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terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

terrorism

terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or...

terrorism

terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...in 168 deaths. Other extremist groups, such as animal rights campaigners, anti-abortionists, and some extreme ecologists, have also used terrorism, justifying it with the familiar ‘state terrorism’ arguments already described. Though there is little evidence that 1990s terrorist groups are as interlinked as those of the 1970s and 1980s, their rise may be due in part to widely published studies of the techniques of terrorism and its effectiveness. Modern crime gangs and drug barons—‘non-state actors’—have also acquired the resources to wage terrorist-type...

ecological terrorism

ecological terrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...terrorism the deliberate destruction or pollution of an area of the environment as an act of warfare or terrorism. See ...

terrorism, state

terrorism, state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., state the intimidation of citizens by a government by means of state resources such as the police, judiciary, and military, to quell domestic opposition to its...

terrorism, sub-state

terrorism, sub-state   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., sub-state the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims by a private group with no support from...

terrorism, state-supported

terrorism, state-supported   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., state-supported the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims, undertaken with the logistical, financial, and training support of a...

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Terrorism and Counterterrorism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...organization. In 1998 , the U.S. Department of State designated Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria as state sponsors of terrorism. Sub‐state terrorism refers to acts of terrorism perpetrated by non‐state actors. In considering sub‐state terrorism, one can distinguish between five principal varieties: Social revolutionary terrorism, also known as terrorism of the left, includes those acts perpetrated by groups seeking to overthrow the capitalist economic and social order and was typified by the European “fighting communist...

counterterrorism

counterterrorism n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism...

ecoterrorism

ecoterrorism n.   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... n. 1 violence carried out to further environmentalist ends. 2 the action of causing deliberate environmental damage in order to further political ends. Another term for ecological terrorism...

security intelligence

security intelligence   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...intelligence intelligence on the identity, capabilities, and intentions of hostile organizations or individuals who are or may be engaged in espionage, sabotage, subversion, or terrorism...

FMLN

FMLN   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...also called Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional a Salvadoran political organization formed in 1980 from various splinter groups and with Cuban backing that carried out acts of terrorism in El...

warning

warning   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...n. a communication and acknowledgment of dangers implicit in a wide spectrum of activities by potential opponents, ranging from routine defense measures to substantial increases in readiness and force preparedness and to acts of terrorism or political, economic, or military...

Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Klux Klan KKK an extremist right-wing secret society in the United States. The Ku Klux Klan was originally founded in the southern states after the Civil War to oppose social change and black emancipation by violence and terrorism. Although disbanded twice, it reemerged in the 1950s and 1960s and continues at a local level. Members disguise themselves in white robes and hoods, and often use a burning cross as a symbol of their organization. Ku Kluxer; Ku Klux Klansman pl....

Federal Emergency Management Administration

Federal Emergency Management Administration   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...separate disaster-related agencies into one body. Since then, the scope of the agency has expanded, and it now responds to hazards associated with nuclear power plants and the transportation of hazardous substances. It also responds to large-scale devastation caused by acts of terrorism, in addition to addressing issues of civil...

Global War On Terror

Global War On Terror   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...the criticisms of the war. More broadly the whole nature of the fight against Islamic extremist terrorism is also subject to ongoing controversy that reflects the problem of trying to combat an unconventional and implacable enemy. Aside from debates over what weight should be given to the various military, policing and intelligence aspects of the campaign there has also been much argument over many of the legal matters surrounding the fight against terrorism. Allegations of US agencies either condoning or conducting the torture of terrorist suspects have...

Weinberger, Caspar

Weinberger, Caspar (1917–2006)   Reference library

Roger R. Trask

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Goldwater–Nichols Act Unifies the Pentagon . College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2004. Weinberger, Caspar W. , and Gretchen Roberts . In the Arena: A Memoir of the 20th Century . Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2003. Wills, David C. The First War on Terrorism: Counter-terrorism Policy during the Reagan Administration . Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. Roger R....

Terror, War on

Terror, War on   Reference library

Robert S. Singh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Mary , and Robert S. Singh , eds. The Bush Doctrine and the War on Terrorism: Global Responses, Global Consequences . London and New York: Routledge, 2006. A series of essays that examines the origins and implementation of the Bush Doctrine and responses to the challenge of terrorism around the world. Dershowitz, Alan . Why Terrorism Works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002. Makes a forceful case that terrorism “works” only when the international community gives in to terrorist demands...

Black Hawk, Sikorsky

Black Hawk, Sikorsky   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...UN-sponsored Cambodian elections in 1993 and they have been deployed as part of operations in East Timor as well as on disaster relief operations in Pakistan. The aircraft have also been extensively used in support of special forces during the Sydney Olympics and counter-terrorism training and operations since. The relocation of a Black Hawk squadron from Townsville to Sydney to support the Special Operations Command is planned. In June 2006 the government, keen to rationalise the number of helicopter types used by the ADF, announced that the Eurocopter...

Tet offensive

Tet offensive (1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...of South Vietnam's 44 provincial capitals and scores of villages. Timed to take advantage of a truce declared for the annual lunar New Year celebrations, it utterly failed to prompt an uprising, although government supporters were methodically massacred in a telling use of terrorism . With the exception of the battles of Saigon and Hué, US and South Vietnamese forces quickly defeated the attacks and Vietcong units indigenous to South Vietnam were indeed decimated. But the Tet offensive was a brilliant political success for Hanoi. Believing that progress was...

Pentagon, The

Pentagon, The   Reference library

John Whiteclay Chambers

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the building. [ See also Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. ; Defense, U.S. Department of ; Rumsfeld, Donald ; September 11th Terrorist Attacks ; and World War II (1939–1945) .] Bibliography Feith, Douglas J. War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism . New York: HarperCollins, 2009. Vogel, Steve . The Pentagon: A History: The Untold Story of the Wartime Race to Build the Pentagon—And to Restore It Sixty Years Later . New York: Random House Digital, 2008. John Whiteclay Chambers II ; revised by Timothy J....

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