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Overview

terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

terrorism

terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or...

terrorism

terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...in 168 deaths. Other extremist groups, such as animal rights campaigners, anti-abortionists, and some extreme ecologists, have also used terrorism, justifying it with the familiar ‘state terrorism’ arguments already described. Though there is little evidence that 1990s terrorist groups are as interlinked as those of the 1970s and 1980s, their rise may be due in part to widely published studies of the techniques of terrorism and its effectiveness. Modern crime gangs and drug barons—‘non-state actors’—have also acquired the resources to wage terrorist-type...

ecological terrorism

ecological terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...terrorism the deliberate destruction or pollution of an area of the environment as an act of warfare or terrorism. See ...

terrorism, state

terrorism, state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., state the intimidation of citizens by a government by means of state resources such as the police, judiciary, and military, to quell domestic opposition to its...

terrorism, sub-state

terrorism, sub-state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., sub-state the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims by a private group with no support from...

terrorism, state-supported

terrorism, state-supported   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., state-supported the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims, undertaken with the logistical, financial, and training support of a...

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Terrorism and Counterterrorism   Reference library

Frank Foley and Max Abrahms

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,342 words

...Terrorism Becoming More Threatening? Journal of Conflict Resolution 44, 307–32. Enders, W. , Sandler, T. , and Cauley, J. (1990) UN Conventions, Terrorism, and Retaliation in the Fight against Terrorism: An Econometric Evaluation. Terrorism and Political Violence 2 (1), 489–516. Engene, J.O. (2004) Terrorism in Western Europe: Explaining the Trends since 1950 . Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Fair, C.C. , and Shepherd, B. (2006) Who Supports Terrorism? Evidence from Fourteen Muslim Countries. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 29 (1),...

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Terrorism and Counterterrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...organization. In 1998 , the U.S. Department of State designated Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria as state sponsors of terrorism. Sub‐state terrorism refers to acts of terrorism perpetrated by non‐state actors. In considering sub‐state terrorism, one can distinguish between five principal varieties: Social revolutionary terrorism, also known as terrorism of the left, includes those acts perpetrated by groups seeking to overthrow the capitalist economic and social order and was typified by the European “fighting communist...

Intelligence and Terrorism

Intelligence and Terrorism   Reference library

Erik J. Dahl

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,688 words

...304–21. Cooper, H.H.A. (1978) Terrorism and the Intelligence Function. In M.H. Livingston , L.B. Kress , and M.G. Wanek (eds.) International Terrorism in the Contemporary World . Westport: Greenwood, pp. 287–96. Copeland, T.E. (2001) Is the “New Terrorism” Really New? An Analysis of the New Paradigm of Terrorism. Journal of Conflict Studies 21 (2), 91–105. Copeland, T.E. (2007) Fool Me Twice: Intelligence Failure and Mass Casualty Terrorism . Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff. Cronin, B. (2005) Intelligence, Terrorism, and National Security. Annual...

International Organization and Terrorism

International Organization and Terrorism   Reference library

Peter Romaniuk

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,893 words

...Terrorism 5 (1 and 2), 139–60. Badey, T.J. (1998) Defining International Terrorism: A Pragmatic Approach. Terrorism and Political Violence 10 (1), 90–107. Bailey, S.D. (1993) The UN Security Council and Terrorism. International Relations 11 (6), 533–53. Barnett, M.N. , and Finnemore, M. (2004) Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics . Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Bassiouni, M.C. (1975a) Methodological Options for International Legal Control of Terrorism. In M.C. Bassiouni (ed.) International Terrorism and...

Terrorism and Foreign Policy

Terrorism and Foreign Policy   Reference library

Amanda Skuldt

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,414 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Terrorism and Counter Terrorism: A Communication Model. Terrorism and Political Violence 14 (2), 79. Crelinsten, R.D. , and Schmid, A. (1992) Western Response to Terrorism: A Twenty-Five Year Balance Sheet. Terrorism and Political Violence 4 (4), 307–340. Crenshaw, M. (1983) Terrorism, Legitimacy and Power: The Consequences of Political Violence . Middletown: Wesleyan University Press. Crenshaw, M. (1989a) Terrorism and International Cooperation . New York: Institute for East-West Security Studies. Crenshaw, M. (1989b) On Terrorism and...

Terrorism and Counterterrorism on the Internet

Terrorism and Counterterrorism on the Internet   Reference library

Gabriel Weimann

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,032 words

...As Jenkins concluded his analysis of international terrorism: “Terrorism is aimed at the people watching, not at the actual victims. Terrorism is a theater” (Jenkins 1975:4). Modern terrorism can be understood in terms of the production requirements of theatrical engagements. Terrorists pay attention to script preparation, cast selection, sets, props, role playing, and minute-by-minute stage management. Just like compelling stage plays or ballet performances, the media orientation in terrorism requires full attention to detail in order to be effective....

The Ethnic, Nationalist, and Religious Roots of Terrorism

The Ethnic, Nationalist, and Religious Roots of Terrorism   Reference library

Josephine Squires

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,627 words

...The Causes of Terrorism. Comparative Politics 13, 379–99. Crenshaw, M. (1990) Questions to be Answered, Research to be Done, Knowledge to be Applied. In W. Reich (ed.) Origins of Terrorism . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 33–58. Crenshaw, M. (1992) Current Research on Terrorism: The Academic Perspective. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 15 (1), 1–11. Crenshaw, M. (2006) Have Motivations for Terrorism Changed? In J. Victoroff (ed.) Tangled Roots: Social and Psychological Factors in the Genesis of Terrorism . Amsterdam: IOS...

ecological terrorism

ecological terrorism  

The deliberate destruction or pollution of an area of the environment as an act of warfare or terrorism. See ecoterrorism
terrorism, state

terrorism, state  

The intimidation of citizens by a government by means of state resources such as the police, judiciary, and military, to quell domestic opposition to its policies.
terrorism, state-supported

terrorism, state-supported  

The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims, undertaken with the logistical, financial, and training support of a state.
terrorism, sub-state

terrorism, sub-state  

The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims by a private group with no support from governments.
counterterrorism

counterterrorism  

N.offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism.
State Terror and Peace Witness

State Terror and Peace Witness  

The words terror, terrorist, and terrorism, since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, have entered the daily discourse of the global media-dominated world. After 2001 the ...
FMLN

FMLN  

Also called Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional a Salvadoran political organization formed in 1980 from various splinter groups and with Cuban backing that carried out acts of terrorism in El ...

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