstances with a soldier in a London public house, leading to his removal from his...

Wakefield, diocese of

Wakefield, diocese of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
59 words

...of south Yorkshire, was created in 1888 to cope with the rapidly rising population. It did not, however, include Sheffield, which remained fiercely independent. The cathedral is the former All Saints' parish church, dating mostly from 14th cent. with a 15th‐cent. west tower and a 20th‐cent. east end by Gilbert Scott...

Westminster School

Westminster School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
50 words

...School was founded shortly after the building of Westminster abbey. Henry VIII made the last abbot the first dean of the school in 1540 . It was refounded by Elizabeth I 20 years later, connecting the school closely with her father's foundations of Christ Church, Oxford, and Trinity College,...

Guildford, diocese of

Guildford, diocese of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
58 words

...diocese of The see comprises most of Surrey. The massive increase in commuter population in the early 20th cent. necessitated the creation of a new bishopric which was carved out of the Winchester diocese ( 1927 ). The cathedral, designed by Sir Edward Maufe and built between 1936 and 1961 , is in a simplified Gothic...

John, Augustus Edwin

John, Augustus Edwin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
62 words

...Augustus Edwin ( 1878–1961 ). British painter . John was born in Tenby (Wales), the son of a solicitor. A brilliant student, he trained at the Slade School, then went to Liverpool as an art instructor. In the first decade of the 20th cent. he was at the height of his powers, expressing in art and life an independent and rebellious...

Lambeth, treaty of

Lambeth, treaty of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
61 words

...treaty of , 1217 . After John 's death in 1216 , the supporters of his young son Henry III defeated Louis of France's men at Lincoln . On 20 September 1217 the treaty of Lambeth ratified terms agreed at Kingston upon Thames. Louis abandoned all claims to the English throne and retired to France but was given 10,000 marks in...

Louisbourg

Louisbourg   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
58 words

...on Cape Breton Island was the keystone of 18th‐cent. French strategy in the North Atlantic. Massive fortifications were commenced in 1719–20 , and completed shortly before a British and American colonial force captured it in 1745 . Restored to France in 1748 , it was again captured after heavy bombardment in 1758 , and razed by the British in 1760...

Portland, battle of

Portland, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
51 words

...battle of , 1653 . Naval engagement in the first Anglo‐Dutch War, which developed into a running fight up the Channel from 18 to 20 February. A large fleet under Blake encountered Martin Tromp's fleet off Portland Bill escorting a convoy. Tromp lost twelve warships but saved most of the...

Winchester College

Winchester College   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
56 words

...College In about 1330 William of Wykeham attended a grammar school in Winchester. He later incorporated it in a new establishment, St Mary College of Winchester, founded by charter on 20 October 1382 . The scholars, selected on a nation‐wide basis, were prepared for entry to New College, Oxford, which Wykeham had founded in 1369...

Black Hole of Calcutta

Black Hole of Calcutta   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
54 words

...Hole of Calcutta By legend, on 20 June 1756 Nawab Siraj‐ud‐Daula , Robert Clive 's great enemy, packed 146 Englishmen captured at Calcutta into a small guardroom. The next day only 21 were left alive. There is today dispute about Siraj‐ud‐Daula's culpability and the actual number of victims, which may have been...

Bramham Moor, battle of

Bramham Moor, battle of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
55 words

.... Henry Percy , earl of Northumberland , who had escaped disaster in 1403 when his son Hotspur was killed at Shrewsbury , raised rebellion against Henry IV again in 1408 . He marched south to Thirsk but found little support. He was defeated and killed at Bramham Moor, on 20 February 1408...

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