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Overview

terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

ecological terrorism

ecological terrorism  

The deliberate destruction or pollution of an area of the environment as an act of warfare or terrorism. See ecoterrorism
terrorism, state

terrorism, state  

The intimidation of citizens by a government by means of state resources such as the police, judiciary, and military, to quell domestic opposition to its policies.
terrorism, state-supported

terrorism, state-supported  

The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims, undertaken with the logistical, financial, and training support of a state.
terrorism, sub-state

terrorism, sub-state  

The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims by a private group with no support from governments.
containment

containment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
First articulated by President Truman in 1947, containment involved maintaining the US military presence around the world, as well as supporting ‘friendly’ regimes economically and militarily. It was ...
Kofi Annan

Kofi Annan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 8 Apr. 1938).UN Secretary-General 1997–2006 Born in the Ghanaian town of Kumasi, he studied economics, and in 1962 entered the civil service of the UN. He interrupted his time there in 1971, when ...
rights

rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 Title to or an interest in any property.2 Any other interest or privilege recognized and protected by law.3 Freedom to exercise any power conferred by law. See also human rights.
globalization

globalization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In a general sense, the increasing worldwide integration of economic, cultural, political, religious, and social systems. Economic globalization is the process by which the whole world becomes a ...
counterterrorism

counterterrorism  

N.offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism.
State Terror and Peace Witness

State Terror and Peace Witness  

The words terror, terrorist, and terrorism, since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, have entered the daily discourse of the global media-dominated world. After 2001 the ...
FMLN

FMLN  

Also called Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional a Salvadoran political organization formed in 1980 from various splinter groups and with Cuban backing that carried out acts of terrorism in El ...
Unconventional Weapons and the Chal- lenge to Peace

Unconventional Weapons and the Chal- lenge to Peace  

A new generation of weapons is being created to attack civilians and combatants at the same time. Such weapons are presented as nonlethal with “scalable effects” or “tuneable lethality.” From ...
Narodnik

Narodnik  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Literally, ‘populist’. Supporter of the Russian revolutionary organization Narodnaya Volya (The People's Will) formed in 1879 to struggle for an alliance between peasants and intellectuals and ...
Globalization, Fissure, and Conflict

Globalization, Fissure, and Conflict  

Since 1990, and in particular since the end of the Cold War, international political life has been characterized by two competing, large-scale movements to redefine the political space that would ...
blowback

blowback  

“Blowback,” the backward escape of gases and unburned gunpowder after a gun is fired, first appeared as a political metaphor in a 1954 report on covert U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ...
Economics of Peace

Economics of Peace  

Economics is the study of the systems of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption through which societies provide material goods and services to their populations. There are three ...
Defence policy

Defence policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Since before Federation Australia's defence policy has been shaped by ideas of weakness, vulnerability, and isolation. Australians have seen themselves as a small nation with few resources, whose ...
Meanings, Metaphors, and Myths of Peace

Meanings, Metaphors, and Myths of Peace  

The meanings of war and peace are patterns embedded in thoughts, actions, and speech. Meanings in the mind—subjective patterns of war and peace—include ideas, intentions, and feelings. We find ...
Political Violence

Political Violence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Scholars have used the phrase “political violence” since the 1960s to refer to the use or threat of physical harm by groups involved in domestic political conflicts. Initially it was ...
Threat and Fear

Threat and Fear  

Threat arises in an intergroup context when the actions, beliefs, or characteristics of one group—the “out-group”—are perceived as a challenge to the goal attainment or well-being of another ...

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