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20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Poland, 20th century

Poland, 20th century   Reference library

Stefan Muthesius

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
502 words

...20th century Poland’s contribution to 19th-century architecture had been less prominent than that of many other central European countries, or at least it was held to be so; this was partly due to the way in which Poland lacked effective architectural publications, which was in turn caused by the fact that none of its centres could act as proper cultural capitals, and because of a lack of architectural institutions; for instance, until World War I Polish architects had to go to neighbouring countries even to study architecture. Of the architectural...

hospitals, western Europe 20th century

hospitals, western Europe 20th century   Reference library

Peter Molyneux

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,015 words

...western Europe 20th century In the 20th century, architects saw themselves facilitating the clinical process through efficient, modern hospital design. This led to the development of a theory of hospital architecture based on a notion that rational inquiry would aid architecture, as it had done in industry and economics, with designs that placed great emphasis on clinical functionality rather than environmental quality. The tower-on-podium offered a strong conceptual whilst aesthetically acceptable solution, with standardized ward units stacked over a...

Netherlands, 19th–20th century

Netherlands, 19th–20th century   Reference library

Auke van der Woud

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,036 words
Illustration(s):
1

...19th–20th century Dutch architecture in the 19th century was as internationally oriented as in the 20th, but Dutch architect s and their work would participate actively in international architectural debates only after World War I. The 19th century brought roughly the same fundamental social, ideological, and technical changes to the Netherlands as to other parts of Europe. The architects, their patrons, the education, and their work changed more or less in the same way. At the start of the 19th century, until c .1835 , French architect ure...

Europe: 20th- and 21st-century Painting, Sculpture, Stained Glass

Europe: 20th- and 21st-century Painting, Sculpture, Stained Glass   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
4,531 words

...nationalism that characterized much of early 20th-century Irish art, especially after independence and throughout the mid-century. This nationalism was more generally expressed through a kind of Celtic revivalism and a neo-Hiberno-Romanesque style that typified the work of Irish artists in the substantial number of large churches and religious buildings commissioned on into the 1950s, best seen in the figurative work of stone-carvers such as Albert Power and Seamus Murphy. Throughout the latter half of the 20th century, a generation of Irish painters such as...

Mangold, Robert

Mangold, Robert (1937– )   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
225 words

...20David%20Reed%20The%20Broad%20Richard%20Maxwell%20Chiptune%20Radio%20Craig%20Stockwell%20Anthony%20Hawley%20Robert%20Mangold%20Elliot%20Green%20Jacques%20Rancire&utm_content=Weekend%20David%20Reed%20The%20Broad%20Richard%20Maxwell%20Chiptune%20Radio%20Craig%20Stockwell%20Anthony%20Hawley%20Robert%20Mangold%20Elliot%20Green%20Jacques%20Rancire+CID_1bed72bfc0a1eb4bf07fe7bfae789cb0&utm_source=HyperallergicNewsletter&utm_term=Robert%20Mangolds%20Sense%20of%20Things Critical appraisal https://www.moma.org/artists/3723...

Katz, Alex

Katz, Alex (1927– )   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
298 words

...20David%20%20Schweitzer%20Contemporary%20Marilyn%20Gold%20Robert%20Guillot%20Ellen%20Cantor%20Bon%20Iver%20Alex%20Katz%20Cecily%20Brown%20Richard%20Pousette-Dart%20Azra%20Raza%20Sara%20Suleri&utm_content=Weekend%20David%20%20Schweitzer%20Contemporary%20Marilyn%20Gold%20Robert%20Guillot%20Ellen%20Cantor%20Bon%20Iver%20Alex%20Katz%20Cecily%20Brown%20Richard%20Pousette-Dart%20Azra%20Raza%20Sara%20Suleri+CID_f65054df50d1b9fc9bf40d0cd2e70da4&utm_source=HyperallergicNewsletter&utm_term=Beer%20with%20a%20Painter%20Alex%20Katz Personal...

Louis Revivals

Louis Revivals   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
12 words

...Revivals C19 and C20 revivals of all four Louis styles...

Quaint style

Quaint style   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
14 words

...style Pejorative term used for Art Nouveau in its last early-C20...

Wilson, Alexander

Wilson, Alexander (1766–1813)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
342 words

...20OR%20creator%3A%22Wilson%2C%20Alexander%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Alexander%20Wilson%22%20OR%20title%3A%22Alexander%20Wilson%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Wilson%2C%20Alexander%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Alexander%20Wilson%22%29%20OR%20%28%221766-1813%22%20AND%20Wilson%29%29%20AND%20%28-mediatype:software%29 Full texts of Wilson’s poetry and literary prose, together with full texts of biographies and bibliographies ...

Lazy Susan

Lazy Susan   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
22 words

...Susan . Revolving serving stand on a table, used in the USA to hold condiments or muffins; early 20th-century examples are...

Novecento

Novecento   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
17 words

...(Italian, ‘nine hundred’) A term used to describe the 20th century (the 1900s) in Italian...

Penn, John

Penn, John (1921–2007)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
81 words

...were often strongly axial: they include houses at Bawdsey Hall ( 1962–3 ), Hasketon ( 1961 ), Rendham ( 1966–7 ), Orford ( 1967–8 ), Shingle Street ( 1967–72 ), Broomheath, Woodbridge ( 1963–4 ), and Westleton ( 1969–71 ), all in Suffolk. C20 (Spring 2007), 39; Journal of the C20 Society: C20 Architecture iv (L: C20 Soc.,...

woodland garden

woodland garden   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
43 words

...garden C19 garden formed in acidic woodland soils, featuring non-native species, e.g. hydrangeas, rhododendrons, etc., augmented in the late C19–early C20 by the introduction of further imported varieties from Asia, etc. An example is Bodnant Garden, Tal-y-Cafn, Colwyn Bay, Denbighshire (early C20...

New York Realists

New York Realists   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
29 words

...York Realists . Informal name given during the early years of the 20th century to Robert Henri and his disciples, whose work included scenes of unidealized contemporary urban...

kibbutz

kibbutz   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
30 words

... ( pl. kibbutzim ) Communally-owned collective rural settlement in Palestine (later Israel) established by Jewish immigrants from early C20. Some were designed by European-born architects (e.g. Kauffmann...

Organo-Tech

Organo-Tech   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
27 words

...Style involving free forms, blob-like shapes ( see blobismus ), and a highly complex (and expensive) structure. It came into vogue at the end of C20...

cenotaph

cenotaph   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
28 words

...Empty sepulchre, or funerary monument to the dead whose bodies lie elsewhere. Lutyens ’s Cenotaph, Whitehall, London (1919–20), is an example of such a symbolic...

Neo-Palladianism

Neo-Palladianism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
27 words

...1. C18 revival of Palladian architecture by Burlington and his circle. 2. Late-C20 revival based on earlier revivals. Whitehill & Nichols ( 1976...

Aslin, Charles Herbert

Aslin, Charles Herbert (1893–1959)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
29 words

...Charles Herbert ( 1893–1959 ) Pioneer of C20 prefabrication : as Herts. County Architect (1945–58) he used standardized components for the County school-building programme. E ( 1980...

New York Realists

New York Realists   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
31 words

...York Realists An informal name applied in the early years of the 20th century to Robert Henri and his disciples, whose work included scenes of unidealized contemporary urban...

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