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terrorism

Subject: History

The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear. Terrorism is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally ...

Muammar al- Qaddafi

Muammar al- Qaddafi  

(1942–2011)Libyan statesman and colonel, chairman of the Revolutionary Council (1969–77) and president of Libya (1977–2011).Born in Sirte, the son of a nomadic family, Gaddafi received a ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
multiculturalism

multiculturalism  

As a descriptive term, multiculturalism refers to the coexistence of people with many cultural identities in a common state, society, or community. As a prescriptive term, it is associated with ...
anarchism

anarchism  

The doctrine associated with Godwin, Bakunin, Proudhon, and others, that human communities can and should flourish without government. Voluntary cooperation should replace the coercive machinery of ...
violence

violence  

For Greece see hubris; reciprocity (greece). For Rome see vis.
Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
15,946 words
Illustration(s):
1

...discos, and plenty of public meeting places were opening up in the center of Cairo where it was relatively easy to socialize, exchange cellphone numbers, hold hands, and perhaps be more daring. The gay life flourished, either largely unnoticed amid more pressing issues, like terrorism and a government crackdown on radical Islamic activists, or tacitly tolerated. [That changed dramatically in May 2001 , when 52 men were arrested for “debauchery” in a police raid on the Queen Boat , a disco on the Nile known as a gay-friendly hangout. After the defendants...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...necessity, have had—and would have to have—an impact. Certainly, they have triggered responses that will be felt in the sexual sphere, as well as other aspects of American life, as we advance through the 21st century. [Terrorism is a relatively simple set of destructive behaviors with a complex set of motivations. The possibility that terrorism might be ultimately rooted in sexual motivations often receives a look of incredulous bemusement. Yet, it should be apparent that sexuality factors, including profoundly different views of the roles and essence of men...

Israel

Israel   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
42,021 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Canal's West Bank. A second withdrawal followed in 1976 , and Israel returned the Sinai to Egypt in 1982 . In 1979 , Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty, ending 30 years of war. A 1978 terrorist attack from southern Lebanon led to an Israeli invasion. The violence and terrorism has continued, with Israel responding to the 1982 wounding of its ambassador to Great Britain by surrounding and entering West Beirut, and a military occupation by Israel of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Civilian unrest and military conflict has intensified in recent years...

Philippines

Philippines   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
23,700 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the United States Congress in 1934 . In the 1970s, Muslim (Moro) secessionists fought repeatedly for their autonomy from the Christian majority on the island of Mindanao. In 1972 , President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law to combat riots by radical youth groups and terrorism by leftist guerrillas and outlaws. Despite some land reform and control of inflation, opposition continued, as a high population growth rate was aggravated by both poverty and unemployment. Opposition to Ferdinand Marcos continued despite his lifting of martial law and his...

Containers

Containers   Reference library

Peter Ross, Linda Campbell Franklin, and Andrew F. Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of pesticides and chemical fertilizers on crops and hormones in animals, and the loss of flavor and nutrition in fresh produce because long supply lines that often extend thousands of miles from where foods are grown, raised, or caught to where they are consumed. In the age of terrorism, security concerns about what's inside the containers that arrive in American ports have also been raised. Today, there are more than 17 million shipping containers. Most are manufactured in developing countries and shipped to the United States filled with goods. Containers not...

Special Branch

Special Branch   Quick reference

Catherine Soanes

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
59 words

...Special Branch In the UK, Special Branch is a specialist department within most police forces working closely with the Security Service (MI5) and responsible for gathering intelligence to protect national security. Now focused on counter-terrorism, Special Branch duties also include providing personal protection for VIPs and supporting other police departments in maintaining order and preventing organized crime. Catherine...

Boston Marathon

Boston Marathon   Reference library

Judy POLUMBAUM

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
1,592 words

...abrupt fall in elevation, culminating in the so-called “Heartbreak Hill” in Newton, a nickname attributed to a longtime Boston Globe sports editor. The marathon’s overall downhill trajectory makes the course fast, so Boston times that make records now receive an asterisk. Terrorism, and the Future The 15 April 2013 Boston Marathon was canceled in the wake of tragedy. A bomb was placed at the finish line, timed to go off at the height of the event, a short while after some runners had finished the race and spectators gathered to watch. As people rushed...

Facility Management

Facility Management   Reference library

Alvy STYLES and Aaron L. MULROONEY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
3,234 words

...the line and proceed to the event while having a positive experience. Security Security at facilities has increased tremendously. In the past patrons attending events could simply buy a ticket and walk through the gate. The tragic events of 11 September 2001 and other acts of terrorism, however, have heightened the need for security to new levels. Now, instead of walking through the gates unchecked, there are security check points at many major venues before a patron even reaches the turnstile to enter the facility. Metal detectors, checking of coats, purses,...

Olympics, Winter

Olympics, Winter   Reference library

Roland RENSON

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
4,479 words

...Karl Schranz from the 1972 Sapporo Games. As in the 1952 Oslo Games, Innsbruck had to launch an “Operation Snowlift” in which soldiers had to move large quantities of snow to the ski runs. Another concern that haunted the organizers of the Innsbruck Games was the threat of terrorism, especially after the terrorist massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Games in 1972 . The Olympic Village, housing 1,650 athletes and officials, looked very much like a fortress with a two-to-one security-to-athlete ratio. East Germany (GDR) won all five bobsleigh and luge...

Social and domestic

Social and domestic: c. 15,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...royal family at the court of Nepal Nepal A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 21st century Politics Dynasties and royalty Terrorism and assassination Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Society 2002 2002 Chechen terrorists take hostage the entire audience of a Moscow theatre in an atrocity resulting in the death of more than 150 people Chechnya The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World 1 21st century Politics Terrorism and assassination Europe Russia Society 2003 2003 The historic city of Bam, in Iran, is destroyed in a massive earthquake, with...

Society

Society: c. 2.2 million years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Engineering North America United States 1916 1916 Three members of the Russian imperial family assassinate the influential charlatan Grigory Rasputin Rasputin, Grigori Yefimovich (1871–1916) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1910s 20th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Terrorism and assassination Social and domestic Europe Russia 1916 1916 Margaret Sanger opens the first US birth control clinic, in a poor district of Brooklyn, and is gaoled for thirty days Sanger, Margaret (1879–1966) The Oxford Companion to United States History 1 1910s 20th century...

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