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Overview

terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

Lunachicks

Lunachicks  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Legend has it that New York’s Lunachicks were rescued from a life of street gangs, drinking, idolatry and terrorism against humanity by being discovered by Sonic Youth, who recommended the ...
Psychocandy (Jesus And Mary Chain album)

Psychocandy (Jesus And Mary Chain album)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
A love of classic pop songs and sonic terrorism conspire on this euphoric collection. Fuzz guitar, distortion and feedback drench almost every track, but beneath this assertive noise lies a ...
Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Sri Lanka's 20-year-old civil war has ended, but many of the underlying problems remainOne-sixth of Sri Lanka consists of the Central Highlands in the south-centre. From these highlands a series of ...
Muammar al- Qaddafi

Muammar al- Qaddafi  

(1942–2011)Libyan statesman and colonel, chairman of the Revolutionary Council (1969–77) and president of Libya (1977–2011).Born in Sirte, the son of a nomadic family, Gaddafi received a ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
multiculturalism

multiculturalism  

As a descriptive term, multiculturalism refers to the coexistence of people with many cultural identities in a common state, society, or community. As a prescriptive term, it is associated with ...
anarchism

anarchism  

The doctrine associated with Godwin, Bakunin, Proudhon, and others, that human communities can and should flourish without government. Voluntary cooperation should replace the coercive machinery of ...
violence

violence  

For Greece see hubris; reciprocity (greece). For Rome see vis.
politics and music

politics and music   Reference library

Jonathan Carr

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
1,100 words

...symphonies, concertos, operas, and ballets. He did so, however, with an almost bewildering inventiveness and eclecticism, combining his work with a forceful public commitment to the political far left that brought him brickbats at home, especially during the era of terrorism there by the so-called Red Army Faction. In spite of this long history of tension, political and otherwise, most of Henze's compositions have been well recorded for posterity—above all in Germany. Such commitment to the work of a highly talented, albeit controversial, artist may...

Censorship

Censorship   Reference library

Paul D. Fischer

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,513 words

...held about the marketing of violent entertainment to children that included the music industry. None of these hearings generated legislation. The USA Patriot Act (acronym for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism”), passed on 26 October 2001 includes several sections that could impact musicians. Section 411 disallows entry into the United States of non-citizens who “use a position of prominence in any country to endorse or espouse terrorist activity.” This provision could have been...

Death of Klinghoffer, The

Death of Klinghoffer, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,174 words

...and not clearly condemned by Adams , and the composer's more general refusal to draw a clear good/evil dichotomy between the hijackers and their victims, has enraged many critics. But it can be argued that Adams, Goodman and Sellars were prescient, in 1989 , in realizing that terrorism – its causes and its effects on the survivors – was a reality that Art would ultimately be forced to confront. Laura...

Society for American Music

Society for American Music   Reference library

Carol J. Oja and Glenda Goodman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,621 words

...reflect the shifting horizon of new research, which often unfolds in tandem with advocacy in the Interest Groups. Conference papers are increasingly devoted to such topics as Native American music studies, race and representation in music, sexuality, musical responses to terrorism post-9/11, and multimedia subjects ranging from film music to issues of copyright and file-sharing in the digital age. These papers represent a robust commitment to hearing previously unheard voices and seeking out hitherto unseen perspectives in American music, and they coexist...

Nationalism

Nationalism   Reference library

Raymond Knapp

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,487 words

...and has indeed contributed in many instances to the amelioration of political repression. However, because it imposes alignments between peoples and territories, nationalism has also done tremendous harm. Thus, during the 20th century, nationalism sparked several wars, fomented terrorism, excused forced migrations and mass murder as modes of “ethnic cleansing,” and, more specifically, laid the foundation for the Armenian genocide, two world wars, and the Holocaust. The United States has to some extent escaped such extreme negative consequences, at least on the...

