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terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

ecological imperialism

ecological imperialism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...imperialism A theory conceived by Alfred Crosby in his 1986 book Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900 , which proposes that colonization was not only a form of cultural and political tyranny, it was also a form of environmental terrorism. Indeed, Crosby goes so far as to argue that the ecological dimension was in fact primary. His reason for suggesting this is the evident fact that wherever colonists settled they brought with them diseases that devastated the local populations (of both people and plants and animals)...

ecological imperialism

ecological imperialism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...imperialism A theory conceived by Alfred Crosby (1931–2018) in his 1986 book Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900 , which proposes that colonization was not only a form of cultural and political tyranny, it was also a form of environmental terrorism. Indeed, Crosby went so far as to argue that the ecological dimension was in fact primary. His reason for suggesting this was the evident fact that wherever colonists settled they brought with them diseases that devastated the local populations (of both people and plants and...

Temporary Autonomous Zone

Temporary Autonomous Zone   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...in that it is not concerned with seizing territory, but simply wants to mobilize any thing it can find to hand—art, ideas, slogans, festivals, theatre—to open up a space for new ways of thinking and living. He refers to this process as either ‘ontological anarchy’ or ‘poetic terrorism’. But it is also more radical than the anti-WTO movement in that it wants to break with existing social structures, such as that of the family, and it eschews permanence in favour of transience. Bey insists that the TAZ is not a political doctrine and offers no programme for...

Temporary Autonomous Zone

Temporary Autonomous Zone   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...in that it is not concerned with seizing territory, but simply wants to mobilize anything it can find to hand—art, ideas, slogans, festivals, theatre—to open up a space for new ways of thinking and living. He refers to this process as either ‘ontological anarchy’ or ‘poetic terrorism’. But it is also more radical than the anti-WTO movement in that it wants to break with existing social structures, such as that of the family, and it eschews permanence in favour of transience. Bey insists that the TAZ is not a political doctrine and offers no programme for...

Eagleton, Terry

Eagleton, Terry (1943)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of Life ( 2007 ). But he hasn't deserted politics altogether. In 2002 he published perhaps his most controversial book of all, Holy Terror , which in the aftermath of 9/11 infuriated right-wing critics by (bravely, it has to be said) highlighting the connection between terrorism and state terror. He made international news in 2006 when the Australian Archbishop was accused of plagiarizing his review of Richard Dawkins 's polemical book The God Delusion ( 2006 ). Showing that advancing age has not dulled his spirit or wit, Eagleton caused a highly...

Eagleton, Terry

Eagleton, Terry (1943– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Life ( 2007 ). But he hasn’t deserted politics altogether. In 2002 he published perhaps his most controversial book of all, Holy Terror , which in the aftermath of 9/11 infuriated right-wing critics by (bravely, it has to be said) highlighting the connection between terrorism and state terror. He made international news in 2006 when the Australian Archbishop was accused of plagiarizing his review of Richard Dawkins ’s polemical book The God Delusion ( 2006 ). Showing that advancing age has not dulled his spirit or wit, Eagleton caused a highly...

Guattari, Félix

Guattari, Félix (1930–92)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of Homosexualities). French courts banned it and ordered all copies destroyed. Guattari was also fined 600 francs, but he proudly never paid. More controversially, he collaborated with the Italian Marxist theorist, Antonio Negri , who was arrested in 1977 on charges of terrorism for his association with the Red Brigades. Guattari also spoke against the extradition from Germany to France of Klaus Croissant , a German lawyer sympathetic to the Baader-Meinhof Group; and in the late 1950s and early 1960s he carried cash for the Front de Liberation...

Guattari, Félix

Guattari, Félix (1930–92)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Homosexualities). French courts banned it and ordered all copies destroyed. Guattari was also fined 600 francs, but he proudly never paid. More controversially, he collaborated with the Italian Marxist theorist, Antonio Negri , who was arrested in 1977 on charges of terrorism for his association with the Red Brigades. Guattari also spoke against the extradition from Germany to France of Klaus Croissant , a German lawyer sympathetic to the Baader-Meinhof Group; and in the late 1950s and early 1960s he carried cash for the Front de Libération...

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