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15 Children’s Books

15 Children’s Books   Reference library

Andrea Immel

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,066 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Morgenstern , ‘ The Rise of Children’s Literature Reconsidered ’, Children’s Literature Association Quarterly , 26 (2001), 64–73 N. Orme , Medieval Children (2001) A. Powers , Children’s Book Covers (2003) K. Reynolds and N. Tucker , eds., Children’s Book Publishing in Britain since 1945 (1998) A. Richardson , Literature, Education, and Romanticism (1994) J. Shefrin , Neatly Dissected (1999) C. Sommerville , The Discovery of Childhood in Puritan England (1992) J. I. Whalley and T. R. Chester , A History of Children’s Book Illustration ...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Compassion of Youth for the Animal Creation: From the Writings of Mr. Pratt , ‘Selected by a Lady’ in 1798 , abounded with ‘exquisite sensibility’ and contributed to its deification. The assumptions of sensationalist psychology and the perceived ductility of young and tender nerves made *children 's literature a logical route by which reform could be implemented. By late in the century, however, child-rearing literature and other advice books joined sentimental fiction in expressing concern over the effects of mothers indulging their children. The...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...also not biblical. Appropriately he is punished with impotence as well as exile. Saints were often venerated because they were seen as being able to grant offspring to childless couples. On the Lives of the Prophets see maj gen g .3. 4. 4 Maccabees, 9:10–25 : The Eldest Son Defies the Greek Tyrant ( 9:10 ) When they had said these things the tyrant was not only indignant at the the youths' disobedience, but even more enraged at their ingratitude. (11) Then, at his command, the guards brought forward the eldest brother, ripped off his tunic, and bound his...

Leviticus

Leviticus   Reference library

Lester L. Grabbe and Lester L. Grabbe

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
22,756 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Cult. 1. The place of women in society and literature has become a much-discussed subject in the past couple of decades (see e.g. Newsom and Ringe 1992 ; Schüssler Fiorenza 1994 a and b ). Some have seen the treatment of women as very negative. It is not my purpose to enter into this debate, but Wegner ( 1992 ) gives a mainly positive assessment of Leviticus on women, recognizing its general context in the ancient world. Women are mentioned specifically in only two sections of Leviticus: one concerns childbirth, which made a woman impure for ritual...

Job

Job   Reference library

James L. Crenshaw and James L. Crenshaw

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...acknowledges the absurdity of such an idea. The expression ‘once in a thousand’ occurs elsewhere to imply that trustworthy men are rare and comparable women non-existent ( Eccl 7:28 ), and with reference to childlessness, which Ben Sira understands as preferable to having ungodly children ( Sir 16:3 ). The phrase also occurs in Egyptian wisdom literature. ( 9:5–11 ) Job employs a traditional hymn ( vv. 5–10 ) and gives his own bewildered response to an invisible deity ( v. 11 ). In 5:9–16 Eliphaz used hymnic material to emphasize the orderly universe and the...

Genesis

Genesis   Reference library

R. N. Whybray and R. N. Whybray

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
35,219 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...deemed necessary to offer an explanation of the name of the daughter, Dinah. Only scraps of narrative and dialogue are attached to these birth notices. The motif of the two wives, one of whom is unable to bear children ( 29:31–2 ), is found also in the story of the birth of Samuel ( 1 Sam 1 ), but with significant differences. In both cases the childless wife is enabled to bear a son through divine intervention; but here this happens to the ‘hated’ wife (i.e. the one who is unwanted by her husband) whereas in 1 Sam 1 it happens to the one who is especially...

Walter Dean Myers

Walter Dean Myers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1937), poet, editor, and novelist.A versatile and prolific writer, Walter Dean Myers (also Walter M. Myers) has published short fiction, essays, and poetry in such disparate periodicals as the ...
His Own Where

His Own Where  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The first novel of poet and essayist June Jordan, His Own Where (1971) made the New York Times List of the Most Outstanding Books of 1971 for young adults and the American Library Association List of ...
Children's Literature

Children's Literature   Reference library

Jacqueline Eddy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... In terms of audience, postwar children's literature became further segmented by age, resulting in a distinct literature keyed to adolescent (and eventually preadolescent) readers. Some of these were series books, a historically noteworthy part of children's literature popularized in the early twentieth century by Edward Stratemeyer's syndicate, whose authors created series like Nancy Drew and the Hardy Boys under various pseudonyms. Most recently, the Magic Treehouse books by Mary Pope Osborne utilize fantasy to get to the discussion of real...

Russia

Russia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,495 words
Illustration(s):
2

...In contrast, Eduard Uspensky ’s nonsensical fantasy tales were written with great respect for the child, especially in Uncle Fedya, the Dog, and the Cat ( 1974 ). Two other prominent exceptions are Radi Pogodin and Vladislav Krapivin , authors of philosophical, existential fantasy, completely free from ideology or didacticism. The late 1960s and 1970s are generally referred to as “years of stagnation” when literature, art, theater, and film were under heavy censorial pressure. In children's literature, however, this was a period of innovation and...

