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Overview

terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

terrorism

terrorism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, ...
war on Terrorism

war on Terrorism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The war launched by President George W. Bush in the aftermath of the outrage of September 11, 2001, when he vowed that the USA would use its armed might to destroy terrorist organizations and any ...
Maria Spiridonova

Maria Spiridonova  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1884–1941),an icon of the Russian Revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova combined womanly virtue with the heroism of oppositional terrorism. Born the daughter of a ...
Frelimo War

Frelimo War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1964–75)A war fought between Mozambique nationalist groups united into the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) and Portuguese troops. The Portuguese failed to contain the conflict, and by 1968 ...
guerrilla

guerrilla  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(Spanish, ‘little war’) A person taking part in irregular fighting by small groups acting independently. The word was coined during the Peninsular War (1807–14) to describe the Spanish partisans ...
Decembrists

Decembrists  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Members of a Russian revolutionary society, the Northern Society. A group of Russian army officers, influenced by French liberal ideas, combined to lead a revolt against the accession of Nicholas I ...
KGB

KGB  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Formed in 1953, the KGB was responsible for external espionage, internal counter-intelligence, and internal ‘crimes against the state’. The most famous chairman of the KGB was Yuri Andropov (1967–82) ...
Tony Blair

Tony Blair  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1953– )British Labour politician, Prime Minister 1997–2007. Blair, a lawyer before entering politics, was elected as a Labour Member of Parliament in 1983 and became a member of the shadow cabinet ...
Guantánamo Bay

Guantánamo Bay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Site of a US air base in Cuba where a number of those captured fighting for the Taliban in Afghanistan, or suspected of terrorist involvement, are held.
George W. Bush

George W. Bush  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1946– )US Republican statesman, 43rd President of the USA (2001–9). The son of George (Herbert Walker) Bush, he worked in the oil industry before becoming Governor of Texas in 1995. The presidential ...
North Korea

North Korea  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A north-east Asian country. Consisting of the northern half of the Korean peninsula, mostly above the 38th parallel, North Korea was formed from the zone occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of ...
Arab League

Arab League  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An organization of Arab states, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 1945. The principal aims of the League are to protect the independence and sovereignty of its members and to strengthen the ties between ...
Tet Offensive

Tet Offensive  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(29 January–25 February 1968)An offensive launched in the Vietnam War by Vietcong and regular North Vietnamese army units against US and South Vietnamese forces. In a surprise attack timed to ...
intelligence services

intelligence services  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Government organizations dedicated to the collection and evaluation of information, primarily about the intentions of other countries that are seen as adversaries. Such information can be economic, ...
Khmer Rouge

Khmer Rouge  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Cambodian communist movement. Formed to resist the right-wing, US-backed regime of Lon Nol after the latter's military coup in 1970, the Khmer Rouge, with Vietnamese assistance, first dominated the ...
International Maritime Organization

International Maritime Organization  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(IMO),a special agency of the United Nations established in 1958 with responsibility for improving maritime safety and preventing pollution from ships. It has its headquarters on the Albert ...
film

film  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
smuggling

smuggling  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
N.The offence of importing or exporting specified goods that are subject to customs or excise duties without having paid the requisite duties (Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 s 170). Smuggled ...
Tajikistan

Tajikistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country bounded by China on the east and Afghanistan on the south; it occupies one of the highest regions of central Asia.Physical.The Pamir mountains occupy a third of Tajikstan while the Alai ...
Venezuela

Venezuela  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A country on the north coast of South America, with a coastline on the Caribbean Sea. It is bounded by Colombia on the west, Brazil on the south, and Guyana on the east.Physical.The island-fringed ...

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