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terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the islands were exposed to substantial pressure from the British government to tighten their control over the financial sector. This intensified after the 9/11 attacks on the USA in 2001 , amidst concerns that money‐laundering through the Cayman Islands encouraged global terrorism. It has since agreed to share tax information with various European countries to help tackle tax evasion. Its performance remains under review by the European Union. The islands are susceptible to hurricanes, and in 2004 , Hurricane Ivan caused significant damage to most houses...

Maldives

Maldives   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
840 words
Illustration(s):
2

...He was replaced by Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik , the leader of a smaller party. New elections occurred in 2013 in which Nasheed lost to Abdulla Yameen , Gayoom’s half-brother. Any form of opposition was discouraged. In 2015 , Nasheed was jailed for thirteen years on terrorism charges (he was allowed to travel to Britain in 2016 for medical treatment, and was granted political asylum there). Yameen’s vice-president, Ahmed Adeeb , was arrested over an alleged assassination plot, and jailed for 15 years. The penal code was also amended, incorporating...

Chad

Chad   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,290 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Nigerian forces in retaking areas of Nigeria controlled by Boko Haram. Cross-border trade has been seriously affected, and this had an effect on trading in the capital which is only 50 kilometres from the Nigerian border. Chad has cooperated with western countries on counter-terrorism, and there was surprise when, in September 2017 , the US Trump administration added it to the list of countries whose citizens are banned from travelling to the USA. The ban was lifted six months later. Parliamentary elections have been postponed a number of times since 2015 and...

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,865 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Salman issued a decree – to be implemented by June 2018 - allowing women to drive. Saudi Arabia was little affected by the ‘Arab Spring’, but in a response to the unrest elsewhere Abdullah increased welfare spending. In 2014 , dissent was further controlled by new anti-terrorism laws and organizations such as the Muslim Brotherhood were banned. Later in the year Saudi Arabia joined the US bombing raids on so-called Islamic State in Syria, but from 2015 , the prime military target became the Houthi rebels in neighbouring Yemen, who were attacked by...

Sudan

Sudan   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,638 words
Illustration(s):
2

...into the charges because of its inability, particularly through the UN Security Council, to have al-Bashir arrested. In 2017 the USA lifted some economic sanctions that it had imposed over 20 years before, an indication that Sudan was more open to assisting in counter terrorism and in allowing humanitarian aid to travel through Sudan to South Sudan. It also began to receive more assistance from European countries as it further restricted the flow of migrants to Egypt and then on to Europe. In 2018 al-Bashir ordered the release of recently detained...

Indonesia

Indonesia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,031 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the PKB—whose chaotic administration ended in 2001 with impeachment for incompetence. Megawati took his place, but achieved little and was punished in the 2004 assembly elections when Golkar emerged as the largest party. Over this period Indonesia suffered from Islamic terrorism, notably a 2002 bomb attack in Bali and another on the Jakarta Marriott Hotel in 2003 . But the security forces now appear to have the upper hand. The 2004 presidential election, the first to be based on a direct popular ballot, was won by a former general, Susilo Bambang...

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