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20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

‘20th century belongs to Canada’

‘20th century belongs to Canada’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
131 words

...20th century belongs to Canada’ . ‘I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the 20th century’, boasted Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier in an 18 January 1904 address before the Ottawa Canadian Club. Laurier's optimism was not unfounded: immigrants were peopling the Prairies, industries were running full steam ahead, and the government had committed itself to supporting the construction of not one but two more transcontinental railways. Of course, the 20th century did not belong to Canada; it belonged to the United States. Nonetheless, the...

Photography and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico

Photography and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico   Reference library

John Mraz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,313 words

...and Cinema in 20th-Century Mexico The Porfiriato, 1876–1910 Mexican photojournalism began in 1900 and became an important tool of Porfirio Díaz’s dictatorship. Thanks to the subsidies he received from the Díaz regime, editor Rafael Reyes Espíndola imported the best European high-volume rotogravure presses and Linotype machines, which made it possible to publish photographs in Mexican periodicals and to sell them at markedly lower prices than the competition. Reyes Espíndola founded the newspaper El Imparcial , and magazines such as El Mundo...

Indigenous Mobilizations and the Mexican Government during the 20th Century

Indigenous Mobilizations and the Mexican Government during the 20th Century   Reference library

María L. O. Muñoz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,380 words

...Flowers to Ash , traces the challenges of the Náyari in the Sierra Nayar over the course of the 20th century. According to Coyle, the presence of INI in the region only deepened the conflicts, as the INI representative, an unnamed cultural promoter in Santa Teresa, intervened in local matters, like calling for an investigation into seventeen unresolved murders that many locals preferred be left alone, among other actions that challenged local power brokers. 20 Eventually, Santa Teresa officials managed to have the cultural promoter removed from his post. In...

The Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century

The Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century   Reference library

Vanessa Freije

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,786 words

...Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century The public sphere broadly references the spaces for debate, including the press, political parties, and civic organizations, that mediate between the state and society. Jürgen Habermas introduced this concept to signify an independent sphere where individuals could discuss issues, forge public opinion, and hold their government accountable. 1 While Habermas envisioned the public sphere to be democratic and horizontal, scholars have since acknowledged that it can perpetuate gender, race, and class exclusions....

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century

Historiography in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century   Reference library

Sahar Bazzaz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
7,518 words

...in the Maghrib in the 19th and early 20th Century Literary Forms and Historical Consciousness in the Maghrib Before European Ascendance in the Maghrib. Historical literary production in the Maghrib extends back to the 12th century ce ( 7th century ah ) and comprises a rich corpus including dynastic chronicles ( tarikh ), biographies ( tarajim ), and hagiographies ( manaqib / rijjal ). Before the rise of a positivist historical tradition in the 20th century , Maghribi historiography was modeled upon a narrative form associated with the...

20th century belongs to Canada

20th century belongs to Canada  

‘I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the 20th century’, boasted Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier in an 18 January 1904 address before the Ottawa ...
Beardmore, William, & Co.

Beardmore, William, & Co.  

William Beardmore & Co., owner of the Parkhead Forge in the east end of Glasgow, was established in 1871 when the business was acquired from Robert Napier & Sons, the ...
Alabados And Alabanzas

Alabados And Alabanzas  

Alabados, also called alabanzas, are religious hymns found in Mexico and the U.S. Southwest. Juan B. Rael describes alabados as ballads that turn into prayers.In New Mexico the hymns ...
Kevin Barry

Kevin Barry  

(1902–20),the first IRA man to be executed in the Anglo‐Irish War. Barry was caught while taking part in a raid on a military lorry collecting bread in Church Street ...
Willie Brown

Willie Brown  

(b. 20 March 1934),activist, lawyer, politician, talk show host, and actor. Willie Lewis Brown Jr. was born in the East Texas town of Mineola to Minnie Collins Boyd and ...
Bessie Coleman

Bessie Coleman  

(b. 20 January 1896; d. 30 April 1926), first licensed African American female aviator, barnstormer, parachutist, and activist.Born in Atlanta, Texas, Elizabeth Coleman was the twelfth of thirteen ...
Dominique Dawes

Dominique Dawes  

(b. 20 November 1976), gymnast and Olympic medalist.Although she had already established a stellar record in the arena of women’s gymnastics by the time she was twenty years old ...
Jane Cooke Wright

Jane Cooke Wright  

(b. 20 November 1919), cancer researcher and medical educator.Jane Cooke Wright demonstrates in her life the importance of family, institutions, and the professions to African American women. Wright ...
William Julius Wilson

William Julius Wilson  

(b. 20 December 1935),sociologist and educator. William Julius Wilson received sociology degrees from Wilberforce University (BA, 1958), Bowling Green State University (MA, 1961), and Washington ...
Drusilla Dunjee Houston

Drusilla Dunjee Houston  

(b. 20 June 1876; d. 8 February 1941), historian, journalist, and teacher.One of the most important African American women in the history of Oklahoma, Drusilla Dunjee Houston was a ...
Enolia Pettigen McMillan

Enolia Pettigen McMillan  

(b. 20 October 1904), activist, educator.In 1985 Enolia Pettigen McMillan became the first woman elected President of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). By that ...
Branch Rickey

Branch Rickey  

(b. 20 December 1881; d. 9 December 1965),baseball player, administrator, and owner. Born in Stockdale, Ohio, Rickey was the second son of Frank and Sallie Rickey. His Methodist upbringing ...
Eva Jessye

Eva Jessye  

(b. 20 January 1895; d. 21 February 1992), composer and musical director.In the 1989 book titled I Dream a World: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America, by Brian ...
Judy Baca

Judy Baca  

(b. 1946),artist and activist. Judith Baca was born September 20, 1946, into a woman-centered, Spanish-speaking family in Huntington Park, California. When her family moved to Pacoima, Judy was not ...
Harold Ford, Sr.

Harold Ford, Sr.  

(b. 20 May 1945),member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Harold Eugene Ford Sr. was elected to Congress from what was then Tennessee's Eighth District in 1974 (the state ...

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