Acid Bath

Acid Bath   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
245 words

...of just floating away from whatever connects you to the world’. Their second long-player, 1996’s Paegan Terrorism Tactics , featured a painting by suicide doctor Jack Kevorkian. The band’s career ground to a halt with the death of Pitre in a car accident. Riggs and Sanchez teamed up again in Agents Of Oblivion, while Duet joined Crowbar and inaugurated his own project, Goatwhore. ALBUMS When The Kite String Pops (Rotten 1995) ٭ ٭ ٭ Paegan Terrorism Tactics (Rotten 1996) ٭ ٭ COMPILATIONS Demos: 1993-1996 (Nuclear Blast 2005) ٭ ٭ DVD/VIDEOS Double Live...

Jesus And Mary Chain - Psychocandy

Jesus And Mary Chain - Psychocandy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
114 words

...And Mary Chain - Psychocandy A love of classic pop songs and sonic terrorism conspire on this euphoric collection. Fuzz guitar, distortion and feedback drench almost every track, but beneath this assertive noise lies a gift for melody inspired by the Beach Boys and girl-group genre. The contrast is beguiling and if the constituent parts are not original, the audacity of such a combination is. Understated voices and nihilistic lyrics belie the intensity forged within. Created by passionate adherents of pop culture, Psychocandy is one of the 80s’ landmark...

Fuel - Sunburn

Fuel - Sunburn   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
125 words

...hardcore guitar riffs to melodic, accessible chorus to lyrical, sweeping instrumental passage. Their outlook is far from a sunny one, as evinced by the aforementioned cut, as well as such tunes as ‘It’s Come To This’ and the title track. For all their Big Rock angst and sonic terrorism, though, they never lose sight of the pop verities; a catchy chorus and a more-or-less hummable melody. Sunburn should fare well among those who like a little edge to their alt rock and those who like their head banging leavened by a pinch of sugar. See also Fuel...

Barren Cross

Barren Cross   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
200 words

...(vocals), they were initially reminiscent of Iron Maiden or Van Halen . Their 1986 debut Rock For The King featured turbo-charged metallic anthems with fluid guitar work, delivered with steely conviction. Lyrically, the band explored themes such as abortion, drug abuse and terrorism, but explained rather than simply condemned these issues. Later releases saw the band afford greater use of melody, but without compromising their ideals or striving for commercial recognition. 1990’s Hotter Than Hell was a strong live album that fully showcased the band’s...

Diplo

Diplo   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
274 words

...attempt to mix rap, trip-hop, pop and reggae into a cohesive whole, and included guest slots from UK singer Martina Topley-Bird and dancehall icon Vybz Kartel . His production and remix activities included work with M.I.A . (the influential 2004 mixtape Piracy Funds Terrorism, Volume 1 ) Gwen Stefani , Kanye West , Beck , Bloc Party , Justin Timberlake , and Daft Punk . He also released a mix of the Beatles ’ version of ‘Twist And Shout’. In 2006, Pentz launched his own label, Mad Decent, with the Brazilian group Bondo Do Role the most...

Justified Ancients Of Mu Mu

Justified Ancients Of Mu Mu   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
309 words

...JAMS moniker was reactivated for ‘It’s Grim Up North’, a UK Top 10 single that owed several musical moments to composer William Blake. Subsequently, Drummond and Cauty promptly slipped back into KLF mode to record with country singer Tammy Wynette , before staging acts of art terrorism under the K Foundation banner. ALBUMS 1987 (What The Fuck Is Going On?) (KLF Communications 1987) ٭ ٭ ٭ Who Killed The JAMS? (KLF Communications 1987) ٭ ٭ ٭ COMPILATIONS The History Of The JAMS aka The Timelords (TVT 1989) ٭ ٭ ٭ See also Bill Drummond , Timelords , KLF , ...

Lunachicks

Lunachicks   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
294 words

...Legend has it that New York’s Lunachicks were rescued from a life of street gangs, drinking, idolatry and terrorism against humanity by being discovered by Sonic Youth , who recommended the all-female band to Blast First Records so vociferously that the Lunachicks’ 1990 debut, Babysitters On Acid , was barely recorded before it was let loose upon an unsuspecting public. The ‘not-at-all-nice-girls’, who had originally formed the band in 1987, turned their rebellious behaviour into a stage act. Becky (b. Susan Rebecca Lloyd, USA; drums), Squid Sid (b....

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