Germany

Germany   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,044 words
Illustration(s):
2

...limitations that the child's imagination (in particular, the sense of the wondrous) suffers in modern existence are removed. Hoffmann makes the child an inhabitant of two worlds, enabling the young reader to sharpen his or her sense of reality without having to suppress a childish pleasure in the improbable and the fantastic. With “Nußknacker und Mausekönig,” Hoffmann may be said to have created the genre of the fantastic children's story. Illustrations and the Biedermeier Era An oddity in the development of German children's literature in the 19th and early...

Criticism in English

Criticism in English   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
19,651 words

...such literature tolerantly because of its youth. He also saw Canada's literature as principally British in origin and sensibilities. In contrast, Ray Palmer Baker's A history of English Canadian literature to the Confederation: its relation to the literature of Great Britain and the United States ( 1920 ), written for an American readership, considered the literature to be more American in its antecedents than British, and assumed that it was old enough to merit serious book-length examination. However. like Edgar, Baker concluded that Canadian literature was...

Campe, Joachim Heinrich

Campe, Joachim Heinrich   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
837 words

...to the child's sensualist approach to reason. It must take into account children's status in terms of development and knowledge, and it should reflect their everyday scope of experience. For these reasons Campe shifted Robinson's home to Hamburg and made the hero younger, so that he emerges as a figure with whom German children could identify. In 1785 Campe turned his back on children's literature, having come to adhere to Rousseau's conviction that stimulation of fantasy and feeling at too early an age is a threat to the childish nature. Campe now...

Asian American Children’s Literature

Asian American Children’s Literature   Reference library

Sarah Park Dahlen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...Children of 1965: Writing and Not Writing as an Asian American (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014), 8. 5. Dolores de Manuel and Rocío G. Davis. “Asian American Children's Literature,” Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature 30, no. 2 (2006): v. 6. de Manuel and Davis, “Asian American Children’s Literature,” 2006; and Rocío G. Davis, Begin Here: Reading Asian North American Autobiographies of Childhood (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2007). 7. de Manuel and Davis, “Asian American Children’s Literature,”...

Young Adult Literature

Young Adult Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,175 words
Illustration(s):
1

...who write and interpret adolescence for young people, by offering a site of enunciation, a subject position that attempts to situate adolescents within the formations of the producing culture. See also Bildungsroman or Novel of Education ; Fantasy ; Realism ; and biographies of figures mentioned in this article. Robyn McCallum Cart, Michael . From Romance to Realism. 50 Years of Growth and Change in Young Adult Literature . New York: HarperCollins, 1996. MacLeod, Anne Scott . American Childhood: Essays on Children's Literature of the Nineteenth and...

Myers, Walter Dean

Myers, Walter Dean (1937)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
911 words

...and commentary to turn-of-the-century photographs of African American children in Brown Angels ( 1993 ) and Jacob Lawrence 's pictures in The Great Migration ( 1994 ). Walter Dean Myers is best known, however, for his young adult novels about Harlem residents. Like many black writers, Myers loved to read but rarely encountered books about people like him or his friends and family. This desire to fill a void, to create for other youth that which had been lacking in his own adolescence, was further motivated by his displeasure with the prevalent images of...

Spanish Language in Chicana/o Literature

Spanish Language in Chicana/o Literature   Reference library

Jesús Rosales

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...movement literary characteristics, including a strong sense of cultural determinism and respect for the Mexican American’s indigenous past. 11. Ben V. Olguín and Omar Vásquez Barbosa published a new edition of Américo Paredes’s Cantos de adolescencia . In their edition, titled Cantos de adolescencia [ Songs of Youth ] ( 1932–1937 ), (Houston: Arte Público Press, 2007), Olguín and Barbosa wrote a literary introduction and provided the first-ever English translation of the original Spanish poems. 12. Land of gods, of swallows and of the pheasant (my...

Baltic Countries

Baltic Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
696 words

...disguise. The foremost Estonian fantasy work, the Three Jolly Fellows series ( 1972–1982 ) by Eno Raud ( 1928–1996 ), had a lighter nonsensical tone, depicting three trolls' adventures in an otherwise realistic world. Realistic, problem-oriented novels for children and youth started appearing in the 1970s, for instance by the Estonians Holger Puuk ( 1920 –) and Jaan Rannap ( 1931 –), while idyllic childhood memoirs and nature stories were a safe way to avoid censorship. A prominent genre in Baltic children's literature was poetry and verse, perhaps...

Latino Gay Literature

Latino Gay Literature   Reference library

Daniel Contreras

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latina and Latino Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...license, and this would become (and arguably remains) the most important and durable form for many gay Latino writers. Historically, it is a distinctive literary impulse to narrate one’s story, often beginning in childhood and ending in adolescence, that is markedly present in many gay Latino literary works. These chronicles of childhood and adolescence, however, cannot easily be described as Edenic. While they are often infused with a stirring melancholic ambience, they also contain vivid instances of cruelty, deprivation, and racist violence. Another key...

LGBTQ Psychology

LGBTQ Psychology   Reference library

Peter Hegarty

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of Modern Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, History
Length:
11,297 words

...child or adolescent” as “one of the most important goals” (p. 5). The consensus view in mental health was that the paradigm shift from psychiatry to stigma should be an adults-only affair. As a consequence, shifts in the norms for adulthood long preceded any question of shifts in the norms for the range of adulthood that children might be growing into but which could still be considered normative worry-free “development” (see Burman, 2008 ). This worry about children growing up LGBTQ has left a long impression on psychology. In the literature on...

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